Places Known For

commercial educational


the cities of Borongan and Maasin) in Eastern Visayas. It is the commercial, educational, financial, political, socio-cultural and government center of the province. It lies on the northern part of Samar Island and southeast of the Philippine capital, Manila. It is bounded to the east by Mondragon (Mondragon, Northern Samar), to the west by Bobon (Bobon, Northern Samar), to the south by Lope de Vega (Lope de Vega, Northern Samar), and to the north by the San Bernardino

Bo, Sierra Leone

center of the Northern Province (Northern Province, Sierra Leone). The city is the capital and administrative center of Bombali District and lies approximately 90 miles east of Freetown. The city is a major commercial, educational, tranportational and economic center. Makeni had a population of 80,840 in the 2004 census Source: Republic of Sierra Leone: 2004 Population and Housing Census: Analytical Report on Population Distribution, Migration and Urbanisation in Sierra Leone. Ibrahim Mohamed Sesay, Andrew A. Karam, Jinnah J. Ngobeh. Published November 2006, and a current estimate of 109,112 Image:CIASierraLeoneKoidu.jpg thumb 240px Koidutown-Sefadu '''Koidu Town''' (also known as '''Koidu''', or '''Sefadu''') is the fourth largest city in Sierra Leone (after Freetown, Bo (Bo, Sierra Leone) and Kenema) and the capital and economic center of the diamond-rich Kono District in the Eastern Province (Eastern Province, Sierra Leone). The city is a major business, commercial and diamond trade center. Koidu Town is the second largest city in the Eastern Province (after Kenema), and lies approximately 275 miles east of Freetown. The city had a population of 82,899 in the 2004 census Republic of Sierra Leone: 2004 Population and Housing Census: Analytical Report on Population Distribution, Migration and Urbanisation in Sierra Leone. ''Ibrahim Mohamed Sesay, Andrew A. Karam, Jinnah J. Ngobeh.'' Published November 2006. (a 2006 estimate being 111,800 Largest Cities in Sierra Leone ). At the completion of his primary education, Bio's older sister, Agnes, enrolled him at the Bo Government Secondary School (Bo School) in Bo (Bo, Sierra Leone) (commonly known as Bo School), a famous boarding school and one of Sierra Leone's most widely recognized secondary schools. Bio spent seven years at Bo School, rising to become school Prefect. Bio graduated from Bo School in 1984 with A-level at age 20. '''Bo District''' is the second most populous district (Districts of Sierra Leone) in Sierra Leone (after the Western Area Urban District) and is located in the Southern Province (Southern Province, Sierra Leone) of the country. Its capital (capital city) and largest city is the city of Bo (Bo, Sierra Leone), which is the second largest city in Sierra Leone. The other major towns in the district include Baoma, Bumpeh, Serabu, Sumbuya, Baiima and Yele. The district population as of 2010 is 561,524. The city of Bo (Bo, Sierra Leone) also have its own directly elected city council headed by a mayor. The current mayor of Bo is Wusu Sannoh, he is a member of the opposition Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP). Bo District is a stronghold of the opposition Sierra Leone People's Party. Ethnicity The population of Bo District is ethnically and culturally diverse, particularly in the city of Bo (Bo, Sierra Leone), Sierra Leone's second largest city. The Mende people form the largest ethnic group in Bo District at over 60 percent of the population. The '''Southern Province''' is one of three provinces of Sierra Leone. It covers an area of 19,694 km² and has a population of 1,377,067 (2004 census). It consists of four districts (Bo (Bo District), Bonthe (Bonthe District), Moyamba (Moyamba District), and Pujehun (Pujehun District)). Its capital (Capital (political)) and administrative center is Bo (Bo, Sierra Leone), which is also the second largest and second most populated city in Sierra Leone after the nation's capital Freetown. The population of the southern province is largely from the Mende (Mende people) ethnic group. As a military force, EO was extremely skilled and conducted a highly successful counter insurgency against the RUF. In just ten days of fighting, EO was able to drive the RUF forces back sixty miles into the interior of the country. EO outmatched the RUF forces in all operations. In just seven months, EO, with support from loyal SLA and the Kamajors battalions, recaptured the diamond mining districts and the Kangari Hills, a major RUF stronghold. Abdullah, p. 96 A second offensive captured the provincial capital and the largest city in Sierra Leone and destroyed the RUF’s main base of operations near Bo (Bo, Sierra Leone), finally forcing the RUF to admit defeat and sign the Abidjan Peace Accord in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire on 30 November 1996. Gberie, p. 95 This period of relative peace also allowed the country to hold parliamentary and presidential elections in February and March 1996. The town lies on the eastern shore of Sherbro Island, on the Sherbro River estuary, and was once larger than Freetown, but lack of roads to the mainland meant that the population has declined. Bonthe is about 60 miles south-west of Bo (Bo, Sierra Leone) and 187 miles south-east of Freetown. The inhabitants of the town belong mainly to the Sherbro (Sherbro people) ethnic group.


