Vancouver region elect Conservative (Conservative Party of Canada), New Democratic (New Democratic Party of Canada), and Liberal (Liberal Party of Canada) Members of Parliaments. After the 2011 election (Canadian federal election, 2011), the Conservatives and NDP emerged as the two strongest parties in the region, with Conservative support concentrated in the suburbs around Vancouver, and NDP support strongest on the east side of Vancouver, Burnaby, Coquitlam, New Westminster and Surrey. In 2011, the Liberals were reduced to two seats, both located in Vancouver. However, in the past, Liberal support has been strong on the North Shore (especially in West Vancouver and North Vancouver) and in some of Vancouver's suburbs. Following the 1993 election (Canadian federal election, 1993), the Liberals held every seat but one in Vancouver. Between 1993 and 2008, Liberals held the seat of Richmond (except for a brief stint between 2000 and 2002), and Sukh Dhaliwal was the Liberal MP for Newton-North Delta between 2006 and 2011. Provincial Greater Vancouver, like the rest of British Columbia, is divided between the BC Liberals and the BC NDP. While the BC Liberals are not formally affiliated with any federal party, they tend to draw support from those who vote for either the Liberal Party of Canada or the Conservative Party of Canada, while the BC NDP provide a centre-left alternative, and is formally affiliated with the New Democratic Party of Canada. Polling from the 2013 provincial election (British Columbia general election, 2013) showed that supporters of the BC Liberals were almost evenly split between federal Liberals and federal Conservatives. Despite this trend, former NDP Premier Ujjal Dosanjh ran federally for the Liberals in the 2004 election (Canadian federal election, 2004), and some NDP supporters have drifted to the Greens (British Columbia Green Party) in recent years. In terms of political geography, Greater Vancouver is not as polarized between urban core and suburban areas as metropolitan areas in other parts of the country are. However, the BC NDP tends to draw greater support from ridings on the east side of Vancouver, Burnaby, the Tri-Cities, and parts of Surrey. By contrast, the BC Liberals are stronger on the west side of Vancouver, the North Shore, the Fraser Valley, and have held every seat in Richmond since 1991. Ridings in Central Vancouver, like Vancouver-Fairview and Vancouver-Point Grey, and Surrey tend to be swing ridings, with close races between the two parties. Vicki Huntington, an Independent member of the Legislative Assembly, has represented the riding of Delta South since 2009. Since the mid 1980s, Greater Vancouver also has been the home of every BC Premier. In fact, between 1986 and 2013, the Premier of BC has always represented a Vancouver-area riding in the Legislature, except for a brief period when the NDP selected a new Premier following Glen Clark's resignation in 1999. Minority representation Due to the region's ethnically diverse population, there is also diverse government representation. Federally, there are five MPs of visible minority origin: three of South Asian descent, one of Chinese descent, and one of Trinidadian descent. Provincially, there are six South Asian, three Chinese, one Japanese, and one Filipino MLAs. The Greater Vancouver region has many "electoral firsts". Rosemary Brown (Rosemary Brown (politician)) was the first black woman elected to political office, becoming an MLA in 1972, and the first woman and first black person to run for a party leadership in 1975. Emery Barnes, a football player elected to the Legislature alongside Rosemary Brown in 1972, and stayed in that capacity until 1996, serving as the Speaker from 1994. Former Indo-Canadian Premier Ujjal Dosanjh was the first non-white premier of the province, while Douglas Jung was the first Chinese-Canadian to become a Member of Parliament. Yonah Martin is the first Korean-Canadian to hold federal public office. Jenny Kwan was the first Chinese-Canadian provincial cabinet minister in Canada. Naomi Yamamoto and Mable Elmore are respectively the first Japanese and Filipino MLAs in the province. Furthermore, Stephanie Cadieux is the first quadriplegic MLA, while Svend Robinson was the first openly gay Canadian MP. "Invisible minorities" (those from "white" ethnic and cultural groups) also feature strongly in the region's electoral history, most notably former Premier William Vander Zalm, of Dutch origin, while Vancouver's second mayor was David Oppenheimer, an East