Places Known For

high making


Northern Zhou

intact with the exception of many of the smaller-Buddha's heads. They are protected by cages. The tallest statue, that of a seated Buddha, still survives. It is over 7 m high, making it the largest in the province. The smallest statues at the site are about 10 cm tall. The site was placed under national protection in 1988. Origin and context The Tang code took its roots in the code of the Northern Zhou (564) dynasty, which was itself based on the earlier codes of the Cao-Wei (Kingdom of Wei) and Western Jin (268). Aiming to smooth the earlier laws and reduce physical punishments (such as mutilations) in order to appease social tensions in the newly pacified Tang territories, it was created in AD 624 at the request of Emperor Gaozu of Tang. After further revisions in 627 and 637 under Emperor Taizong (Emperor Taizong of Tang), the code was completed by commentaries in 653, under Gaozong (Emperor Gaozong of Tang). As a Northern Zhou official, Yang Jian served with apparent distinction during the reigns of Emperor Wu of Northern Zhou and Emperor Xuan of Northern Zhou. When the erratic Emperor Xuan died in 580, Yang, as his father-in-law, seized power as regent. After defeating the general Yuchi Jiong, who resisted him, he seized the throne for himself, establishing the new Sui Dynasty (as its Emperor Wen). He was the first Chinese to rule North China after the Xianbei invasion which conquered that area from the Liu Song dynasty (not counting the brief reconquest of that region by Emperor Wu of Liang). '''Chen Chang''' (陳昌) (537–560), courtesy name '''Jingye''' (敬業), formally '''Prince Xian of Hengyang''' (衡陽獻王), was an imperial prince of the Chinese (History of China) dynasty Chen Dynasty. He was the sixth and only surviving son of the founding emperor Emperor Wu (Emperor Wu of Chen) (Chen Baxian), but as he was detained as a hostage by Western Wei and Western Wei's successor state Northern Zhou, was unable to succeed to the throne when Emperor Wu died in 559. Rather, his cousin Chen Qian (Emperor Wen of Chen) took the throne as Emperor Wen. Northern Zhou finally allowed him to return to Chen in 560, but as he wrote impolite letters to Emperor Wen, Emperor Wen felt threatened (as he viewed the letters as implied demands for the throne), and he sent his trusted general Hou Andu to escort Chen Chang. Hou subsequently drowned Chen Chang in the Yangtze River. After Emperor Wu took the throne, he made repeated requests to Northern Zhou (which had now succeeded Western Wei) to return Chen Chang and Chen Xu. The Northern Zhou government agreed, but did not actually return Chen Chang and Chen Xu. In 559, when Emperor Wu died suddenly, the officials therefore supported Chen Chang's cousin (Chen Xu's brother) Chen Qian (Emperor Wen of Chen) the Prince of Linchuan as Emperor Wu's successor, and he took the throne as Emperor Wen. '''Xiao Zhuang''' (蕭莊) (548-577?), often known by his princely title of '''Prince of Yongjia''' (永嘉王), was a grandson of Emperor Yuan of Liang, who was declared by the general Wang Lin to be the legitimate emperor of Liang Dynasty in 558, under military assistance by Northern Qi. He thus was one of the three claimants to the Southern dynasties throne, competing with Emperor Xuan of Western Liang, who was supported by Northern Zhou, and Chen Dynasty's founder Emperor Wu of Chen and later his nephew Emperor Wen of Chen. In 560, with Wang Lin defeated by Chen troops, both Wang and Xiao Zhuang fled to Northern Qi, ending their rivalry with Chen and Western Liang. While Northern Qi emperors made promises to return Xiao Zhuang to the Liang throne, Northern Qi was never able to accomplish that promise, and Xiao Zhuang died shortly after Northern Qi's own destruction in 577. During Sui Dynasty Li Jing was born in 571, during Sui Dynasty's predecessor state Northern Zhou. His clan was from the Chang'an region. His grandfather Li Chongyi (李崇義) served as a provincial governor during Northern Wei, and his father Li Quan (李詮) served as a commandery governor during Sui. In his youth, Li Jing was said to be handsome and ambitious, and was talented both in literary and military matters. His maternal uncle was the great Sui general Han Qinhu (韓擒虎), and it was said that Han was impressed by his talent, stating, "You are the only person that I can talk to about Sun Tzu's and Wu Qi's strategies." Background Zhang Yue was born in 663, during the reign of Emperor Gaozong (Emperor Gaozong of Tang). His family was from the Tang Dynasty eastern capital Luoyang, and traced its ancestry to the great Han Dynasty strategist Zhang Liang, as well as a line of officials that served Cao Wei, Jin Dynasty (265-420), Northern Wei, and Northern Zhou. ''New Book of Tang'', vol. 72.Background Han Xiu was born in 672, during the reign of Emperor Gaozong of Tang Emperor Gaozong . His family was from the Tang Dynasty capital Chang'an and traced its ancestry to the royal house of the Warring States Period state Han (Han (state)). It also claimed, as ancestors, a line of officials during Han Dynasty, Jin Dynasty (265-420), Northern Wei, Northern Qi, Northern Zhou, Sui Dynasty, and Tang. Han Xiu's grandfather Han Fu (韓符) served as a prefectural prefect during Tang, and Han Xiu's father Han Dazhi (韓大智) served as a census official at the eastern capital Luoyang. Han Xiu's uncle Han Damin (韓大敏) was a more-known official who, during the early reign of Emperor Gaozong's wife Wu Zetian, refused to falsely implicate the official Li Xingbao (李行褒), and ultimately, when Wu Zetian executed Li Xingbao anyway, was forced to commit suicide. Background Wei Jiansu was born in 687, during the first reign of Emperor Ruizong (Emperor Ruizong of Tang). His family was from the Tang Dynasty capital Chang'an, and traced its ancestry to a line of officials of the Han Dynasty, Cao Wei, Northern Zhou, Sui Dynasty, and Tang. Wei JIansu's grandfather Wei Fu (韋福) served as a prefectural prefect, and his father Wei Cou (韋湊) served as an official during the reigns of Emperor Ruizong's father Emperor Gaozong (Emperor Gaozong of Tang), mother Wu Zetian, brother Emperor Zhongzong (Emperor Zhongzong of Tang), Emperor Ruizong himself, and Emperor Ruizong's son Emperor Xuanzong (Emperor Xuanzong of Tang), being known for his honesty and bluntness. ''New Book of Tang'', vol. 74.of Tang '', vol. 108. '''Li Gao''' (李暠) (351–417), courtesy name '''Xuansheng''' (玄盛), nickname '''Changsheng''' (長生), formally '''Prince Wuzhao of (Western) Liang''' ((西)涼武昭王), was the founding duke of the Chinese (History of China) state Western Liáng. (While he claimed only the title of duke during his reign, he was posthumoustly honored with the princely title.) He was initially a Northern Liang official, but in 400, he seceded from Northern Liang's prince Duan Ye's rule and established his own independent state. His state only lasted for 21 years, but as his descendants would remain key officials and nobles throughout Northern Wei, Western Wei, Northern Zhou, and Sui Dynasty, and as one of them, Li Yuan (Emperor Gaozu of Tang), would found the Tang Dynasty in 618. After the founding of the Tang Dynasty, he was posthumously honored as '''Emperor Xingsheng''' (興聖皇帝).


