Places Known For

highly distinct


Le Sud-Ouest

of several neighbourhoods with highly distinct histories and identities, mainly with working-class and industrial origins, grouped around the Lachine Canal. These include Saint-Henri (Saint-Henri (Montreal)), Little Burgundy, and Griffintown to the north of the canal, and Ville-Émard, Côte-Saint-Paul, and Pointe-Saint-Charles to the south. Located southwest of downtown Montreal (hence the name), the borough is bordered to the northwest by Côte-des-Neiges—Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, to the northeast by the Ville-Marie (Ville-Marie (Montreal)) borough, to the south by the borough of Verdun (Verdun, Quebec), to the west by the borough of LaSalle (LaSalle, Quebec) and to the north by the city of Westmount (Westmount, Quebec). The Saint Lawrence River is located upon part of its eastern edge. History :''See History of Saint-Henri (Saint-Henri#History), History of Little Burgundy (Little Burgundy#History), History of Ville-Émard (Ville-Émard#History), History of Côte-Saint-Paul (Côte-Saint-Paul#History), and History of Pointe-Saint-Charles (Pointe-Saint-Charles#History). Originally devoted to agriculture, the various municipalities and districts of the Sud-Ouest underwent rapid industrialization following the opening of the Lachine Canal in 1825, becoming the cradle of Canadian industry thanks to both the transportation and the water power offered by the canal. The Canadian National Railway and Grand Trunk Railway also came through Saint-Henri and Pointe-Saint-Charles. "Histoire." Arrondissement du Sud-Ouest. Ville de Montréal. Accessed July 4, 2011. The area became a stronghold of the working class, often in difficult conditions such as those described in Gabrielle Roy's ''The Tin Flute'', set in Saint-Henri. thumb right Monument to Irish immigrants in Pointe-Saint-Charles. (Image:Victoriatown Big Black Rock.jpg) The areas of the borough had highly specific identities. The western part of the borough - Saint-Henri, Ville-Émard, and Côte-Saint-Paul - were chiefly French Canadian, while Pointe-Saint-Charles and Griffintown were considered the seat of Irish culture in Montreal, with street names such as Hibernia and St. Patrick testifying to it. Starting in 1887, a large English-speaking Black (Black Canadian) community arose in Little Burgundy, attracted from the United States, other parts of Canada, and the Caribbean by jobs in the railways whose stations lay nearby; the area became famed for musical figures such as Oscar Peterson. "Little Burgundy." McGill Faculty of Architecture. Accessed July 4, 2011. The town of Saint-Henri was annexed to Montreal in 1905, "Fiche du secteur: Square Sir-George-Étienne-Cartier." Grand répertoire du patrimoine bâti de Montréal. Accessed 4 July 2011. Sainte-Cunégonde (Little Burgundy) in 1906, "Fiche du secteur: Coursol." Grand répertoire du patrimoine bâti de Montréal. Accessed 4 July 2011. and Côte-Saint-Paul and Ville-Émard in 1910. "Fiche du secteur: Côte-Saint-Paul." Grand répertoire du patrimoine bâti de Montréal. Accessed 4 July 2011. "L'Histoire du quartier en quelques mots." ville-emard.com. Accessed 4 July 2011. However, with vessels constantly growing and finally exceeding the capacity of the canal, the coming of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1956 and the closure of the Lachine Canal in 1970 put an end to the area's industrial prosperity. Population fell sharply and conditions became still more difficult. Projects such as the Décarie Expressway, Turcot Interchange, Bonaventure Expressway, and Expo '67 destroyed entire neighbourhoods, such as Goose Village and part of Côte-Saint-Paul. However, community mobilization preserved the area's social fabric; in particular, the Pointe-Saint-Charles Community Clinic became the model for the CLSC system now used throughout the province. The reorganization of Montreal in 2002 following the municipal mergers saw the creation of the borough council system, and accordingly, the creation of the borough of Le Sud-Ouest. The borough council met in several temporary locations, including the Marie Uguay cultural centre in Ville-Émard, before the inauguration of the current borough hall in a repurposed factory in Saint-Henri. "Un peu d'histoire." Arrondissement du Sud-Ouest. Ville de Montréal. Accessed 4 July 2011. Today, Le Sud-Ouest is undergoing an economic and social renaissance, stimulated by the reclamation of the canal for recreation in 2002; businesses opened up and numerous factories were converted into lofts and condominiums. This revival is bringing its own pressures, however, as gentrification increases property taxes and costs of living on the many low-income residents and puts pressure on the availability of low-income housing. The pending reconstruction of the Turcot Interchange and its impact on local residents is a major political issue in the borough. Government Municipal The borough is divided into two districts: *Saint-Paul (Côte-Saint-Paul)—Émard (Ville-Émard) *Saint-Henri—Petite-Bourgogne (Little Burgundy)—Pointe-Saint-Charles As of the November 3, 2013 Montreal municipal election (Montreal municipal election, 