Places Known For

defensive position


defensive position at Nan'an. By this point, Nan'an was all he could hold; all of his old territory in the west had been seized by Tuyuhun. In 416, after Helian Bobo had captured the Later Qin city Yinmi (陰密, in modern Pingliang, Gansu), he commissioned Helian Chang as the governor of Yong Province (雍州, roughly modern central and northern Shaanxi, but at that point still mostly in Later Qin hands) to defend Yinmi. Meanwhile, two other Northern Wei forces were attacking two


, the Greek army, under King Constantine (Constantine I of Greece), advanced with 8 divisions and a cavalry brigade, while the Bulgarians under General Ivanov retreated to the naturally strong defensive position of the Kilkis-Lahana line. Aftermath The defeat of the 2nd Army by the Greeks was the most serious military disaster suffered by the Bulgarians in the 2nd Balkan war Hall (2000), p. 113 . Bulgarian sources are giving a total of 6,971 casualties Hall (2000), p. 113 . To these Greeks captured more than 6,000 prisoners and more than 130 artillery pieces, suffering 8,700 casualties Hall (2000), p. 113 . On the Bulgarian right Evzones captured Gevgelija and the heights of Matsikovo. As a consequence the Bulgarian line of retreat through Doiran was threatened and Ivanov's army began a desperate retreat which at times threatened to become a rout. Reinforcements in the form of the 14th Division came too late and joined the retreat towards Strumica and the Bulgarian border. The Greeks captured Dojran (Battle of Doiran) on 5 July but were unable to cut off the Bulgarian retreat through Struma Pass. On 11 July the Greeks came in contact with the Serbs and then pushed on up the Struma River until they reached Kresna Gorge on 24 July. Geography Negotino is situated on the right bank of the river Vardar. It is about

Shepherdstown, West Virginia

Overview of the Battle of Antietam. Near the town of Sharpsburg, Lee deployed his available forces behind Antietam Creek along a low ridge, starting on September 15. While it was an effective defensive position, it was not an impregnable one. The terrain provided excellent cover for infantrymen, with rail and stone fences, outcroppings of limestone, and little hollows and swales (wikt:swale). The creek to their front was only a minor barrier, ranging from 60 to 100 feet (18–30 m) in width, and was fordable in places and crossed by three stone bridges each a mile (1.5 km) apart. It was also a precarious position because the Confederate rear was blocked by the Potomac River and only a single crossing point, Boteler's Ford at Shepherdstown (Shepherdstown, West Virginia), was nearby should retreat be necessary. (The ford at Williamsport, Maryland, was '''Mechlenberg Heights''' is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County (Jefferson County, West Virginia), West Virginia, USA. Mechlenberg Heights lies to the west of Shepherdstown (Shepherdstown, West Virginia) along West Virginia Route 45. The collection covers all aspects of West Virginia history from the formation of the state during the American Civil War, its political development, and its economic and industrial heritage. Contained in its Civil War collection are numerous journals from soldiers, personal papers from many of the states early politicians, and a rare 35-star American Flag, one of only 5 known to still exist. This flag is traditionally thought to have been carried to West Virginia by soldiers returning to Shepherdstown (Shepherdstown, West Virginia) from the Battle of Gettysburg.


