Places Known For

dark green


Margraviate of Austria

Holy_Roman_Empire_1000_map-en.svg image_map_caption Map of the Holy Roman Empire near year 1000, showing the ''Margraviate of Austria'' (Eastern March) on the eastern border, between the Duchy of Bavaria (dark green) and the Kingdom of Hungary. capital Vienna latd 48 latm 13 latNS N longd 16 longm 22 longEW E national_motto national_anthem common_languages Austro-Bavarian German (Austro-Bavarian language) religion Roman Catholic (Roman Catholicism) currency leader1 Leopold I (Leopold I, Margrave of Austria) (first Babenberg (House of Babenberg) margrave) leader2 Leopold IV (Leopold IV, Duke of Bavaria)¹ (last margrave) year_leader1 976–994 year_leader2 1136–41 title_leader Margrave of Austria legislature house1 type_house1 house2 type_house2 footnotes 1: Also Dukes of Bavaria (List of rulers of Bavaria) from 1139. Category:1156 disestablishments Austria (Category:Marches of the Holy Roman Empire) Category:States and territories established in 976 Category:Medieval Austria In the modern Holy Roman Empire, two original marches developed into the two most powerful states in Central Europe: the ''Mark Brandenburg (Margraviate of Brandenburg)'' (the nucleus of the later Kingdom of Prussia) and Austria (Margraviate of Austria) (which became heir to various, mainly 'Hungarian' and 'Burgundian' principalities). Austria was originally called ''Marchia Orientalis'' in Latin, the "eastern borderland", as (originally roughly the present Lower -) Austria formed the eastern outpost of the Holy Roman Empire, on the border with the Magyars and the Slavs. During the 19th and 20th centuries the term was sometimes translated as ''Ostmark'' by some Germanophones, but medieval documents attest only the vernacular name ''Ostarrîchi''. Another Mark in the south-east, Styria (March of Styria), still appears as ''Steiermark'' in German (German language) today. *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) **Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor) (1056–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Herman II (Herman II, Margrave of Baden) (1073–1130) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) **'''Duchy of Bavaria''' - Welf I (Welf I, Duke of Bavaria) (1070–1101) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Duchy of Bohemia''' - Vratislav II (Vratislav II of Bohemia) (1061–1085; king, 1085–1092) **'''Duchy of Bavaria''' - Welf I (Welf I, Duke of Bavaria) (1070–1101) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Duchy of Bohemia''' - Vratislav II of Bohemia (1061–1085; king, 1085–1092) **'''Duchy of Bavaria''' - Welf I (Welf I, Duke of Bavaria) (1070–1101) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Duchy of Bohemia''' - Vratislav II (Vratislav II of Bohemia) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Sancho I (Sancho I of Aragon) (1063–1094) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold II (Leopold II of Austria) (1075–1095) *'''County of Auvergne''' - Robert II (Robert II of Auvergne) (1064–1096) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Sancho I (Sancho I of Aragon) (1063–1094) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold II (Leopold II of Austria) (1075–1095) *'''County of Auvergne''' - Robert II (Robert II of Auvergne) (1064–1096) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Sancho I (Sancho I of Aragon) (1063–1094) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold II (Leopold II of Austria) (1075–1095) *'''County of Auvergne''' - Robert II (Robert II of Auvergne) (1064–1096) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Sancho I (Sancho I of Aragon) (1063–1094) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold II (Leopold II of Austria) (1075–1095) *'''County of Auvergne''' - Robert II (Robert II of Auvergne) (1064–1096) **Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold II (Leopold II of Austria) (1075–1095) *'''County of Auvergne''' - Robert II (Robert II of Auvergne) (1064–1096) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *#Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (Sophie of Bar) (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (Sophie of Bar) (1033–1092) *'''Bishopric of Augsburg''' - Heinrich II, Bishop of Augsburg (1047–1063) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) *'''County of Bar''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1093) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III, King of Germany (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor), King of Germany (List of German Kings and Emperors) (1039–1056) Duke of Swabia (1038–1045) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *#Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Conrad II (Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor) (1024–1039) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Conrad II (Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor), Roman Emperor (List of German Kings and Emperors) (1024–1039) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Conrad II (Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor) (1024–1039) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092)


East Kalimantan

map_caption motto ''Ruhui Rahayu'' ("Perfect harmony the blessing from God") anthem subdivision_type Country (List of sovereign states) subdivision_name Indonesia demographics1_title1 Official Language(s) demographics1_info1 Indonesian (Indonesian language) demographics1_title2 Recognised Regional Language(s