2013), the current borough council consists of the following councillors: class "wikitable" border "1" ! District ! Position ! Name ! width "30px"   ! Party - — Borough mayor City councillor (Montreal City Council) Benoit Dorais ) is a steel truss cantilever bridge with approach viaducts constructed of prestressed concrete beams supporting a prestressed concrete deck paved with asphalt. The bridge crosses the Saint Lawrence River and Saint Lawrence Seaway, connecting the Montreal boroughs of Verdun (Verdun (Montreal)) and Le Sud-Ouest to Brossard on the South Shore (South Shore (Montreal)), Geography The district includes the borough (Boroughs of Montreal) of LaSalle (LaSalle, Quebec) and the Southwest borough's (Le Sud-Ouest) Ville-Émard and Côte-Saint-Paul neighbourhoods (List of neighbourhoods in Montreal). The neighbouring ridings are Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Lachine, Westmount—Ville-Marie, Jeanne-Le Ber, Brossard—La Prairie and Châteauguay—Saint-Constant. Northeast West ''Saint Lawrence River'' Victoria Bridge (Victoria Bridge (Montreal)) to: 25px (File:Flag of Montreal.svg) Le Sud-Ouest (Montreal) Centre Saint-Lambert Centre 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) LaSalle (Montreal) North 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) Le Sud-Ouest (Montreal) Northeast 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) Verdun (Verdun (Montreal)) (Montreal) Location and description The borough of Verdun is located in the southeastern part of the Island of Montreal and also includes Nuns' Island (île des Sœurs). The part on the Island of Montreal is bounded to the southwest by LaSalle (LaSalle, Quebec), to the northwest by the borough of Le Sud-Ouest (Ville-Émard and Côte-Saint-Paul) and the Canal de l'Aqueduc), to the northeast by the Pointe-Saint-Charles (Le Sud-Ouest) and the Décarie Autoroute (Aut. 15) (Quebec Autoroute 15), and to the southeast by the St. Lawrence River. Centre 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) Verdun (Montreal) North 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) Le Sud-Ouest (Montreal) Northeast Southwest 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) LaSalle (LaSalle, Quebec) (Montreal) West 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) Le Sud-Ouest (Montreal) Northwest '''Angrignon''' is a station (metro station) on the Green Line (Line 1 Green (Montreal Metro)) of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system (Rapid transit) operated by the Société de transport de Montréal (STM). It is located in the borough of Le Sud-Ouest in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Angrignon Metro Station The station includes a large bus terminus for buses to southwest Montreal, the West Island (Dorval (Dorval, Quebec)), and South Western Quebec. '''Monk''' is a station (metro station) on the Green Line (Line 1 Green (Montreal Metro)) of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system (Rapid transit) operated by the Société de transport de Montréal (STM). The station is located in the Ville-Émard district of the borough of Le Sud-Ouest in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Monk Station '''Pointe-Saint-Charles''' (also known locally as simply '''The Point''') is a neighbourhood in the borough (Montreal borough) of Le Sud-Ouest in city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Today, this area is part of the borough (Montreal borough) of Le Sud-Ouest. It spans theoretically from the neighbourhood of Point St. Charles (Pointe-Saint-Charles) to the Old Port (Old Port of Montreal), and north to Notre-Dame Street. Currently, it holds the stables (the Griffintown Horse Palace, at the corner of Ottawa and Eleanor) for the horses that provide tours in carriages (calèche) around the Old Port. Many technological companies built office space in the area, and École de Technologie Supérieure (ÉTS) built its residence there. Very few residents still live in the area, and very little of the original architecture remains, however. Because of its location, some residential projects are taking shape, including Lowney Lofts, a multi-phase condominium project revitalizing a chocolate factory and the surrounding block. '''Jolicoeur''' is a station (metro station) on the Green Line (Line 1 Green (Montreal Metro)) of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system (Rapid transit) operated by the Société de transport de Montréal (STM). It is located in the Côte-Saint-Paul district in the borough of Le Sud-Ouest in Montreal, Quebec, Canada Jolicoeur Station . The station opened on September 3, 1978, as part of the extension of the Green Line westward to Angrignon (Angrignon (Montreal Metro)). '''Charlevoix''' is a station (metro station) on the Green Line (Line 1 Green (Montreal Metro)) of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system (Rapid transit) operated by the Société de transport de Montréal (STM). It is located in the district of Pointe-Saint-Charles in the borough of Le Sud-Ouest in Montreal, Quebec, Canada Charlevoix Station .The station opened on September 3, 1978, as part of the extension of the Green Line westward to