of Nigerian languages first1 Francis O. last1 Egbokhare first2 S. Oluwole last2 Oyetade page 106 publisher CASAS year 2002 isbn 1-919799-70-2 is a city, a commercial (Commerce), educational, and religious centre and river port on the eastern bank of the Niger river in Anambra State, southeastern Nigeria. In the early 1960s, before the Nigerian Civil War (see also Biafra), the population was officially recorded as 76,000, and the town

Hutchinson, Kansas

the Wichita, Kansas area. It is operated by the Kansas Public Telecommunications Service, a non-profit non-commercial educational organization. KPTS's city of license is Hutchinson, Kansas. The station broadcasts on channel 8 in standard definition and on digital cable channel 2008 in high definition (high-definition television) on Cox Communications in the Wichita area. '''Jay

San Diego–Tijuana

in the reserved band (FM below 92 MHz) are used by Mexican stations, other specific allotments are reserved for non-commercial educational (NCE) radio stations in the San Diego area. However, the lack of such allotments still leaves the area with no college radio stations available except via Internet radio, cable radio, LPAM, and TV SAP (second audio program). These are KCR (KCR (SDSU)) from San Diego State University, and KSDT (KSDT Radio) from

Akron, Ohio

in the early 1970s, along with WUAB. A third UHF station also existed - non-commercial educational station WVIZ. Other UHF stations in the market, with varying coverage, included ABC affiliate WAKR-TV in Akron (Akron, Ohio) (now Ion Television station WVPX-TV) and WJAN-TV in Canton (Canton, Ohio) (now TBN (Trinity Broadcasting Network) station WDLI-TV). 04 02 1954 align left In its early

, Ohio Akron , Ohio branding ''Family Radio'' '''WCUE''' (1150 AM (AM broadcasting)) is a radio station licensed to Cuyahoga Falls (Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio), Ohio, United States. It operates as a non-commercial educational station broadcasting a Christian radio format and serves the Akron (Akron, Ohio), Ohio market. The station is an affiliate of the Family Radio network (radio network), and is currently owned by Family Stations, Inc. ref>

. image Image:WAPS logo.png city Akron (Akron, Ohio), Ohio area Akron (Akron, Ohio) metro area '''WAPS''' (91.3 FM (FM broadcasting), "91.3 The Summit") is an American non-commercial educational radio station serving in and licensed to Akron, Ohio. The station is owned and operated by the Akron Public Schools system and airs an Adult album alternative (AAA) format (Radio format) seven days a week, including NPR's '' World


of pine, known as Macedonian pine or pinus peuce, as well as a well-known ski resort. Covering an area of Climate

Huntington Beach, California

by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), centering on allegations that Daystar has sold air time on its non-commercial educational (NCE) stations to for-profit groups. The investigation had complicated Daystar's $21.5M bid for KOCE-TV, a PBS (Public Broadcasting Service) station in Huntington Beach, California, which at the time mainly served the suburban area of Orange County (Orange County, California),