European Jew. Similarly, former Premier Dave Barrett was the MLA for East Vancouver and is Jewish. Notes '''Barnston Island''' is an unincorporated (unincorporated area) island located in the Greater Vancouver metropolitan area of British Columbia, Canada. Most of the island is part of the Greater Vancouver Electoral Area A (Greater Vancouver Electoral Area A, British Columbia); the remainder is '''Barnston Island Indian Reserve No. 3''', which is outside Electoral Area A limits and is under the governance of the Katzie First Nation, headquartered across the river at their main reserve in Pitt Meadows. Although the island is unincorporated and not officially part of any municipality, mailing addresses on the island use Surrey (Surrey, British Columbia) as the city name. Technology Because of its local universities and reputation for having a very high standard of living, Vancouver has a growing high-technology sector - including software development such as Maximizer Software and e-commerce such as Cymax Stores. Foreign technology companies which have an established operational presence in Vancouver include IBM, Nokia, Microsoft, Intel, Amazon (Amazon.com), Netapp (via acquisition of Bycast), Broadcom (via acquisition of HotHaus Technologies) CDC Software (via acquisition of Pivotal Corporation), McKesson Corporation (via acquisition of locally based startup ALI Technologies Corp), SAP (SAP AG) (via acquisition of Business Objects, which itself had previously acquired Crystal Decisions), Kodak (via acquisition of Creo), and Ericsson (via acquisition of Redback Networks, which itself had previously acquired a locally based startup, Abatis Systems). The city has also developed a particularly large cluster (business cluster) of video game developers, the largest of which, Electronic Arts, employs over two thousand people. Vancouver also has a nascent tech startup (Startup company) scene, with startup accelerators BootUp Labsand GrowLab being located there. Startups headquartered in Vancouver include PlentyofFish , clubZone, and Techvibes. Greater Vancouver is also home to MDA (MacDonald Dettwiler), a pioneering space and defense company behind technologies such as the Canadarm and RADARSAT-2. Additionally, Vancouver is emerging as a world leader in fuel cell technology, accounting for 70 percent of Canadians employed in the industry. The National Research Council (National Research Council of Canada) Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation is located in Vancouver, and the headquarters of Ballard Power Systems is in neighbouring Burnaby. w:Greater Vancouver Greater Vancouver area of around 2.4 million inhabitants is the third most populous metropolitan area (w:List of the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada) in the country and the most populous in Western Canada (w:Western Canada). Vancouver is the most densely populated Canadian municipality, and the fourth most densely populated city over 250,000 residents in North America, behind New York City, San Francisco, and Mexico City (w:Mexico City).
stores in the south west. Governance Sedgemoor District Council Sedgemoor District Council has traditionally been Conservative (Conservative Party (UK)) run since its creation in 1974 when it was merged with the old Bridgwater & Burnham-On-Sea Urban District Councils. Past voting trends have placed strong cores of Labour (Labour Party (UK)) voters in Bridgwater Town, with Conservative support coming from the Villages such as Pawlett, Wedmore and Shipham. Liberal
persuades Piers to issue a directive abolishing offshore (offshore financial centre) tax havens in the Channel Islands, a move that sends the Conservative Party (Conservative Party (UK)) into uproar, as the leadership's slush funds are threatened. A special party conference is called to vote on Conservative support for Britain's continued membership in the EEC, and a fiery speech from Alan leads to a decisive vote to leave. This precipitates a political crisis: John Major
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, a move that sends the Conservative Party (Conservative Party (UK)) into uproar, as the leadership's slush funds are threatened. A special party conference is called to vote on Conservative support for Britain's continued membership in the EEC, and a fiery speech from Alan leads to a decisive vote to leave. This precipitates a political crisis: John Major resigns as Prime Minister, a snap election is called, and the Conservatives split into two parties: the Pro-Europeanism pro