Places Known For

development partnership

Leduc, Alberta

(City) publisher Statistics Canada date 2010-12-07 accessdate 2011-09-23 Economy The City of Leduc is a founding member of the Leduc-Nisku Economic Development Association, an economic development partnership that markets Alberta's International Region (Leduc-Nisku Economic Development Association#Alberta's International Region)

Roseburg, Oregon

in Roseburg. Media Newspapers There are two newspapers serving Roseburg. ''The News-Review'' is published six days per week and is based in Roseburg. The ''Douglas County News (Douglas County News (Sutherlin))'' is published weekly and is based in the nearby town of Sutherlin

Anosy Region

: pdf biodiversityBook Madagascar_1.1.pdf Vincelette, Manon et al. (2008). The QMM Rio Tinto project history in Tolagnaro and its social and environmental concepts. per the GIZ & World Bank GIZ. (2011). Development Partnership with the Private Sector: Mining Wealth at Work—Making local communities benefit from extractive industries. Stanley, Michael & Harris, DeVerle. (2005?). ''Dynamic mineral resources management: Anosy Case Study''. World Bank Oil, Gas, and Mining Policy Division. World Bank. (2006). A Case Study in Dynamic Mineral Resources Management—Anosy Region, Madagascar. Projet Poles Integres de Croissance. (2007, Juillet). Amendements au plan de reinstallation pour la mise en oeuvre du Projet Ilmenite de QMM s.a. a Tolagnaro. Mica Mica's value is based on its unique physical properties. It has a crystalline structure which forms layers which can be split (delaminated) into very thin sheets (0.125 to 0.025 mm. or thinner), while remaining stable when exposed to electricity). This gives it superior electrical properties as an insulator (insulator (electricity)) and a dielectric, as it can support an electrostatic field while dissipating minimal energy in the form of heat. It also has a high dielectric breakdown and is resistant to corona discharge. It is also stable when exposed to light, moisture and extreme temperatures. Mica is also chemically inert, dielectric, elastic, flexible, hydrophilic, insulating, lightweight, platy, reflective, refractive, resilient, and ranges in opacity from transparent to opaque. The two commercially important micas, used in a variety of applications, are Muscovite, the principal mica used by the electrical industry, thermally stable to 500 °C, is used in high frequency and radio frequency capacitors. The second is Phlogopite, which remains stable up to 900 °C and is used in applications in which a combination of high-heat stability and electrical properties is required. Discovered near Tranomaro in 1912 (though it can be found in crystalline schists from Fort Dauphin up to Ihosy), within 6 years 18 tons yr of phlogopite mica was exported, with over 500 tons yr by 1928. By 1947 there were 50 different companies mining mica, though the majority of the mining was done by just 10 of them. There were still 15 mines operating in 1962, with active exploration going on at 20 other sites. Mining companies included the Etablissements W. Boetschi, Les Fils de O. Jenny, the Societe des Minerals de la Grande Isle at Benato and th Union des Micas. However, in 1963 the US stopped purchasing mica, resulting in the closure of several mines and the production being cut by 2 3rds. The biggest mine was and still is at Ampandandrava, about 250 km from Tolagnaro, which currently is being mined by Groupe Akesson, exporting 1,000 tons yr. Robequain, C. (1947). Le mica de Madagascar. ''Annales de Géographie, 56''(301), 75–76. Le Mica Madagascar Matin. (2011, Aout). SOMIDA – Une production annuelle de 1 000 T de Mica. Monazite Monazite, a reddish-brown phosphate mineral, contains rare earth (rare earth mineral) metals. It was originally mined from beach sands at and near Tolagnaro by Societe d'Exploitation des Monazites, which had a treatment plant which produced 200 tons yr, though in 1964 the plant was moved to Vohibarika. There are still an estimated 310,000 tons of this in the heavy-mineral sands near Tolagnaro. Monazite de Manantenina Monzanite Heavy-mineral sands near Tolagnaro have an estimated 177,000 tons of monzanite, with another 64,000 tons with a high Thorium content located 100 km north of Tolagnaro. Rutile Rutile, a mineral composed primarily of Titanium Dioxide (TiO2), is an important constituent of heavy mineral sands ore deposits which typically also include Ilmenite and Zircon. The two main uses of Rutile are either in the manufacture of refractory ceramic (as a white pigment), and for the production of Titanium metal. About 15,000 tons yr are being exported by QMM as a byproduct of its Ilmenite mining in the region. see Ilmenite above Sapphires Sapphires are worn as jewelry. They are also used in several other applications, including infrared optical components (i.e. scientific instruments), high-durability applications (windows, wristwatch crystals and movement bearing (bearing (mechanical))s) and very thin electronic wafers (i.e. used in insulating integrated circuits). The presence of Sapphires in Anosy was first written about by Etienne de Flacourt in 1658, they were most likely also seen by Barthelemy Hugon in 1808; and sapphire crystals were described by a French geologist working in the mica mines near Tranomaro in the 1950s. However, it wasn't until 1991 that very high quality blue sapphires of up to 35 carat (carat (mass))s (similar in quality to those from Kashmir) were purchased by gemologist John Darbellay near the Antandroy villages of Andranondambo and Marohoto (20 km from Tranomaro) in the Manambolo valley, just 80 km northwest of Tolagnaro (though it takes a 6-hour drive of almost 210 km to get there). Thai purchasers arrived in 1993, soon joined by traders from Israel, Sri Lanka and several other countries, and by 1994 almost 10,000 miners had rushed to the area from all parts of Madagascar. However, while the initial finds of sapphires in this area were only 2 to 3 meters below ground, in gravel held by clay, since then most sapphires found are almost randomly embedded in a limestone or marble bedrock. These rocks take extensive work to obtain, requiring sledgehammers, spikes and small fires. Thus, the number of miners was only about 5,000 a year later; today Andranondambo only has about 1,000 residents, many occasionally continue to search for sapphires, though they also farm, are vendors, etc. Foreigners visit only occasionally, as most middlemen are now Malagasy. Three different companies attempted to mine commercially, but only for a brief time. An Environmental Impact Study conducted in 2004 found the area "highly degraded" and the remaining dry spiny and gallery forest, threatened ecosystems, "fragmented." (2008). Tranomaro & Andranondambo Gem Mines. (2011). The story of the first Madagascar Sapphire. G. Pocobelli & Co. (2010). Fine Gemstones Madagascar. Tilghman, Laura et al. (2006). Artisinal Sapphire mining in Madagascar: Environmental and social impacts. Tilghman, Laura et al. (2007, Nov). Artisanal Sapphire Mining in Madagascar: Environmental and Social Impacts. Also see http: rsenr gemecology madagascar.html, http: printableversion.asp?id 16980 and for photos see https: 114110521766775704955 AndranodamboSapphireMiningInMadagascar#5165443619761757490 Andranodambo – Sapphire mining in Madagascar. for views of this area from space see 24°26'11.39"S, 46°34'47.45"E & 24°24'21.60"S, 46°35'21.00"E Uranothorite Thorite is an important ore of Uranium. A variety of Thorite often called "Uranothorite", rich in Uranium, is highly radioactive. By the end of World War II, Madagascar was viewed by France as having a "treasure-trove" of minerals, so several of France's nuclear experts told Charles de Gaulle he needed to keep Madagascar as a colony "regardless of political costs." Multiple deposits of Thorium and Uranium, principally in the form of Uranothorite, were discovered near Tranomaro, in the loop of the Mandrare river, in 1953 by a French Geological Survey, just 80 km northwest of Fort Dauphin. However, getting there by road meant driving west almost to Amboasary and then northeast for a total distance from Tolanaro of about 200 kilometres. The local farmers, who raised cattle and goats, and grew rice, manioc and maize, knew of these deposits, calling these rocks "vatovy" to describe their density and black color. They used them as slingshot ammunition and fishing weights. In 1953, the French Commissariat de l’Energie Atomique (CEA) see what is now called the Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives established their center for mining at Ambatomika ("place of Mica rocks") and brought in mining equipment, built a mill, lab, offices, a small clinic, a store as well as housing and a clubhouse for the expatriates living there. What they milled was mined from small, open-pit mines, which had a minimum overburden (for a picture of one of these mines see within a 20 km radius of this site. Some of these sites were mined by colonial concessionaires who sold their ore to the CEA. By 1958, there were 44 