radiated power of 7,412 watts and a peak effective radiated power of 25,500 watts (class B (List of broadcast station classes)). Since its transmitter site is located at Mount Bellevue, the station has (unlike competitors CITE-FM-1 and CIMO-FM) good coverage in the city of Sherbrooke, but because of severe deficiencies in covering neighbouring Magog (Magog, Quebec), the station operates a relay there, CFGE-FM-1, which broadcasts on 98.1 MHz using a directional antenna with an average effective radiated power of 360 watts and a peak effective radiated power of 900 watts (class B (List of broadcast station classes)). '''Mount Orford''' ( ) is a mountain, ski resort and provincial park in the Eastern Townships region of the Canadian (Canada) province of Quebec, Canada. It is a few minutes away from the town of Magog (Magog, Quebec) and one hour from Montreal.
: www.megafonsib.ru Megafon-Krasnoyarsk (Мегафон-Красноярск), all around the city. The mobile standard is GSM 900 1800, however some operators still provide the DAMPS service. SMS usually costs around 1 ruble ($0.05 US), one minute of talk is around 5 rubles ($0.20 US). You cannot be charged for incoming calls (unless use the roaming) but may need to pay a fixed price of $0.50 US for a call. There is a pretty good coverage from all of the major cellular providers in the city neighborhood
it will resume broadcasting. A powerful FM transmitter on 88.2 MHz provides good coverage for Hristo Botev radio. Only 1224 kHz Radio Bulgaria remains atm. For the transmission on 1224 kHz four guyed masts, insulated against ground, which are each equipped with a cage antenna are used, which allows a switchable directional pattern. Honour Vidin Heights on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Vidin. Gallery
) was formed in the 1990s. Most of the country's domestic freight and passenger service is by road rather than rail. Telecommunications Telecommunications in Uruguay are more developed than in most other Latin American countries, being the first country in the Americas to achieve complete digital telephony coverage in 1997. The telephone system is completely digitized and has very good coverage over all the country. The system is government-owned
, and the first two also have good coverage of the rest of the country. Although there are now mobile apps available which enable users to download OpenStreetMap data in advance to one's mobile phone, OpenStreetMap's coverage of areas outside of Montevideo and Punta del Este is still incomplete. Another important quirk to keep in mind is that ''only'' online map services accurately depict the one-way streets common in Montevideo and other Uruguayan cities and towns. Virtually all Uruguayan paper road maps (including the ANCAP maps and the official maps from the Ministry of Tourism and Sport) lack arrows to show the direction of one-way streets. Emergencies Take notice of the emergency phone numbers prominently posted on the highways and keep them in mind. Uruguay is not a dangerous country, but since it is mostly agricultural and very sparsely populated between the towns, if your car breaks down it can take you a long time to walk to the nearest pay phone. It is recommended to carry a cell phone with you. Ancel is the state company and the main provider. By thumb In rural areas hitch hiking is fairly common and as safe as hitching is anywhere. Uruguay has the lowest level of violent crime in the Americas, outside Canada. If you are female don't hitch hike alone. Play it safe but it's more likely that the car is going to crash (1 in 100 chance) than something bad is going to happen. Talk '''Spanish (Spanish phrasebook)''' is spoken everywhere. The pronunciation and the use of the ''vos'' pronoun instead of ''tú'' is practically the same as the Spanish variety spoken in Argentina, also known as ''Rioplatense Spanish''. However it is remarkably different from e.g. the Spanish spoken in Spain both when it comes to pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary. If you are not familiar with the local dialect, be prepared to regularly having to ask people you're talking with to repeat themselves. Although most Uruguayans have studied '''English''' at school, they do not actually speak or use it. However, some Uruguayans have studied English at private institutes, so they can speak it well. Outside Montevideo, Colonia and Punta del Este there are few English speakers. In most tourist spots (shopping centers and in Punta del Este) there is someone who is proficient in English and upscale restaurants and those that cater to tourists often have someone in the staff that speaks English. In