Wheeling, West Virginia

became CBS and NBC, "+1" represented non-commercial educational stations, and "1 2" became ABC (which was the weakest network usually winding up with the UHF allocation where no VHF was available). However, Erie and Youngstown, Ohio were both sandwiched between Pittsburgh and Wheeling (Wheeling, West Virginia) Steubenville to the south, Cleveland to the west, Buffalo (Buffalo, New York) to the east, and London, Ontario to the north. This created a large "doughnut" in Northwestern Pennsylvania where there could only be one VHF license. WICU was fortunate to gain that license, and as a result has been the market leader in Erie for most of its history. Channel 12 held a monopoly on Erie television until WSEE-TV signed-on in 1954 as a CBS affiliate. The then-two separately owned stations aired ABC programs until WJET-TV (channel 24) signed-on in 1966. "The later turnpike was planned and constructed by Virginia partly as a result of the rival activities of New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland to secure the advantage in transportation facilities for the trade of the West; and was especially regarded as a rival of the National Road which was opened from Cumberland (Cumberland, Maryland) to Wheeling (Wheeling, West Virginia) in 1818, and with which parts of Virginia obtained better connection in 1830 by a stage line established from Winchester to Cumberland. It was built across the Appalachian Divide with the hope of securing commercial superiority, and was the main thoroughfare between East and West through northern Virginia." The '''Ohio Valley Greyhounds''' were a professional indoor football (indoor American football) team. They began play in 1999 as the '''Steel Valley Smash''', a charter member of the IFL (Indoor Football League). After the league folded, they moved to the NIFL (National Indoor Football League), became a charter member, and renamed themselves as the Ohio Valley Greyhounds. After four successful years in the league, they moved to the UIF (United Indoor Football) in 2005 and became a charter member to the new league. However, the Greyhounds failed to reach the same level of success from the NIFL years. Their home games were played at the WesBanco Arena in Wheeling, West Virginia, which is also the home to the ECHL's Wheeling Nailers. After three dismal years in the UIF, the team folded in October 2007. http: story.cfm?func viewstory&storyid 30248&catid 3 airdate October 24, 1953 location Wheeling, West Virginia Steubenville, Ohio callsign_meaning '''T'''wo '''R'''adio '''F'''requencies (referring to AM and FM stations with same calls) '''WTRF-TV''' is the CBS-affiliated television station for the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia and the Allegheny Plateau of Eastern Ohio that is licensed to Wheeling, West Virginia. It broadcasts a high definition (high-definition television) digital signal on VHF channel 7 from a transmitter in Bridgeport, Ohio. Owned by West Virginia Media Holdings, the station has studios on 16th Street in Downtown Wheeling. Syndicated (television syndication) programming on WTRF includes: ''Entertainment Tonight'', ''Inside Edition'', ''Judge Judy'', and ''Rachael Ray (The Rachael Ray Show)''. '''WTOV-TV''' is the NBC-affiliated television station for the Ohio Valley (Ohio) that is licensed to Steubenville (Steubenville, Ohio) & Wheeling (Wheeling, West Virginia). It broadcasts a high definition (High-definition television) digital signal on VHF channel 9 from a transmitter in Mingo Junction, Ohio. Owned by Cox Enterprises, the station has studios in Steubenville. Syndicated (television syndication) programming on the station includes: ''The Ellen DeGeneres Show'', ''Dr. Phil (Dr. Phil (TV series))'', ''Jeopardy!'', ''Wheel of Fortune (Wheel of Fortune (U.S. game show))'', and ''Live with Kelly''. '''Inscription:''' Frontier outpost (outpost (military)). From this county, Captain William Forman (Foreman) (William Foreman), in 1777, led a company to the relief of Fort Henry (Fort Henry (West Virginia)) at Wheeling (Wheeling, West Virginia). He, two sons, and many others were killed in an ambush (William Foreman#The Grave Creek Massacre) by Indians (Native Americans in the United States) at the "Narrows" near Moundsville (Moundsville, West Virginia). right thumb Taxidermy display featuring a American Black Bear black bear (Image:CabelasTaxidermy.jpg), grizzly bear, hornet's nest and several whitetail deer at a Cabela's store located in Wheeling (Wheeling, West Virginia), WV (West Virginia). birth_date Retrieved on 11-30-2008.

Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission

of terrestrial radio services as part of its digital cable audio package. History In February 1991, Decision CRTC 91-98 CRTC, 1997-02-14 the Saskatchewan government (Government of Saskatchewan) (led at the time by Premier (Premier of Saskatchewan) Grant Devine) was granted a broadcast licence for a non-commercial educational service by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). The channel, branded as SCN, launched on May 6 of that year, making it one of the newer English-language publicly-funded broadcasters in Canada. (Ontario's TVOntario was launched on September 27, 1970; British Columbia's Knowledge (Knowledge (TV channel)) launched on January 12, 1981; and Alberta's Access, which is now the privately-owned CTV Two Alberta was launched on June 30, 1973.) Rogers acquisition On January 17, 2012, Rogers Media announced its intent to acquire SCN outright from Bluepoint Investment Corporation, pending approval by the CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission). Rogers plans to re-brand the channel as '''Citytv Saskatchewan''', invest into improving the channel's infrastructure, and also launch a high definition (High-definition television) feed for SCN. Despite the planned re-branding, Rogers will still commit to SCN's requirement to air commercial-free educational programming from 6AM to 3PM daily. No regional news programming is planned for the channel under Rogers ownership; Rogers buys SCN; set to launch Citytv channel as such, SCN would become the first Citytv owned-and-operated station to carry no localized news programming (all other Citytv O&Os carry, at minimum, morning newscasts under the system's ''Breakfast Television'' brand, while the system's Toronto flagship station, CITY-TV, also carries weekday midday and nightly evening newscasts). ShopTV Canada is classified as a teleshopping service by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) and, thus, is exempted from requiring a CRTC-issued licence to operate and most other CRTC requirements that pay TV and specialty channels are subject to. EXEMPTION ORDER RESPECTING TELESHOPPING PROGRAMMING SERVICE UNDERTAKINGS, CRTC, 1995-01-26 On June 23, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission released a similar ruling on two other comments, including a statement that "Native Americans and Black people from the Americas are born less intelligent than white people" because of artificial selection from slavery and the Europeans who used to kill the smartest "Indians" to better control the population. He said that it accounts for their poverty and high unemployment rate. CRTC Decision 2005-258 He also stated that "Janet Jackson exhibits tribal behaviour". History In December 2000, MLSE was granted approval by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) for a category 2 (Category 2 specialty channel) digital specialty channel license tentatively known as ''Raptors Basketball Channel'', a channel described as being devoted primarily to the Toronto Raptors basketball club and the National Basketball Association (NBA), with additional programming related to other aspects of basketball. Decision CRTC 2000-627, CRTC, 2000-12-14 thumb First logo, during the Headline Sports era. right (Image:headlinesports cdn.jpg) Sportscope was granted an English-language specialty channel licence by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) on September 4, 1996, provisionally titled "Sportscope Plus". The channel launched in May 1997 as '''Headline Sports''' and was initially a national 24-hour anchor-at-desk sports news and highlight service operating on a rotating 15 minute newswheel of sports news, highlights, and scores. Advertising was also introduced, something that did not exist during the Sportscope era. The oldies music was replaced by modern stock music during text rotation of sports scores and news. The channel also contained a constantly updated ticker (News ticker) at the bottom of the screen, providing sports news and scores, as it still does today, per its CRTC licence requirements. History In 1976, Radio 920, Ltd., a division of CHUM Limited, applied to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission for a new FM radio station broadcasting at 100,000 watts with a dial position of 100.1 MHz. This would be the third FM radio station in Halifax after FM stations CBC Stereo (CBH-FM) and CHFX-FM. Radio 920, Ltd. also owned CTV (CTV Television Network) affiliate CJCH-TV (CJCH-DT) and CJCH (CJCH-FM). The CRTC subsequently approved the application. By 1980, Conrad divested himself of his broadcast holdings, primarily because he was refused permission to operate a cable service in the north, as authorities feared a monopoly. His communication companies were in a financial crisis, due to aggressive competition for advertising dollars in small markets. As a result, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approved a merger into the MCTV (Mid-Canada