Places Known For

century leading


Shushtar

fell out of use in the late 19th century, leading to the degeneration of the complex system of irrigation. People and culture thumb 250px Shushtar handicrafts (File:Shushtar handicrafts.JPG) The people of Shushtar, called ''Shushtaris'', maintain a unique cultural heritage stretching back to ancient times, and a Persian (Khouzestani Persian) dialect distinct


Midwest City, Oklahoma

;ref name "firehouse.com" City officials worked to revitalize S.E. 29th Street in the early 21st century, leading to the development of a new Town Center Plaza shopping area that faces Interstate 40 and Tinker Air Force Base. Chambers, Kelley. "Candidates face off in Midwest City mayoral election", ''EastWord'', February 23, 2010. The Town Center Plaza development replaced an aging, largely deserted Atkinson Plaza shopping center. In 2003, the Reed Center, a DATE OF BIRTH December 25, 1939 PLACE OF BIRTH Midwest City, Oklahoma, USA DATE OF DEATH January 1, 2003 Career Lindvall was born in Midwest City, Oklahoma to Randall Lindvall, a pharmacist, and Laura Rasdall, a medical technologist and massage therapist (massage). She was raised in Lee's Summit, Missouri and attended Lee's Summit High School. She grew 3 inches from the ages of 13 to 14, and her friends suggested that she try modeling, although it was her sister, Michelle, who wanted to be a model. While doing a local Kansas City (Kansas City, Missouri) fashion show, at age 14, a talent scout spotted her and she signed with IMG (IMG (business)). Notable absences The 1985 Barrie Tornado (The "Barrie" Tornado Outbreak of 1985) that struck (1985 United States-Canadian tornado outbreak) Barrie, Ontario would be listed here, had it struck today. It is not listed, however, since the town's population was under 50,000 at the time (May 31, 1985). The tornado that hit Grand Valley, Ontario is not listed for similar reasons. Similarly, the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak that spawned the deadly F5 tornado which struck Moore (Moore, Oklahoma), Midwest City (Midwest City, Oklahoma), and Oklahoma City is not listed, since those cities had under 50,000 in population as well, and did not reach the downtown core of Oklahoma City. But today, Moore and Midwest City have well over 50,000 people. nationality American (United States) high_school Carl Albert (Midwest City (Midwest City, Oklahoma), Oklahoma) college Oklahoma (Oklahoma Sooners men's basketball) (1989–1994) Principal cities in the district include Midwest City (Midwest City, Oklahoma), Norman (Norman, Oklahoma), Moore (Moore, Oklahoma), Ada (Ada, Oklahoma), Duncan (Duncan, Oklahoma), Lawton Ft. Sill (Lawton, Oklahoma), and Ardmore (Ardmore, Oklahoma).


Ivanovo

Kostroma (102 BMD-1). According to the official historiography of the Soviet Union, a soviet was organized in May 1905 in Ivanovo during the 1905 Russian Revolution. In his memoirs, Volin claims that he witnessed the creation of the St Petersburg Soviet in January 1905. The Russian workers were largely organized at the turn of the 20th century, leading to a government-sponsored Union leadership. In 1905, the Russo-Japanese War increased the strain on Russian industrial production, the workers began to strike and rebel. They represented an autonomous workers movement, one that broke free from the government's oversight of workers unions. Soviets sprang up throughout the industrial centers of Russia, usually organized on the factory level. The soviets disappeared after the Revolution of 1905, but re-emerged under Socialist leadership during the Revolution of 1917. Wikipedia:Ivanovo commons:category:Ivanovo


Zahlé

and writers who were born Zahlé over the past century, leading to its designation as "the City of Wine and Poetry". A graceful personification of this nickname stands at the town's entrance: a statue of Erato, the Muse of love poetry, holding a bunch of grapes. Zahlé's most important cultural event is the "Festival of the Vine", traditionally held each September, during which concerts, plays, poetry evenings and artistic exhibitions are organized daily over the course