Kingdom of Egypt

, but as a compensation Great Britain gave it the Oltre Giuba and France agreed to give some Saharan territories to the Italian Libya. right thumb Dark green: original signatories Green: subsequent adherents Light blue: territories of parties Dark blue: League of Nations mandate (File:Kellogg Briand Pact countries.png)s administered by parties After negotiations, the pact was signed in Paris at the Minister of Foreign Affairs (France) French


Ubatuba

of the Neoproterozoic Ribeira Belt. As its name indicates, it is green in color, dark green and almost a black appearance when seen in low light. It contains large (10 cm


Dauphiné

in the Untersulzbachthal in Salzburg, as magnificent, dark green crystals of long prismatic habit in cavities in epidote schist, with asbestos, adularia, calcite, and apatite; the Ala valley and Traversella in Piedmont; Arendal in Norway; Le Bourg-d'Oisans in Dauphiné; Haddam in Connecticut; Prince of Wales Island in Alaska, here as large, dark green, tabular crystals with copper ores in metamorphosed limestone. Bruno's first thought on leaving Reims seems to have been to place himself and his companions under the direction of an eminent solitary, Saint Robert (Robert of Molesme), who had recently (1075) settled at Sèche-Fontaine, near Molesme in the Diocese of Langres, together with a band of other hermits, who were later on (in 1098) to form the Cistercian Order. But he soon found that this was not his vocation. After a short stay he went with six of his companions to Saint Hugh (Hugh of Grenoble) of Châteauneuf, Bishop of Grenoble. The bishop, according to the pious legend, had recently had a vision of these men, under a chaplet of seven stars, and he installed them himself in 1084 in a mountainous and uninhabited spot in the lower Alps of the Dauphiné, in a place named Chartreuse (Grande Chartreuse), not far from Grenoble. With St. Bruno were Landuin, Stephen of Bourg, and Stephen of Die, canons of St. Rufus, and Hugh the Chaplain, and two laymen, Andrew and Guerin, who afterwards became the first lay brothers. England lost 70% of its population, which declined from 7 million before the plague, to 2 million in 1400. Barry and Gualde 2006. Tax strikes in France, 1579–80 In Romans-sur-Isère and other parts of Dauphiné, anti-tax leagues formed, which grew into a powerful rebellion that was crushed in the wake of the ambush and murder of many of the rebel leaders by vigilantes during the Carnival of 1580. Burg, David F. ''A World History of Tax Rebellions'' (2004) p. 174–8 Some historians have critiqued the Company's attacks on Protestants. The Company aimed to increase conversions and organized the preaching of missions to Protestants in Lorraine (Lorraine (province)), Dauphiné, and Limousin (Limousin (province)) and founded establishments in Paris, Sedan (Sedan, France), Metz, and Puy for young converts from Protestantism. Moreover, it opposed Protestant attacks on Catholic doctrines and defended the Catholic populations in majority Protestant cities, such as La Rochelle. Finally, without seeking the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, the Company fought to prevent any further concessions beyond what the formal text of the edict demanded and its members sent documents to Jean Filleau, a Poitiers lawyer, who for twenty-five years issued "Catholic decisions" from a legal point of view, on the interpretation of the Edict of Nantes. The protestation of the General Assembly of the French clergy in 1656 against the infringement of the edict by Protestants was the outgrowth of a long documental work prepared by the members. In 1660 Lechassier, who was Maître des Comptes (Master of Accounts) and also one of the Company, forwarded to all the country branches a questionnaire imbued with a view to helping the inquiry, of thirty-one articles on the infringement of the Edict of Nantes by Protestants. The answers were collected by Toussaint de Forbin-Janson, Bishop of Digne, who took an active role in the Assembly of the Clergy, the result being that commissaries were sent into the provinces for the purpose of setting right these abuses. But, in its own turn, the Company violated the Edict of Nantes (of which Art. 27 declared Huguenots wholly eligible to public office), and, by secret manoeuvring, one day prevented twenty-five young Protestants from being received as attorney (lawyer)s at the Parliament of Paris. "The members thought they were doing right", explained Père de la Briere "nevertheless, if we consider not their intention, but the very nature of their act and of their procedure, it is impossible to doubt that they were guilty of an iniquity". According to the testimony of Père Rapin and the Count d'Argenson, these proceedings of the Company were the starting-point of the policy that was to culminate in 1685 in the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (Edict of Fontainebleau).