Lethbridge

accomplishments. The most significant was the replacement of the Big Hill, which had become a major bottleneck in the CPR's main line, with the Spiral Tunnels (Big Hill), reducing the grade to 2.2 percent from 4.5 percent. The Spiral Tunnels opened in August. On November 3, 1909, the Lethbridge Viaduct over the Oldman River valley at Lethbridge, Alberta, was opened. It is 1,624 metres (5,327 ft) long and, at its maximum, 96 metres (314 ft) high, making it the longest railway bridge in Canada. In 1916 the CPR replaced its line through Rogers Pass (Rogers Pass (British Columbia)), which was prone to avalanches (the most serious of which (1910 Rogers Pass avalanche) killed 62 men in 1910) with the Connaught Tunnel, an eight km (5 mile) long tunnel under Mount Macdonald that was, at the time of its opening, the longest railway tunnel in the Western Hemisphere. While the first reference to "guising" in North America occurs in 1911, another reference to ritual begging on Halloween appears, place unknown, in 1915, with a third reference in Chicago in 1920. Theo. E. Wright, "A Halloween Story," ''St. Nicholas'', October 1915, p. 1144. Mae McGuire Telford, "What Shall We Do Halloween?" ''Ladies Home Journal'', October 1920, p. 135. The earliest known use in print of the term "trick or treat" appears in 1927, from Blackie, Alberta, Canada: Hallowe'en provided an opportunity for real strenuous fun. No real damage was done except to the temper of some who had to hunt for wagon wheels, gates, wagons, barrels, etc., much of which decorated the front street. The youthful tormentors were at back door and front demanding edible plunder by the word “trick or treat” to which the inmates gladly responded and sent the robbers away rejoicing. "'Trick or Treat' Is Demand," ''Herald'' (Lethbridge, Alberta), November 4, 1927, p. 5, dateline Blackie, Alberta, Nov. 3. While the first reference to "guising" in North America occurs in 1911, another reference to ritual begging on Halloween appears, place unknown, in 1915, with a third reference in Chicago in 1920. Theo. E. Wright, "A Halloween Story," ''St. Nicholas'', October 1915, p. 1144. Mae McGuire Telford, "What Shall We Do Halloween?" ''Ladies Home Journal'', October 1920, p. 135. The earliest known use in print of the term "trick or treat" appears in 1927, from Blackie, Alberta: Hallowe’en provided an opportunity for real strenuous fun. No real damage was done except to the temper of some who had to hunt for wagon wheels, gates, wagons, barrels, etc., much of which decorated the front street. The youthful tormentors were at back door and front demanding edible plunder by the word “trick or treat” to which the inmates gladly responded and sent the robbers away rejoicing. "'Trick or Treat' Is Demand," ''Herald'' (Lethbridge, Alberta), November 4, 1927, p. 5, dateline Blackie, Alberta, Nov. 3. * John Maynard Keynes' book ''The Economic Consequences of the Peace'' is published in the UK. * Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, along with his father John W. Bascom at Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada, designs and makes rodeo's first reverse-opening side-delivery bucking chute, now the world standard. * ''Les Champs Magnetiques'', the first automatic (surrealist automatism) book, is written by André Breton and Philippe Soupault. Date unknown * Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and makes rodeo's first hornless bronc saddle at Lethbridge, Alberta Canada. * Inter-Parliamentary Union *Grant MacEwan University School of Business (Grant MacEwan University) - Edmonton, Alberta *Faculty of Management, University of Lethbridge - Lethbridge, Alberta * '''Ahchuchhwahauhhatohapit''' (''Ahchacoosacootacoopits'' - ‘Starblanket’, not to confused with the ''Ahtahkakoop'' (‘Starblanket’), Chief of the House Cree (''Wāskahikaniwiyiniwak'') Chief of a band of Calling River Cree (''Kātēpwēwi-sīpīwiyiniwak''), born about 1845 in the lower Qu’Appelle Valley, son of ''Wāpiy-mōsētōsis'' ("White Calf"), his tribal group was closely associated with the ''Ka Kichi Wi Winiwak'' under the leadership of chief ''Kakeesheway'' (‘Loud