Places Known For



Pantazi ) is the capital city of Giurgiu County, Romania, in Muntenia. It is situated amid mud-flats and marshes on the left bank of the Danube facing the Bulgarian city of Ruse (Ruse, Bulgaria) on the opposite bank. Three small islands face the city, and a larger one shelters its port, Smarda. The rich grain-growing land to the north is traversed by a railway to Bucharest, the first line opened

George ), however Nicolae Iorga disputes this theory, arguing that Giurgiu is just an old Romanian form of George. It was first mentioned

in the Ottoman Empire entered service in 1856; these were the Cairo-Alexandria line (1856) and the İzmir-Aydın line (1856), the latter being operated by the Oriental Railway Company. They were followed by the Köstence (Constanța)-Boğazköy (Cernavodă) railway line (1860); the Smyrne Cassaba & Prolongements (1863) which operated between İzmir, Afyon and Bandırma; the Rusçuk (Ruse, Bulgaria)–Varna railway line (1866); the Bükreş (Bucharest)- Giurgiu Yergöğü

Râmnicu Vâlcea

movies or cartoons (one of the ways cable companies advertised was the availability of a cartoon channel, Cartoon Network (Cartoon Network (Europe)), appealing to children, which in turn would appeal to their parents). The first two companies to provide CATV were Multicanal in Bucharest and Timiş Cablu in Timişoara, both out of business today. Many small, startup firms gradually grew, and coverage increased (coverage wars were frequent in the early period, with many cable boxes smashed

, and new cable networks offering "half off for twice the channels" and immediately wiring the building for any willing persons). However, this period soon ended, with consolidation around 1995-1996. Some large companies emerged: Kappa and RCS in Bucharest, Astral in Cluj (Cluj-Napoca), UPC in Timişoara, TourImex in Râmnicu Vâlcea. This consolidation came with gentlemen agreements over areas of control and pricing, with claims of monopoly abounding. This process of consolidation

-used Interregional (former accelerat) routes such as Bucharest–Predeal. Desiro trainsets have also been introduced on medium-distance Interregional routes in Transylvania and Moldavia (Iași – Vatra Dornei). Longer-distance Interregional trains often have couchettes, and sleepers started to be added again to consists after a lengthy absence. Dining cars are never used on these trains. Currently (2010 schedule), many short and medium distance routes (such as Bucharest–Craiova


is the chief commercial city west of Bucharest and the most important city of Oltenia. The city prospered as a regional trading centre despite an earthquake in 1790, a plague in 1795, and a Turkish (Ottoman Empire) assault in 1802 during which it was burned. Eight villages are administered by the city: Făcăi, Mofleni, Popoveni, Șimnicu de Jos, Cernele, Cernelele de Sus, Izvoru Rece and Rovine. The last four were a separate commune called ''Cernele'' until 1996, when they were merged

declined due to economic pressures and increased centralism (Centralized government), partly leading to an increase in ''hajduk'' actions, in parallel with protests of Craiovan boyars. In 1761, under Prince Constantine Mavrocordatos, the ''bans'' relocated to Bucharest, leaving behind ''kaymakams'' to represent them in Craiova. Under Prince Emanuel Giani Ruset, Wallachia's seat was moved to Craiova (1770–1771), viewed as a place of refuge during the Russo-Turkish War, 1768

-1774 Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774 . A large part of the city was burned down by the rebel pasha Osman Pazvantoğlu in 1800. During the Wallachian uprising of 1821, inhabitants of the present-day Dolj County joined Tudor Vladimirescu's Pandurs (Vladimirescu's Pandurs) in great numbers, contributing to the expedition on Bucharest. During the first two decades of the 19th century, Craiova witnessed economic prosperity, centered on handicraft trades and public services


