to the question. Government Governor of Volgograd Oblast is Anatoliy Brovko (since 2010) Both the flag and the coat of arms of Volgograd Oblast include an image of The Motherland Calls, an 85 meter tall statue located in Volgograd. Economics Primary branches of economics are agriculture, food production, heavy industry, gas and petroleum refining. Volga Hydroelectric Station operates on the Volga River. See also *List of Chairmen of the Volgograd Oblast Duma *Volgograd floating landing References Notes commons:category:Volgograd Oblast wikipedia:Volgograd Oblast
; With the ongoing turn to a market-based system of production as part of the New Economic Policy (NEP), very real constraints existed on the possible extent of central planning during the initial phase of Gosplan's institutional life. Gosplan quickly became a leading bureaucratic advocate for central planning and expanded investment in heavy industry, with Leon Trotsky one of the leading political patrons of the agency. Carr, ''A History of Soviet Russia,'' vol. 2, pg. 379
harvests in 1922, several problems arose, especially the role of heavy industry and inflation. While agriculture had recovered substantially, heavy industrial sector was still in a recession, and had barely recovered from the pre-war levels. The State Planning Commission (Gosplan) (Gosplan) supported giving subsidies (Subsidy) to the heavy industries, while the People's Commissariat for Finance (Ministry of Finance (Soviet Union)) opposed this, citing major inflation
-planned economy. It was based on a system of state ownership of industry managed through Gosplan (the State Planning Commission), Gosbank (the State Bank) and the Gossnab (State Commission for Materials and Equipment Supply). Economic planning was conducted through a series of Five-Year Plans (Five-Year Plans for the National Economy of the Soviet Union). The emphasis was put on a very fast development of heavy industry and the nation became one of the world's top manufacturers of a large number of basic and heavy industrial products, but it lagged behind in the output of light industrial production and consumer durables. ) (6 March 1911, Sabunchu, near Baku, Russian Empire – 31 March 2008, Moscow) was a Soviet statesman, economist and Hero of Socialist Labor. He finished secondary school in 1928 and entered the Azerbaijan Oil and Chemistry Institute, from which he graduated in 1931 as a mining engineer. In 1935, he was drafted into the armed forces. After completing his military service, he was appointed chief of an oilfield production department in an industrial complex in the USSR. Later, he was promoted to chief engineer, then general director. He was in charge of evacuating oil industry facilities to the eastern regions in the Nazi invasion era. Then he was appointed as narkom of the oil Industry of the USSR in 1944 till 1946. Because of his success in the planning of the oil industry sector of the Soviet Union and experience in economics, he was appointed as the head of Gosplan (State Planning Committee) of the USSR twice (1955–1957, 1965–1985).
in Heilongjiang Province. Value-added output from the agricultural sector increased 14.2% to RMB 18.92 billion in 2011. Crop production of the city rose 26.8% to 7.3 million tons. In 2011, gross industrial output from enterprises with designated size or above of the city surpassed RMB 39.34 billion, increased 35.5% year on year. Gross output from heavy industry amounted to RMB 22.77 billion, increasing by 38.7% compared with a year ago, while that from light industry reached RMB 16.57 billion, surging 31.4% from the previous year. Heavy industry and light industry made up 64% and 36% of the city's total gross industrial output. Electricity production and supply, construction materials, chemicals and agricultural products processing are the pillar industries in the city. Major industrial products in the city include cement, edible oils, fertilizer and feed. The industrial sector in Jiamusi is relatively weak compared with other cities in Heilongjiang such as Harbin and Daqing. In 2011, the service sector became the largest contributor of the city, which gained value-added output of RMB 26.99 billion. This contributes 43.2% to Jiamusi's economy. With the consumer market being very active, sales of consumer goods in Jiamusi amounted to RMB 24.55 billion in 2011, rising 18.2% year on year. Foreign trade value increased 19.6% to RMB 3.65 billion in 2011. Export value was US$3.01 billion, representing a rise of 6.1% over the previous year. while import value stood at US$640 million, increased 197.5% year on year. Russia is Jamusi’s largest foreign trade partner. In 2011, foreign trade with Russia amounted to US$900 million, increased 24.5% over the previous year, accounting for 24.66% of the city’s foreign trade. The utilized FDI in Jiamusi hit US$150 million in 2011, increased 33.5% over the previous year. Transportation Railway Jiamusi is a transportation hub in northeast Heilongjiang Province. Suijia(Suihua-Jiamusi) Railway and Tujia(Tumen-Jiamusi) Railway meet here. Trains from Jiamusi Railway Station connect the city with Beijing, Jinan, Dalian, Harbin, Tianjin and several other cities in China. Highway Served by the Jiamusi-Harbin Highway and the G11 Hegang-Dalian Expressway, as along with 6 other highways, a comprehensive highway network is formed in Jiamusi. Air Jiamusi Airport is WikiPedia:Jiamusi
