Province of Saxony

territory and administered it within the Province of Saxony. The Thuringian duchies which became part of the German Empire in 1871 during the Prussian-led unification of Germany were Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach , Saxe-Meiningen , Saxe-Altenburg , Saxe-Coburg-Gotha , span lang "de">

;Schwarzburg-Sondershausen , Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and the two principalities of Reuss Elder Line and Reuss Younger Line. In 1920, after World War I, these small states merged into one state, called Thuringia; only Saxe-Coburg voted to join Bavaria instead. Weimar became the new capital of Thuringia. The Coat of arms

County of Hainaut

;span lang "de" Hohenstaufen (House of Hohenstaufen) in 1268 also Swabian territories were acquired by the Wittelsbach dukes. Emperor Louis the Bavarian (Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor) acquired Brandenburg (Margraviate of Brandenburg) , Tirol (German Tyrol), Holland and Hainaut (County of Hainaut) for his House but released the Upper Palatinate for the Palatinate

branch of the Wittelsbach in 1329. In 1506 with the Landshut War of Succession the other parts of Bavaria were reunited and Munich became the sole capital. The establishment of dragoons evolved from the practice of sometimes transporting infantry by horse when speed of movement was needed. An early instance was ordered by Louis of Nassau during operations near Mons in Hainaut (County of Hainaut), when 500 infantry were transported

and 1654–1720) and Dukes of Bremen-Verden (Bremen-Verden) (1654–1719). The Wittelsbach Emperor Louis IV (Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor) acquired Brandenburg , Tyrol (county of Tyrol), Holland and Hainaut (County of Hainaut) for his House but he had also released the Upper Palatinate for the Palatinate branch of the Wittelsbach in 1329. His sons succeeded him as Duke of Bavaria and Count


to the Babenberger family. This event marks the founding of Austria. The last, and one of the most important, of the dukes of Bavaria was Henry the Lion of the house of Welf (House of Welf) , founder of Munich, and ''de facto'' the second most powerful man in the empire as the ruler of two duchies. When in 1180, Henry the Lion was deposed as Duke of Saxony and Bavaria by his cousin, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (aka "Barbarossa

" for his red beard), Bavaria was awarded as fief to the Wittelsbach family, counts palatinate of Schyren ("Scheyern" in modern German). They ruled for 738 years, from 1180 to 1918. The Electorate of the Palatinate by Rhine (''Kurpfalz'' in German) was also acquired by the House of Wittelsbach in 1214. The first of several divisions of the duchy of Bavaria occurred in 1255


) instead. The three districts that shared the territory of Thuringia were centered in Erfurt, Gera and Suhl. Also present Altenburg kreis was part of Leipzig bezirk. The State of Thuringia was restored with slightly altered borders during Germany's reunification (German reunification) in 1990. Geography Topography From the northwest going clockwise, Thuringia borders on the German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony, Bavaria and Hesse. The landscapes of Thuringia are quite diverse. The far north is occupied by the Harz mountains, followed by the Goldene Aue, a fertile floodplain around Nordhausen with the Helme as most important river. The north-west includes the Eichsfeld, a hilly and sometimes forested region, where the Leine river emanates. The central and northern part of Thuringia is defined by the 3000 km² wide Thuringian Basin, a very fertile and flat area around the Unstrut river and completely surrounded by the following hill chains (clockwise from the north-west): Dün, Hainleite, Windleite, Kyffhäuser, Hohe Schrecke, Schmücke, Finne (Finne (hills)), Ettersberg, Steigerwald (Steigerwald (Erfurt)), Thuringian Forest, Hörselberge and Hainich. Within the Basin the smaller hill chains Fahner Höhe (Fahner Höhe (hills)) and Heilinger Höhen. South of the Thuringian Basin is the Land's largest mountain range, marked by the Thuringian Forest in the north-west, the Thuringian Highland in the middle and the Franconian Forest in the south-east. Most of this range is forested and the Großer Beerberg (983 m

Turnout was 52.7%. CDU and SPD form Thuringia state coalition, The Local; 19 October 2009. Local government Thuringia is divided into 17 districts ( ''Landkreise''<

; span ): - valign top style "width:33%;" # Altenburger Land # Eichsfeld (Eichsfeld (district)) # Gotha (Gotha (district)) # Greiz (Greiz (district)) # Hildburghausen (Hildburghausen (district)) # Ilm-Kreis style "width:33%;" <


Constance ). Neighbouring states within Germany are Baden-Württemberg , Hesse , Thuringia and Saxony. Two major rivers flow through the state, the Danube ( ''Donau'' ) and the Main (Main (river)) . The Bavarian Alps define the border with Austria, (including the Austrian federal-states of Vorarlberg