Blumenau

State, Southern Brazil. The population in 2006 was estimated to be approximately 298,603. Understand Blumenau and the surrounding regions became home to a large number of German immigrants in the late 19th century, leading to a culture that's distinctly different from the common image of Brazil. After Germans, the second largest ethnic group is Italians. The ''Oktoberfest'' is held every year in October, and is the world's second largest beer festival. It attracts over one million tourists during the sixteen or seventeen days it's held. History thumb One of Blumenau's many German-style buildings (Image:Blumenau Moellmann.jpg) In September 2nd, 1850 the German immigrant Bruno Otto Hermann Blumenau settled on the site of modern-day Blumenau, on the shores of the Itajaí-Açu river. He came with another 17 immigrants and intended to developed a farming colony, but due to the rugged terrain, the development of industries came more natural to the region. Throughout its history, the city suffered many major floods, with severe ones in 1983 and 1984. After some economic stagnation in the 1990s, the city is now thriving again, becoming also one of the major software developing areas in Brazil. At the end of November 2008, the city suffered another major flood caused by 3 months of rain. The rain damaged the entire state of Santa Catarina, but Blumenau went down, with streets full of water, mud, and a lot of landslides which caused dozens of deaths. But with the help of donations from Brazilians across the country and international help from Germany, which donated two hundred thousand euros, the city has been rebuilding. Geography Located in the Itajaí Valley, Blumenau is the 3rd biggest city in Santa Catarina State, with approximately 298,603 inhabitants (2006). The city is in an average altitude of 14 meters above the sea level and its municipality has 510 square kilometers. Get in By bus It is very easy to get to Blumenau by bus. There are several interstate companies with regular lines to Blumenau and region. A trip from São Paulo takes about 10 hours and costs about R$100,00 (US$45,00) one-way. The bus station is open 24 hours a day and has showers free bathrooms and a diner (however those are very old right now and very dirty, and only snacks are available and the bus station whose is very dangerous indeed). It is served by urban buses to PROEB (downtown) and Fortaleza (neighborhood) Terminals. There are also taxis, which would take you downtown for about R$15,00 (US$8,50). Some companies in Blumenau Bus Station: Auto Viação Catarinense (Phone: +55 47 3323-5082) Empresa Nossa Senhora da Penha (Phone: +55 47 3323-3224) Empresa União Transportes (Phone: +55 47 3323-6363) By plane The nearest airport is '''Ministro Victor Konder International Airport''', located 59 km away in Navegantes, with flights only from São Paulo and Porto Alegre. In the airport there buses to take you downtown Blumenau. GOL Linhas Aéreas also has free buses for its costumers. It may be easier to find airplanes to Santa Catarina through the Aeroporto Internacional Hercílio Luz, in Florianópolis (Florianopolis), but from there you must take a bus or a taxi to Florianópolis Bus Station and from there, a bus to Blumenau. Or also take a flight to Curitiba airport (located in the city of São José dos Pinhais) and take a bus from Catarinense Viação Bus company directly without having to go to Curitiba central bus station. You can go to the Bus point called 'Pinherão' located in the center of São José dos Pinhais with is located about 30 min. by foot or 10 Reais by taxi. By car If you are not far away, you can come by car. The main road in the coast of the State is BR-101, but there is no way to get into Blumenau directly through this road. You will have to use either BR-470 (which is very dangerous),or SC-470, known as Rodovia Governador Jorge Lacerda, which goes through the cities of Itajaí, Ilhota and Gaspar. This road is not as fast as BR-470, but it's much safer, has less trucks and it is better illuminated at night. You still have an option, using SC-486, which goes to Brusque, a nearby city, and then from there to Gaspar and Blumenau. If you come from the West (Western Santa Catarina, Northern Rio Grande do Sul, Southwestern Parana, Argentina or Paraguay), you have to take highway BR-282, after Lages, enter to Otacilio Costa and there you'll eventually end up at BR-470, where you'll have to take the East direction, towards Rio do Sul and eventually to Blumenau. Get around On foot Walking in downtown Blumenau may be pleasant from April to December, but avoid walking too much in the summer, as summers tend to be extremely hot and there aren't many trees. The city has many hills and outside downtown you might find some challenging slopes. Sidewalks in Brazil don't have standards and in Blumenau the best are downtown, so in the neighborhoods take some care with them. During the summer it rains almost everyday, but usually in the late afternoon, so it won't really be a problem to stroll around. By taxi Taxis are expensive. By bus The bus system in Blumenau is one of the most efficient in Brazil. The system is run by SETERB and composed by six terminals in different spots of the city: Garcia in the South, Fonte in the Center-South, Velha in the West, Aterro in the Northwest, Fortaleza in the Northeast and PROEB in the Center-North. Inside the terminals you can transfer to another bus without paying extra. The buses are yellow and light blue. Line 33 goes from Fonte-PROEB-Fonte via Beira-rio and Rua 7 de Setembro. One single trip costs R$2,05 (US$1,15), which you pay either when you get in a bus or in the terminals. There is also another kind of bus, the red ones, which are restricted mostly to the downtown area and a little further to the north and south. These buses have air conditioning and more comfortable seats, which may come handy during the summer in the city. They don't stop at bus stops, only in the Garcia and PROEB terminals. To catch one, you just have to lift your arm and make a sign whenever you see it. The fare is a bit more expensive though. Hourly buses to the nearby town of Pomerode, where the annual Festa Pomorana takes place, can be caught on Rua Sete (7) de Septembro, and close to the Blumenau bus terminal Terminal Aterro, further along and on the same side of the road, Rua Eng Udo Deeke, 45 - Salto Norte, Blumenau - SC, 89065100, +55 47 3323-1782. Taxi drivers will offer to take tourists to Pomerode - avoid doing this, as it will be an avoidably expensive trip. The last bus from Pomerode to Blumenau leaves at 10:15PM and can be caught at one of the bus stops along Pomerode's main road. By car Blumenau is not a very easy city to drive. The streets are irregular and in the neighborhoods there aren't many traffic signs. But if you prefer, you can rent a car for a fair price. It's highly recommended to have a map with yourself, as sometimes even the city's population gets lost in town. Downtown there are three main and parallel streets: Avenida Presidente Castelo Branco, known as Beira-Rio (rivershore), Rua XV de Novembro and Rua 7 de Setembro. The three of them get very busy during the rush hour, but traffic is not chaotic overall. Watch out for speed reducers all spread through the city, they limit the speed to 50km h (''31mph''). There are also photo radars in traffic lights. See thumb Carlos Gomes Theater (Image:Teatro Carlos Gomes02.jpg) * WikiPedia:Blumenau Commons:Blumenau


