Places Known For

bringing large


Palenque, Chiapas

date March 30, 2011 url http: www.gobiernodigital.inah.gob.mx mener index.php?id 28 language Spanish trans_title INAH will apply operations in archeological zones for equinox accessdate April 30, 2011 Each year, the municipality, along with other government agencies, put in place extra security measures during Holy Week (Holy Week in Mexico), as this is a major vacation period in Mexico, bringing large numbers of visitors to the area. Extra safeguards are also put into place to protect the ruins at the Palenque site as well. While migration of people into the lowland rainforests had been going on since the 1930s, it accelerated in the 1960s and 1970s, as there was high population growth in the highlands areas. The government encouraged people, especially the indigenous, to move to the lowlands and claim lands there. During the 20th century, the population of municipalities in this area, such as Altamirano (Altamirano, Chiapas), Las Margaritas (Las Margaritas, Chiapas), Ocosingo and Palenque (Palenque, Chiapas) has risen from 11,000 in 1920 to over 376,000 in 2000. In 1990, a World Bank study declared that the following decade would make or break the Lacandon Selva's chances for survival as the rainforest had been "reduced to the minimum size essential for the integrity of its ecosystem." The destruction of the jungle has been such that satellite photos show the Mexico-Guatemalan border where the deforestation on the Mexican side stops.


Cape Verde

, Zambia, Zimbabwe thumb Coca-Cola sales booth on the Cape Verde (File:Cabo Verde Fogo CokeBooth.JPG) island of Fogo (Fogo, Cape Verde) in 2004. African slavery had existed long before Europeans discovered it as an exploitable means of creating an inexpensive labour force for the colonies. Europeans brought transportation technology to the practise, bringing large numbers of African slaves to the Americas by sail. Spain and Portugal had brought African slaves to work at African colonies such as Cape Verde and the Azores, and then Latin America, by the 16th century. The British, French and Dutch joined in the slave trade in subsequent centuries. Ultimately, around 11 million Africans were taken to the Caribbean and North and South America as slaves by European colonizers.


Russian Empire

, while Nicholas was visiting Japan during his eastern journey (Eastern journey of Nicholas II). Background Before opening ceremonies in Vladivostok marking the start of construction of the Trans-Siberian Railroad, Tsarevich Nicholas made an official visit to Japan. The Russian Pacific Fleet with the Tsarevich first called on Kagoshima (Kagoshima, Kagoshima), then Nagasaki (Nagasaki, Nagasaki), and then Kobe. From Kobe, the Tsarevich journeyed overland to Kyoto, where he was met by a delegation headed by Prince Arisugawa Taruhito. As this was the first visit by such an important foreign prince to Japan since those of Prince Heinrich of Prussia in 1880 and two British princes in HMS ''Bacchante'' (HMS Bacchante (1876)) in 1881, and as the military influence of the Russian Empire was growing rapidly in the far east, the Japanese government placed heavy emphasis on using this visit to foster better Russo-Japanese relations (Empire of Japan – Russian Empire relations). Nicholas showed interest in the Japanese traditional crafts, got a a dragon tattoo on his right arm, Keene, ''Emperor of Japan, Meiji and His World'', pp.446. Nikolai had read Pierre Loti's ''Madame Butterfly'' before arriving in Nagasaki, and in imitation of Loti had a dragon tattooed on his right arm on May 4 in a painful operation that took 7 hours, from 9 PM to 4 AM. and bought an ornamental hairpin (Kanzashi) for a Japanese girl who happened to be near him. right 225px thumb To contribute to the emergence of a society in which development will supplant stagnation, in which growth will take the place of decay, and in which culture will put an end to barbarism is the noblest, and, indeed, the only true function of intellectual endeavor. (File:Wheat close-up.JPG) '''Paul Alexander Baran (w:Paul Alexander Baran)''' (25 August 1909, Mykolaiv (w:Mykolaiv),Russian Empire (w:Russian Empire), today Ukraine (w:Ukraine) – 26 March 1964, Palo Alto (w:Palo Alto, California), USA (w:United States of America)) was an American economist (w:economics) known for his Marxist (w:Marxist) views. In 1951 Baran was promoted to full professor at Stanford University (w:Stanford University) and Baran was the only tenured Marxian economist (w:Marxian economist) in the United States until his death in 1964. right thumb w:Mark Kac Mark Kac (File:Mark Kac.jpg) Where there is independence there must be the normal law. '''Mark Kac (w:Mark Kac)''' (pronounced ''kahts'', Polish (w:Polish Language): ''Marek Kac'', b. 3 August 1914, Krzemieniec (w:Krzemieniec), Russian Empire (w:Russian Empire), now in Ukraine (w:Ukraine); d. 26 October 1984, California (w:California), USA (w:USA)) was a Polish (w:Poles) mathematician. Kac completed his Ph.D. in mathematics at the Polish University of Lwów (w:University of Lwów) in 1937 under the direction of Hugo Steinhaus (w:Hugo Steinhaus).


