by road and to the Thai (Thailand) border across the Luang Prabang Range in the southwest. A passport control point is located in the area. Sainyabuli Airport lies in the southwest of the town. There is much evidence of prehistoric habitation, but it wasn't until several small ''mueang'' united to form ''Nanthaburi'' on the Nan river in the mid-14th century - contemporary with the creation of Luang Prabang and the Lan Xang (Million Elephants) kingdom in Laos - that the city became a power to be taken into account. Associated with the mighty Sukhothai (Sukhothai Kingdom) kingdom, the ''mueang'' took the title Wara Nakhon and played a significant part in the development of early Thai nationalism. In 1778, a Laotian mandarin named Phra Wo sought Siamese supports against King Bunsan of Vientiene but was killed by the Laotian king. Taksin then dispatched the troops in 1779 led by the two famous brothers commanders, Phraya Chakri and his brother, Phraya Surasi to subjugate Vientiene. At the same time King Suriyavong of Luang Prabang submitted himself to Thonburi and joined the invasion of Vientiene. King Bunsan fled and hid in the forests but later gave up himself to the Siamese. The Vientiene royal family was deported to Thonburi as hostages. Thonburi forces took two valuable Buddha images, the symbolic icons of Vientiane – the Emerald Buddha and Phra Bang to Thonburi. Then all of the three Laotian kingdoms became Siamese tributaries and remained under Siamese rule for another hundred years. combatant2 20px border (File:Flag of Thailand 1855.svg) Kingdom of Siam (Thailand) commander2 20px border (File:flag of Thailand 1855.svg) King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) 20px border (File:Flag of Laos (1952-1975).svg) Chao Oun Kham (Oun Kham), King of Luang Prabang 20px border (File:flag of Thailand 1855.svg) Field Marshal (List of Thai Field Marshals) Chao Phraya (Thai_royal_and_noble_titles#Chao_Phraya) Surasakmontri (Cherm Saeng-Chuto) strength1 Responding to this serious challenge, in 1874 Chao (wikt:เจ้า) Unkham, ruling prince of Luang Prabang, and the Nguyen monarch Tự Đức, sent a joint army to expel the invaders. However, the force was routed, and Chao Ung, prince of Phuan, was killed. The victorious Haw moved south to sack Vientiane, while Chao Unkham sent urgent appeals for assistance to the Thai monarch, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V). Subsequently, McCarthy travelled to Luang Prabang to consult with the Siamese military commanders and Chao Unkham. Here he learned the Haw had advanced to Muang You, which should have been defended by troops under Phraya (Thai_royal_and_noble_titles#Phraya) Sukhothai. However, this Thai nobleman, being ill with malaria, had withdrawn to Luang Prabang. As a result, the Haw were able to seize the outpost and burn the Siamese stockade. With the onset of the rainy season in June and July, malaria was to prove a more potent foe than the much-feared Haw. In McCarthy's words "the rain poured down steadily, and sickness prevailed." Accordingly, the Siamese troops stationed in the Laos region remained at Luang Prabang or withdrew across the Mekong to Nong Khai. McCarthy travelled to Bangkok to advise King Chulalongkorn of the situation and await the return of the dry winter months (Monsoon#Northeast monsoon). right thumb 350px The main street which runs down Pakbeng (Image:Pakbeng.jpg) '''Pakbeng''' is a small village in Laos, located on the Mekong River (Mekong) about halfway between the Thai (Thailand) border at Huay Xai (Ban Houayxay) and Luang Prabang, Laos. Pakbeng is connected by a sealed road with Oudomxai along the Nam Beng river. Geography The town is a major stop for the boats running from Luang Prabang to Huay Xai; the slow boats which run between Huay Xai and Luang Prabang over a period of two days spend the night moored in Pakbeng. There are several small guesthouses that usually have attached restaurants, a sauna, and many local hilltribes living close by. Groceries can be purchased for when you want to continue down the Mekong. Many foreign tourists passing through the village may partake in the small (illegal) trade in both marijuana (Cannabis (drug)) and opium has been a part of the culture for thousands of years. Before kidnapping her, the boy must first give a gift to the girl whom he wants to marry. After a couple of days, the boy can then kidnap the girl. If the boy has never given a gift to the girl, she is allowed