2.67 16 October 1942, in the days of Battle of Stalingrad the division was assigned to front-line airfields near Andreapol, Tver Oblast and subordinated to Mikhail Gromov (Mikhail Gromov (aviator))'s Third Air Army targeted against Rzhev and Smolensk. The division entered combat 29 October Kamanin's first personal combat sortie in World War II occurred 28 December 1942, against Velikiye Luki railroad station. The division was engaged in the Battle of Velikiye Luki and Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive, which ended in German evacuation of Rzhev bridgeheads at an enormous cost to Red Army. 292nd division, credited with saving Soviet offensive at Bely, Tver Oblast (8 December) and other tactical successes, was slowly bleeding, losing 20 pilots and 35 aircraft in two months, with no replenishments until January 1943. Refit division served against Demyansk Pocket, 15–23 February 1943. 1 March 1943, Kamanin was summoned to Moscow again and passed command of 292nd division to Filipp Agaltsov, future Marshal of Aviation (Military ranks of the Soviet Union). On 15 September 1941 von Thoma was made Army High Command Leader Reserve, his duties being determined by the Commander of Wehrkreis (Military District) III, Berlin. On 14 October 1941 he was made Commander of the 20th Panzer Division (German 20th Panzer Division) on the Eastern Front. Succeeding Generalmajor Horst Stumpff as divisional commander, von Thoma led his new command on the drive on Moscow that began on 15 November 1941. Despite the onset of a brutal winter, the Germans doggedly advanced on Moscow from the north and the south in an attempt to close pincers around the Russian capital. However, the increasing cold, fierce local counter attacks, and lack of reserves slowed the advance. On 6 December, the Russians launched the first of a series of major counter offensives that forced the Germans back from Moscow. By the end of the month, von Thoma had received the coveted Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for organizing and holding a new defensive position on the Ruza River despite being closely pursued by strong Soviet forces. On 15 January 1942, Hitler finally bowed to the inevitable and authorized his freezing and exhausted armies to slowly pull back in measured stages to the Rzhev–Gzhatsk–Orel (Oryol)–Kursk Königsberg Line. After continuing to serve on the Moscow front, von Thoma relinquished command of the 20th Panzer Division to Generalmajor Walther Düvert.

Mersa Matruh

On 27 June 1942 south of Mersa Matruh, Egypt, Private Wakenshaw was a member of a crew of a 2 pounder (907 g) anti-tank gun, when the enemy attacked, silencing the gun and killing or seriously wounded all the crew. Private Wakenshaw's left arm was blown off but he crawled back to his gun, loaded it with one arm and fired five more rounds with considerable effect. He was then blown away from the gun by an enemy shell and was again severely wounded, but he still managed to crawl back and was preparing to fire again when a direct hit on the ammunition killed him and destroyed the gun. mascot battles Fall of France Arras (Battle of Arras (1940)) Ypres-Comines Canal Dunkirk Mersa Matruh Akarit Battle of Gazala First Battle of El Alamein Second Battle of El Alamein Mareth Line Operation Husky D Day Invasion of Normandy Operation Perch Battle for Caen Operation Bluecoat Operation Pugilist Operation Market Garden Enfidaville Nederrijn notable_commanders Maj. Gen. G. Le Q Martel (Giffard LeQuesne Martel) , KCB (Order of the Bath), KBE (Order of the British Empire), DSO (Distinguished Service Order (United Kingdom)), MC (Military Cross) Maj. Gen. W. H. Ramsden (William Havelock Ramsden) , CB (Order of the Bath), CBE , DSO (Distinguished Service Order (United Kingdom)) , MC (Military Cross), MID (Mentioned in Despatches) , three times Maj. Gen. J. S. Nichols , GCB (Order of the Bath) KCB (Order of the Bath) KBE (Order of the British Empire) CB (Order of the Bath) CBE (Order of the British Empire) MC (Military Cross) Maj. Gen. S. C. Kirkman (Sidney Kirkman) , GCB (Order of the Bath) KBE (Order of the British Empire) MC (Military Cross) Maj. Gen. D. A. Graham (Douglas Alexander Graham) Maj. Gen. L. O. Lyne (Lewis Lyne) , KBE, DSO (Distinguished Service Order (United Kingdom)), MC (Military Cross) Adam Herbert Wakenshaw VC (Victoria Cross) (9 June 1914-27 June 1942) Was 28 years old, and a private (private (rank)) in the 9th Battalion, The Durham Light Infantry (Durham Light Infantry), On 27 June 1942 south of Mersa Matruh, Egypt, Private Wakenshaw was a member of a crew of a 2 pounder (907 g) anti-tank gun, when the enemy attacked, silencing the gun and killing or seriously wounded all the crew. Private Wakenshaw's left arm was blown off but he crawled back to his gun, loaded it with one arm and fired five more rounds with considerable effect. He was then blown away from the gun by an enemy shell and was again severely wounded, but he still managed to crawl back and was preparing to fire again when a direct hit on the ammunition killed him and destroyed the gun. No. 451 Squadron was transferred to Mersa Matruh in Egypt on 8 January 1943 and redesignated a fighter squadron. The squadron was responsible for air defence of part of the Nile Delta and nearby convoys and in February it received a detachment of Supermarine Spitfire fighters for high-altitude interceptions. Aircraft from the squadron saw combat on only one occasion during the first six months of 1943 and morale remained low; the RAAF Historical Section has written that this period marked "the nadir of the squadron". In January No. 451 Squadron's commander Wing Commander D.R. Chapman proposed to RAAF Overseas Headquarters that the unit be transferred to Australia but this was rejected. Chapman was replaced early in May after he wrote a letter to the headquarters of No. 219 Group RAF in March which complained about the squadron's lack of employment and appeared to condone the poor morale within the unit. Herington (1954), pp. 393–394 No. 451 Squadron's only offensive action during the year was a raid against Crete on 23 July in which it contributed six Hurricanes to a force of Beaufighter (Bristol Beaufighter) heavy fighters and Baltimore (Martin Baltimore) bombers. Three of these Hurricanes were lost during the operation. RAAF Historical Section (1995), pp. 113–114 The '''22nd Infantry Brigade''' was formed by the conversion of the 29th Infantry Brigade (29th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)) on 3 September 1939 and in March 1940 became responsible for all the troops in the Mersa Matruh Garrison area. In February 1941 the unit was reformed and renamed the 22nd Guards Brigade on 20 March 1941. It was converted to the 200th Guards Brigade (14 January 1942) and then finally the 201st Guards Motor Brigade (25 May 1942).