practice, knowledge of basic Spanish is ''indispensable'' for independent travel in Uruguay. '''Portuñol''' (or Brasilero) is a mixture of Portuguese (Portuguese phrasebook) and Spanish used near the Brazilian border. If you want to study Spanish in a language academy, you may want to check out the Grupo de Turismo Idiomático, a private sector initiative supported by the Ministry of Tourism. See thumbnail Castillo de Piria (File:Castillo Piria, emblemático por su historia vinculada a la alquimia.JPG) While there are interesting things to see all over Uruguay, the main sights of interest are concentrated on the coastline. Perhaps unsurprisingly the largest concentration of things to see is the capital, Montevideo. There the "father of Uruguayan nationhood", general Jose Artigas rests in a mausoleum under an equestrian statue of himself in the middle of Plaza Independencia surrounded by buildings iconic to the capital such as Palacio Salvo, the old and new presidential palaces, the city gate and the Edificio Ciudadela. Passing through the city gate one will arrive in the old town of Montevideo hosting several museums, old buildings that once were the residences of wealthy families as well as the Puerto del Mercado. Other points of interest not to be missed in Montevideo include the neoclassical parliament building Palacio Legislativo, the Centenario Stadium and the adjacent football museum and the 22 km long beach promenade Rambla stretching along the Atlantic shore with several sights next to or nearby it. A two and a half hour bus trip west takes you to Colonia del Sacramento, a city established in 1680 by the Portuguese. While the modern part of the city isn't much of a tourist attraction, the ''barrio historico'' can pride itself on being the only UNESCO World Heritage site of Uruguay. As it is located a mere one hour from Buenos Aires by catamaran, it is also a popular daytrip for visitors to the Argentinian capital. East of Montevideo there is Punta del Este, a beach resort popular among the rich and famous and the city where the Los Dedos sculpture and the Casa Pueblo resort museum are located. Not far away from Punta del Este is the city of Maldonado with the lighthouse of José Ignacio. Closer to the capital is the city of Piriapolis where you can visit the Castillo de Piria. Do thumbnail Beach in Punta del Este (File:Paisaje Punta del Este.JPG) *One of the best experiences to have while your stay at Uruguay is to '''watch a football game''' between Nacional and Peñarol, the two most followed football teams in the nation. * '''Sunbathing, surfing and bathing''' at the beaches of the Atlantic coast. The most important beaches are in Punta del Este, Piriapolis, La Paloma, La Pedrera, Cabo Polonio, Punta del Diablo and Santa Teresa (national park and camping). * '''Birdwatching''' at Rocha's touristic "estancias". Buy Money The Uruguayan currency is the ''Peso''. Prices are often quoted using the ''U$'' symbol, which may be easily confused with the US$ (US dollar) symbol. As of May 2014 the exchange rates were approximately: * USD1 UYU24 * €1 UYU31 Prices on costlier goods and services (over USD100, generally speaking) are often quoted in American dollars instead of pesos, and USD are surprisingly widely accepted even at some fast food restaurants. Many Uruguayan ATM's, at least in Montevideo, can dispense USD in addition to UYU. Places that cater to foreign visitors often also accept Argentinian pesos or Brazilian reais. As all of these currencies use the symbol "$", check which currency the prices are in if you're unsure. Cards are not as widely accepted as in North America or Europe - smaller establishments often accept only cash (''efectivo''). Try to have more or less exact change as they even in a mid-size supermarket can have some problems giving you change back if you are paying for UYU600 worth of purchases with a UYU1000 bill. Stores thumbnail Pontones shopping mall, Montevideo (File:Portones Shopping Mall.png) Uruguay is like many developing countries in that the retail industry is still dominated by small specialized shops, small supermarkets, and small, crowded shopping malls. There are no true department stores in the country remotely comparable to the giant stores found in New York or Paris. Even the shopping buildings along Avenida 18 de Julio in central Montevideo are not department stores but collections of 10-20 smaller stores. In the entire country, there is only ''one'' true hypermarket, Geant (operated a joint venture between local chain Disco and the French chain Geant), that constitutes a reasonably decent facsimile of hypermarkets elsewhere (down to