Places Known For

early role


San Miguel de Allende

of the mansions and churches have both influences. Mansions are larger than normal for a settlement of this size. Independence thumb 150px Statues of Allende and Hidalgo in the municipal palace (File:AllendeHidalgoSMA.JPG) The prominence of the city declined at the beginning of the 19th century, mostly due to the Mexican War of Independence. However, it played an important early role in this conflict. It is the birthplace of two significant protagonists, Ignacio Allende and Juan Aldama. Both were involved in a conspiracy against the colonial government in Mexico City, along with Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez. When this conspiracy was discovered, the warning to Hidalgo and Allende passed through this town and onto Dolores (Hidalgo) (Dolores Hidalgo) just to the north. This prompted Hidalgo's "Grito de Dolores" assembling the insurgent army on 15 and 16 September 1810. The new insurgent army first came to San Miguel, stopping at a religious sanctuary in Atotonilco (Sanctuary of Atotonilco) just outside. Hidalgo took a standard bearing an image of the Virgin of Guadalupe from here to use as a symbol. This standard is now in the Museo del Ejercito (Alcázar of Toledo) in Spain. Wikipedia:San Miguel de Allende Dmoz:Regional North_America Mexico States Guanajuato Localities San_Miguel_de_Allende Commons:Category:San Miguel de Allende


Food and Drug Administration

and Drug Administration . The ingredient in question—acesulfame potassium—is combined with aspartame to provide the beverage's sweetness, whereas some other diet colas are sweetened by aspartame alone. Anti-cancer drug investigations The NCI played an early role (History of cancer chemotherapy) in the discovery of anti-cancer drugs (Chemotherapy) in the U.S. According to a 1996 NCI analysis of drugs approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration), two-thirds of the anti-cancer drugs approved as of the end of 1995 were NCI-sponsored Investigational New Drugs: In what the Food and Drug Administration (w:Food and Drug Administration) is characterizing as one of the largest recalls in recent history, numerous types of products containing peanuts (w:Peanut) are being recalled in the United States. The FDA issued a recall on Wednesday on food items with peanut paste and other peanut products made after January 1, 2007 at a Peanut Corp. of America (PCA) center in Blakely, Georgia (w:Blakely, Georgia). The recall affects over 430 products containing peanut paste or peanut butter from the PCA plant. The president announced the nomination of a new agency commissioner for the Food and Drug Administration (w:Food and Drug Administration) (FDA), former New York City (w:New York City) Health Commissioner Margaret Hamburg (w:Margaret Hamburg). According to the Food and Drug Administration (w:Food and Drug Administration) (FDA), inspections of Nipro facilities last October revealed problems with the needles, which could allow parts of silicone (w:silicone) in the port to be dislodged. 60%–72% of tested needles had that problem. In a conference call with reporters, FDA officials remarked that they were concerned the silicone could enter the bloodstream of a patient, although, to date, no harm from this has been reported.


Russian Empire

misleadingly) referred to as "the Soviet Walt Disney," due to his prominent early role in animation in the Soviet Union, though a more accurate comparison would be to Willis O'Brien or Ray Harryhausen. Some critics, such as Tim Lucas and Alan Upchurch, have also compared Ptushko to Italian filmmaker Mario Bava, who made fantasy and horror films with similarities to Ptushko's work and made similarly innovative use of color cinematography and special effects. ref


Hollywood

) and her husband, actor Robert Taylor (Robert Taylor (actor)). Career He then changed his name to Dix. After his move to Hollywood, he began a career in Western movies. One of the few actors to successfully bridge the transition from silent films to talkies, Dix's best-remembered early role was in Cecil B. Demille's silent version of ''The Ten Commandments (The Ten Commandments (1923 film))'' (1923). He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1931 for his performance as Yancey Cravat in ''Cimarron (Cimarron (1931 film))'', in which he shared top-billing with Irene Dunne. ''Cimarron'', based on the popular novel by Edna Ferber, took the Best Picture award. Dix starred in another RKO adventure, ''The Lost Squadron.'' *'''"L.A. At Last!"''': Lucy, Fred, and Ethel have lunch at The Brown Derby, a restaurant frequented by Hollywood film stars. A nervous Lucy accidentally causes a waiter to heave a pie in William Holden's face. Later at the hotel, Ricky has a surprise for her. He has brought one of her favorite actors to meet her — none other than William Holden. Fearing that the actor will recognize her, she puts on a disguise that includes a putty nose, which catches on fire when she lights a cigarette. This episode was reportedly Lucille Ball's favorite episode. (original air date Feb 7, 1955) *'''"Harpo Marx (Harpo Marx (I Love Lucy episode))"''': While living in Hollywood, Lucy is visited by Carolyn Appleby, a friend who is under the impression that Lucy knows numerous celebrities. After Lucy and Ethel get Carolyn's glasses away from her, Lucy pretends to be various stars. Meanwhile, Ricky and Fred invite Harpo Marx to the Ricardos' apartment. When he shows up, Lucy is disguised as him; seeing the real Harpo, she hides in a kitchen doorway. Harpo is perplexed when he sees what he thinks is his reflection, forcing Lucy to mimic his every move to avoid detection. This was a tribute to Harpo and Groucho (Groucho Marx)'s famous mirror scene in the Marx Brothers comedy classic, ''Duck Soup (Duck Soup (1933 film))''.


