Places Known For



Panzer Corps, without support from the Luftwaffe or neighbouring German formations, broke through the Soviet line and advanced on Kharkov. Flaherty, pp. 173-174. Despite orders to encircle Kharkov from the north, the SS Panzer Corps directly attacked Kharkov in the Third Battle of Kharkov on 11 March. Margry (2001), p. 20. This led to four days of house-to-house fighting before Kharkov was recaptured by the 1 SS

''Leibstandarte'' on 15 March. Two days later the Germans recaptured Belgorod, creating the salient (Salients, re-entrants and pockets) that in July 1943 led to the Battle of Kursk. The German offensive cost the Red Army an estimated 70,000 casualties (casualty (person)) but the house-to-house fighting in Kharkov was particularly bloody for the SS Panzer Corps, which had lost approximately 44% of its strength by the time operations ended in late March. Reynolds, p. 10. ref>

Kharkov on 14 March, after bloody street fighting in what is known as the Third Battle of Kharkov. In recognition for this accomplishment, von Manstein received the Oak Leaves for the Knight's Cross. The 2nd SS Panzer Corps then captured Belgorod on 21 March. When the offensive finally came to a halt, the Wehrmacht had dealt heavy damage to the Soviet troops and blunted their offensives. The successful counterattack at Kharkov allowed the Wehrmacht to prepare for one last strategic


in the Albertine Rift, and about 25 km east of the Ituri Forest. The city is at the center of the Ituri conflict between the Lendu and Hema (Hema people). In the Second Congo War the city and district were the scene of much fighting and many civilian deaths from this conflict, and related clashes between militias and Uganda-based forces. Consequently the city is the base of one of the largest United Nations peace-keeping forces (MONUC) in Africa

, and its headquarters in northeastern DRC. The area's natural resources include gold mines over which militias and foreign forces have been fighting. Climate

to tens of thousands of displaced civilians, as well as treat survivors of mass rapes and widespread fighting. MSF Article (2004) The tragedy of the other Congo – A forgotten war's victims '''MSF'''. Retrieved 12 January 2006. The treatment and possible vaccination against diseases such as cholera, measles, polio, Marburg fever

Sadr City

name "" D Magazine, "The Mayor of Fallujah", Nov. 21, 2007 The Mahdi Army attempted to capture several soldiers during the ambush, but they were ultimately unsuccessful in their efforts to obtain hostages. 2004 In late March, 2004, Task Force Lancer, under

; - Seven U.S. troops die in Baghdad fighting This sparked fierce urban fighting between the Mahdi Army and newly arrived soldiers of the B company 20th Engineer Battalion 2-5,C Battery 1-82 Field Artillery, 2-8 and 1-12 CAV of the 1st Cavalry Division (1CD); alongside the just relieved 1st Squadron, 2d Armored Cavalry Regiment and elements from 2-37 AR of the 1st Armored Division. In late 2004 the Mahdi Army

enacted a cease-fire with U.S. troops, and offered to help repair and rebuild the city's main infrastructure which was leaving millions without electricity, water or sewage. On October 10, Camp Marlboro was hit by three mortars launched from within the city, which saw the U.S. beef up security and attach an additional 28 tanks and 14 Bradley Fighting Vehicles to the camp. The following day, on October 11, the Weapons Handover Program began in the city, which was designed to purchase weapons


" strategy, the British became engaged in heavy fighting with Taliban insurgents and allied opium traffickers deep inside the green zone. A number of British and Canadian troops were killed during fighting in the town, including Corporal Bryan Budd (Bryan Budd) (3 PARA) who was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. In 2008 without the support of a Marine Air-Ground Task Force, members of Echo Company, 2nd Battalion 7th Marines, were sent to Sangin to assist Ranger Company

* List of ISAF installations in Afghanistan (List of ISAF installations in Afghanistan#Helmand Province) References External links *BBC: Where does the Afghan war go now? *Video of Canadian troops engaged in a firefight near the village *Video of Americans fighting in Sangin * watch?v

targeted at Taliban fighters in the south of the country. In July 2006, this offensive mission essentially stalled in Helmand as NATO, primarily British (United Kingdom), and Afghan troops were forced to take increasingly defensive positions under heavy insurgent pressure. In response, British (United Kingdom) troop levels in the province were increased, and new encampments were established in Sangin and Gerishk (Gereshk). Fighting has been particularly heavy in the towns of Sangin

Umm Qasr

for business in July 1967. ''Ports of the World 1969'', p. 697. Shipping World Ltd Iran–Iraq War During the Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988) its importance increased as fighting restricted access to other ports further east. Umm Qasr was threatened after the successful Iranian invasion and occupation of the al-Faw peninsula in 1986. However, the port never fell during the Iran–Iraq War. First Gulf War Access to the port was a significant issue in the territorial

Gulf War Umm Qasr was the target of one of the first major military operations (Battle of Umm Qasr) in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, on March 29, 2003. The assault on the port was spearheaded by British (United Kingdom) Royal Marines,US Marines from the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit (15th Marine Expeditionary Unit) and Polish (Poland) GROM troops, but Iraqi forces put up unexpectedly strong resistance, requiring several days' fighting before the area

Brigade ("The Desert Rats"), fought their way into Iraq's second-largest city, Basra, on 6 April, coming under constant attack by regulars and Fedayeen, while 3rd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment (the British Red Devils (Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom))) cleared the 'old quarter' of the city that was inaccessible to vehicles. Entering Basra was achieved after two weeks of fierce fighting, which included the biggest tank battle by British forces since World War II when