Harran

and belonged to the Sabians of Harran, a sect of Hermeticists (Hermeticism). (Churton p. 27) Other sources credit him to be a Mandaean. http: www.mandaeanunion.org History EN_History_009.htm In either case, both sects have a great interest in astronomy, astrology, and mathematics (especially in the case of Mandaeans). After this, Edessa was again brought under Roman control by Decius and it was made a center of Roman operations against the Persian Sassanids. ''Amru'', possibly a descendant of Abgar, is mentioned as king in the Paikuli inscription, recording the victory of Narseh in the Sassanid civil war of 293. Historians identify this Amru as ''Amru ibn Adi'', the fourth king of the Lakhmid dynasty which was at that time still based in Harran, not yet moved to Hirah (al-Hirah) in Babylonia. A. T. Olmstead, "The Mid-Third Century of the Christian Era. II", ''Classical Philology'' (1942): 398-420 (see p. 399) - Nabu-na'id (Nabonidus) 556 – 539 BC Last Mesopotamian king of Babylon, originated in Harran in Assyria. Was not a Chaldean, often left rule to his son Belshazzar. - - bgcolor "#fffaf0" Ashur-uballit II 612 BC–ca. 608 to 605 BC Harran defeated by Cyaxares of Media (Median Empire) and Nabopolassar of Babylonia, Assyrian-Egyptian force defeated at Carchemish in 605 BC An early Arabic work known as ''Kitab al-Magall'' or the ''Book of Rolls'' (part of Clementine literature) states that Nimrod built the towns of Hadâniûn, Ellasar, Seleucia, Ctesiphon, Rûhîn, Atrapatene, Telalôn, and others, that he began his reign as king over earth when Reu was 163, and that he reigned for 69 years, building Nisibis, Raha (Edessa (Edessa, Mesopotamia)) and Harran when Peleg was 50. It further adds that Nimrod "saw in the sky a piece of black cloth and a crown." He called upon Sasan the weaver and commanded him to make him a crown like it, which he set jewels on and wore. He was allegedly the first king to wear a crown. "For this reason people who knew nothing about it, said that a crown came down to him from heaven." Later, the book describes how Nimrod established fire worship and idolatry, then received instruction in divination for three years from Bouniter, the fourth son of Noah. the ''Kitab al-Magall'' Other campaigns Nabopolassar waged war against Egypt (ancient Egypt) from 610 BC until his death. In 605 BC, Nabopolassar took the Assyrian city of Harran, where Assyrian forces had retreated after the fall of Nineveh. Later that year, his son Nebuchadnezzar (Nebuchadnezzar II) fought against the Pharaoh Necho II of Egypt, shortly before Nabopolassar died. Ascent Nabonidus' background is not clear. He said in his inscriptions that he was of unimportant origins. Collected in Beaulieu 1989. Similarly, his mother Addagoppe (Addagoppe of Harran), who lived to an old age and may have been connected to the temple of the moon-god (Lunar Deity) Sîn (Sin (mythology)) in Harran, does not mention her family background in her inscriptions. There are two arguments for an Assyrian background: repeated references in Nabonidus' royal propaganda and imagery to Ashurbanipal, the last great Neo-Assyrian (Neo-Assyrian Empire) king; and Nabonidus' originating from, and his special interest in Harran, an Assyrian city and the last stronghold of the Neo-Assyrians after the fall of Nineveh, their main capital (Capital city). W. Mayer, "Nabonidus Herkunft", in M. Dietrich and O. Loretz (eds.), ''Dubsar anta-men: Studien zur Altorientalistik'' (Münster: Ugarit-Verlag 1998), 245-61;


Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

: www.mct.gov.az ? az cities view 387 title Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan Republic. Gubadli date accessdate April 28, 2010 200px thumb right Map of Azerbaijan (Image:Azerbaijan-Tartar.png) showing Tartar (red and dark green) rayon. The dark green is under control of the NKR. '''Tartar''' (Tərtər) is a rayon (Administrative divisions of Azerbaijan) of Azerbaijan. Most of it has been under the control of the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh Republic since the Nagorno-Karabakh War, as part of Martakert Province (Martakert). '''Zangilan''' (Zəngilan) is a rayon (Administrative divisions of Azerbaijan) of Azerbaijan. It has been under the control of the breakway Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, as part of its Qashatagh Province, since the Nagorno-Karabakh War. 220px right thumb Map of Azerbaijan showing Xocavand rayon (Image:Azerbaijan-Khojavend.png) '''Khojavend''' ( Военные обвиняют правительство в коррупции, Kommersant (21 January 2000)


Ahvaz

-284779.asp Conquests 220px thumb right Dark green: the Sassanid empire; Medium green: contested territory; Light green: temporarily occupied in the seventh century during war with the Byzantine Empire (File:Sassanid empire map.png), three hundred years after Shapur's reign.During the early years of the reign of Shapur, Arabs crossed the Persian Gulf from Bahrain to "Ardashir-Khora" of Pars (Fars Province) and raided the interior. In retaliation


Copyright (C) 2015-2017 PlacesKnownFor.com
Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017