Voice’), and a close ally of ''Payipwāt'' ("Piapot"), the chief of the Cree-Assiniboine or "Young Dogs", 1879 after the disappearance of the bison Ahchuchhwahauhhatohapit settled on a reserve in the File Hills of the lower Qu'Appelle Valley, died 1917 in the Star Blanket reserve, Saskatchewan) Ahchuchhwahauhhatohapit * '''''Payipwāt (Piapot)''''' (or '''Piapot''': " One who Knows the Secrets of the Sioux"), also known as "Hole in the Sioux" or ''Kisikawasan'' - ‘Flash in the Sky’, Chief of the Cree-Assiniboine or the Young Dogs with great influence on neighboring Assiniboine, ''Downstream People'', southern groups of the ''Upstream People'' and Saulteaux (Plains Ojibwa), born 1816, kidnapped as a child by the Sioux, Nehiyawak Leadership he was freed about 1830 by Plains Cree, significant Shaman, by his knowledge of Sioux spirituality and medicine the Cree called him ''Payipwāt'' - 'One who knows the secrets of the Sioux' most influential chief of the feared Young Dogs, they had more than any other Cree-Group adapted to the life on the Plains, were known as horse thieves and warriors, and as they drove little trade, they were feared by the Hudson's Bay Company as troublemakers convinced the Plains Cree to expand west in the Cypress Hills, the last refugee for bison groups, therefore disputed border area between Sioux, Assiniboine, Siksika Kainai and Cree, refused to participate in the raid on a Kainai camp near the present Lethbridge, Alberta, then the Young Dogs and their allies were content with the eastern Cypress Hills to the Milk River, Montana, does not participate at the negotiations on the Treaty 4 of 1874, he and ''Cheekuk'', the most important chief of the Plains Ojibwa in the Qu'Appelle area, signed on 9 September 1875 the treaty only as preliminary contract, tried with the chiefs of the River Cree ''Minahikosis'' ("Little Pine") and ''Mistahi-maskwa'' ("Big Bear") to erect a kind of Indian Territory for all the Plains Cree, Plains Ojibwa and Assiniboine - as Ottawa refused, he asked 1879-80 along with ''Kiwisünce'' (''cowessess''- 'Little Child') KIWISÜNCE and the Assiniboine for adjacent reserves in the Cypress Hills, ''Payipwāt'' settled in a reserve about 37 miles northeast of Fort Walsh, ''Minahikosis'' ("Little Pine") and ''Papewes'' (‘Lucky Man’) asked successfully for reserves near the Assiniboine or ''Payipwāt'' - this allowed the Cree and Assiniboine to preserve their autonomy - because they went 1881 in Montana on bison hunting, stole Absarokee horses and alleged cattle killed, arrested the U.S. Army the Cree-Assiniboine group, disarmed and escorted them back to Canada - now unarmed, denied rations until the Cree and Assiniboine gave up their claims to the Cypress Hills and went north - in the following years the reserves changed several times and the tribes were trying repeated until to the Northwest Rebellion in 1885 to build an Indian Territory, ''Payipwāt'' remained under heavy guard, until his death he was a great spiritual leader, therefore Ottawa deposed ''Payipwāt'' on 15 April 1902 as chief, died in April 1908 on Piapot Reserve, Saskatchewan) PAYIPWAT * '''Kee-a-kee-ka-sa-coo-way''' (‘The Man Who gives the War Whoop’), Chief of the Plains Cree, was in the middle of the 19th century the leading chief of the Plains Cree, had also a large following among the Plains Ojibwa around Fort Pitt, his sub-chief was ''Mukitou'' (‘Black Powder’), the father of ''Mistahi-maskwa''. '''Vulcan''' is a town located midway between the cities of Calgary and Lethbridge on Highway 23 (Alberta Highway 23), in the prairies of southern Alberta, Canada. The population of the town was 1,940 in 2006, and the population of the county, which is also named Vulcan, was 3,718. The town's economy is mainly tourism and agriculture-based. Wheat, canola and barley are the main crops grown in the Vulcan area. * Kitchener (Kitchener, Ontario), Ontario - CKCO (CKCO-DT) * Lethbridge, Alberta - CFCN-TV-5 (CFCN-DT) * Moncton, New Brunswick - CKCW (CKCW-DT) *Kenora, Ontario - CJBN-TV ''(branded as "CJBN")'' *Lethbridge, Alberta - CISA-DT *Montreal, Quebec - CKMI-DT !-- Wikipedia:Lethbridge


