Bács-Bodrog County

, ) was the administrative county (comitatus (Comitatus (Kingdom of Hungary))) of the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary from the 18th century to 1918. Its territory is currently in northern Serbia (western Vojvodina) and southern Hungary. The capital of the county was Zombor (Sombor) (Serbian: ''Sombor''). Name The county was named after two older counties: Bács (Serbian: Bač) and Bodrog (Serbian: Bodrog

was 10,362 km² around 1910. History Bács county arose as one of the first comitatus of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, in the 11th century. Bodrog county was also formed in the 11th century. http: lazarus.elte.hu ~mihalyi proba Hungary%201038%20domb.jpg The area was taken by the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century http: lazarus.elte.hu ~mihalyi proba Hungary%201568%20domb.jpg and two

Roman Catholic Diocese of Sion

or Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church -- rite Latin established 4th century cathedral Cathédrale Notre-Dame du Glarier (Sion Cathedral) cocathedral patron patron_title priests pope

destroyed by Emperor Maximinus (Maximinus II) at the beginning of the 4th century. At first the new diocese was a suffragan of the archdiocese of Vienne; later it became suffragan of Tarentaise. In 589 the bishop, St. Heliodorus, transferred the see to Sion, leaving the low-lying, flood-prone site of Octodurum, where the Drance joins the Rhone (Rhone River). Though frequently the early bishops were also abbots of Saint-Maurice, the monastic community was jealously watchful

-1496) to flee from the diocese. In 1428-1447, the Valais witch trials raged through the area. Sion and the district of the Valais were constantly drawn into wider struggles. Walter II of Supersaxo (1457-1482) had taken part in the battles of the Swiss against Charles the Bold of Burgundy and his ally, the Duke of Savoy, and in 1475 they drove the House of Savoy from Lower Valais. Linked to the Old Swiss Confederacy since the 15th century, the Valais region was for long divided


29013a.html accessdate March 24, 2014 The city is centered on its main plaza, called Parque Juárez (Juarez Park), which contains gardens and a kiosk from the beginning of the 20th century. The blocks around it conserve

many historic buildings from the colonial period up through the Porfirio Diáz era, with simple facades and iron-railed balconies. For this reason and the celebrations related to Our Lady of Charity in August, the city has been named a “Pueblo Mágico.” The main colonial era constructions are the parish of San Luis Obispo and the former monastery of the same name, both of which were begun in the 16th century and named after Huamantla’s patron saint, Louis of Toulouse

Xochitiotzin , a reproduction of the Huamantla Codex (Codex Huamantla) and a photographic collection. Modern Mexican puppetry is traced to Huamantla, especially to the Rosete Aranda family which began their traveling puppet show in 1850, which lasted over a century. Today, the city is home to the Rosete Aranda National Puppet Museum, the only one of its kind in Latin America, located in a former mansion facing the main square. <

Cuenca, Spain

captured the area in 714, they soon realized the value of this strategic location and they built a fortress (called '''Kunka''') between two gorges dug between the Júcar and Huécar rivers, surrounded by a 1&nbsp;km-long wall. Cuenca soon became an agricultural and textile manufacturing city, enjoying growing prosperity. Around the 12th century the Christians, living in northern Spain during the Muslim presence, started to slowly recover the Iberian peninsula. Castile took over

-Norman style, with many French workers, since Alfonso VIII's wife, Leonor de Plantagenet, was French. During the 18th century the textile industry (Textile) declined, especially when Carlos IV (Charles IV of Spain) forbade this activity in Cuenca in order to prevent competition with the Real Fábrica de Tapices (Royal Tapestry Factory), and Cuenca's economy declined, thus losing population dramatically (5,000 inhabitants). During the independence war against Napoleon (Napoleon I of France)'s

troops the city suffered great destruction, and it made the crisis worse. The city lost population, with only around 6,000 inhabitants, and only the arrival of railroads in the 19th century, together with the timber industry (Logging), were able to boost Cuenca moderately, and population increased as a result to reach 10,000 inhabitants. In 1874, during the Third Carlist War, Cuenca was taken over by Carlist troops, supporters of Infante Carlos, Count of Molina Carlos María Isidro


boundaries shown in dark red. It is believed that the city was founded in 212 AD by Alani (Alans) settlers on the territory of the Bosporan Kingdom. Merchants from the Roman Empire founded '''Sougdaea''', in Greek (Greek language) ''Σουγδαία'' (a reference to Sogdia (Sogdiana)) in the 3rd century. In the 6th century, the Eastern Roman (Byzantine Empire) Emperor Justinian I ordered the construction of a fortress. The Khazars attacked

in the 7th century, giving it the name ''Suğdaq''. The Life of St. Stefan of Surozh ( . describes the 8th-century town as a dependency of the Byzantine Empire. Around the start of the 9th century, it was supposedly

that the Khazars retained the town from the early 800s until 1016, when the Byzantines finally defeated the Khazar warlord Georgeios Tsulo (Georgius Tzul). Afterwards, the town seems to have preserved some sort of autonomy within the Byzantine Empire. From the 9th century until around the 12th century, there were important trade exchanges between the then Surozh and the Kievan Rus'. It became an important location for trading on the Silk Road in the 12th and 13th centuries