advances, and he was forced to take up defensive position at Nan'an. By this point, Nan'an was all he could hold; all of his old territory in the west had been seized by Tuyuhun. However, Helian Chang then received misinformation that Northern Wei forces were out of food supplies and vulnerable. Helian Chang led his army out of the city and attacked the Northern Wei forces. Initially, he was winning the battle, and he almost captured the Northern Wei emperor. However, Northern Wei forces

Randolph, Tennessee

in the construction of fortifications and the setup of artillery batteries. Fort Wright was the forwardmost defensive position on the Mississippi River until July 1861. In 2008, only a powder magazine (Magazine (artillery)) is left of Fort Wright. Fort Randolph (Fort Randolph (Tennessee)), the second Confederate stronghold in the area during the Civil War, was constructed in Fall 1861. On July 14, 1861, he joined Captain (Captain (OF-2)) Josiah White's Company "E", Tennessee Mounted Rifles as a private (Private (rank)) along with his youngest brother and fifteen-year-old son. Upon seeing how badly equipped the CSA was, Forrest offered to buy horses and equipment with his own money for a regiment of Tennessee volunteer soldiers. Nathan Bedford Forrest Biography at Civil War Home Tennesseans in the Civil War thumb Union Army Union (Image:Randolph TN Union fleet passing Ft Randolph.jpg) fleet (Naval fleet) passing Fort Randolph (Fort Randolph (Tennessee)) (1865) Early Mississippi River steamboat (Steamboats of the Mississippi River) commerce flourished in Tipton County. In 1830, the community of Randolph (Randolph, Tennessee), one of the earliest settlements in Tipton County, was the most important shipping point in Tennessee and an early rival of Memphis (Memphis, Tennessee) over commercial supremacy, but the fortunes declined in later years.

Murfreesboro, Tennessee

. Alexander M. McCook (Alexander McDowell McCook). A stout defense by the division of Brig. Gen. Philip Sheridan in the right center of the line prevented a total collapse and the Union assumed a tight defensive position backing up to the Nashville Turnpike. Repeated Confederate attacks were repulsed from this concentrated line, most notably in the cedar "Round Forest" salient against the brigade of Col. William B. Hazen. Bragg attempted to continue the assault with the corps of Maj