Papua New Guinea

As part of Adelaide's celebration of the Australian Bicentenary the conservatory was constructed in 1987 and opened in late 1989. The building was designed by local architect Guy Maron and has won awards for its design, engineering and landscaping. It is


Seoul

buildings located in the Yangcheon-gu district of Seoul, South Korea, completed in 2003. The tallest of which, Tower A, is 69 storeys and 256 metres (840 feet) high, making it the second tallest building in Seoul (List of tallest buildings in Seoul) and the world's 169th tallest building. The towers are used as residential housing. Tower A is the world's 19th tallest residential building (List of tallest residential buildings in the world). Below the building is the Hyundi Department store, a chain of high end department stores in South Korea. At the time of its completion, the building was the tallest in the country but was surpassed by Samsung Tower Palace 3 – Tower G in 2004. *Korea, South **Seoul (Incheon International Airport) *Malaysia Biography Vidal was born on April 13, 1982 in Kowloon, Hong Kong. She is of mixed parentage with a Filipino father with ancestry in Cebu, Philippines and a Chinese Korean mother from Seoul, South Korea. As a Hong Kong singer, Vidal adopted the Chinese name Wei Lan (衛蘭). She is often credited mononymously as Janice. In the past she also work as a bar singer Star Words - Interview, East Weekly 303 Edition Book B, Retrieved on 2010-07-20 by names such as "Renee" prior to her debut album in 2005 and "Ming Lok Tai" (明樂蒂) in an EEG (Emperor Entertainment Group) singing competition in 2000 Commons:Category:Seoul Wikipedia:Seoul