Europeans working with 440 Malagasy there, a limited number of mid-level Imerina with many more Antandroy and some Betsileo working as guards, porters and miners. Early, artisanal mining was not recorded, but from 1954 to 1963 almost 4,000 tonnes of highly radioactive Uranothorite was mined and exported to France. By 1962, these exports were worth CFAF 389 million, and by 1964 this was Madagascar's second most valuable export. In 1963, the original Ambindandrakemba mine was exhausted, the site at Ambatomika was lost, and all the equipment was moved north 40 km to Betioky, near the Belafa ore body which was thought to have somewhere between 2,000 and 5,000 tons of uranothorianite, embedded within 100,000 to 300,000 tons of ore. In addition to the CEA, there were 4 private mining companies in 1963 including C.F. Lanouo, Kotovelo (plant at Marovato), Societe des Minerals de la Grand Ile (mine at Ambatoaho, Societe d'Exploitation des Mines d'Andranondambo (mine at Bevalala) and the Societe Miniere et Forestiere at Betanimera. In 1963 these producers were being paid 2,850 to 5,000 CFAF kg for uranium metal content and CFAF 100 to 350 kg of Thorium. However, due to the French having found much larger deposits in both Gabon and Niger, and due to the by then worn out equipment and exhausted mines, mining ended in 1968. While the higher-grade deposits have been exhausted, there is still a considerable amount of lower-grade material in this area. In 2005, the Malagasy Government conducted aerial magnetic and radiometric surveys of the area, finding the amounts of Thorium and Uranium increased as one moves west, though this could be due to "transported cover" on the Easter side of the area. In 2007 drilling by the Canadian firm, Pan African Mining Corporation, at one site found "high-grade uranium mineralisation grading 4,329 ppm uranium”, with deposits as far down as 60 metres below the surface. In 2009–10 LP HILL began ground traverses for Thorium and Uranium in the Marodambo area (in addition they have permits to search for Cordierite, Garnets and Sapphires). London-based Bekitoly Resources Ltd. is also involved in the strategic acquisition, exploration and development of uranium, rare earth deposits and other minerals in Madagascar. Their property occurs within includes 8 of the historical open-pit deposits. Their exploration activities have included airborne radiometrics and hyperspectral surveys, ground radiometrics and magnetics, mapping, grab sampling, trenching and drilling which have identified numerous widespread radiometric anomalies with uranium and thorium scintillometer readings of up to 26,257 and 43,215 ppm respectively, as well as the rare earth elements of Cerium, Dysprosium, Erbium, Gadolinium, Lanthanum, Neodymium, Praseodymium, Samarium and Yttrium. Their data also suggests there are numerous additional areas "with good indications" that remain untested. Arkenstone. (2010). Thorianite specimen from Maromby Commune (near Tranomaro) Girschik, H.F. (2009, Oct.). Mining History and Geology of the [Uranium & Thorium Exploration] Project. Hecht, Gabrielle (2002). Rupture-Talk in the Nuclear Age: Conjugating Colonial power in Africa. ''Social Studies of Science, 32''(5 6), 691–727. Hecht, Gabrielle. (2009). Ambatomika, Southern Madagascar, 1950s–1960s (pp. 903–908). In Africa and the Nuclear World: Labor, Occupational Health, and the Transnational Production of Uranium. ''Comparative Studies in Society and History, 51''(4), 896–926. Vuna Group. (n.d.). Uranium and Rare Earth exploration—Madagascar. Proposed acquisition of Tranomaro Mineral Development Corporation Ltd. by LP Hill Plc Murdock, T.G. (1964). The Mineral industry of the Malagasy Republic. Tourmaline Tourmaline is a semi-precious gemstone which has been found near Ampasimainty, Ianakafy and Iankaroka, all south of Betroka. It has also been found near Behara and Tranomaro, which are both closer to Amboasary. A 7 cm Tourmaline crystal found near Tranomaro was recently sold by Arkenstone Fine Minerals for US$2,250. Zircon Zircon is used in the decorative ceramics industry as a substance which can be added to another material in order to make the ensuing system opaque. It is also the principal precursor to metallic zirconium (fairly uncommon), but also to all compounds of zirconium, including Zirconium Oxide (ZrO2), which is a highly refractory material. About 25,000 tons yr of Zircon are being exported by QMM as a byproduct of its Ilmenite mining in this region see Ilmenite above . Population While the people who