Communications). In the end, his private network stretched from Moosonee (Moosonee, Ontario) to Ottawa, and from Hearst (Hearst, Ontario) and Chapleau (Chapleau, Ontario) to Matagami, Quebec. He was serving a population of 1.5 million. During NBC prime time programming, Canadian cable systems frequently cover up WPTZ's signal on cable systems in Montreal and, to a lesser extent, Quebec City. This is done to satisfy the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission's simsub (Simultaneous substitution) rules. The action benefits CFCF-TV and CKMI-TV. On the American side, WPTZ can be seen in New York State on Charter (Charter Communications) channel 2 and in Vermont on Comcast channel 5. It is the default NBC affiliate for Essex (Essex County, New York), Franklin (Franklin County, New York), and Eastern St. Lawrence (St. Lawrence County, New York) Counties in Upstate New York where it is seen on Time Warner Cable. In Ogdensburg (Ogdensburg, New York) and Western St. Lawrence County, that system offers both WPTZ and Syracuse (Syracuse, New York)'s WSTM-TV. Due to the CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission)'s rules at the time on concentration of media ownership, Ricard's radio stations continued to operate as a separate corporation from Ricard's MCTV holdings, although they were later merged through Mid-Canada Radio in 1985. In 1990, Ricard's media holdings were sold off in a series of transactions: MCTV was acquired by Baton Broadcasting, Mid-Canada Radio was sold to Pelmorex, becoming the Pelmorex Radio Network, and Northern Cable was sold to CFCF (CFCF-TV)'s cable television division. '''XM Radio Canada''' was the operating name of '''Canadian Satellite Radio Holdings Inc.''' (or "CSR"), a Canadian (Canada) communications and media company, which was incorporated in 2002 to broadcast satellite radio in Canada. Following the merger of Sirius XM Radio in the United States, XM Canada and its competitor Sirius Canada reached a deal in late 2010 to merge into Sirius XM Canada, which was approved by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission on April 11, 2011 CRTC Decision 2011-240. and completed on June 21, 2011. "Sirius Canada and XM Canada Complete Merger". ''Broadcaster (Broadcaster (magazine))'', June 21, 2011. On August 19, 2003, Canadian Satellite Radio Holdings Inc., the parent company of CSR, filed its initial application to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) for a broadcast licence to provide subscription based digital radio service in Canada. In June 2005, the CRTC awarded the company a six year licence to commence broadcasting in Canada. XM Radio Canada started transmissions across Canada on November 22, 2005, and launched officially on December 1, 2005. Clear Channel's channels were eliminated from XM Radio Canada on April 17, 2006. On April 1, 2007, XM Radio Canada began simulcasting the U.S. service (XM Satellite Radio), with the exception of Clear Channel's channels. On November 30, 2007, XM Radio Canada announced that they have over 350,000 subscribers. The Best Of Sirius (Sirius Satellite Radio) package (NFL, NASCAR, Howard 100, Howard 101) was not included on XM Radio Canada's offerings in September 2008 (2008 in radio), even though the Sirius (Sirius Satellite Radio) channels were poured to XM Radio Canada during the merger of XM and Sirius channels (Sirius XM Radio) on November 12, 2008. The station has a multilingual format (radio format) targeting ethnic minorities and broadcasts programming in 23 different languages. Use of French (French language) or English (English language) is rare and is heavily limited per the station's conditions of licence, although vanity programming and infomercials at night (between midnight and 6 a.m.) are typically in English. (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulations related to languages used on the air do not apply during that time period.) CFMB was founded on December 21, 1962 by Casimir Stanczykowski and was the first licensed multilingual station in Canada. In 1975, Stanczykowski established a second station, CKJS in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) decision authorizing the launch of CBCS in fact encouraged, but did not direct, the CBC to retain an AM frequency for CBC Radio (CBC Radio One), and to reserve CBCS for its CBC Stereo (CBC Radio 2) network. CBCS History at Canadian Communications Foundation However, the station launched in 1978 as an affiliate of the talk network after the CBC was unable to negotiate an agreement with Cambrian Broadcasting to directly acquire CKSO. In 1997, CBL applied to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission for conversion to FM. AM 740's daytime signal easily covered Buffalo, New York; Erie, Pennsylvania and Youngstown, Ohio; while its nighttime signal reached much of the eastern half of North America (including three-fourths of Canada). Howeveer, radio frequency interference made the station nearly unlistenable in some parts of downtown Toronto. In