Soviet Union

to Israel . Prior to this, Jews trying to leave the USSR faced persecution (Refusenik (Soviet Union)); those who succeeded arrived as refugees. Over the next few years some one million Soviet citizens migrated to Israel. Although there was concern that some of the new immigrants had only a very tenuous connection to Judaism, and many were accompanied by non-Jewish relatives, this massive wave of migration slowly transformed Israel, bringing large numbers of highly educated Soviet Jews and creating a powerful Russian culture in Israel. Communist successes in 1947–1948 enabled them to move freely over much of mainland Greece, but with extensive reorganization, the deportation of rural populations and American material support, the National Army was slowly able to regain control over most of the countryside. In 1949, the insurgents suffered a major blow, as Yugoslavia closed its borders following the split (Tito–Stalin split) between Marshal Josip Broz Tito with the Soviet Union. Finally, in August 1949, the National Army under Marshal Alexander Papagos launched an offensive that forced the remaining insurgents to surrender or flee across the northern border into the territory of Greece's northern Communist neighbors. The civil war resulted in 100,000 killed and caused catastrophic economic disruption. In addition, at least 25,000 Greeks and an unspecified number of Macedonian Slavs (Macedonians (ethnic group)) were either voluntarily or forcibly evacuated to Eastern bloc countries, while 700,000 became displaced persons inside the country. Many more emigrated to Australia and other countries. Enver Hoxha and Mehmet Shehu emerged as communist leaders in Albania. They began to concentrate primarily on securing and maintaining their power base by killing all their political adversaries, and secondarily on preserving Albania's independence and reshaping the country according to the precepts of Stalinism so they could remain in power. Albania became an ally of the Soviet Union, but this came to an end in 1956 over the advent of de-Stalinization. A strong political alliance with China followed, leading to several billion dollars in aid, which was curtailed after 1974. China cut off aid in 1978 when Albania attacked its policies after the death of the Chinese ruler Mao Zedong. Large-scale purges of officials occurred during the 1970s. Albania and the Soviet Union Albania became dependent on Soviet aid and know-how after the break with Yugoslavia in 1948. In February 1949, Albania gained membership in the communist bloc's organization for coordinating economic planning, the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (Comecon). Tirana soon entered into trade agreements with Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and the Soviet Union. Soviet and East European technical advisers took up residence in Albania, and the Soviet Union also sent Albania military advisers and built a submarine installation on Sazan Island. After the Soviet-Yugoslav split, Albania and Bulgaria were the only countries the Soviet Union could use to funnel war material to the communists fighting in Greece. What little strategic value Albania offered the Soviet Union, however, gradually shrank as nuclear arms technology developed. Albania and China Albania played a role in the Sino-Soviet conflict far outweighing either its size or its importance in the communist world. By 1958 Albania stood with the People's Republic of China Albania: From Anarchy to a Balkan IdentityISBN 1-85065-279-1,by Miranda Vickers & James Pettifer, 1999,page 210,"with the split in the world communist movement it moved into a close relationship with China" in opposing Moscow on issues of peaceful coexistence, de-Stalinization, and Yugoslavia's "separate road to socialism" through decentralization of economic life. The Soviet Union, other East European countries, and China all offered Albania large amounts of aid. Soviet leaders also promised to build a large Palace of Culture in Tirana as a symbol of the Soviet people's "love and friendship" for the Albanians. But despite these gestures, Tirana was dissatisfied with Moscow's economic policy toward Albania. Hoxha and Shehu apparently decided in May or June 1960 that Albania was assured of Chinese support, and they openly sided with the PRC when sharp polemics erupted between the PRC and the Soviet Union. Ramiz Alia, at the time a candidate-member of the Politburo and Hoxha's adviser on ideological questions, played a prominent role in the rhetoric. Mikhail Gorbachev had appeared in the Soviet Union with new policies (glasnost and perestroika). The totalitarian regime was pressured by the US and Europe and also by the hate of its own people. After Nicolae Ceauşescu (the communist leader of Romania) was executed in a revolution, Alia knew that he would be next if changes were not made. He signed the Helsinki Agreement (which was signed by other countries in 1975) that respected some human rights. He allowed pluralism under the enormous pressure from students and workers. Under Alia's regime, the first pluralist elections took place since the communists assumed power in Albania. Alia's party won the election of March 31, 1991. http: muse.jhu.edu journals journal_of_democracy election_watch v002 index.html Nevertheless, it was clear that the change would not be stopped. Pursuant to a April 29, 1991 interim basic law, Albanians ratified a constitution in 1998, establishing a democratic system of government based upon the rule of law and guaranteeing the protection of fundamental human rights. Various connotations * The Soviet Union created homelands for some minorities in the 1920s, including the Volga German ASSR and the Jewish Autonomous Oblast. In the case of the Volga German ASSR, these homelands were later abolished and their inhabitants deported to either Siberia or the Kazakh SSR. In the case of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast this was not necessary, since it had been created from the start at the far-Eastern end of Siberia, where no Jew had ever lived. * In the United States, the Department of Homeland Security was created soon after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks (September 11, 2001 attacks), as a means to centralize response to various threats (imminent threat). The term is rarely used by common United States citizens to refer to their country, which made the chosen name sound odd to many. Wikipedia:Post-Soviet states commons:Союз Советских Социалистических Республик