the huge parking lot, high ceiling and wide aisles). Uruguay does not have the big box "category killer" stores for which the U.S. is famous (and which have been copied to a lesser extent in Australia and Europe). One quite widespread supermarket chain is Ta-ta. These relatively small supermarkets sell a wide range of products from food and household items to clothes and even things you can bring home as souvenirs. If you've forgotten to bring something for your trip you can probably find it there. Most of them are open seven days a week. Products Uruguay does not manufacture most consumer goods locally. Most items in the stores have either been imported from China, or from Argentina or Brazil. Even worse, Uruguay charges high import tariffs and high value-added tax (IVA) of about 22% on virtually everything. Accordingly, imported goods cost as much as in Australia, Canada, or Europe. Uruguayan products on the other hand - chiefly comprised of food and leather products - can be very affordable. Some parts of Uruguayan stores feature numerous high-quality brands familiar to any North American, like Dove soap, Colgate toothpaste, Listerine mouthwash, Del Monte canned fruit, and so on. There are other brands with familiar logos but strange names; for example, Coca-Cola's South American juice brand is del Valle, which has a logo similar to Coca-Cola's North American juice brand, Minute Maid. However, Uruguay is not a major priority for most other brands found in the developed world, which means their products are rare or nonexistent here. Locally available brands (as noted, imported mostly from China) tend to be of poor quality. Because the Uruguayan market is so small and most Uruguayans are still relatively poor compared to consumers elsewhere, Uruguayan retailers lack the bargaining power of their North American or European counterparts. In turn, Chinese factories often sell their highest-quality product lines to the dominant First World markets and send their mediocre-quality product lines to Uruguay and other small developing countries. For example, while American and European consumers are accustomed to advertisements for luxury bedding made of 700+ thread count textiles woven from Egyptian or pima cotton, luxury bedding in Uruguay consists of 250+ thread count textiles woven from cotton polyester blends. Popular items to buy include '''yerba mate''' gourds, antiques, wool textiles, and leather goods: jackets, purses, wallets, belts, etc. With regard to textiles and leather goods, although the prices may look like great bargains, one must keep in mind that local designs are inferior to designs elsewhere. Uruguay is still decades behind other countries when it comes to the quality of metalworking, which is a serious problem since leather goods like purses and belts have metal parts like clasps and buckles. Eat thumbnail Asado, traditional barbecue (File:La chacra del puerto Asado.JPG) Uruguayan cuisine is typical for temperate countries, high on butter, fat, and grains, low on spice. It has an important Italian influence due to the strong Italian inmigration. If you are from the Mediterranean, you will find it bland, but if you come from the Northern Europe, Russia or the US, you won't have trouble getting used to it. Prices As of May 2014, breakfast for 4 people (a liter of fruit juice and two packages of biscuits) can cost as little as UYU100 in a supermarket, a serving of fast food costs about the same while meals in sit down restaurants generally speaking start from UYU300. Specialties There are many public '''markets''' where you can get a hundred varieties of '''meat'''. Vegetarians can order '''ravioli''' just about anywhere. '''Empanadas''' (hand-sized meat or cheese pies) make an excellent portable, inexpensive, and delicious snack or lunch. You can find them easily at many corner bakeries. thumbnail Chivito al plato (File:Chivito al plato.JPG) Uruguay has traditionally been a ranching country, with cattle outnumbering people more than two-to-one, and therefore features excellent (and affordable) '''steaks'''. One dish that should not be missed is '''chivito''', a heart-attack-on-a-platter sandwich (some guidebooks call it a "cholesterol bomb") that is made of a combination of grilled tenderloin steak, tomato, lettuce, onion, eggs (hard-boiled and then sliced), ham, bacon, mozzarella cheese and mayonnaise and fries. There are two versions of chivito. ''Al pan'' means it's served "on bread", this is the classic variant and it looks like a hamburger served on a plate. If it is served ''al plato'' it is like a hamburger minus the bread and often with more vegetables. '''Asado''' is