. During the Cultural Revolution, Jilin was expanded again to include a part of Inner Mongolia, giving it a border with the independent state of Mongolia, though this was later reversed. In recent times Jilin has, together with the rest of heavy industry-based Northeast China, been facing economic difficulties with privatization. This has prompted the central government to undertake a campaign called “Revitalize the Northeast”. Major cities in this province include
is, on the whole, more heavily urbanised than most parts of China, largely because it was the first part of the country to develop heavy industry owing to its abundant coal reserves. Major cities include Shenyang, Dalian, Harbin and Changchun, all with several million inhabitants. Other cities include the steel making centres of Fushun and Anshan (Anshan, China) in Liaoning, Jilin City in Jilin, and Qiqihar and Mudanjiang in Heilongjiang. Harbin, more
Category:Local government in Tyne and Wear Category:Metropolitan boroughs (Category:North Tyneside) Category:Local government districts of North East England - colspan "2" Tyne and Wear * 2. Newcastle upon Tyne, 3. Gateshead (Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead), 4. North Tyneside, 5. South Tyneside, 6. Sunderland (City of Sunderland) - J. Barbour & Sons make outdoor clothing near
continuous built-up area. Economy thumb left Corner of Block 25 (File:Novi Beograd - 25 block - A business building.JPG) thumb right upright Ušće Tower (File:Usće tower and the Moon.jpg) As all of the socialist governments considered heavy industry to be the driving force of the entire economy, it for decades dominated New Belgrade's economy too: Motors and Tractors Industry - ''IMT (IMT tractors)'', Metallic cast iron factory - ''FOM'', ''Beograd'' (formerly ''Tito'') shipyard, large heating plant in Savski Nasip, ''MINEL'' electro-construction company, etc. All of these complexes will be removed and develop in business and residential areas. In the 1990s with the collapse of gigantic state-owned companies, New Belgrade's local economy bounced back by switching to commercial facilities, with dozens of shopping malls and entire commercial sections such as Mercator Center Belgrade, Ušće Mall (Ušće Tower), Delta City Belgrade etc. These activities are further enhanced in the 2000s (decade). The 'Open Shopping Mall' or the Belgrade's flea market is also located in New Belgrade. New Belgrade became the main business district in Serbia and one of major in Southeast Europe. Many companies choose New Belgrade for regional centres such as Ikea, Delta Holding, DHL (DHL Express), Air Serbia, OMV, Siemens, Société Générale, Telekom Srbija, Telenor Serbia, Unilever, Vip mobile, Yugoimport SDPR, Ericsson, Colliers International, CB Richard Ellis, SNC-Lavalin, Hewlett-Packard, Huawei and Arabtec. '''Sava Centar''' (Serbian Cyrillic: ''Сава центар'') is an international congress, cultural and business centre of various multi-functional activities located in New Belgrade, Serbia. It is the largest audience hall in the country and entire former Yugoslavia (SFRY). It has been host to numerous large scale events and performances. History The construction of the biggest congress and performance hall in Yugoslavia (as called back then - now Serbia) started in 1976. The hall would be located in the new construction area of the city of Belgrade, New Belgrade. In those years the capital of Belgrade spread across the rivers of the Sava and Danube to construct a modern alternative to the historical city. The complete construction of the project took three years, until 1979, and was headed by chief designer and team manager Stojan Maksimović. Most of the construction took place in 1977 when the skeleton of the building was complete. Supporting architecture such as roads and highways were also built during this period around the Sava Centar complex. '''Aleksandar "Aca" Šapić''' (Serbian Cyrillic (Serbian Cyrillic alphabet): Александар Шапић - Аца; born 1 June 1978 in Belgrade, Serbia) is a Serbian politician and a retired water polo player. Born in Belgrade to father Miloš from Kordun and mother Slavojka from Berane vicinity in Montenegro, Aleksandar and his younger brother Vladimir grew up in New Belgrade near Studentski Grad. At 1.88m and 100 kg, and a professional career that lasted from 1993 until 2009, he's considered by many to be one of the greatest water polo players of all time. Currently, he's the president of the Democratic Party (Democratic Party (Serbia))'s (DS) branch for the city of Belgrade. Šapić novi predsednik DS u Beogradu;MTS Mondo, 3 July 2011 As an instrumental part of Serbia-Montenegro national team Šapić won gold at the World Aquatic Championships in Montreal. At the last three Olympic Games, he won a bronze medal in Beijing 2008, he collected a silver medal in Athens 2004 (2004 Summer Olympics), along with a bronze from Sydney 2000 (2000 Summer Olympics). Built in 1964, the glass building overlooks the confluence Danube and Sava rivers from the New Belgrade