a controversial decision, the CBC was awarded the 99.1 frequency Decision CRTC 97-362 over Milestone Radio, who had applied to open an urban music station, which would have been the first station operating under that format in Canada, to serve the city's large black (Black Canadian) community. Adding to the controversy of the CBC being awarded a station on the FM band in the country's biggest market, 99.1 was believed at the time to be the last available FM frequency in the city. In 1978 Kent agreed to step down as anchorman of ''The National (CBC News: The National)'' after he submitted an intervention to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) recommending that the Corporation's licence not be renewed until management created procedures and protocols to prevent political interference in the CBC's editorial decision-making. Kent's complaint involved messages conveyed through the then CBC President Al Johnson (Albert Wesley Johnson) from the Prime Minister's Office (Office of the Prime Minister (Canada)) that resulted in cancellation of a speech by Premier René Lévesque and coverage of a speech by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. As a result of his intervention and descent from ''The National'' anchor desk, Kent accepted assignment to the newly created African Bureau of the CBC, located in Johannesburg. On May 9, 2008, the CRTC approved the station's application to launch a low-power nested FM rebroadcaster (CBE-1-FM) in Windsor, at 102.3 FM. CRTC Decision 2008-102. Six months later, on November 13, 2008, the CBC applied to the CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) to convert CBE from the AM band to the FM band at 97.5 FM, to revoke its previous request for CBE-1-FM, and and to include a new FM rebroadcaster at Leamington (Leamington, Ontario) on 91.9 FM (which was originally planned for 91.5 FM but was moved due to conflict with Windsor station CJAM-FM which, until October 2009, was also on 91.5). "CJAM-FM risks losing licence". ''Windsor Star'', February 10, 2009. The new 97.5 FM main signal would broadcast with a directional antenna to the southeast, to avoid interference with two other stations at 97.5 FM, London (London, Ontario)'s CIQM-FM and Lansing (Lansing, Michigan)'s WJIM-FM. Broadcasting Notice of Public Hearing CRTC 2008-14 Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2009-36 Monroe (Monroe, Michigan)'s WYDM, also at 97.5 FM, is CTV (CTV Television Network), the terrestrial broadcaster that holds the Canadian rights to the Super Bowl, has the right to invoke simultaneous substitution (to date, CTV and all networks that have held rights to the Super Bowl have invoked simultaneous substitution over every Super Bowl), blacking out all U.S. commercials on cable and satellite. Changing careers again, he became a moderator for the CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) program ''Nightline'' from 1960 to 1963. From 1963 to 1968, he was a supervisor in the Department of Public Affairs (Radio & TV) at the CBC. From 1968 to 1969, he served as the Chief Consultant to the Canadian Radio Television Commission (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission). Next, from 1968 to 1970, he was the Commissioner for the Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's Task Force on Government Information. Canada's (Canada)'s regulatory Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) (CRTC) issued a policy order on July 21, 2009 requiring Canadian telecommunication (List of Canadian telephone companies), wireless service (List of Canadian mobile phone companies), and VoIP providers to implement IP-based (Internet Protocol) text relay services by July 21, 2010, and also delaying a decision on the national provision of video relay services in both official languages (ASL & LSQ) for three years. Family Network for Deaf Children Newsletter, Family Network for Deaf Children, Burnaby, B.C., Fall 2009, pg.11. Retrieved from website March 6, 2010. CRTC. Broadcasting and Telecom Regulatory Policy CRTC 2009-430, Canadian Radio and Telecommunications Commission, Ottawa, July 21, 2009, file number: 8665-C12-200807943. Retrieved March 6, 2010. According to deaf-community organizations Canada is lagging far behind its neighbour, the United States, with respect to video relay service for the deaf, hard-of-hearing and deaf-blind. CAD. News and Events: CRTC Finally Approves Video Relay Service, Canadian Association of the Deaf, 2008. Retrieved March 8, 2010. WKNR's dominance was challenged when CKLW-AM got a makeover courtesy of Bill Drake and Paul Drew in April 1967. With 50,000 watts behind it and a lightning-fast pace based on Drake's "Boss Radio" model, The Big 8 became the number one Top 40 station in the region, and some of Keener's top DJs, including Dick Purtan and Scott Regen, would eventually move over to CKLW. However, WKNR did not go down without a fight, continuing to battle the Big 8 for five more years despite dropping ratings. During this time, the