Places Known For

critical early


Reading, Pennsylvania

until 1828. Called the "Golden Link," it provided a critical early transportation route for the shipment of anthracite coal and lumber eastward to Philadelphia. Although closed in the 1880s, remnants of the canal remain, most notably the '''Union Canal Tunnel''', a hand-built engineering marvel that is the oldest existing transportation tunnel in the United States. The tunnel is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Early years William Foster


Bakersfield, California

first B. Gordon title Black California: The History of African-Americans in the Golden State publisher Hippocrene Books location New York date 1993 ISBN 0-7817-0074-9 The affairs of the town were administered by a council form of government known as the Allensworth Progressive Association, which directed the community through its formative and critical early years. Men and women held responsible positions in the community. Automobiles Cohn


Qingdao

and 3 July 1925, and during the next several years, carried out numerous patrols in Chinese waters protecting American lives and property. The destroyer was stationed at Nanking when Japan launched an air and sea attack on Shanghai at the end of January 1932, and she supported American diplomats in the southern Chinese capital during the critical early days of the crisis, as well as sending important reports to Washington. On 11 February, she moved to Shanghai and, on 23 February, to Swatow (Shantou), where she remained until 2 April 1932. On 18 April, ''Simpson'' departed Manila with her squadron to return to the United States. Arriving at Chefoo, China, on 26 August, ''Stewart'' entered the routine of the Asiatic Fleet, conducting training exercises from bases at Chefoo and Tsingtao (Qingdao) in the summer and Manila in the winter and making calls at Chinese ports during the transit in each direction. Her routine was broken briefly between 6 and 21 September 1923 by a voyage to Yokosuka, Japan, to relieve victims of the Great Kantō earthquake which had heavily damaged that city and Tokyo on 30 and 31 August. Increased tension on China's northern borders due to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria made it necessary for ''Pope'' to evacuate Americans from northern Chinese ports such as Lao Yao and Tsingtao (Qingdao) to Shanghai beginning 19 September 1937. From 15 July to 20 September 1938, she cruised in Chinese waters off Chinwangtao and returned 5 June 1939 with the South China Patrol force removing American consulates and nationals. ''Pope'' was stationed off Swatow (Shantou) and Pehtaiho during 14 June – 19 August, observing the Japanese Navy (Imperial Japanese Navy) en route to Swatow and the subsequent bombing and occupation of the city. She remained in this area until her return to Manila 12 October for the Neutrality Patrol off the Philippines. ''Pope'' was transferred to Division 59 of the Asiatic Fleet 6 May 1940, and resumed patrolling off China during 11 May – 24 June. ''Pope'' returned to Manila in late June on neutrality duty and remained on station there until 11 December 1941, when she got underway for Balikpapan, Dutch East Indies. In March 2005, demonstrations were organized in several cities in the People's Republic of China, including Chongqing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhengzhou, Shenyang, Ningbo, Harbin, Chengdu, Luoyang, Qingdao, Changsha, Hefei, Beijing, Wuhan, Fuzhou, Hangzhou and Shanghai. In some cases, demonstrators attacked and damaged Japanese embassies (embassy), consulate (Consulate general)s, supermarkets, restaurants (mostly franchise (Franchising) businesses owned by Chinese) as well as people, prompting the Japanese government to demand an apology and compensation for damages. There were some peaceful demonstrations in Hong Kong. Early life Born in Qingdao, China, Lu arrived in the United States at the age of three, and grew up in California. He studied physics at University of California, Berkeley, and eventually earned a Ph.D. in biology from the California Institute of Technology.


Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

a critical early transportation route for the shipment of anthracite coal and lumber eastward to Philadelphia. Although closed in the 1880s, remnants of the canal remain, most notably the '''Union Canal Tunnel''', a hand-built engineering marvel that is the oldest existing transportation tunnel in the United States. The tunnel is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Early life Kulp was born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, the only child of Robert I. Kulp