Liverpool

known for playing Jessica Harrison in the long-running BBC television medical drama series ''Casualty (Casualty (TV series))'', and her early role as Debbie McGrath in Channel 4's Liverpool-based soap opera ''Brookside'' and the spin-off mini-series ''Damon and Debbie''. birth_date '''Colin Harvey''' (born 16 November 1944 in Liverpool, England


Moscow

is frequently (and somewhat misleadingly) referred to as "the Soviet Walt Disney," due to his prominent early role in animation in the Soviet Union, though a more accurate comparison would be to Willis O'Brien or Ray Harryhausen. Some critics, such as Tim Lucas and Alan Upchurch, have also compared Ptushko to Italian filmmaker Mario Bava, who made fantasy and horror films with similarities to Ptushko's work and made similarly innovative use of color cinematography and special


Portugal

Latin regional pronunciation. Some of these differences were minor, such as ''c'' before ''i'' and ''e'' being pronounced in France, but after English underwent the Great Vowel Shift between 1200 and 1600, the vowel system in England became nearly unrecognizable to its European ecclesiastic counterparts. Hock (1996), p. 341. Many of these words derive from Portuguese (Portuguese language), due to Portugal's early role


Egypt

. In 1997, 46 years and 5 invitations later, his work was acknowledged at the Cannes Film Festival with a lifetime achievement award on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the festival. He is also credited with discovering Omar Sharif, whose first starring role was in Chahine's film ''The Blazing Sun'' (1954). He also provided Hind Rostom with a very early role as a murder victim in ''Bab al-Hadid'' (''Cairo Station''). History It was first identified in 1905 at a quarantine camp on the Sinai Peninsula in El-Tor, Egypt by a German physician, E. Gotschlich. The vibrios were found in the guts of six pilgrims returning from Mecca. Though the pilgrims failed to show ante or post mortem evidence of cholera, the vibrios isolated from the guts were agglutinable within the anti-cholera serum. Later in 1905, Kraus and Pribram found that the bacteria, which produced soluble hemolysin, were more related to non-cholera vibrios; therefore, referred to all hemolytic vibrios as El Tor vibrios. In the early 1930s, A. Shousha, A. Gardner and K. Venkatraman, all researchers, suggested that only hemolytic vibrios agglutinated with anti-cholera serum should be referred to as El Tor vibrios. In 1959, R. Pollitzer designated El Tor as its own species ''V. eltor'' separate from ''V. cholera'', but six years later, in 1965, R. Hugh discovered that ''V. cholerae'' and ''V. eltor'' were similar in 30 positive and 20 negative characteristics. Thus, they were classified as a single species ''V. cholera'': however, Hugh believed the differing features between the two could be of epidmiological importance, so El Tor vibrios were further classified as ''V. cholerae'' biotype eltor (serogroup O1). The first Likud prime minister was Menachem Begin, who had led the party to victory in the 1977 elections (Israeli legislative election, 1977), the first time the left-wing had lost power in Israel's political history. A former leader of the hard-line paramilitary Irgun, Begin helped initiate the peace process with Egypt, which resulted in the Camp David Accords and the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty. Palestinians Likud has espoused opposition to Palestinian statehood and support of Israeli settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. However, it has also been the party which carried out the first peace agreements with Arab states. For instance, in 1979, Likud Prime Minister, Menachem Begin, signed the Camp David Accords with Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat, which returned the Sinai Peninsula (occupied by Israel in the Six-Day War of 1967) to Egypt in return for peace between the two countries. Yitzhak Shamir was the first Israeli Prime Minister to meet Palestinian leaders at the Madrid Conference (Madrid Conference of 1991) following the Persian Gulf War (Gulf War) in 1991. However, Shamir refused to concede the idea of a Palestinian state, and as a result was blamed by some (including United States Secretary of State James Baker) for the failure of the summit. Later, as Prime Minister, Netanyahu restated Likud's position of opposing Palestinian statehood, which after the Oslo Accords was largely accepted by the opposition Labor Party (Labor Party (Israel)), even though the shape of any such state was not clear. The know-how and material for developing chemical weapons were obtained by Saddam's regime from foreign firms. German and European firms were involved The largest suppliers of precursors for chemical weapons production were in Singapore (4,515 tons), the Netherlands (4,261 tons), Egypt (2,400 tons), India (2,343 tons), and West Germany (1,027 tons). One Indian company, Exomet Plastics (now part of EPC Industrie Ltd.) sent 2,292 tons of precursor chemicals to Iraq. The Kim Al-Khaleej firm, located in Singapore and affiliated to United Arab Emirates, supplied more than 4,500 tons of VX, sarin, and mustard gas precursors and production equipment to Iraq. What Iraq Admitted About its Chemical Weapons Program