, but had declined by the 4th century. Rebuilt by the Byzantine emperor Leo I (Leo I (emperor)) (r. 457–474 AD) in 466, it was named '''Leontopolis''' (Λεοντόπολις or "city of Leon") after him, but the name Kallinikos prevailed. The city played an important role in the Byzantine Empire's relation with Sassanid Persia and the wars (Byzantine–Sasanian wars) fought between two states. By treaty, it was recognized as one of the few official cross-border

the city, during his retreat from an abortive expedition to capture Ctesiphon. In the 6th century, Kallinikos became a center of Assyrian monasticism (Syriac Christianity). Dayra d'Mār Zakkā, or the Saint Zacchaeus Monastery, situated on Tall al-Bi'a, became renowned. A mosaic inscription there is dated to the year 509, presumably from the period of the foundation of the monastery. Daira d'Mār Zakkā is mentioned by various sources up to the 10th century

. The second important monastery in the area was the Bīzūnā monastery or 'Dairā d-Esţunā', the 'monastery of the column'. The city became one of the main cities of the historical Diyār Muḍar, the western part of the Jazīra (Al-Jazira, Mesopotamia). In the 9th century, when ar-Raqqah served as capital of the western half of the Abbasid Caliphate, this monastery became the seat of the List of Syriac Orthodox Patriarchs of Antioch Syriac Patriarch of Antioch

Neo-Assyrian Empire

on Earth, successfully eclipsing Babylonia, Egypt (Ancient Egypt), Urartu and Elam for dominance of the Near East, Asia Minor, Caucasus, North Africa and east Mediterranean, though not until the reforms of Tiglath-Pileser III in the 8th century BC

emerged in the 21st century BC, and largely evolved from the dissolution of the Akkadian Empire. In the Old Assyrian period of the Early Bronze Age, Assyria had been a kingdom of northern Mesopotamia (modern-day northern Iraq), competing for dominance initially with the Hattians and Hurrians of Asia Minor, and the ancient Sumero-Akkadian "city states" such as Isin, Ur and Larsa, and later with Babylonia which was founded by Amorites

in 1894 BC, and often under Kassite rule. During the 20th century BC, it established colonies in Asia Minor, and under the 20th century BC King Ilushuma, Assyria conducted many successful raids against the states of the south. It had experienced fluctuating fortunes in the Middle Assyrian period. Assyria had a period of empire under Shamshi-Adad I in the late 19th to mid-18th centuries BC, following this it found itself under short periods of Babylonian and Mitanni- Hurrian

Kingdom of Nri

may be divided into six main periods: the pre-Eri period (before 948 CE), the Eri period (948—1041 CE), migration and unification (1042—1252 CE), the heyday of Nri hegemony (1253—1679 CE), hegemony decline and collapse (1677—1936 CE) and the Socio-culture Revival (1974—Present). Onwuejeogwu (1981), page 22 Foundation 300px thumb Eastern Hemisphere at the end of the 9th century AD showing Nri and other civilizations. (File:East-Hem 900ad.jpg) Archaeological evidence

suggests that Nri hegemony in Igboland may go back as far as the 9th century, Hrbek, page 254 and royal burials have been unearthed dating to at least the 10th century. Eri, the god-like founder of Nri, is believed to have settled the region around 948, with other related Igbo cultures following after in the 13th century. Lovejoy, page 62

century, Nri influence extended well beyond the nuclear northern Igbo region to Igbo settlements on the west bank of the Niger and communities affected by the Benin Empire. There is strong evidence to indicate Nri influence well beyond the Igbo region to Benin and Southern Igala areas like Idah. At its height, the kingdom of Nri had influence over roughly a third of Igboland and beyond. It reached its furthest extent between 1100 and 1400.<


After Roman withdrawal from Britain year_start 5th century event1 First union with Gwent date_event1 942-974 event_end Second union with Gwent year_end 1063 p1 Roman Britain flag_p1 Roman SPQR banner.svg p2 Glywysing#Morgannwg s1 Glywysing#Morgannwg flag_s1 image_coat symbol_type capital Cardiff latd 53 latm 14 latNS N longd 4 longm 1 longEW W common_languages Old Welsh Old&nbsp;Welsh

). Koch, John T. ''Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia'' ABC-CLIO Ltd (15 Mar 2006) ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0 p.1312 According to 12th-century sources, after the death of Glywys, the kingdom was divided into seven cantrefs named for his sons: Carver, Martin ''The cross goes north: processes of conversion in northern Europe, AD 300-1300'' Boydell Press; New edition (26 Jan 2006) ISBN 978-1-84383-125-9 p.125 Cydweli, Gwyr, Margam

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