; ref population_density_km2 auto website ) is a city in Romania, located on the Argeș River. The capital and largest city of Argeș County, it is an important commercial and industrial center, as well as the home of two universities. Pitești is situated on the A1 freeway (A1 freeway (Romania)) connecting it directly to the national capital Bucharest, being an important railway

was subsequently one of the temporary residences of Wallachian Princes. Due to its positioning on the junction of major European routes (and its proximity to the Saxon (Transylvanian Saxons) markets in Hermannstadt (Sibiu), Transylvania), the city originally developed as an important commercial center. Andrei Oțetea, ''The History of the Romanian People'', Editura Științifică, Bucharest, 1970, p.446 By the late 14th century, it became

, ''Establishing Dress History'', Manchester University Press, Manchester, 2004, p.20. ISBN 0-7190-6639-5 The town was an important location for events relating to the last stage of the Wallachian uprising of 1821 and the first stages of the Greek War of Independence: it was here that, in late spring 1821, the Wallachian rebel leader Tudor Vladimirescu settled after retreating from Bucharest. His departure raised suspicion from his Eterist (Filiki Eteria) allies


as well as by members of the Mountain Police. At the entrance to the Cumpătu district, one can find the “Sinaia alder-tree grove” botanical reservation placed under the protection of the Romanian Academy and the Bucharest Biology Institute. In the same district, there is also another ecological research station under the patronage of UNESCO – Jacques-Yves Cousteau, belonging to the University of Bucharest, which also includes a museum of Bucegi Mountains fauna

Pearson first Owen title Albania in Occupation and War: From Fascism to Communism 1940–1945 publisher I.B.Tauris year 2006 pages 436 isbn 1-84511-104-4 He was buried in the Lutheran (Lutheranism) church in Bucharest. death_date death_date

'''InterCity''' (IC) is CFR's premier train type and is used for daytime express services between major cities, as well as shuttle services between Bucharest and the Black Sea coast and the Carpathian mountain

Roman, Romania

right 200px The Roman Vodă College building Roman became a railway hub in the 19th century, when the second railway in Romania was opened in December 1869, from Roman to Suceava (Iţcani (Suceava North railway station)). One year later, on December 27, 1870, The Bucharest-Galaţi-Roman railway was also opened, linking Roman to the capital via Mărășești, Tecuci, Galaţi, Brăila and Buzău. Right after the inauguration, this railway was closed due to technical problems

28823 1948 23701 1956 27948 1966 39012 1977 51132 1992 80328 2002 69483 2011 50713 Roman is located in north-eastern Romania, in Neamț County, in the historic region of Moldavia, at the mouth of the Moldova River, a tributary to the Siret (Siret River). The nearest large city is Bacău, 40 km away on DN2 and on the Suceava-Bucharest railway (Căile Ferate Române Line 500); Piatra Neamț, the county capital, is 50 km away and Iași

- Thessaloniki – Katerini - Larissa – Lamia (Lamia (city)) – Athens … Chania – Heraklion – Agios Nikolaos (Agios Nikolaos, Crete) – Sitia *35px link European route E85 (File:Tabliczka E85.svg) - : Klaipėda – Kaunas – Vilnius – Lida – Slonim – Kobryn – Dubno — Ternopil — Chernivtsi —Siret – Suceava – Roman (Roman, Romania) – Urziceni – Bucharest – Giurgiu – Ruse


is easily accessible from all parts of Romania due to its position in the centre of the country and its road network. The city is located on the national road running from Bucharest to Oradea and then crossing the Hungarian border to Budapest. Therefore, most public coach services running between Budapest and Bucharest via Oradea stop at Aiud. Railways Aiud is an important railway hub and is served frequently by CFR (Caile Ferate Române) national trains. It is located

on the main line from Oradea to Bucharest via Cluj-Napoca. Consequently, there are 46 trains passing daily through Aiud (with very frequent connections to main cities), to and from the following main cities: * Cluj-Napoca - 18 trains daily * Alba Iulia - 10 trains daily * Braşov, Sighişoara and Ploieşti - 5 trains daily * Bucharest, Deva (Deva, Romania), Târgu Mureş and Timişoara - 4 trains daily * Sibiu - 3 trains daily * Oradea, Huedin, Arad (Arad, Romania), Satu