Angrignon (Angrignon (Montreal Metro)). '''Lionel-Groulx''' is a station (metro station) of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system (Rapid transit) operated by the Société de transport de Montréal (STM). It is located in the Saint-Henri area of the borough of Le Sud-Ouest in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Lionel-Groulx Station It is a transfer station between the Green Line (Line 1 Green (Montreal Metro)) and Orange Line (Line 2 Orange (Montreal Metro)). '''Georges-Vanier''' is a station (metro station) on the Orange Line (Line 2 Orange (Montreal Metro)) of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system (Rapid transit), operated by the Société de transport de Montréal (STM). It is located in the Little Burgundy area of the borough of Le Sud-Ouest in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Georges-Vanier Metro Station '''Place-Saint-Henri''' is a station (metro station) on the Orange Line (Line 2 Orange (Montreal Metro)) of the Montreal Metro rapid transit system (Rapid transit), operated by the Société de transport de Montréal (STM). It is located in the Saint-Henri area of the borough of Le Sud-Ouest in Montreal, Quebec, Canada Place-Saint-Henri Metro Station . It is bordered by the city of Westmount (Westmount, Quebec) (along Atwater Street) to the west and the boroughs of Le Sud-Ouest (along the Ville-Marie Autoroute (Quebec Autoroute 720), Guy (Guy Street) and Notre-Dame (Notre-Dame Street) streets, and the Bonaventure Autoroute (Quebec Autoroute 10)) to the southwest, Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve (along the CP (Canadian Pacific Railway) rail lines) to the east, Le Plateau-Mont-Royal (along Sherbrooke (Sherbrooke Street), University (University Street) streets, and Pine (Pine Avenue) and Park (Park Avenue, Montreal) avenues) to the northeast, and Outremont (Outremont, Quebec) and Côte-des-Neiges—Notre-Dame-de-Grâce (along the border of Mount Royal Park) to the north. It is bounded on the south by the Saint Lawrence River. Southeast South 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) Le Sud-Ouest (Montreal) Southwest Westmount (Westmount, Quebec) The irregularly shaped borough is bounded on the north by the borough of Mount Royal (Mount Royal, Quebec), on the east by Outremont, on the southeast by Ville-Marie (Ville-Marie (Montreal)) and Westmount (Westmount, Quebec), on the south by Le Sud-Ouest, and on the west by Côte Saint-Luc (Côte Saint-Luc, Quebec), Hampstead (Hampstead, Quebec), and Montreal West (Montreal West, Quebec). The Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery is in the south east corner of the borough. East Westmount (Westmount, Quebec) Southeast 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) Le Sud-Ouest (Montreal) South Montreal West (Montreal West, Quebec) 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) Lasalle (Lasalle, Quebec) (Montreal) Farther west, St. Jacques Street runs through the residential neighbourhoods of Little Burgundy, Saint-Henri, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce and Lachine. Lionel-Groulx (Lionel-Groulx (Montreal Metro)) and Place-Saint-Henri (Place-Saint-Henri (Montreal Metro)) metro stations are located on St. Jacques in the Sud-Ouest (Le Sud-Ouest) borough; to the west, it gives access to Autoroute 20 (Quebec Autoroute 20) in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, where it passes through a largely industrial and large-surface commercial district at the top of the Falaise Saint-Jacques. The McGill University Health Centre superhospital will front Saint-Jacques in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce. Northeast East 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) Le Sud-Ouest (Montreal) Southeast 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) LaSalle (LaSalle, Quebec) (Montreal) ::::::The principle is as follows: ::::::1) Montreal boroughs are titled just borough name . e.g. Le Sud-Ouest, Ahuntsic-Cartierville, Outremont, Montreal North, Lachine. ::::::2) When we need disambiguation, we add (Montreal). e.g. Ville-Marie (Montreal), LaSalle (Montreal). It's not because people frequently write "LaSalle (Montreal)"; it's because we're calling it "LaSalle", just like all the other boroughs, and using the "(Montreal)" to disambiguate it. The borough is bordered to the northwest by the city of Dorval (Dorval, Quebec) to the northeast by Saint-Laurent (Saint-Laurent (Montreal)), to the east by Côte-Saint-Luc (Côte-Saint-Luc, Quebec), Montreal West (Montreal West, Quebec) and a narrow salient of Le Sud-Ouest, and to the south by LaSalle (LaSalle (Montreal)). Its western limit is the shore of Lac Saint-Louis and the Saint Lawrence River. Northeast Montreal West (Montreal West, Quebec) East 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) Le Sud-Ouest (Montreal) Southeast 25px (Image:Flag of Montreal.svg) LaSalle (LaSalle (Montreal)) (Montreal) '''Ville-Émard''' is a neighbourhood located in the Sud-Ouest (Le Sud-Ouest) borough of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, and is the home of Angrignon Park. - Le Sud-Ouest Jacqueline Montpetit (inc.) MICU -