side. It was originally 105 meters tall and used as the headquarters of the Central Committee of the League of Communists (Communist Party of Yugoslavia) in the former Yugoslavia (SFRY). During the Bosnian war, he and his family moved to Belgrade, where he and his brother went to music school, playing the piano. During the early life he and his brother have been many time busted as a blind passengers on the ship to America, and they always get out with the excuse that they didn't see him. He finished Middle and High School in Zemun, he was awarded best interpretation in the Kosta Manojlović-school. Since his childhood he has listened to Pop and folk music and gone to every concert by Riblja Čorba to Halid Bešlić, whether it was in Drvar or in Belgrade. He remembers his first singing to Miroslav Ilić's ''"Pozdravi je, Pozdravi"'', he grew up in the Yugoslav Rock-era but has always listened and sung ''narodnjake'' (Folk songs). He worked in Club Španac in New Belgrade for 3 years, where he was known for his songs by Haris Džinović. Each building has been named after a flower. They are Iris Marigold (Tagetes), Dandelion, Violet (Viola (plant)), Lily of the Valley , Sunflower, Mimosa, Cyclamen, Gillyflower, Syringa, Jacinth, Rose, Tulipa, and Lily. During the construction of the village it was the largest development site in the Balkans. It is located in New Belgrade with the closest venues to it being Belgrade Arena (basketball and table tennis), EXPO XXI (wrestling and taekwondo) and TK Gazela (tennis). Early years Born in a working class family to parents Slobodan and Mirjana, Cane exhibited rebellious tendencies early in life, and seguéd easily into the role of a punk band frontman. Growing up near the Ušće (Ušće (Belgrade)) area of New Belgrade, he founded his first band in 1979 at the age of 15 — a group called '''Kopilad''' (Bastards). In 1980, he played with Urbana Gerila for a short time, before joining Radnička kontrola in 1981 where he played alongside some also soon-to-become-notable musicians: drummer Žika Todorović (Srdjan Todorovic), lead guitarist Darko Milojković and bassist Srđan "Đile" Marković.
in the central district) The city's economy is largely reliant on heavy industry, including one of Russia's largest aluminum plants, lumber mills, chemical works, and a coal-fired power station. Higher educational facilities include the Bratsk State University and a branch of the Irkutsk State University. Pollution thumb Bratsk Reservoir (File:Wasserkraftwerk-Bratsk.jpg) Bratsk was among the Blacksmith Institute's "Dirty Thirty", the thirty most polluted places
Economy 150px left thumb Forestry Office on Deák square (File:Erdeszet.jpg) 150px thumb The TV tower on Avas became the symbol of the city (File:AvasTVTower.jpg) thumb 150px Elisabeth of Bavaria Erzsébet (File:Kossuth statue, Miskolc.jpg) Square thumb 150px Main entrance of the University of Miskolc (File:UnivMiskolc Main.jpg) Miskolc is generally thought of as an industrial city, and the largest boost to its economy was indeed provided by the industrialization during the Socialist era; in fact industry (including metallurgy) has a long history in the city. Miskolc was already an important market town in the Middle Ages, mostly due to its proximity to the main trade routes of the region. In regards of the economy, real development started only after the Ottoman occupation. In the 18th century, the town already had a lumber mill, a paper manufacture, a brewery, a gunpowder factory and fifteen mills on the Szinva stream. The glass works (glassblowing) manufactures and iron furnaces appeared in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The first iron furnace, built by Henrik Fazola around 1770, did not survive
inhabitants), ⅔ of the working people worked in heavy industry. The economical recession after the end of the Socialist era hit the industrial cities of Northern Hungary the hardest. The unemployment rate rose until it became one of the highest in the country, the population of Miskolc dramatically decreased (not only because of unemployment though, but also due to suburbanization which became prevalent nationwide). The economical situation of the city went through a change, smaller enterprises
to the region Northern Hungary. Economy Due to the emphasis on industrialization during the former Socialist (Socialism) regime and the county's richness in brown coal, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén has become one of the leading industrial regions of the country, "the Ruhr Area of Hungary". The most important centres of heavy industry were Miskolc, Ózd, Tiszaújváros and Kazincbarcika. With the fall of the Socialist regime the industry faced a crisis, and Borsod
Dąbrowskie , where the bulk of coal mines and steel plants was located. Furthermore, heavy industry plants were located in Częstochowa (''Huta Częstochowa'', founded in 1896), Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski (''Huta Ostrowiec'', founded in 1837-1839), Stalowa Wola (brand new industrial city, which was built from scratch in 1937 - 1938), Chrzanów (''Fablok'', founded in 1919), Jaworzno, Trzebinia (oil refinery, opened in 1895), Łódź (the seat of Polish textile industry), Poznań