that belong to the Semnani language. Similar to poetry, short stories account for a major section of the literature of Semnan. Due to the previous, little use of orthography, the Semnani language was not able to produce any large single story or novel. Nevertheless, short stories were created to both record history and entertain. These short stories were passed on generation after generation, and have now been recently recorded in books. One famous short story is "frônsé shô vu rüá," or "(The) French King and (the) Cat." Television The city of Semnan receives all the nationwide stations broadcast by IRIB. In addition to the nationwide channels, Semnan is the broadcasting location of '''Semnan TV''', the provincial television station. Semnan TV has made several great achievements in the film and documentary fields. One notable documentary is that of the life of Ali Akbar Moallem Damghani, a famous Islamic scholar and mystic. AliAkbar Moallem Because of the wide variety of dialects spoken throughout the Semnan Province, all of Semnan TV's main broadcasting is in the Persian language in order to avoid the unfair advancement of the city's own dialect. This policy has angered a significant portion of the population which remains deeply concerned with regards to the deteriorating state of the Semnani language altogether. Radio Similar to television, the city of Semnan receives all the national radio frequencies broadcast by IRIB. Due to Semnan's status as the provincial capital, '''Radio Semnan''' is based in the city and broadcasts for the entire Semnan Province. Radio Semnan first began to operate in 1976 with the utilization of 10 kilowatts. شبکه خبری سمنان » اخبار ویژه » شبکه استانی صدای سمنان ۹ ساله شد A few years after the Islamic Revolution (Iranian Revolution), Radio Semnan underwent a major expansion in the year 1981. This provided a variety of broadcasting, i.e. religious, political, recent events, cultural, etc., as well as increasing the broadcasting duration up to fifteen hours per day. Today, Radio Semnan is an important media asset for the entire Semnan Province, and serves as a major source of reliable information and discussions from a wide variety of topics. According to the representative of Radio Semnan, Abdulreza Dehrouye, "the variety of regional dialects, the strategic geographical location, the good climate, the contributions of the educated elite, the centers of industry and mineral extraction, the various university complexes, the massive labor force, and the highly literate and educated municipal population are all contributing factors into establishing the framework of the great and spiritual network Radio Semnan offers today." Furthermore, Radio Semnan is unique in offering broadcast time in which residents may call in and engage in direct dialogue with city representatives and officials. This provides the people as well as city officials the opportunity to address general public concerns and discuss future plans. Newspapers In addition to the numerous nationwide newspapers such as "hamshahri" and "Jomhuri ye Eslami", Semnan publishes many of its own newspapers as well as newspapers for other major cities throughout the Semnan Province. These newspapers consist of: * the daily "Payam e Ostan e Semnan" (Message of the Semnan Province) * the weekly "Kavir" (Salt Marsh) * the weekly "Ham Nazar" (Comments) * the weekly "Javane ye Emrouz" (Daily Sprout) * the weekly "Shahvar" (Kingly) * the bi-weekly "Payam e Shahroud" (Message of Shahroud) * the monthly "Zofor" (Victory) * the monthly "Chafiyye" (Keffiyeh) * the monthly "Chante" (Wallet) * the "Journal" of the College of Anthropology of the University of Semnan * the monthly "Healthcare Newsletter" of the Semnan Center of Health The city's extensive online newspaper can be accessed at www.semnannews.com The Islamic Republic News Agency also features a provincial news outlet dedicated to the Semnan Province. خبرگزاري جمهوري اسلامي Transportation Airports and aviation The '''Semnan Municipal Airport''' is located at 35° 35' 27" North, 53° 29' 42" East. Semnan Airport Map | Iran Airports The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) code for this airport is OIIS. This airport did not have adequete facilities for scheduled commercial passenger service, but was utilized for charter flights to and from the city. However, the airport has received significant renovation and now consists of a passenger terminal and an arrival building. شبکه خبری سمنان » اخبار ویژه » برج مراقبت فرودگاه سمنان به بهره برداری رسید The construction of the airport's air traffic control tower was finished and commenced operations in the Summer of 2011. The airport also offers scheduled flights to the cities of western Iran for religious pilgrimages that will continue to Iraq, Syria and Saudi Arabia. The airport hopes to establish direct flight routes to Karbala, Iraq; Najaf, Iraq; Damascus, Syria; and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as soon as the international situation allows the proper atmosphere for such services. شبکه خبری سمنان » اخبار » برقراری پرواز زایران عتبات عالیات از فرودگاه استان Some of the wealthy agribusiness managers also utilize the airport for the domestic transportation of their crops. The Semnan Municipal Airport is accessible via the A83 highway, and is situated a few kilometers east of the Islamic Azad University, itself