that "an error comprehensive in magnitude and protracted in duration... was the error of a great proletarian revolutionary." ''Facts on File Yearbook 1981'' (Facts on File, Inc., 1982) p450; Rebecca E. Karl, ''Mao Zedong and China in the Twentieth-Century World: A Concise History'' (Duke University Press, 2010) p166 *The "Banjul Charter, or the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, was adopted by the 51 members of the Organisation of African
;ref name "Morgan101" Morgan (1988), p. 101 The TUC called off the strike just nine days later, without resolving the miners' cut in wages. The miners disagreed and stayed on strike for a further seven months until they were starved into surrendering. The Rhondda saw many schemes set up by miners to aid their plight, such as soup kitchens and fêtes and 'joy' days to support them; Wales in the Twentieth Century World: Family on the Dole 1919-1939; Mid Glamorgan County Council Education Department (1994) pp. 3-4 while in Maerdy the local miners set up a rationing system. By the time the miners returned to work there was little desire for further action through strikes, which saw a decline in the popularity of 'The Fed' and greater emphasis on solving problems through political and parliamentary means. Morgan (1988), p. 102 With the advent of the Great Depression (Great Depression in the United Kingdom), employment within the Rhondda Valleys continued to fall. This in turn led to a decline in public and social services, as people struggled to pay rates and rents. John (1980), p. 541 One of the outcomes of a lack of funds was a fall in health provisions, which in Rhondda lead to a lack of medical and nursing staff, John (1980), p. 542 a failure to provide adequate sewage works and a rise in deaths from tuberculosis. John (1980), p. 543 By 1932 the long-term unemployment figure in the Rhondda was recorded at 63%, John (1980), p. 539 and in Ferndale the unemployment figure for adult males rose as high as 72.85%. With little other employment available in the Rhondda John (1980), p. 518 the only solution appeared to be emigration. Between 1924 and 1939, 50,000 people left the Rhondda. During this time life was difficult for communities built solely around a singular industry, especially as most families were on a single wage. The start of the Second World War saw a complete turnaround in the employment figures, and by 1944 unemployment figures in the Rhondda ranged from 1% in Treorchy to 3.7% at Tonypandy. John (1980), p. 563 Mining disasters 250px right thumb The Lewis Merthyr Colliery, now part of the Rhondda Heritage Park (File:Lewis Merthyr Colliery.jpg) As with any heavy industry, the possibility of serious injury or death was an everyday risk for the mine workers of the Rhondda Valley. The most notorious form of colliery disaster (Mining accident) was the gas explosion, Davies (2008), p. 160 caused by either a buildup of methane gas or coal dust. As the mines became deeper and ventilation become more difficult to control the risk increased. The worst single incident in the Rhondda was the 1867 Ferndale disaster in which an explosion saw the loss of 178 lives. However, the major disasters only accounted for roughly 20% of overall fatalities, with individual accidents accounting for the bulk of deaths. Davies (2008), p. 161 The list below shows mining disasters which saw the loss of five or more lives during a single incident. class "wikitable" + '''Mining disasters in the Rhondda Valley 1850 - 1965''' ! Colliery Location Date Year Death toll cause - Dinas Colliery Dinas 1 January 1844 12 gas explosion Before the Rhondda (w:Rhondda) Magistrates' Court (w:Magistrates' Court) Wiosna admitted breaching the noise abatement (w:noise pollution) notice (w:summons), with which he was served. He was ordered to pay a £ (w:Pound sterling)200 fine. He was also ordered to pay £50 in costs, £15 in victim surcharge, and to destroy his music collection.
2005 p 253 and 262 Note 20 Nevertheless, while apparently fictional in places, the ''Rihla'' provides an important account of much of the 14th-century world. thumb Jalal ad-Din Rumi gathers Sufi (File:Andr04.jpg) mystics. Rumi was probably born on 30 September 1207 in the province of Balkh in the district of Wakhsh in Khorasan (now in modern Afghanistan Tajikistan). He died on 17 December 1273 in Konya in Seljuqid Rum (now modern
during Night of the Long Knives in 1934 –with their hands raised to surrender– with the caption "They salute with both hands now". Considered relatively harmless, Hitler was given an early parole from prison
, Volume IV, pp. 197–200. He had so much gold with him that when he stopped in Egypt, the Egyptian currency lost its value. According to Cairo born historian al-Maqurizi, "the members of his entourage proceeded to buy Turkish (Turkey) and Ethiopian slave girls, singing girls and garments, so that the rate of the gold dinar fell by six dirhams." Consequently, the name of Mali and Timbuktu appeared on the 14th century world map. The crown jewel of West Africa, the Empire of Mali was the center of Islamic, legal, and scientific scholarship. The oldest formal universities in West Africa - Sankore (Sankore Madrasah), Jingaray Ber, and Sidi Yahya - were founded there. Within a few generations, Mali itself was eclipsed by the Songhai empire of Askia Muhammad (Askia the Great) '''Koyra Chiini''' ( Commons:Category:Timbuktu WikiPedia:Timbuktu
century world apparently peaceful with delocalised, networking corporations. The protagonist, swept up in events beyond her control, finds herself in the places off the net, from a datahaven in Grenada, to a Singapore under terrorist (terrorism) attack, to the poorest and most disaster-struck part of Africa. The action takes place in 2023–2025 on Galveston, Texas; Atlanta, Georgia (Georgia (U.S. state)); Grenada; an island in the north east coast
for Workers' Control . While Assistant General Secretary of the union and a member of the National Executive Committee of the Labour Party (Labour Party (UK)), he chaired the Labour Party policy group on Industrial Democracy. 20th Century: World War II and Industrial Decline The village continued to produce textiles until the start of World War I, and despite high levels of production during the war, the textile industry never really recovered. However, after the bombing of the SU
'klezmer' musicians. It also intends to exhibit the 14th-century world history of Rashid al-Din (Rashid-al-Din Hamadani), which represents the human form and the prophet Mohammed himself, thought by some strict Muslims to be forbidden. Other performers could include the Senegalese musician Youssou N'dour and the Bangladeshi (British Bangladeshi)-British (United Kingdom) dancer Akram Khan. The Observer understands that the Foreign Office (Foreign and Commonwealth Office) insisted that the festival organisers involved the MCB (Muslim Council of Britain) before they would give them their full backing. As a result, an MCB (Muslim Council of Britain) nominee has been taken on to the festival's board of trustees. One source close to the festival organisers said, “We constantly found our efforts were being blocked and it kept coming back to the MCB and its sympathisers within Whitehall.” Commons:Category:Uzbekistan WikiPedia:Uzbekistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan
). In 1940, he joined the 3rd SS Division Totenkopf in their march into France. The '''Franco-Russian Alliance''' was a military alliance between the French
Urbina ; Diego Noboa; Pedro José de Arteta; Manuel de Ascásubi; and Flores's own son, Antonio Flores Jijón, among others. The conservative Gabriel Garcia Moreno unified the country in the 1860s with the support of the Roman Catholic Church. In the late 19th century, world demand for cocoa (Cocoa bean) tied the economy to commodity exports and led to migrations from the highlands to the agricultural frontier on the coast. Ecuador abolished (Abolition of slavery timeline) slavery (Slavery in Latin America) and freed its black slaves in 1851.