, Tyrol and Salzburg) and within the range is the highest peak in Germany, the Zugspitze . The Bavarian Forest and the Bohemian Forest form the vast majority of the frontier with the Czech Republic and Bohemia. The majority of Tallard's retreating troops headed for Höchstädt but most did not make the safety of the town, plunging instead into the Danube where upwards of 3,000 French horsemen drowned; Churchill states up to 2,000<

at the Frankish fortified settlement of Büraburg, on a prominent hill facing the town across the Eder River. * Deutschordensballei Thuringia (Zwätzen) * Deutschordensballei Hesse (Marburg) * Deutschordensballei Saxonia (Lucklum) Geography From the northwest going clockwise, Thuringia borders on the German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt , Saxony, Bavaria and <


the northwest going clockwise, Thuringia borders on the German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt , Saxony, Bavaria and Hesse . The ridges of the western Harz Mountains divide the region from Lower Saxony on the north-west, while the eastern Harz similarly

separates Thuringia from the state of Saxony-Anhalt to the north-east. To the south and southwest, the Thuringian Forest effectively separates the ancient region of Franconia , now the northern part of Bavaria, from the rolling plains of most of Thuringia. The central Harz range extends southwards along the western side into the northwest corner of the Thuringian Forest region, making Thuringia


*Evita Muñoz "Chachita" *thumb center 500px Orizaba before dawn (Image:PicoOrizabaLights.jpg) References *(Hernan Cortes, Cartas de Relacion, Madrid, Espasa-Calpe, 1940.) *(Bernal Diaz del Castillo, Historia Verdadera de la Conquista de la Nueva España, Mexico, Pedro Robredo, 1939.) *(Francisco Alvarez de Icaza, Diccionario Autobiografico de Conquistadores y Pobladores de la Nueva España, Madrid, Imprenta de &quot;El Adelantado de Segovia", 1923.) *(Victor M. Alvarez


of the preposition (Preposition and postposition) "de&quot; (meaning "of") and the conjunction (Conjunction (grammar)) "y" (meaning "and"), both of which also frequently changed positions. Oftentimes the same individuals would variously appear on different colonial documents as "Paz Miño", "Miño Paz", "Paz de Miño", "Miño de Paz", "de Miño y Paz", "de Miño de Paz", "de Paz Miño", "de Pazmiño


Verhältnisse in Swakopmund, zu denen sich Tecklenburg äußerte, stellten keine Ausnahme dar. Noch schlimmer lagen die Verhältnisse im Konzentrationslager auf der Haifischinsel vor Lüderitzbucht, dem größten Gefangenenlager. Dort wurden sowohl Herero wie Nama interniert und ihrem Schicksal überlassen. Die Inhaftierung auf de.&quot; reprinted in Jürgen Zimmerer ''Deutsche Herrschaft über Afrikaner: Staatlicher Machtanspruch und ... '' (2004). Page 46. commons:Lüderitz


, which was celebrated with magnificence and attended by Philip IV. Among his first acts was the creation of nine French cardinals. thumb left Coinage of Pope Clement V. (Image:CoinageOfPopeClementV.jpg) birth_date Samuel Champlain 1567 birth_place Brouage (Hiers-Brouage), Province of Saintonge (Saintonge), France death_date December 25, 1635 (aged c. (circa) 68) DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH Brouage (Hiers-Brouage), Province of Saintonge (Saintonge), France DATE OF DEATH December 25, 1635 Early life and accession Francis was born at the ''Château de Cognac'' in the town of Cognac 400&nbsp;km southwest of Paris, which at that time lay in the province of Saintonge, a part of the Duchy of Aquitaine. The town lies today in the French department of Charente. History Previously a part of Saintonge, '''Charente-Inférieure''' was one of the 83 original departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. On 4 September 1941, it was renamed Charente-Maritime. In total, moreover, there are over 2,500 troubadour lyrics available to be studied as lingusitic artifacts (Akehurst, 23). The troubadour tradition seems to have begun in western Aquitaine (Poitou and Saintonge) and Gascony, from there spreading over into eastern Aquitaine (Limousin (Limousin (province)) and Auvergne (Auvergne (province))) and Provence. At its height it had become popular in Languedoc and the regions of Rouergue, Toulouse, and Quercy (c. 1200). Finally, in the early 13th century it began to spread into first Italy and then Catalonia, whence to the rest of Spain. This development has been called the ''rayonnement des troubadours'' ( ) was a troubadour (fl. (floruit) 1140&ndash;1163 Aubrey, 8. Gaunt and Kay, 290. ) of the petty nobility of Saintonge. He was a great influence on the Sicilian School and is quoted in the ''Roman de la Rose''. About fifteen of his poems survive, including one ''planh'' and nine or ten ''cansos (Canso (song))''. The success of anti-tax rebellions in Saintonge and Angoumis led to other rebellions in France, including some in which excise officers were lynched. Burg, David F. ''A World History of Tax Rebellions'' (2004) p. 201 Ingham was jailed at Winchester for his involvement in the civil wars of Edward II of England, but was released in 1324 to serve under Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent in the Duchy of Aquitaine during the short War of Saint-Sardos against France. The war was a disaster for the English; the defences were poorly prepared and most towns attacked by the French surrendered immediately. The western part of the Duchy, the Agenais, was lost in a few weeks. After arranging a truce, the Earl of Kent departed for England in 1325. In 1326 Ingham was appointed Seneschal of Gascony, the highest post in what remained in English possession. He managed to raise an army of mercenaries and capture a number of strongholds in Agenais and Saintonge. However the political climate at home had changed. Edward II had been deposed and replaced by his son Edward III (Edward III of England) under the regency of Queen Isabella (Isabella of France) and Roger Mortimer. The regents wanted peace and in the final treaty the loss of Agenais was accepted and Ingham’s conquests abandoned.

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