South Africa

without doing any prospecting at all. Thus, by bringing large numbers of entrepreneurial adventurers to the region, the Gold Rush significantly contributed to the economic development of Western Canada, Alaska and the Pacific Northwest. Pierre Berton – ''Klondike: The Last Great Gold Rush, 1896–1899'' Espn 0-385-65844-3 and other editions. New cities were created as a result of the Gold Rush, including among others Dawson City, Fairbanks, Alaska and Anchorage, Alaska. The heyday of the individual prospector and the rush towards the north ended by 1899. Exploitation of the area by "big mining companies with their mechanical dredges" would last well into the 20th century. HistoryNet.com:Klondike Gold Rush. * 1894: Cripple Creek miners' strike (Cripple Creek miners' strike of 1894), a five-month strike by the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) in Cripple Creek (Cripple Creek, Colorado), Colorado, United States. In January 1894, Cripple Creek mine owners J. J. Hagerman, David Moffat and Eben Smith, who together employed one-third of the area's miners, announced a lengthening of the work-day to ten hours (from eight), with no change to the daily wage of $3.00 per day. When workers protested, the owners agreed to employ the miners for eight hours a day – but at a wage of only $2.50. Holbrook, Stewart. The Rocky Mountain Revolution. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1956. p.73–74 Philpott, William. The Lessons of Leadville, Or, Why the Western Federation of Miners Turned Left, p. 73. Monograph 10. Denver: Colorado Historical Society, 1994. ISSN 1046-3100 Suggs, Jr., George G. Colorado's War on Militant Unionism: James H. Peabody and the Western Federation of Miners, p. 17. 2nd ed. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991. ISBN 978-0-8061-2396-7 Not long before this dispute, miners at Cripple Creek had formed the Free Coinage Union. Once the new changes went into effect, they affiliated with the Western Federation of Miners, and became Local 19. The union was based in Altman (Altman, Colorado), and had chapters in Anaconda (Anaconda, Montana), Cripple Creek and Victor (Victor, Colorado). On February 1, 1894, the mine owners began implementing the 10-hour day. Union president John Calderwood issued a notice a week later demanding that the mine owners reinstate the eight-hour day at the $3.00 wage. When the owners did not respond, the nascent union struck on February 7. Portland, Pikes Peak, Gold Dollar and a few smaller mines immediately agreed to the eight-hour day and remained open, but larger mines held out. ** Able Archer 83: Many Soviet officials misinterpret this NATO exercise as a nuclear first strike, causing the last nuclear scare of the Cold War. ** South Africa approves a new constitution (Tricameral Parliament) granting limited political rights to Coloureds and Asian (Asian South African)s as part of a series of reforms to apartheid (South Africa under apartheid). * November 3 – The Reverend Jesse Jackson announces his candidacy for the 1984 Democratic Party (Democratic Party (United States)) presidential nomination. * February 19 – The DeLorean Motor Company Car Factory in Belfast is put into receivership. * February 24 – In South Africa, 22 National Party (National Party (South Africa)) MPs led by Andries Treurnicht vote for no confidence in P. W. Botha (Pieter Willem Botha). * February 25 – The European Court of Human Rights rules that teachers who cane, belt or tase children against the wishes