Ruhr

region. The 2004 and 2005 events in Berlin and the 2009 event in Bochum were cancelled. Limburg has a highly

distinct character. The social and economic trends which affected the province in recent decades generated a process of change and renewal which has enabled Limburg to transform its national peripheral location into a highly globalized regional nexus, linking the Netherlands to the Ruhr metro area and the southern part of the Benelux region. A less appreciated consequence of this international gateway location is rising international crime, often drugs-related, especially in the southernmost part of the province. More than three years passed before Major Wolfgang Späte (Wolfgang Späte) could form the first Me 163 combat wing, (''Jagdgeschwader'' 400 (Jagdgeschwader 400) (JG 400) ), in Brandis near Leipzig, which followed the establishment of the ''Erprobungskommando 16'' Me 163B-dedicated test and evaluation unit at Peenemunde-West eleven months earlier. JG 400's purpose was to provide additional protection for the Leuna synthetic gasoline (synthetic fuel) works which were raided particularly heavily and frequently at the end of 1944. A further group was stationed at Stargard (Stargard Szczeciński) near Stettin to protect the large synthetic plant at Pölitz (today Police, Poland). Further defensive units of rocket fighters were planned for Berlin, the Ruhr and the German Bight. Galland 1957, p. 251. In January 1923 France occupied the Ruhr industrial region as a result of Germany's failure to meet its reparations (World War I reparations) payments. This led to economic chaos, the resignation of Wilhelm Cuno's government, and an attempt by the German Communist Party (KPD) to stage a revolution. The reaction to these events was an upsurge of nationalist sentiment. Nazi Party membership grew sharply, to about 20,000.


Indonesia

(biology) hybridization – widespread among frogs – is liable to make molecular phylogenetic studies less reliable than elsewhere, and a few populations – e.g. ''F. nicobariensis (Fejervarya nicobariensis)'' and an undescribed but highly distinct lineage from Vietnam – do not easily fit into this scheme.


Vietnam

phylogenetic studies less reliable than elsewhere, and a few populations – e.g. ''F. nicobariensis (Fejervarya nicobariensis)'' and an undescribed but highly distinct lineage from Vietnam – do not easily fit into this scheme.


Boston

in ''The New Yorker'' and was later expanded to a full length novel. It explores many of the same emotional and cultural themes as her Pulitzer Prize-winning short story collection ''Interpreter of Maladies''. Moving between events in Calcutta (Kolkata), Boston, and New York City, the novel examines the nuances involved with being caught between two conflicting cultures with their highly distinct religious, social, and ideological differences. The American premiere of the work


New Zealand

;), and hence may add more natural sugar instead, such as in New Zealand Griffins Digestives or in the United Kingdom. McVities Digestives There are still many people of partial Moriori descent in the Chatham Islands and in New Zealand itself, and as indicated above, the Moriori are today generally considered a highly distinct ''cultural'' rather


India

) hybridization – widespread among frogs – is liable to make molecular phylogenetic studies less reliable than elsewhere, and a few populations – e.g. ''F. nicobariensis (Fejervarya nicobariensis)'' and an undescribed but highly distinct lineage from Vietnam – do not easily fit into this scheme.


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