have historically lived in Anosy are known as the Antanosy, they may be more accurately described as "those from Anosy" given Anosy's history. In addition there are many Antandroy living in Anosy, primarily Tolagnaro, along with Malagasy from the rest of the island, many of them now working for QMM's mining efforts. There are Asians who own many of the shops in town and there are also a few Europeans living in Tolagnaro working in the area(s) of Conservation, Mining, Tourism or for the Catholic Church. While there were many French living and working in the Anosy region during the French occupation of Madagascar, most had left by the mid-1970s. Tolagnaro was also the center for work by American Lutherans, primarily in southern Madagascar, from the 1890s to the mid-1980s (see '''History of Anosy''' below). Much more recently, there were over 700 Expatriates, primarily from South Africa, who worked on the construction of the new port and mining facilities. Religions The majority of those living in Anosy practice traditional Folk religion. The two largest Christian denominations in the Anosy region are the Roman Catholic and the Malagasy Lutheran churches. There is also a small Muslim community. The Catholic Church was established in what was then still Fort Dauphin in 1896. It currently has 5 parishes, with about 170 congregations and 16 Cures. Congrégation de la Mission (Lazaristes) (Ed.). (1996). ''Le Christianisme dans le sud de Madagascar. Mélanges à l'occasion du centenaire de la reprise de l'évangélisation du sud de Madagascar par la congrégation de la Mission (Lazaristes) 1896–1996''. Fianarantsoa: Editions Ambozontany. history of Christianity in South Madagascar with chapter on history of American Lutheran missions in the South (1887–1950) by Dr. James B. Vigen, other chapters regarding history of different Catholic congregations and “Bilan du Christianisme dans le Sud de Madagascar” by Mgr Rakotondravahatra, Jean-Guy which describes current context, state and challenges of Christianity in South Madagascar. Galibert, Nivoelisoa. (2007). ''À l’angle de la Grande Maison. Les Lazaristes de Madagascar: Correspondance avec Vincent de Paul (1648–1661), textes établis, introduits et annotés par Paris. Presses de l’Université Paris-Sorbonne. n.a. (?). La fonction Missionnaire: Sur la Mission Lazariste à Fort-Dauphin (1648–1674) From Of the Protestants in Anosy, the vast majority of them Lutheran. There are approximately 20 Malagasy Lutheran pastors working with 134 churches in the Tolagnaro Synod, meaning each pastor works with between 3 and 12 churches. Burgess, Andrew. (1932). ''Zanahary in south Madagascar''. Minneapolis: Board of Foreign Missions. Vigen, J.B. (1995). The First Norwegian-American Foreign Missionaries: John and Oline Hogstad. From ''Norwegian-American Studies, 34'', see http: In addition to the Malagasy Lutheran Church, the Church of Jesus Christ in Madagascar (FJKM) has several congregations in the Anosy region as do several other Protestant denominations. Tourism Given its pleasant climate (average temperature of 20 0 in July to 27 0 Celsius in January), magnificent beaches, natural reserves (including several containing lemurs), variety of hotels and that it's only a one hour flight from Antananarivo, some have given Tolagnaro the title of "la cote d'Azur Malgache." Popular places to visit include Evatraha, Libanona beach, Lokaro, Manafiafy, Nahampoana and Vinanibe. Ranarijaona, Tiana H. (2003?). Etude d’impact des infrastructures touristiques dans la region de Tolagnaro. Mémoire de fin de stage, Universite de Toamasina. RAZAFINDRABE Andrianomenjanahary Manoela. (2007). Developpement economique axe sur le tourisme cas de l'Anosy, region a forte potentialite touristique. Maitrise. Universite d'Antananarivo. General tourism information about Tolagnaro can be found at a variety of sites: Lonely Planet. (2009). Fort Dauphin (Taolagnaro). WildMadagascar. (n.d.). Pictures of Fort Dauphin. '''Tourist Agencies in Antananarivo:''' There are a variety of tourist agencies in Antananarivo one can work with if you'd like to visit Tolagnaro. Authentic Madagascar Tours. Antanosy Region. (n.d.). Places to see in Fort Dauphin and its Surroundings. MadaCamp. (2009). Fort Dauphin. Madagascar National Tourism Board. Fort Dauphin area. TravelMadagascar. Fort Dauphin. '''Tourist Agencies in Tolagnaro:''' There are also several tourist agencies in Tolagnaro one can work with. Weather The average temperature in Tolagnaro ranges from Category:Anosy Region Category:Regions of Madagascar