a typical Uruguayan barbeque, consisting of a variety of grilled meats (beef short ribs, sausage, blood sausage and sweetbreads and other offal) over wood coals. Almost all Uruguayans know how to make it and its variations appear on most restaurant menus. For a traditional experience, try it at the "Mercado del Puerto" market, in Montevideo's port area. As many of the European immigrants to the area around Rio de la Plata a century ago came from Italy, '''Italian dishes''' have a special place in the local cuisine, often with a local twist. The Central European ''schnitzel's'' local relative '''Milanesa''' is made with beef instead of pork and is also available as a sandwich. Uruguay, with its long shoreline, also enjoys an excellent variety of '''seafood and fish'''. The flavor of the most commonly offered fish, ''brotola'', may be familiar to people from North America, where it is called hake. For desserts, '''dulce de leche''', a kind of caramel, is found in all manner of confections, from ice cream to '''alfajores''' (dulce de leche-filled cookie sandwiches), or '''Ricardito''', a famous Uruguayan dessert (available in all supermarkets). Drink '''Yerba Mate''' is widely drunk on the streets, but can hardly be ordered in restaurants, as young and old go around with their own cup and thermos bottle on the street there would likely not be anyone ordering it in a café or restaurant if they would offer it. You may have to buy a package at a supermarket and make your own. The drinking gourds are widely available and range from economical to super-luxe silver and horn. Yerba Mate is a social drink. If you are with a group of Uruguayans they will probably offer you some, do be mindful, it may taste somewhat bitter. If you try some it will make everybody happy. Uruguay is also acquiring a reputation for its fine '''wines''', especially those made from the Tannat grape. Alcohol is relatively inexpensive. Beer often come in large, 1l bottles that can go for as low as UYU50. The two brands found everywhere are Pilsen and Patricia, Zillertal being a distant third. Imports are available too but other Uruguayan brands probably exist but are hard to find. The most common strong alcohol beverage is surprisingly '''whisky''', even many famous brands such as Johnnie Walker being manufactured in Uruguay under license. A 1l bottle of the cheapest brands can be bought for just UYU250 in a supermarket. Sleep thumbnail Landscape in the San José department in the southern part of the country (File:Pradera y bosque de ribera Uruguay.JPG) For nature lovers, birdwatchers, and those seeking a respite from the fast-paced world, there are many "estancias" in serene and peaceful environments, surrounded by many species of native and migrating birds, which offer a unique opportunity to reconnect with nature. There are many more beach houses to rent along the coast than actual hotel rooms. They are plentiful, and outside the high season affordable. During the first two weeks of January it's impossible to find anything, every cottage and hotel room is booked months in advance. Work There are numerous English language schools which are looking for native speakers as teachers (Teaching English). They can arrange papers or pay teachers under the table. The pay is not good, but enough to live on in Montevideo. Work permits are not particularly difficult to obtain and Uruguay lets you convert a tourist visa to a work visa without leaving the country. Residency visas without permission to work simply require you prove access to USD500 a month. Stay safe thumbnail Night view of Plaza Constitución in Montevideo's old town (File:Plaza Matriz night.JPG) Historically, Uruguay has enjoyed a very '''low rate of violent crime compared to its neighbors'''. Thus, Argentines and Brazilians traditionally go on vacation in Uruguay because they love not having to worry about being carjacked, kidnapped, or murdered while on vacation. Even today, Uruguay is still relatively free of those types of crimes. However, this does not mean that Uruguay is crime free. The major differences are that most Uruguayan crimes are either nonconfrontational or do not involve the gratuitous use of firearms. Montevideo in particular has seen its crime rate gradually rise since the severe 2001-2002 financial crisis, and now has moderately high levels of theft, burglary, and robbery similar to those found in major U.S. cities. Fortunately, Punta del Este and most rural areas continue to enjoy relatively low crime levels. As long as you take basic precautions in Montevideo (i.e., use a money belt and or hotel safe for valuables, look alert, and