Duchy of Milan

of the republic. In the 14th century, Italy presents itself as divided between the Kingdom of Naples and Sicily (Kingdom of Sicily) in the south, the Papal States in Central Italy, and the Maritime republics in the north. The Duchy of Milan found itself in the focus of European power politics in the 15th century, leading to the drawn-out Italian Wars, which persisted for the best part of the 16th century before giving way to the Early Modern period in Italy (History of Italy (1559–1814)). He was born to Francesco Sforza, a popular condottiero and ally of Cosimo de' Medici who had gained the Duchy of Milan, and Bianca Maria Visconti. He married into the Gonzaga (House of Gonzaga) family; on the death of his first wife Dorotea Gonzaga, he married Bona of Savoy. The '''War of the League of Cognac''' (1526–30) was fought between the Habsburg dominions of Charles V (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor)—primarily Spain (Habsburg Spain) and the Holy Roman Empire—and the League of Cognac, an alliance including France, Pope Clement VII, the Republic of Venice, England (Kingdom of England), the Duchy of Milan and Republic of Florence. History The Battle of Giornico was part of an expansionist policy of the Old Swiss Confederation during the 15th century. The confederation attempted to expand into the southern foothills of the Alps to gain control of both ends of the valuable mountain passes. In November 1478, Uri (Canton of Uri) troops moved south over the Gotthard pass into the Levantina (Leventina (district)) valley. The population of the valley, who had long been opposed to Milan (Duchy of Milan), greeted the Swiss troops as liberators and allies. However, below the valley at Bellinzona, they found the city gates closed. Uri was quickly joined by forces from other Confederation cantons and established a siege camp below the walls of Bellinzona on 30 November 1478. The Duke of Milan responded by sending 10,000 men toward Bellinzona to drive the Confederates back and reassert his control over the Levantina. On 15 May 1702 the Powers of the Grand Alliance (Grand Alliance (League of Augsburg)), led by England and the Dutch Republic, declared war on France and Spain. Emperor Leopold I (Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor) also declared war on the Bourbon powers, but his forces under Prince Eugene (Prince Eugene of Savoy) had already begun hostilities in northern Italy along the Po Valley in an attempt to secure for Austria the Spanish Duchy of Milan. Eugene’s successful 1701 campaign had aroused enthusiasm in England for war against France, and helped Emperor Leopold’s efforts in persuading King William III (William III of England) to send an Allied fleet to the Mediterranean Sea. Count Wratislaw (John Wenceslau Wratislaw von Mitrowitz), the Emperor’s envoy in England, urged that the sight of an Allied fleet in the Mediterranean would effect a revolution in the Spanish province of Naples (Kingdom of Naples); win south Italy from the precarious grip of Philip V (Philip V of Spain); overawe the Francophile Pope Clement XI; and encourage the Duke of Savoy (Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia) – and other Italian princes – to change sides. Trevelyan: ''England Under Queen Anne: Blenheim,'' p. 262 More modestly, Prince Eugene pleaded for a squadron to protect the passage of his supplies from Trieste across the Adriatic (Adriatic Sea).