the Army of Tennessee as of November 20, took up a defensive position northwest of the city along the West Fork of the Stones River. During a visit by Confederate President (President of the Confederate States of America) Jefferson Davis on December 16, Bragg was ordered to send the infantry division of Maj. Gen. Carter L. Stevenson to Mississippi to assist in the defense of Vicksburg (Vicksburg, Mississippi). The loss of Stevenson's 7,500 men would be sorely felt in the coming battle. Bragg reorganized his army, and Kirby Smith left for East Tennessee. Cozzens, pp. 29-30; Eicher, p. 371; Connelly, pp. 30-33; McDonough, p. 288. In late December, Rosecrans began his march against Bragg's Army of Tennessee, encamped outside Murfreesboro, Tennessee. The Battle of Stones River was the bloodiest battle of the war, in terms of percentages of casualties. Both Rosecrans and Bragg planned to attack the other's right flank, but Bragg moved first, early in the morning of December 31, driving the Union army back into a small defensive perimeter. As he realized the severity of the surprise attack, Rosecrans demonstrated the nervous hyperactivity for which he was known in battle. He personally rallied his men along the line, and gave direct orders to any brigades, regiments, or companies he encountered. Disregarding his own safety, he rode back and forth at the very front of his line and sometimes between his men and the enemy. Cozzens, ''No Better Place to Die'', p. 129; Lamers, pp. 202-34. As Rosecrans raced across the battlefield directing units, seeming ubiquitous to his men, his uniform was covered with blood from his friend and chief of staff, Col. Julius Garesché, beheaded by a cannonball while riding alongside. Cozzens, ''No Better Place to Die'', p. 166. right thumb Sword of the Lord headquarters, Murfreesboro, Tennessee. (File:SoTLSign.JPG) '''''The Sword of the Lord''''' is a Christian fundamentalist publisher, based in Murfreesboro (Murfreesboro, Tennessee), Tennessee, that publishes a newspaper of the same name as well as religious books, pamphlets, and tracts. The ''Sword of the Lord'' moved with the Rice family to Wheaton (Wheaton, Illinois), Illinois in 1940, and then to its present location in Murfreesboro (Murfreesboro, Tennessee), Tennessee in 1963. For 15 years, John R. Rice co-edited the paper with his brother Bill Rice (1912-1978). When Bill Rice died, Curtis Hutson replaced him as co-editor. Two years later John R. Rice died, and Hutson became the sole editor. Hutson died in 1995, and editorship passed to Shelton Smith, former pastor of the Church of the Open Door Carroll Christian Schools, Westminster, Maryland. In 1963, Rice moved "The Sword of the Lord" to Murfreesboro (Murfreesboro, Tennessee), Tennessee, where a street was eventually named for him. Rice's brother had established the Bill Rice Ranch, a ministry to the deaf, in Murfreesboro, and the cost of living was cheaper there. But Rice also wished to leave Wheaton, which had become a center of neo-evangelicalism that included not only Wheaton College (Wheaton College (Illinois)) but also the headquarters of Youth for Christ and the National Association of Evangelicals. Moore, 309. After football Berry currently lives with his wife in Murfreesboro (Murfreesboro, Tennessee), Tennessee. Klingaman, Mike. "Catching Up With...former Colt Raymond Berry," ''The Toy Department'' (''The Baltimore Sun'' sports blog), Tuesday, December 15, 2009. On February 5, 2012, Berry (with his strong ties to both teams playing in Super Bowl XLVI, the Giants and the Patriots) presented the Vince Lombardi Trophy to NFL commissioner Roger Goodell, who awarded it to Super Bowl MVP Eli Manning. *'''Midwest''': Pecan Bowl in Abilene, Texas 1964–1967 & Arlington, Texas 1968–1970, Pioneer Bowl in Wichita Falls, Texas, 1971–1972 *'''Mideast''': Grantland Rice Bowl in Murfreesboro, Tennessee 1964–1968 & Baton Rouge, Louisiana 1969–1972 *'''East''': Tangerine Bowl (Capital One Bowl) in Orlando, Florida 1964–1967, Boardwalk Bowl in Atlantic City, New Jersey 1968–1972 birth_date origin Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA (United States) instrument Vocals, Rhythm Guitar

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