Crown Prince and Prime Minister Upon the accession of Faisal's elder brother, Saud (King Saud), to the throne in 1953, Faisal was appointed Crown Prince. Saud, however, embarked on a lavish and ill-considered spending program that included the construction of a massive royal residence on the outskirts of the capital, Riyadh. He also faced pressure from neighboring Egypt, where Gamal Abdel Nasser had overthrown the monarchy in 1952. Nasser was able to cultivate a group of dissident princes led by Prince Talal (Talal bin Abdul-Aziz) who defected to Egypt (see Free Princes). Fearing that Saud's financial policies were bringing the state to the brink of collapse, and that his handling of foreign affairs was inept, senior members of the royal family and the religious leadership (the ''ulema'') pressured Saud into appointing Faisal to the position of prime minister in 1958, giving Faisal wide executive powers. ''King Faisal'', Encyclopedia of the Orient, http: lexicorient.com e.o faisal.htm, retrieved Mar 27, 2007. In this new position, Faisal set about cutting spending dramatically in an effort to rescue the state treasury from bankruptcy. This policy of financial prudence was to become a hallmark of his era and earned him a reputation for thriftiness among the populace. Faisal also supported monarchist and conservative movements in the Arab world, and sought to counter the influences of socialism and Arab Nationalism in the region by promoting pan-Islamism as an alternative. To that end, he called for the establishment of the Muslim World League, visiting several Muslim countries to advocate the idea. He also engaged in a propaganda and media war with Egypt's pan-Arabist president, Gamal Abdel Nasser, and engaged in a proxy war with Egypt in Yemen that lasted until 1967 (see Yemeni Civil War). Faisal never explicitly repudiated pan-Arabism, however, and continued to call for inter-Arab solidarity in broad terms. Following the death of Nasser in 1970, Faisal drew closer to Egypt's new president, Anwar Sadat, who himself was planning a break with the Soviet Union and a move towards the pro-American camp. During the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, launched by Sadat, Faisal withdrew Saudi oil from world markets, in protest over Western (Western world) support for Israel during the conflict. This action quadrupled the price of oil and was the primary force behind the 1973 energy crisis. It was to be the defining act of Faisal's career, and gained him lasting prestige among many Arabs and Muslims worldwide. In 1974, he was named ''Time'' magazine (Time magazine)'s Man of the Year (Time Magazine Person of the Year), and the financial windfall generated by the crisis fueled the economic boom that occurred in Saudi Arabia after his death. The new oil revenue also allowed Faisal to greatly increase the aid and subsidies begun following the 1967 Arab-Israeli War to Egypt, Syria, and the Palestine Liberation Organization. "Faisal and Oil", TIME Magazine, January 6, 1975. It is a commonly-held belief in Saudi Arabia and the Arab (Arab World) and Muslim world that Faisal's oil boycott was the real cause of his assassination, via a Western (Western world) conspiracy, Muhammad Hassanein Heykal, "The Saudi Era" (in Arab Reports and Analysis), ''Journal of Palestine Studies'', Vol. 6, No. 4. (Summer, 1977), p. 160. Retrieved via JSTOR Halliday , "Political killing in the cold war", Published by openDemocracy Ltd. his assassin having just returned from the United States (see below). Family Faisal married three times. He only had one wife at a time. The first wife passed away. He divorced his second wife. His last and his most prominent wife was Iffat Al-Thuniyyan . She was raised in Turkey and was a descendant of the Al Saud clan who were taken to Istanbul or Cairo by Egyptian forces in 1818 (see First Saudi State). Iffat is credited with being the influence behind many of her late husband's reforms, particularly with regards to women. "King Faisal Assassinated." Lewiston Evening Journal Lewiston-Auburn, Maine 25 Mar. 1975: 1+. Print. Mark. Prophets and Princes: Saudi Arabia from Muhammad to the Present. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2008. 169. Print. Apion''' or simply known as '''Apion''' ( Commons:Category:Egypt WikiPedia:Egypt Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt


New Zealand

; Golf, netball, tennis and cricket have the highest rates of adult participation, while football (soccer) (association football) is top among young people. Victorious rugby (rugby football) tours to Australia and the United Kingdom in the late 1880s (1888–1889 New Zealand Native football team) and the early 1900s (The Original All Blacks) played an early role in instilling a national identity.


Netherlands

, including Danish (Danish language), Swedish (Swedish language), and Norwegian (Norwegian language), where language differences "constitute barriers to but do not wholly block communication", but are considered distinct languages because they are spoken in different countries (country). Haugen (1966b), p. 281. Many of these words derive from Portuguese (Portuguese language), due to Portugal's early role in Japanese-Western interaction; Dutch


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