keep out of obvious slums), you will have a very safe trip. Cannabis is one of the most widely used drugs in the country and legal as well. Uruguay is the first country in the world where the sale, growth and distribution of cannabis is legal. In an emergency, call '''911''' or '''999'''. For firefighters, call, 104. Stay healthy Tap water is safe to drink in all major cities. The Hospital Britanico (British Hospital), SUMMUM and BlueCross & BlueShield Uruguay have a European-quality service and they are clean and efficient. Asociación Española, Medica Uruguaya and CASMU are the largest healthcare companies in Uruguay and they have a European-quality level. Just don't make any unwise drinking decisions. Tropical diseases present in Uruguay include '''dengue (Dengue fever)''' and '''chagas disease'''. Vaccine does not exist against either of these, so you need to watch out for mosquitoes and bugs. In practice you won't encounter insects in Uruguay very frequently, at least during the Southern Hemisphere winter. Respect thumbnail Supporters of the samba school Los Academicos in Artigas (File:Los Academicos 1.JPG) Uruguay is a socially progressive country. Women got the vote in Uruguay 12 years before France. Uruguay is a secular state unlike Argentina, Chile or Paraguay; the Uruguayan state has not supported any religion since 1917. The population is mainly Catholic, but not very practicing. There are a few gay and lesbian bars in Montevideo and in Punta del Este, but outside those two cities there is no public "queer" community. The only public monument to sexual diversity is in Ciudad Vieja (the old city). However, it was the first Latin American country to pass a civil union law and is considered to be safe and welcoming to gay and lesbian visitors. Uruguay is ranked 6th in the Spartacus Gay Travel Index. Civil unions are legal in Uruguay, which convey the full rights of marriage, and gay and transgendered marriage was legalized in mid-2013. Even in rural areas, gay travelers experience little overt discrimination. Connect thumbnail Antel pay phone in Montevideo (File:Montevideo pay phone.JPG) Telephone The national landline telephone monopoly is Antel, which provides all public pay phones and is also the sole provider of landline Internet service. Although Antel pay phones only take Antel's proprietary magnetic cards, it is possible to use international calling cards to call home by taking the phone off the hook, waiting for a dial tone, and dialing the correct access code. However, note that many public pay phones are not properly maintained. If you do not hear a touch tone emitted for each key, that means the phone is defective and you must try another one. Uruguay's country code is +598. Montevideo and suburbs have phone numbers beginning in two, while the rest of the country has phone numbers beginning with 4. Antel also operates a cell phone network, and in this field competes with two private companies, Movistar and Claro. All three have numerous kiosks and stores throughout the country. The standard is GSM and both the European (1800 MHz) and North American (1900 MHz) frequencies are used. Mail The national postal service is Correo Uruguay. Most of their post offices are very hard to find and are open from 9 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday; some are open from 9 am to 12 pm on Saturdays. Letterboxes for depositing outbound mail are made out of cheap blue translucent plastic and are extremely difficult to find outside of post offices. Some post offices have three boxes: one for the local city, one for domestic mail ("interior") and one for international ("exterior"). Uruguayan letterboxes are designed only for indoor use. Keep in mind that Correos licenses many retailers, such as pharmacies, as postal agents, and letterboxes can sometimes be found around those agents' premises as well. Internet Antel is the ''only'' provider of landline Internet service, while Dedicado is the main provider of fixed wireless Internet service. WiFi is ubiquitous and can be found in virtually all decent hotels as well as many restaurants, cybercafes, and shopping malls. Antel WiFi hotspots are normally available only to Antel landline Internet subscribers, unless you are in a place with free service like Carrasco International Airport, in which case a public username and password for free access are prominently posted and always username: antel password:wifi. Dedicado WiFi hotspots are free for everyone. Go next Uruguay borders on Brazil and Argentina. The border of Paraguay, the next closest country, is about 500 kilometers away from the extreme northwest of Uruguay.