Metropolitan (Metropolitan bishop) of Rostov, refugee at Cernica (Cernica Monastery)), hieromonk Benedict Ghius, hieromonk Sofian Boghiu, Prof. Alex. Mironescu, poet Vasile Voiculescu, architect Constantin Joja, father Andrei Scrima, Ion Marin Sadoveanu. The group, gathering regularly at the Cernica (Cernica Monastery) and Antim (Antim Monastery) monasteries, constitutes a rejuvenation of the Christian life in Bucharest. In 1946 he was asked by Metropolitan Nicolae Bălan, under


government_type Unitary (Unitary state) semi-presidential (Semi-presidential system) republic capital latd 44 latm 25 latNS N longd 26 longm 06 longEW E largest_city capital leader_title1 President (President of Romania) leader_name1 Klaus Iohannis leader_title2 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of Romania) leader_name2 Victor Ponta leader_title3 President of the Senate of Romania President of the Senate

Union . Its capital and largest city, Bucharest, is the sixth largest city (Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits) in the European Union. Modern Romania emerged within the territories of the ancient Roman (Roman Empire) province of Dacia (Roman Dacia), and was formed in 1859 through a personal union (United Principalities) of the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially named ''Romania'' since 1866, gained

the original ethnolinguistic meaning. After the abolition of serfdom in 1746, the word ''rumân'' gradually fell out of use and the spelling stabilised to the form ''român''. In his well known literary testament Ienăchiță Văcărescu writes: "Urmașilor mei Văcărești! Las


pavements in the world. In 1878, after the Romanian War of Independence, Constanța and the rest of Northern Dobruja were ceded by the Ottoman Empire to Romania. The city became Romania's main seaport and transit point for much of Romania's exports. On October 22, 1916 (during World War I), the Central Powers (German, Turkish and Bulgarian troops) occupied Constanța. According to the Treaty of Bucharest (Treaty of Bucharest, 1918) in May 1918, article 10.b (a treaty

. After Bucharest, the capital city, Romania has a number of major cities that are roughly equal in size: Constanța, Iași, Cluj-Napoca and Timișoara (Timişoara). The metropolitan area of Constanța (Constanţa metropolitan area) has a permanent population of 387,593 inhabitants, i.e. 61% of the total population of the county, and a minimum average of 120,000 per day, tourists or seasonal workers, transient people during the high tourist season

. class "wikitable" - ! Ethnicity ! 1853 Robert Stănciugel and Liliana Monica Bălașa, ''Dobrogea în Secolele VII-XIX. Evoluție istorică'', Bucharest, 2005; pg. 202 ! 1896 Lucian Boia, History and Myth in Romanian Consciousness, Central European University Press, 2001, p. 182 ! 1912 Ioan N Roman, ''La population de la Dobrogea d'après le recensement du 1er janvier 1913'' in ''La Dobrogea Roumaine'', Bucharest, 1919 ref>


http: stiri-esential-11436960-harta-interactiva-cum-schimbat-ierarhia-marilor-orase-din-tara-mai-ramas-doar-doua-orase-provincie-populatia-peste-300-000-locuitori.htm title Cum s-a schimbat ierarhia marilor orașe din țară. Au mai rămas doar două orașe de provincie cu populația de peste 300.000 de locuitori date 6 February 2012 accessdate 2012-02-14 publisher '''' language Romanian after the national capital Bucharest, and the seat

of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country. Geographically, it is roughly equidistant from Bucharest ( ). Located in the Someșul Mic River valley, the city is considered the unofficial capital to the historical province (Historical regions of Romania) of Transylvania. From 1790 to 1848 and from 1861 to 1867, it was the official capital of the Grand

Națiunii Române language Romanian The party eventually moved its main offices to Bucharest and fell into decline as its leadership joined the ideologically similar PRM (Greater Romania Party). In 2008, the ''Institute for Research on National Minorities'', subordinated to the Romanian Government, opened its official headquarters in Cluj-Napoca.

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