to refuse and go back home with any family member who comes to save her. It should be noted that this is an old tradition that is rarely practiced today. The parents are not notified at the time of the kidnapping, but an envoy from the boy's clan is sent to inform them of the whereabouts of their daughter and her safety (fi xov). This envoy tells the girl's family the boy's background and asks what the girl's background is. For example, the envoy may tell the girl's family that the groom is from a Stripe Hmong family from Luang Prabang, Laos; the bride's parents reply that they are Moob Leej Mong Leng from Nong Het, Xieng Khouang (Xiangkhouang Province), Laos. Before the new couple enters the groom's house, the father performs a blessing ritual, asking the ancestors to accept her into the household (Lwm qaib). The head of the household moves the chicken in a circular motion around the couple's head. The girl is not allowed to visit anyone's house for three days after this. The epicenter (w:epicenter) was reported to be 165 km 105 miles west, northwest of Luang Prabang (w:Luang Prabang), Laos (w:Laos) at a depth of 38.1 km 23.7 miles . The quake was located just north of the town Chiang Rai provincial. Commons:Category:Luang Prabang
June 1995), born '''Marcel Ntsoni''', was a Congolese novelist, short-story writer, playwright, and poet. Though he was only 47 when he died, Tansi remains one of the most prolific African writers and the most internationally renowned practitioner of the "New African Writing."
in Singapore, Riau, Indonesia and Rotterdam. The last executions of people convicted as witches in Europe took place in the 18th century. In the Kingdom of Great Britain, witchcraft ceased to be an act punishable by law with the Witchcraft Act of 1735. In Germany (18th century history of Germany), sorcery remained punishable by law into the late 18th century. Contemporary witch-hunts are reported from Sub-Saharan Africa, India and Papua New Guinea
small ''mueang'' united to form ''Nanthaburi'' on the Nan river in the mid-14th century - contemporary with the creation of Luang Prabang and the Lan Xang (Million Elephants) kingdom in Laos - that the city became a power to be taken into account. Associated with the mighty Sukhothai (Sukhothai Kingdom) kingdom, the ''mueang'' took the title Wara Nakhon and played a significant part in the development of early Thai nationalism. The '''Golden Triangle''' ( Commons:Category:Laos
punishable by law into the late 18th century. Contemporary witch-hunts are reported from Sub-Saharan Africa, India and Papua New Guinea. Official legislation against witchcraft is still found in Saudi Arabia and Cameroon. right thumb A 2003 plot twist has Speaker of the United States House of Representatives House Speaker (Image:Westwing actingpresident.jpg) Glen Allen Walken (John Goodman) become Acting President (Acting President of the United States) when
presidential salute . '' The bomb was found on the side of a road near the village of Forkhill (w:Forkhill) in County Armagh (w:County Armagh), Northern Ireland (w:Northern Ireland), close to the border with the Republic of Ireland (w:Republic of Ireland). It was defused by an expert bomb disposal team from the Irish Army (w:Irish Army). The explosives were home-made and weighed 600 lb (270 kg). It is believed that the bomb was planted there by dissident republicans. On Saturday, 67% of Irish (w:Republic of Ireland) voters favored the European Union's (w:European Union) (EU) Lisbon Treaty (w:Treaty of Lisbon) which now requires approval from the presidents of the Czech Republic (w:Czech Republic) and Poland (w:Poland) for ratification (w:ratification). A car, thought to have been used for the get-away, has been found burnt out just over the border in the Republic of Ireland (w:Republic of Ireland). Mr Kee and the Irish Minister for Foreign Affairs Micheál Martin (w:Micheál Martin) have asked for any witnesses to contact the Gardai (w:Gardai) or the PSNI immediately.
to a seminomadic (nomadic) lifestyle. The last executions of people convicted as witches in Europe took place in the 18th century. In the Kingdom of Great Britain, witchcraft ceased to be an act punishable by law with the Witchcraft Act of 1735. In Germany (18th century history of Germany), sorcery remained punishable by law into the late 18th century. Contemporary witch-hunts are reported from Sub-Saharan Africa, India and Papua New Guinea. Official legislation against