and a reasonable price. '''Mobile Phones''' are ubiquitous in Kenya with fairly good coverage from all providers (Safaricom, Orange, Yu and Airtel) that extends to most populated parts of the country. Safaricom has the best national coverage especially if you are using 3G data. The phone system is GSM 900 and 3G 2100 (Asian and European standard) on Safaricom, Orange, Yu and Airtel. There is also CDMA2000 on Orange. Phones and SIM cards are available at many locations throughout Nairobi and the country
April 1945. Speidel was one of the inner circle of conspirators (the only one not to be executed or commit suicide), and had been delegated by anti-Hitler forces to recruit Rommel for the conspiracy - which he had cautiously begun to do prior to Rommel's injury in a Canadian strafing attack on 17 July 1944. *'''Neutral'''. Very good coverage of controversial albeit magnetic topic, although as mentioned above it needs more pictures - tanks, perhaps, or people running with guns, or Derren
competitive, with good coverage (in populated areas) and good pricing. A starter pack with prepaid SIM and talktime starts from about SR 75, and you can sign up in most any larger mobile shop (bring your passport). Local calls are under SR 0.5 minute, while calls overseas are around or less than SR 2 min. And yes, you can bring in your own phone: despite grumblings from the clerics, both camera phones and multimedia messaging (MMS) are now legal. By net Internet cafes abound in major Saudi
arriving in Moscow. Get around Places of interest, that are situated within Garden Ring, can often be reached on foot, though famous '''Metro''' system can be a good alternative. For other locations distances can be huge, so using means of transport is mandatory. Moscow transport, while being mostly effective, and providing really good coverage at least on all of the popular directions, does have it's quirks. Most notorious of them are lack or inconsistency
a local mobile phone number for use in cases of emergency. Telcel provides good coverage throughout the country and you can get a SIM card for $150 pesos with $100 pesos talk time. If you have an iPhone, try to get an Iusacell SIM card if you want to use data. It is often far cheaper than what hotels will charge you and incoming calls may also be free under certain schemes. Mexico operates on the same GSM frequency as the United States, 1900 MHz. There is an Internet wireless connection in almost every restaurant or hotel in the big cities. If you're staying for over a week and don't have an unlocked phone, it might be a good idea to buy a cheap ( MXN$200) handset and buy a prepaid card. Go next To Belize There are bus services available from Chetumal to Belmopan. To Guatemala Over Tenosique, La Palma, by boat on the river Rio San Pedro to Naranja (Guatemala). This route is not used by many and still has a touch of adventure. Stay firm when negotiating over the price. Absolutely important! Make sure you get your passport stamped before you leave Naranja or you might catch one of the rare buses back and take a walk through the jungle as the emigrations office is part up the river between the Mexican border and the village. To the United States of America The U.S. generally requires a passport for entry. A few express ID cards and trusted traveler cards are also acceptable. U.S. and Canadian citizens seeking entry or reentry by land or sea may use an Enhanced Driver License in place of a passport. U.S. permanent residents need their permanent resident card and may need the passport from their home country. Foreign nationals entering the United States without a permanent resident stamp, including those on the Visa Waiver Program, typically receive an I-94 Arrival-Departure Record or I-94W Visa Waiver Arrival-Departure Record upon arrival in the United States. So long as the I-94 has not expired, you can use it to reenter the United States with your passport; however, if you hand it in upon exit, you will need to obtain a new card if your visa allows another entry or, if on the Visa Waiver Program, pay a fee of about $6 to reenter the United States. Unless you are not going to return to the United States, '''keep your I-94 when leaving the United States of America''' or you will have a difficult time getting back in, and if your visa is limited to a certain number of entries, you may need to use another entry. Visa Waiver participants cannot reset the 90-day counter unless they leave the Western Hemisphere, so ducking into México will not allow you another 90 days.
at most. IndiGo Airlines is also considered to be the most punctual airline in the country. As usually with low cost carriers, tickets should be purchased well in advance to get the best fares (more often than not under US$100 (1 way) even for longer flights across the country). * Airways''', full service airline with very good coverage. Now services London (LHR) directly from Delhi and Mumbai and flights to from Toronto and New York via Brussels. Their subsidiary