of their parents are in breach of the Human Rights Convention. * August 24 – Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 years to life in prison, after being convicted of murdering John Lennon in Manhattan 8 months earlier. * August 28 – South African troops invade Angola. * August 31 – A bomb explodes at the U.S. Air Force base in Ramstein (Ramstein Air Base), West Germany, injuring 20 people. * December 1 – A Yugoslavian McDonnell Douglas DC-9 crashes into a mountain while approaching Ajaccio Airport in Corsica, killing 178. * December 4 – South Africa grants "homeland" Ciskei independence (not recognized outside South Africa). * December 8 * The Second Reform Bill by Disraeli (Benjamin Disraeli) enfranchises many working men and adds 938,000 to an electorate of 1,057,000 in England and Wales. * South African diamond fields are discovered. * The Fenian rising occurs in Ireland. October–December * October 11 – The Second Boer War: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal (South African Republic) and Orange Free State erupts. * October 30 – The Augusta High School Building is completed in Augusta, Kentucky; Augusta Methodist College shuts down. * March 24 – Robert Allison of Port Carbon, Pennsylvania, becomes the first person to buy an American-built automobile when he buys a Winton automobile that had been advertised in ''Scientific American''. * March 26 – The Sabi Game Reserve in South Africa, the first officially designated game reserve, is created. * April 12 – El Descanso bombing (1985 El Descanso bombing): A terrorist bombing attributed to the Islamic Jihad Organization in the ''El Descanso'' restaurant near Madrid, Spain, mostly attended by U.S. personnel of the Torrejon Air Force Base (Madrid-Torrejón Airport), causes 18 dead (all Spaniards) and 82 injured. * April 15 – South Africa ends its ban on interracial marriage (Interracial couple)s. * April 18 – The United Kingdom has its first ever national Glow-worm day. ** Six Jesuit (Society of Jesus) priests—among them Ignacio Ellacuría, Segundo Montes, and Ignacio Martín-Baró—their housekeeper, and her teenage daughter, are murdered by U.S. trained (Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation) Salvadoran soldiers (Military of El Salvador). For more information see Murdered scholars of UCA ** South African President F.W. de Klerk announces the scrapping of the Separate Amenities Act. ** UNESCO adopts the Seville Statement on Violence at the 25th session of its General Conference. * October 21 – Hugh Wolff, American orchestral conductor * October 22 – Loyiso Nongxa, South African mathematician (Mathematics) * October 24 ** Patent and Trademark Office (United States Patent and Trademark Office) transferred to the Department of Commerce. * April 3 – United Kingdom, South Africa and Australia return to the (bullion) gold standard. * April 10 – F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes ''The Great Gatsby''. * May 19 – Dorr Rebellion: Militiamen supporting Thomas Wilson Dorr attack the arsenal in Providence, Rhode Island but are repulsed. * June 4 – In South Africa, hunter Dick King (Richard Philip King) rides into a British military base in Grahamstown to warn that the Boers have besieged Durban (he had left 11 days earlier). The British army dispatches a relief force. * June 13 – Queen Victoria becomes the first British monarch to travel by train, between Slough and Paddington (London Paddington station). WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