only a few kilometers east of the city boundaries. The '''New Semnan Airport''' is located within the Semnan Air Defense Base. This airport is used for military purposes. The New Semnan Airport facility features the Islamic Republic of Iran's most active pilot training and simulation facilities. پایگاه خبری سمنان » خبر اول » انتقال مرکز آموزش فنون هوایی و خلبانی فرودگاه پیام به سمنان The facility also includes an aerospace research center. Railways The city is served by the '''Semnan Railway Station''', which features double rails and services to the major cities of Tehran (Westward) and Mashad (Eastward). In addition to services to Tehran and Mashad, there are separate railway services to the cities of Garmsar, Shahrud, Damghan, Meyami, and Sorkheh, all within the Province of Semnan. Islamic Republic Of Iran Railways The Semnan Railway Station features modern electric rail services as well. اداره كل راه آهن شمالشرق The city is further served by the '''Semnan Municipal Train''' system which connects the major points of the city by rail. This train service resembles the light rail transit systems that serve several cities throughout the Western world. Other transportation services Semnan also offers an extensive bus route throughout the entire municipality as well as numerous public and private taxi services. Similar to most cities in Iran, Semnan has a particular taxi service referred to in Persian as "agence." This originally French (French language) word is used to denote taxis that arrive at the individual's place of residence and provide service to the individual's destination. This form of service varies from the regular taxi services in Semnan, which only operate on pre-assigned routes. Higher education thumb An entrance to the Semnan University campus (File:Semnan University.jpg) Around 99% of all of Semnan's residents are literate. Iran Book News Agency (IBNA) - All Semnan villages will have a public library As a result, many residents seek higher education and high level services such as medical, pharmacological, and high-tech engineering professions. Some of the major centers of higher education are as followed: * University of Semnan * Semnan University of Medical Sciences * Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences * Islamic Azad University of Semnan * Payame Noor University * University of Imam Hosseyn * University of Shaheed Abbasspour The University of Industry of Semnan is another planned, future university. Notable and famous people * Ala ud-Daula Simnani (1261-1336) - poet * Ashraf Jahangir Semnani (1287-1386) - sufi (Sufism) saint * Mir Seyyed Reza Amid Semnani, Raïs ol-Atebba (19th century) - army physician * Mirza Ebrahim, Amid os-Saltaneh (1875-unknown) - physician and politician * Maryam Amid Semnani, Mozayyan os-Saltaneh (died 1919) - newspaper publisher * Nematollah Nassiri (1911-1979) - head of SAVAK * Nosratollah Noohian (born 1931) - poet * Shapoor Gharib (born 1933) - film director * Parviz Sabeti (born 1936) - security officer * Hassan Rouhani (born 1948) - 7th president (President of Iran) of Iran * Mohammad-Ali Bani-Asadi (born 1955) - illustrator * Esmail Hemmati (born 1955) - playwright and poet * Majid Derakhshani (born 1957) - musician * Farhad Rahbar (born 1959) - politician * Ahmad Khatami (born 1960) - politician * Mostafa Kavakebian (born 1963) - politician * Mojtaba Shaban (born 1987) - volleyball player * Ahmad Khatami - Cleric Photo gallery File:Maryam amid.jpg Maryam Amid Semnani Mozayyan As-Saltaneh File:Nemotallah Nassiri.GIF Nematollah Nassiri File:Hassan Rouhani 2.jpg Hassan Rouhani File:Mostafa Kavakebian2.jpg Mostafa Kavakebian External links , ''Ostān-e Semnān'' ) is one of the 31 provinces (provinces of Iran) of Iran. It is in the north of the country, and its center is Semnan (Semnan, Iran). The province of Semnan covers an area of 96,816 square kilometers and stretches along the Alborz mountain range and borders to Dasht-e Kavir desert in its southern parts. In 1340 Mas'ud moved against the Ja'un-i Qurban under Arghun Shah; the latter was forced to abandon Nishapur and retreat to Tus (Tus, Iran). The Sarbadars continued to mint coins in Togha Temur's name, in the hope that he would ignore this move as he was campaigning in the west again at this time. The khan, however, moved against them; his forces were destroyed, and while fleeing to Mazandaran several important figures such as 'Ala' al-Din (formerly in charge of Sabzavar), 'Adb-Allah, and Togha's own brother 'Ali Ke'un were killed. The Sarbadars gained control of Jajarm, Damghan and Simnan (Semnan, Iran), along with Togha's capital of Gurgan. Mas'ud and Hasan Juri, however, soon came into disagreement over several issues. Mas'ud, following the defeat of Togha Temur, gained a new suzerain in the form of Hasan Kucek of the Chobanids, as well as the latter's puppet khan Sulaiman. Mas'ud considered the move necessary; with the conquest of Simnan, the Chobanids were now neighbors. Since the Chobanids were Sunnis, however, this doubtless did not go over well with Mas'ud's co-ruler. Safir-2 (Safir (rocket)) Semnan (Semnan, Iran), Iran 2 February 2009 The most important network of roads consists of Semnan (Semnan, Iran) to Sangsar to Shahmirzad to Fooladmahale axis which connects these places with the city of Sari (Sari, Iran). This road connects the two provinces of Mazandaran and Semnan.