Timmins

Wikipedia:Timmins


Greater Sudbury

. Mineral exploitation accelerated in the late 19th century, leading to the rise of important mining centres in the northeast like Sudbury (Greater Sudbury), Cobalt (Cobalt, Ontario) and Timmins. The province harnessed its water power to generate hydro-electric power and created the state-controlled Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, later Ontario Hydro. The availability of cheap electric power further facilitated the development of industry. The Ford Motor Company of Canada was established in 1904. General Motors Canada was formed in 1918. The motor vehicle industry would go on to become the most lucrative industry for the Ontario economy during the 20th century. thumb Celebrating V-E Day (File:VEDaySparksStreet1945.jpg) in Ottawa in 1945 - style "text-align:right;" style "text-align:left;" Sudbury (Greater Sudbury) CMA (Whitefish Lake (Whitefish Lake 6, Ontario), Wanapitei Reserve (Wahnapitae First Nation)) 155,601  Rimstead began his journalism career at the age of 11, reporting on local farm births. A high school drop-out, Rimstead would become a seasoned sports reporter, columnist, and writer.


Saginaw, Michigan

thumb 215px A faceoff during the game (Image:OHL-Hockey-Plymouth-Whalers-vs-Saginaw-Spirit.jpg) The 2005-2006 Ontario Hockey League (w:Ontario Hockey League) season kicked off to a start Wednesday night at Wendler arena in The Dow Event Center (w:The Dow Event Center) in Saginaw, Michigan, USA (w:Saginaw, Michigan) with the Saginaw Spirit (w:Saginaw Spirit) hosting the Plymouth Whalers (w:Plymouth Whalers), with over 4,600 people attending. The Whalers won 7 - 2. A high school student is in custody tonight after the alleged shooting of another student in the second floor hallway of a Saginaw (w:Saginaw, Michigan) High School in Michigan (w:Michigan) Thursday. According to Saginaw Public Schools spokesperson Michael Manley, the incident occurred during the lunch period at Saginaw High School (w:Saginaw High School).