Malta

of Nelly Furtado, Flo Rida and Will.I.Am. Dive Malta is a great place to dive, with it being possible to dive all year around. The water temperature varies from a cool 14°C in February March to warm 26°C in August. The visibility of water is generally high, making it a good place to learn diving as well. The dive sites are located close to shore. Consequently, most dives start there, making everything easier and cheaper. The dive sites include rocky reefs, some wrecks and cave diving (especially interesting is the dive in the Inland Sea in Gozo). There will tend to be more marine life during the warmer months, when you can hope to see tuna, octopus, moray eels, seahorses, fire worms, soft coral along with the usual sea grass and underwater ridges. Christmas in Malta Christmas is a largely religious affair on the Maltese islands. This is because most Maltese people are Catholics. During the festive season, various Christmas cribs, or Presepji, as they're called in Maltese, can be seen on display in churches, shopping centres, etc. The Maltese people have many Christmas customs that are unique to the island. A very popular traditional Christmas dessert is ''Qagħaq tal-Għasel''. These are light pastry rings filled with honey. Buy


Vancouver

, the building's namesake, occupies 12 full floors. The building has two official addresses: 1067 is the building's business address, while 1077 is the residential address. thumb right Building entrance. (File:Granville Square Entrance (Vancouver 2010).jpg) '''Granville Square''' is a prominent tower located at 200 Granville Street in Downtown (Downtown Vancouver) Vancouver's Financial District (Financial District, Vancouver). Completed in 1973, it stands at 142 m or 30 storeys high, making


Switzerland

), is a mountain in the Pennine Alps on the border between Switzerland and Italy. Its summit is 4,478 metres (14,690 ft) high, making it one of the highest peaks in the Alps. Considering summits with at least 300 metres prominence, it is the 6th highest. The four steep faces, rising above the surrounding glaciers, face the four compass points. The mountain overlooks the town of Zermatt in the canton of Valais to the north-east and Breuil-Cervinia

and Vaud, in the western French-speaking part of Switzerland. The summit (indicated as ''Sommet des Diablerets'') is 3,210 metres high, making it the highest mountain in the canton of Vaud. The mountain is located near the homonymous village and ski resort of Les Diablerets (Les Diablerets (Ormont-Dessus)). On the south and Valais side it overlooks the hamlet and valley of Derborence. The south face overlooks the Pas de Cheville. '''Nyon''' is a municipality (Municipalities of Switzerland) in the district of Nyon (Nyon (district)) in the canton (Cantons of Switzerland) of Vaud in Switzerland. It is located some 25 kilometers north east of Geneva's city centre, and since the 1970s it has become part of the Geneva metropolitan area. It lies on the shores of Lake Geneva, and is the seat of the district of Nyon (Nyon (district)). The town has ( commons:Confoederatio Helvetica


Indonesia

Botanic Gardens Bicentennial conservatory.JPG thumb right Adelaide's Bicentennial Conservatory As part of Adelaide's celebration of the Australian Bicentenary the conservatory was constructed in 1987 and opened in late 1989. The building was designed by local architect Guy Maron and has won awards for its design, engineering and landscaping. It is Dmoz:Regional Asia Indonesia Commons:Category:Indonesia Wikipedia:Indonesia


Greece

 ft) high, making it one of the tallest statues of the ancient world. The Colossus of Nero was either 100 or ; ca. 15?–ca. 100? CE For the chronology see Maria Dzielska: ''Apollonius of Tyana in Legend and History'', Rome 1986, pp. 30–38. ) was a Greek (Greece) Neopythagorean philosopher from the town of Tyana


South Africa

poets in Afrikaans, besides an accomplished painter and artist. The '''Swartberg''' mountains (''black mountain'' in Afrikaans) are a mountain range in the Western Cape province of South Africa. It is composed of two main mountain chains running roughly east-west along the northern edge of the semi-arid Little Karoo. To the north of the range lies the other large semi-arid area in South Africa, the Great Karoo. Most of the Swartberg Mountains are above 2000 m high

, making it the tallest range of mountains in the Western Cape province. It is also one of the longest, spanning some 230 km from south of Laingsburg (Laingsburg, Western Cape) in the west to between Willowmore and Uniondale (Uniondale, Western Cape) in the east. Geologically these mountains are part of the Cape Fold Belt. - 21 23 June 2010 Mbombela Stadium, Nelspruit, South Africa WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


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