Islamic Courts Union

captured foreign pro-Islamist fighters accessdate September 9, 2007 publisher Mail & Guardian Reuters year 2007 author Reuters Further Eritrean fighters were allegedly killed by Somali security officers in June 2007.

controlled most of the city. In reaction to the growing power of the ICU, a group of Mogadishu warlords formed the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (ARPCT). This was a major change, as these warlords had been fighting each other for many years. By the beginning of 2006, these two groups had clashed repeatedly, and in May 2006 it escalated into street fighting in the capital (Second Battle of Mogadishu), claiming the lives of more than 300 people. On 5 June

: news world English 4145 Somalia: Islamists set up central Islamic court in the capital , ''SomaliNet'', October 2, 2006. War with Ethiopia On December 8, 2006, the Islamic Courts Union claimed to have been involved in heavy fighting with Somali transitional government forces, backed by Ethiopian troops (Military of Ethiopia). On December 21, heavy fighting erupted between ICU forces and Ethiopian-backed forces. The battles happened


. Juan Cole wrote in an October 11, 2006, article: "There is heavy fighting almost every day at Ramadi in al-Anbar province, among guerrillas, townspeople, tribes, Marines and Iraqi police and army. We almost never get a report of these skirmishes and we almost never are told about Iraqi casualties in Ramadi." After a lull over the summer, by November his forces were engaged at Ramadi and Tikrit when

violence. Sadr's followers held demonstrations protesting the closure of the newspaper. On April 4, fighting broke out in Najaf, Sadr City and Basra. Sadr's Mahdi Army took over several points and attacked coalition soldiers, killing dozens of foreign soldiers, and taking many casualties of their own in the process. At the same time, Sunni rebels in the cities of Baghdad, Samarra, Ramadi, and, most notably, Fallujah, staged uprisings as well, causing

the most serious challenge to coalition control of Iraq up to that time. **Qayyarah Airfield West (Q-WEST) — 250 W **Ramadi (FOB Blue Diamond) **Samarra (FOB Brassfield-Mora) Recent history During the course of the U.S.-led occupation of Iraq, Baquba emerged as the scene of some of the heaviest guerrilla activity, along with the Sunni enclaves of Fallujah, Ramadi, and Samarra. It was the site of the heaviest fighting during the June 24, 2004


;The Rats of Tobruk") pulled back to Tobruk to avoid encirclement after actions at Er Regima (Ar Rajma) and Mechili and reached Tobruk on 9 April 1941 where prolonged fighting (Siege of Tobruk) against German forces followed. Although the siege was lifted by Operation Crusader in November 1941, a renewed offensive by Rommel the following year resulted in Tobruk being captured in June 1942 and held by the Axis forces until November 1942, when it was recaptured by the Allies

sides were busily regrouping and General Claude Auchinleck, the Commander in Chief of British Middle East Command, had been advised to fight a major battle in May to forestall Axis plans of attack. However, 8th Army was not ready to make an offensive and so Lieutenant-General Neil Ritchie, the army commander, anticipated fighting a battle on his prepared position, meeting an Axis attack and destroying his enemy's armoured forces in the process. ref name "Playfair, p. 216"

on from Tobruk, Libya. North Africa and Syria Having returned to Egypt, part of the Division (the 5th Indian Infantry Brigade) was hurried across to Syria and was heavily involved in the advance on Damascus (Syria-Lebanon campaign) (June 1941). From 14 to 17 June 1941 the 4th Armoured Brigade (4th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)) was attached to the division. The rest of the Division was heavily involved in the fighting which ebbed

Champaign-Decatur CSA

) Memorial Stadium and the State Farm Center (Assembly Hall (Champaign)), formerly the Assembly Hall) are located in the south-east portion of Champaign. Memorial Stadium is a football (American football) arena where the Fighting Illini (Illinois Fighting Illini) football team plays, and the State Farm Center is the home of the highly successful Fighting Illini (Illinois Fighting Illini) basketball team. The NFL's Chicago Bears played in Memorial Stadium for the 2002 season

El Alamein

of constant warfare, the offensive on El Alamein seemed in doubt. On 1 July the First Battle of El Alamein started, but after almost a month of inconclusive fighting both sides, completely exhausted, dug in, halting Rommel's drive eastwards. This was a serious blow to Rommel who had hoped to drive his advance into the open desert beyond El Alamein where he could conduct a mobile defence. date 1–27 July 1942 place El Alamein, Egypt result Tactical

in a truck, and reported to the C.O., Colonel E.O. Kellett, lying that he had been instructed to go to the front (luckily this escapade did not land him in serious trouble; in a reprise of 1935, Douglas got off with an apology). Desperately needing officer replacements, the Colonel posted him to A Squadron, and gave him the opportunity to take part as a fighting tanker in the Eighth Army's victorious sweep through North Africa (North African Campaign) vividly recounted in his beautiful memoir

. Cracks Widen Cracks and fissures had again become visible between the 1 SA Div and the Army command. Barr Pg89 1 SA Brigade had been deployed on the flank, on Ruweisat Ridge (First Battle of El Alamein) and by this time they had become somewhat isolated during the previous days fighting and the Allied bombing missions of the previous night. The Brigade had lost its Officer Commanding as well as its Brigade

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