Kingdom of Sicily

States in Central Italy, and the Maritime republics in the north. The Duchy of Milan found itself in the focus of European power politics in the 15th century, leading to the drawn-out Italian Wars, which persisted for the best part of the 16th century before giving way to the Early Modern period in Italy (History of Italy (1559–1814)). *The border is made up of 16 different elements: castles and lions to represent the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of León, a flag with the arms of the Crown of Castile and León, and The Cross of Jerusalem to stand for the Kingdom of Jerusalem, whose succession rights passed to the Kingdom of Sicily, and henceforth to the Spanish Crown. *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - Tancred (Tancred of Sicily) (1189–1194) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - Tancred (Tancred of Sicily) (1189–1194) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - Tancred (Tancred of Sicily) (1189–1194) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - Tancred (Tancred of Sicily) (1189–1194) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) ** ''de facto'' - Taira no Munemori (1181–1185) *'''Kara-Khitan Khanate''' ('''Western Liao''') - Yelü Zhilugu (1178–1211) *'''Khmer Empire''' - Jayavarman VII (''Mahaparamasangata''?) (1181-1220?) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Canute I (Canute I of Sweden) (1167–1195) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (''The Lion'') (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Republic of Venice''' - Vital II Michele, Doge of Venice (Vital II Michele) (1156–1172) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Wales''' (List of rulers of Wales) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Wales''' (List of rulers of Wales) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - William I (William I of Scotland) (1165–1214) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) *'''Wales''' (List of rulers of Wales) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William I (William I of Sicily) (1154–1166) *'''Wales''' (List of rulers of Wales) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William I (William I of Sicily) (1154–1166) *'''Wales''' (List of rulers of Wales) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William I (William I of Sicily) (1154–1166) *'''Wales''' (List of rulers of Wales) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William I (William I of Sicily) (1154–1166) *'''Wales''' (List of rulers of Wales) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William I (William I of Sicily) (1154–1166) *'''Wales''' (List of rulers of Wales) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William I (William I of Sicily) (1154–1166) *'''Wales''' (List of rulers of Wales) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William I (William I of Sicily) (1154–1166) *'''Wales''' (List of rulers of Wales) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William I (William I of Sicily) (1154–1166) *'''Wales''' (List of rulers of Wales) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William I (William I of Sicily) (1154–1166) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Eric IX The Saint (Eric IX of Sweden) (1156–1160) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William I (William I of Sicily) (1154–1166) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - William I (William I of Sicily) (1154–1166) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Sverker I (Sverker I of Sweden) (1133–1156) **Malcolm IV (Malcolm IV of Scotland) (1153–1165) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - Roger II (Roger II of Sicily) (1130–1154) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Sverker I (Sverker I of Sweden) (1133–1156) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - David I (David I of Scotland) (1124–1153) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - Roger II (Roger II of Sicily) (1130–1154) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Sverker I (Sverker I of Sweden) (1133–1156) *'''Kingdom of Scotland''' - David I (David I of Scotland) (1124–1153) *'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - Roger II (Roger II of Sicily) (1130–1154) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Sverker I (Sverker I of Sweden) (1133–1156) *'''Kingdom of León''' - Alfonso VII of León and Castile (1126–1157) **'''Kingdom of Sicily''' - Roger II (Roger II of Sicily) (1130–1154) *'''Kingdom of Sweden''' - Sverker the Elder (1130–1156) thumb 300px Conjectural map of a feudal manor (File:Plan mediaeval manor.jpg). The brown areas are part of the '''demesne''', the shaded areas part of the " glebe". The manor house, residence of the lord and location of the manorial court, can be seen in the mid-southern part of the manor In the feudal system the '''demesne''' ( '''Stephen du Perche''' (1137 8–1169) was the chancellor of the Kingdom of Sicily (1166–68) and Archbishop of Palermo (1167–68) during the early regency of his cousin, Queen Margaret of Navarre (1166–71). thumb 300 px Europe, with 12th-century Norman possessions in color, and ''M'' marking points of action of Margaritus of Brindisi (Image:Normans possessions 12century-fr Margaritus of Brindisi.png) '''Margaritus of Brindisi''' (also '''Margarito'''; Italian (Italian language) ''Margaritone'' or Greek (Greek language) ''Megareites'' or ''Margaritoni'' Μαργαριτώνη : c. 1149 – 1197), called '''the new Neptune''', was the last great ''ammiratus ammiratorum (Admiral)'' (Grand Admiral) of Sicily (Kingdom of Sicily). Following in the footsteps of Christodulus, George of Antioch, and Maio of Bari, Margaritus led the fleets of the kingdom in the reigns of William II (William II of Sicily) (1166–1189) and Tancred (Tancred of Sicily) (1189–1194). He probably began as a Greek pirate and gradually rose to the rank of privateer before becoming a permanent admiral of the navy. In 1185, he became the first count palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos (or Zante). In 1192, he became the first count of Malta. He also held the titles of Prince of Taranto and Duke of Durazzo.


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