Australia

page 150 volume 62 issue 7 Most were perfectly aware of their chance of finding significant amounts of gold were slim to none, and went for the adventure. As many as half of those who reached Dawson City kept right on going without doing any prospecting at all. Thus, by bringing large numbers of entrepreneurial adventurers to the region, the Gold Rush significantly contributed to the economic development of Western Canada, Alaska and the Pacific Northwest. Pierre Berton – ''Klondike: The Last Great Gold Rush, 1896–1899'' Espn 0-385-65844-3 and other editions. New cities were created as a result of the Gold Rush, including among others Dawson City, Fairbanks, Alaska and Anchorage, Alaska. The heyday of the individual prospector and the rush towards the north ended by 1899. Exploitation of the area by "big mining companies with their mechanical dredges" would last well into the 20th century. HistoryNet.com:Klondike Gold Rush. * 1894: Cripple Creek miners' strike (Cripple Creek miners' strike of 1894), a five-month strike by the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) in Cripple Creek (Cripple Creek, Colorado), Colorado, United States. In January 1894, Cripple Creek mine owners J. J. Hagerman, David Moffat and Eben Smith, who together employed one-third of the area's miners, announced a lengthening of the work-day to ten hours (from eight), with no change to the daily wage of $3.00 per day. When workers protested, the owners agreed to employ the miners for eight hours a day – but at a wage of only $2.50. Holbrook, Stewart. The Rocky Mountain Revolution. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1956. p.73–74 Philpott, William. The Lessons of Leadville, Or, Why the Western Federation of Miners Turned Left, p. 73. Monograph 10. Denver: Colorado Historical Society, 1994. ISSN 1046-3100 Suggs, Jr., George G. Colorado's War on Militant Unionism: James H. Peabody and the Western Federation of Miners, p. 17. 2nd ed. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991. ISBN 978-0-8061-2396-7 Not long before this dispute, miners at Cripple Creek had formed the Free Coinage Union. Once the new changes went into effect, they affiliated with the Western Federation of Miners, and became Local 19. The union was based in Altman (Altman, Colorado), and had chapters in Anaconda (Anaconda, Montana), Cripple Creek and Victor (Victor, Colorado). On February 1, 1894, the mine owners began implementing the 10-hour day. Union president John Calderwood issued a notice a week later demanding that the mine owners reinstate the eight-hour day at the $3.00 wage. When the owners did not respond, the nascent union struck on February 7. Portland, Pikes Peak, Gold Dollar and a few smaller mines immediately agreed to the eight-hour day and remained open, but larger mines held out. * August 18 ** Vietnam War: Australia and New Zealand decide to withdraw their troops from Vietnam. ** British troops are engaged in a firefight with the IRA (Irish Republican Army) in Derry, Northern Ireland. * February 2 – The American Basketball Association (American Basketball Association (1967–1976)) is formed. * February 3 – Ronald Ryan becomes the last man hanged in Australia, for murdering a guard while escaping from prison in December 1965. * February 4 – The Soviet Union protests the demonstrations before its embassy in Peking. * July 16 – A prison riot in Jay, Florida leaves 37 dead. * July 18 – The United Kingdom announces the closing of its military bases in Malaysia and Singapore. Australia and the U.S. disapprove. * July 19 – A race riot breaks out in the North Side of Minneapolis on Plymouth Street during the Minneapolis Aquatennial Parade and business are vandalized and fires break out in the area, although the disturbance is quelled within hours. However, the next day a shooting sets off another incident in the same area that leads to 18 fires, 36 arrests, 3 shootings, 2 dozen people injured, and damages totaling 4.2 million. There will be two more such incidents in the following two weeks. * December 15 – The Silver Bridge over the Ohio River in Point Pleasant, West Virginia, collapses, killing 46 people. It has been linked to the so-called ''Mothman'' mystery. * December 17 – Harold Holt, Australian prime minister, disappears when swimming at a beach 60 km from Melbourne. * December 19 – Professor John Archibald Wheeler uses the term ''Black Hole'' for the first time. ** Vietnam War: Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies announces that the country will substantially increase its number of troops in South Vietnam, supposedly at the request of the Saigon government (it is later revealed that Menzies had asked the leadership in Saigon to send the request at the behest of the Americans). * April 29 – Australia announces that it is sending an infantry battalion to support the South Vietnam government. ** A coal mine (Coal mining) explosion in Fukuoka (Fukuoka, Fukuoka), Japan kills 237. * June 2 – Vietnam War: The first contingent of Australian combat troops arrives in South Vietnam. * June 3 – ''Gemini 4'': Astronaut Edward Higgins White makes the first U.S. space walk. * July 20 ** France resumes nuclear bomb tests in Mururoa Atoll, over the protests of Australia and New Zealand. ** Bruce Lee dies. ** Bangladesh freedom fighter Shiraj Shikder was killed by country's