in search of a better life. Other popular novels include ''Tortilla Flat'', ''Of Mice and Men'', ''Cannery Row (Cannery Row (novel))'', and ''East of Eden (East of Eden (novel))''. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1962. Steinbeck's contemporary, Nathanael West's two most famous short novels, ''Miss Lonelyhearts,'' which plumbs the life of its eponymous antihero, a reluctant (and, to comic effect, male) advice columnist, and the effects the tragic
* ''The Golden Apples of the Sun'' is a 1953 collection of thirty-two of the most famous short stories (short story) by Ray Bradbury. Greyhound (Greyhound Lines) and a variety of interregional bus operators, most of which are part of the Trailways system, stop at the Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal. In addition to being adjacent to Market East Station, the terminal is one block from the Market–Frankford Line 11th Street (SEPTA station) 11th Street station
seen as a possible sign of Détente. In 1991, with the fall of the Soviet Union came the first wave of commercially imported Russian winter hats into the United States. Commons:Category:North Korea WikiPedia:North Korea Dmoz:Regional Asia North Korea
(see History of the Romanian language). Notable residents Many Turks fondly remember the Islands as home to famous short-story writer Sait Faik Abasıyanık and football legend Lefter Küçükandonyadis. After Leon Trotsky was deported from the Soviet Union in February 1929, his first residing place in exile was a house in Büyükada, the largest of the Princes' Islands, where Trotsky lived for four years between 1929 and 1933. Famous poet Nâzım Hikmet attended
were seen as a possible sign of Détente. In 1991, with the fall of the Soviet Union came the first wave of commercially imported Russian winter hats into the United States. Wikipedia:Post-Soviet states commons:Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
qualities of head and heart, in particular his ability to weave Islamic (sufi) wisdom into everyday folk experience earned appreciation across the world. He was regarded by many as among the finest Urdu ''Afsana'' (short-story) writers alongside Saadat Hasan Manto, Qurratulain Hyder, Prem Chand, Bedi, Mirza Adeeb, Ismat Chughtai and Krishan Chander following the publication of his famous short-story ''Gaddarya'' The Shepherd in 1955. Life and career Ahmed
Altay'') is the capital (capital city) town (types of inhabited localities in Russia) of the Altai Republic, Russia, situated Commons:Category:Russia WikiPedia:Russia Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia
-19th century French (France) writer Guy de Maupassant. It is arguably his most famous short story, and is the title story for his collection on the Franco-Prussian War, entitled "Boule de Suif et Autres Contes de la Guerre" ("Ball of Fat and Other Stories of the War"). John Ford said that his film ''Stagecoach (Stagecoach (1939 film))'' was in many ways a western rewrite of ''Boule de Suif''. Schatz, Thomas, "''Stagecoach'' and Hollywood's A-Western Renaissance", in ''John Ford's Stagecoach'', ed. Barry Keigh Grant. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003. pp. 21-47. ISBN 0-521-7933119. ''Boule de Suif'' may also have been the inspiration for Ernest Haycox's short story "The Stage to Lordsburg". Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France
fiction writer J. D. Salinger released in May 1953. It includes two of his most famous short stories, "A Perfect Day for Bananafish" and "For Esmé – with Love and Squalor". (''Nine Stories'' is the U.S. title; the book is published in many other countries as ''For Esmé - with Love and Squalor, and Other Stories''.) '''Haley Reeves Barbour'''