station attempted to distinguish itself from CKLW by playing less bubblegum pop and more rock album cuts, and promoting itself as "Rock and Roll The American Way" (a jab at CKLW's location in Windsor, Ontario, and Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission-mandated "Canadian content" regulations imposed at the start of 1971). Sister station WKNR-FM, which had previously simulcast the AM programming, switched to a more adventurous progressive rock (progressive rock (radio format)) format starting in 1969, followed by an MOR (Middle of the road (music)) "Stereo Island" format in 1971. :''For the original station "CKFI-AM", see CFOB-FM.'' '''CKFI-FM''' (97.1 FM (FM broadcasting), "Magic 97.1") is a radio station broadcasting an active rock format. Licensed to Swift Current, Saskatchewan, it serves southwestern Saskatchewan. It first began broadcasting in late 2005 after receiving approval by the CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) on February 3, 2005. Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2005-37 The station is currently owned by Golden West Broadcasting. In 1988, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) renewed the network licence for CKPG-TV and CFTK-TV Terrace (Terrace, British Columbia), which allowed the two CBC affiliates to use the Corporation's microwave equipment to transfer syndicated programming, when it wasn't being used for CBC programming. In 2000, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) approved the sale of Monarch's radio and television holdings (including CHAT-TV) to the Jim Pattison Broadcast Group, a division of the Jim Pattison Group. History Toronto-based company Lively Arts Market Builders Inc. was one of several companies that received a licence from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) to provide a subscription television service for Canadian cable (Cable television) companies. The company's offering, C Channel, would feature artistic content such as theatrical, opera and ballet performances. This format was distinct from the other new pay-movie services, First Choice (now The Movie Network) and Superchannel (now Movie Central). In April 1994, the company which held CKLM's licence (CKLM Radio Laval-Montréal Inc., controlled by Gérard Brunet), went bankrupt and all assets were transferred to a guaranteed creditor (2754363 Canada Inc.). That company rented the station to Réseau RadioCom Inc., a company operated by René Bourdelais which was already operating the station since January 1, 1994. All of this posed a problem as such changes legally have to be approved by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), and no approval was sought by any of these companies. On July 15, 1994, the CRTC determined that there were too many irregularities going on, and it ordered CKLM to go off the air by July 17. CKLM initially ignored that order, but early on July 20, 1994, the station's transmitter was apparently hit by lightning and CKLM went off the air. Daniel Lemay. "CKLM 1570 a quitté les ondes", ''La Presse'', July 22, 1994. "En bref... CKLM n'est plus", ''Le Devoir'', July 23, 1994. The CRTC was willing to authorize CKLM to go back on the air if a proper application would have been made; there is however no record of any such application ever being made, and in any case the station never returned to the air. CJAV, an affiliate of CBC Radio (CBC Radio One) since sign-on in 1946, was authorized by the CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) Decision CRTC 84-466 on June 5, 1984 to disaffiliate from the network after CBC established Port Alberni repeater station '''CBTQ-FM''', originally a rebroadcaster of Vancouver station CBU (CBU (AM)) (now rebroadcasting CBCV-FM in Victoria), in December 1983. On December 13, 1984, CJAV increased its transmission power to 1000 watts day and night, and in early 1987, the station began broadcasting 24 hours a day, with overnight programming coming from the Toronto-based Satellite Radio Network. On June 25, 2004, CJAV was purchased by Central Island Broadcasting Ltd. (now Island Radio). On April 18, 2005, Island Radio received approval from the CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2005-160 to switch CJAV over to the FM band at 93.3 MHz with operating power of 6000 watts; the switch took place on September 2 (with simulcasting on its old 1240 AM frequency continuing until early December) and the station adopted its current mixed format of adult contemporary music and active rock. On June 22, original CJAV owner Harold Warren died at age 90. On June 21, 1978, CFOS opened a semi-satellite station CFPS-AM (CFPS-FM) at Port Elgin (Port Elgin, Ontario) and CFPS was given approval by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) in 2005 to convert to the FM band at 97.9 MHz. History In 1987, Bayshore Broadcasting Corp., owner of 560 CFOS, filed an application with the CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) for a new FM station to serve Owen Sound. The