Guangzhou

'' rescued some missionaries at Deep Bay (Deep Bay, Hong Kong), China, on 2 and 3 July 1925, and during the next several years, carried out numerous patrols in Chinese waters protecting American lives and property. The destroyer was stationed at Nanking when Japan launched an air and sea attack on Shanghai at the end of January 1932, and she supported American diplomats in the southern Chinese capital during the critical early days of the crisis, as well as sending important reports to Washington. On 11 February, she moved to Shanghai and, on 23 February, to Swatow (Shantou), where she remained until 2 April 1932. On 18 April, ''Simpson'' departed Manila with her squadron to return to the United States. Between 1924 and 1928, there were outbreaks of anti-foreign disturbances at Shanghai and Canton (Guangzhou). ''Stewart'' transported marines to Shanghai in January 1925, and during the next years, spent periods augmenting the normal gunboat patrols on the Yangtze River and on the coast near Canton. She was at Shanghai on 24 March 1927 when Chinese Communist troops attacked foreigners at Nanking, and for the next three and a half months, the destroyer was stationed at Wuhu (Wuhu City), Nanking, Shanghai, and Chenglin to protect American nationals and shipping along the Yangtze. She was also on the China coast when the Japanese launched an air and sea attack on Shanghai in late January 1932, and protected Americans at Swatow (Shantou) and Amoy from 1 to 3 and 9 to 24 February and at Shanghai from 26 February to 23 May. After full-scale war between Japan and China (Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)) broke out in 1937 ''Stewart'' was again often on station in Chinese ports, at Tsingtao and Shanghai from 15 August to 18 December 1937, from 21 February to 21 March 1938, and from 3 June to 4 September 1939. On the latter date, after the outbreak of war in Europe (World War II), she was ordered south for patrol duties in the Philippines, which she continued until entering the Cavite Navy Yard for overhaul on 5 April 1940. Upon leaving the yard on 1 June, ''Stewart'' acted as plane guard vessel for seaplanes flying between Guam and the Philippines and then made a final tour of Chinese Yellow Sea ports from 7 July to 23 September 1940. During 1941, she remained in the Philippines as the international situation worsened; and, on 27 November, she was ordered, along with the other major surface combatants of the Asiatic Fleet, to the Dutch East Indies. WikiPedia:Guangzhou Dmoz:Regional Asia China Guangdong Guangzhou


Iraq

functioned as the leading element of Amphibious Ready Group Bravo, which transported Marine Regimental Landing Team Four to Al Jubayl, Saudi Arabia during the critical early stages of the multi-national buildup. After the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and the initiation of Operation Desert Shield (Gulf War#Operation Desert Shield), ''Juneau'' sailed with 12 other ships of Amphibious Group Three in December 1990 to participate in Operation Desert Storm. Joining with ships from Amphibious Group Two, ''Juneau'' was a member of the largest amphibious task force since the United Nations assault on Incheon, South Korea. On 24 February 1991 ''Juneau'' off-loaded her equipment and ammunition in record time and landed her embarked troops at Ras Al Mishab, Saudi Arabia, whence they would assault Iraqi positions in southern Kuwait. Modality While most national anthems are in the standard major scale, there are a number of notable exceptions. "Hatikvah" (Israel), "Mila Rodino" (Bulgaria), "Nad Tatrou sa blýska"' (Slovakia), "İstiklâl Marşı" (Turkey), "Surudi Milli" (Tajikistan), "Azərbaycan marşı" (Azerbaijan), "Mawtini" (Iraq) and "Meniñ Qazaqstanım" (Kazakhstan) are in a minor scale, while "Kimi ga Yo" (Japan), "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (Kenya), "Druk tsendhen" (Bhutan), and "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka" (Nepal) use pentatonic scales. "Ey Iran" (Iran, unofficial) uses the Phrygian mode (known in Middle Eastern music as a variety of maqam (Arabic maqam) kurd) and Garaşsyz, Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni (Turkmenistan) uses the Mixolydian mode. The national anthem of South Africa and Il Canto degli Italiani (Italy) do not end in the same key in which they start. Commons:Category:Iraq WikiPedia:Iraq Dmoz:Regional Middle East Iraq


United States

River . Although construction began in 1792 during the George Washington Administration, financial difficulties delayed its completion until 1828. Called the "Golden Link," it provided a critical early transportation route for the shipment of anthracite coal and lumber eastward to Philadelphia. Although closed in the 1880s, remnants of the canal remain, most notably the '''Union Canal Tunnel''', a hand-built engineering marvel that is the oldest existing


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