Huntsville, Alabama

, Huntsville, Alabama. More disappointment followed the creation of the Metrovision regional economic development partnership, as that body largely failed to diversify or attract additional investment to Metro New Orleans' (New Orleans metropolitan area) economy. Personal life Julia was born in Huntsville, Alabama, USA. She is married to actor Jay Karnes. She appeared on the last episode of the series The Shield, as a lawyer for Dutch's partner, Steve Billings (List of characters from The Shield#Steve Billings), who is instantly attracted to Dutch. DATE OF BIRTH March 12, 1962 PLACE OF BIRTH Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.A (United States) DATE OF DEATH death_date The '''NATO Medium Extended Air Defense System Management Agency''' (abbreviated '''NAMEADSMA'''), located in Huntsville, Alabama, is an agency founded by NATO in July 1996to oversee the Medium Extended Air Defense System, a joint military project intended to replace aging NATO Patriot missiles (MIM-104 Patriot). The station signed-on October 29, 1970 (1970 in television) as '''WYEA''' and aired an analog signal on UHF channel 38. It was branded on-air as "YAY-TV" and featured promotions showing a cheerleader with pompoms. WYEA was originally owned by Huntsville, Alabama broadcaster Charles Grisham and his company, Gala Broadcasting. It brought a full NBC affiliate to Columbus after a full decade in which CBS outlet WRBL and ABC (American Broadcasting Company) affiliate WTVM had shared NBC programming, which usually aired at times when the primary networks' programming was not shown. Like most UHF start-ups during this time, WYEA began with several handicaps.

Central African Republic

'' directory category * Yahoo! – ''Central African Republic'' directory category -- ;Other * Central African Republic at ''Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team (HDPT)'' * Johann Hari in Birao, Central African Republic. "Inside France's Secret War" from ''The Independent'', 5 October 2007

Omaha, Nebraska

According to the Greater Omaha Economic Development Partnership, the largest regional employers are: Greater Omaha Major Employers class "wikitable" - ! # ! Employer ! # of Employees - 1 Offutt Air Force Base 7,500+ - 2 CHI Health 7,500+ - 3 Omaha Public Schools 5,000-7,499 - 4 Nebraska


in 2003. The acronym stands for '''''T'''ransnational '''R'''ailway '''A'''pplications with e'''X'''treme fle'''X'''ibility''. Locomotives were primarily made for the railways


WikiPedia:Indianapolis Dmoz:Regional North America United States Indiana Localities I Indianapolis commons:Indianapolis, Indiana

Republic of Ireland

The bomb was found on the side of a road near the village of Forkhill (w:Forkhill) in County Armagh (w:County Armagh), Northern Ireland (w:Northern Ireland), close to the border with the Republic of Ireland (w:Republic of Ireland). It was defused by an expert bomb disposal team from the Irish Army (w:Irish Army). The explosives were home-made and weighed 600 lb (270 kg). It is believed that the bomb was planted there by dissident republicans. On Saturday, 67% of Irish (w:Republic of Ireland) voters favored the European Union's (w:European Union) (EU) Lisbon Treaty (w:Treaty of Lisbon) which now requires approval from the presidents of the Czech Republic (w:Czech Republic) and Poland (w:Poland) for ratification (w:ratification). A car, thought to have been used for the get-away, has been found burnt out just over the border in the Republic of Ireland (w:Republic of Ireland). Mr Kee and the Irish Minister for Foreign Affairs Micheál Martin (w:Micheál Martin) have asked for any witnesses to contact the Gardai (w:Gardai) or the PSNI immediately.


Informer_0022-EN.pdf title Development partnership with Bombardier journal Informer issue 22 month December year 2008 pages 18–21 publisher Knorr-Bremse accessdate 2011-01-09 Locomotives were primarily made for the railways of Germany, with orders coming from other European countries including France, Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, Poland, Spain and Hungary. E 186 ''also'' EU43

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