application was approved by the CRTC on October 26 the same year. Decision CRTC 87-859 Transmitter testing at 106.5 MHz began in late 1988 and was launched on January 3, 1989 as '''K106.5'''. In 1986, Nanaimo Broadcasting sold CHUB and CHPQ to Benchmark Ventures Inc. (headed by Gene Daniels, who became general manager of both stations); by 1992, CHPQ was producing 43 hours of local programming each week, with the rest of its schedule originating at CHUB. In 1994, Benchmark Ventures merged with Central Island Broadcasting Ltd. (later Island Radio), and the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) granted CHUB permission to move to 102.3 FM (as CKWV) and to place a rebroadcaster in Parksville (CKWV-FM-1) at 99.9 FM. The switch took effect in early-1995, at which point two other switches took place; Nanaimo station CKEG (CHWF-FM) moved to the old CHUB frequency of 1570, and CHPQ took over CKEG's former spot on the dial at 1350 AM and became CKCI on July 31, increasing its transmission power from 1000 watts to 10,000. In 1999, CKCI began simulcasting CKEG's oldies format as the two stations took the on-air name '''Good Time Oldies'''. On January 14, 2002, CKCI moved to 88.5 FM and became CIBH, adopting its current adult contemporary (Adult contemporary music) format. Decision CRTC 2001-577 In 2006, CJKX was approved by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to add a rebroadcaster (CJKX-FM-2) in downtown Toronto, to operate on 95.9 FM, the same frequency as the main station. CRTC Decision 2006-107 Live broadcasting began in December 2000. In 2002, the Greater Toronto Airports Authority was given approval by the CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) to increase power. Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2002-394 On May 31, 2005 the radio service reverted from live broadcasting to recorded airport information. On April 9, 2007, the station adopted the business format, but continued to broadcast airport traffic reports and advisories along with the business programming Greater Toronto Airports Authority - Travel Updates Among programming heard on CFBN beginning April 2007 was syndicated American programming such as Dennis Miller and the Glenn Beck Program, which had never before been heard in Canada. Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2006-202 On June 25, 1997, the station was licensed by the CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) to move to the FM band. Decision CRTC 97-271 It completed the move on May 25, 1998, launching on 92.9 FM with the new call sign '''CIZN-FM''' and a hot adult contemporary format branded as "The Zone". Licensed by the CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) in 2001 CRTC Decision 2001-353 , the station airs a community radio format for the area's First Nations community. * Pierre Marc Johnson, FRSC, former Premier of the Province of Quebec * André Bureau, O.C., former Chair of the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission and current Chair of Astral Media * The Honourable Michel Bastarache, C.C., former Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada History On December 3, 1986, Mervyn Russell, representing a company to be incorporated received approval from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) to operate a new FM radio station at Saint John. Decision CRTC 86-1174 The station began broadcasting in 1987 with Gary Crowell as the GM, and Jim Goldrich returned to K100 from working at CJYQ in Newfoundland (Newfoundland and Labrador). K100's original studios and offices were on 400 Main Street in Place 400. In the mid-1990's, K100 moved their studios and offices to Union Street, where they are still located as of August 2011. In 1997, the station was purchased by Newcap Broadcasting and was re-purchased by MBS Radio (Maritime Broadcasting System) in 2005. The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (w:Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) (CRTC) announced that it is setting August 31, 2011 as the deadline for over-the-air (w:over-the-air) (OTA) television transmissions to go digital. In Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2007-53, the commission outlines that OTA broadcasts should be digital in all markets, with possible exceptions in northern and remote communities where analog transmissions will not cause interference. CAVCO is the Canadian Audio-Visual Certification Office, part of the Department of Canadian Heritage. The CRTC is the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (w:Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission), a communications authority like the Federal Communications Commission (w:Federal Communications Commission) (FCC) in the United States, Independent Television Commission (w:Independent Television Commission) (ITC) in the UK (excluding Wales), and the Australian Communications and Media Authority (w:Australian Communications and Media Authority).

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