president Sheikh Mujibur Rahman * January 5 – The Tasman Bridge in Tasmania, Australia, is struck (Tasman Bridge disaster) by the bulk ore carrier ''Lake Illawarra'', killing twelve people. * January 6 * October 11 – NBC airs the first episode of ''Saturday Night Live'' (George Carlin is the first host; Billy Preston and Janis Ian the first musical guests). * October 16 – Five (Balibo Five) Australian-based journalists are killed at Balibo by Indonesian forces, during their incursion into Portuguese Timor. * October 21 – 1975 World Series: The Cincinnati Reds are defeated by the Boston Red Sox in Game Six off Carlton Fisk's 12th-inning home run to cap off what many consider to be the best World Series game ever played. ** Yemen Arab Republic President Ahmad al-Ghashmi is killed. ** The Gay & Lesbian Solidarity March is held in Sydney, Australia to mark 10th Anniversary of the Stonewall Riots (which later becomes the annual Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras; later incorporating a festival). * June 25 – Argentina (Argentina national football team) defeats the Netherlands (Netherlands national football team) 3–1 after extra time to win the 1978 FIFA World Cup. * October 7 – ''Wranslide'' in New South Wales: the Wran (Neville Wran) government is re-elected with an increased majority. * October 8 – Australia's Ken Warby sets the current world water speed record of 317.6 mph (511.13 km h at Blowering Dam, Australia. * October 10 * July 21 – The lowest temperature on earth is recorded in Vostok Station, Antarctica with −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F). * July 22 – Australian Dick Smith (Dick Smith (entrepreneur)) completes his solo circumnavigation in a helicopter. * July 23 * September 26 – The ''Soyuz T-10a (Soyuz T-10-1)'' mission ends in a successful pad abort at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, when a pad fire occurs at the base of the Soyuz U rocket during the launch countdown. the escape tower system, attached to the top of the capsule containing the crew and Soyuz spacecraft fired immediately pulling the crew safe from the vehicle, a few seconds before the rocket explodes, destroying the launch complex. ** The Australian yacht ''Australia II'' wins the America's Cup (1983 America's Cup), the first successful challenge to the New York Yacht Club's 132-year defence of the sailing trophy. * September 27 – The GNU Project is announced publicly on the net.unix-wizards and net.usoft newsgroups. * November 1 ** Queensland, Australia: Joh Bjelke-Petersen wins his final election as Premier of Queensland with 38.6% of the vote. He resigns on December 1, 1987 following revelations of his involvement with corruption released in the Fitzgerald Inquiry. ** Trinidad and Tobago recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). ** Stardust fire: A fire at the Stardust nightclub in Artane, Dublin, Ireland (Republic of Ireland) in the early hours kills 48 and injures 214. ** Australia withdraws recognition of the Pol Pot regime in Cambodia. * February 23 – Antonio Tejero, with members of the Guardia Civil (Guardia Civil (Spain)), enters the Spanish Congress of Deputies (Congress of Deputies (Spain)) and stops the session where Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo is about to be named president of the government. The coup d'état (23-F) fails thanks to King Juan Carlos (Juan Carlos of Spain). * July 10 – Mahathir bin Mohamad becomes the 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia. * July 16-July 21 – England become the first team this century to win a test match after following on when they beat Australia by 18 runs at Headingley cricket ground, Leeds, England. * July 17 thumb 170px right January 21 (File:OpelLutzmann.jpg): Opel car. * January 22 – The leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss the confederation of Australia as a whole. * February 2 – The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne agrees that Australia's capital (Canberra) should be located between Sydney and Melbourne. * January 22 – The leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss the confederation of Australia as a whole. * February 2 – The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne agrees that Australia's capital (Canberra) should be located between Sydney and Melbourne. * February 4 – The Philippine-American War begins as hostilities break out in Manila. Australia * 1824 – The name ''Australia'', recommended by Matthew Flinders in 1804, is finally adopted as the official name of the country once known as ''New Holland (New Holland (Australia))''. * September 13, 1824 – With his crew and 29 convicts aboard the ''Amity'', John Oxley arrives at and founds the Moreton Bay (Moreton Bay, Queensland) Penal Settlement at what is now Redcliffe (Redcliffe City, Queensland) in Queensland, Australia, after leaving Sydney. * 1824 – The name ''Australia'', recommended by Matthew Flinders in 1804, is finally adopted as the official name of the country once known as ''New Holland (New Holland (Australia))''. * September 13, 1824 – With his crew and 29 convicts aboard the ''Amity'', John Oxley arrives at and founds the Moreton Bay (Moreton Bay, Queensland) Penal Settlement at what is now Redcliffe (Redcliffe City, Queensland) in Queensland, Australia, after leaving Sydney. * December 25, 1826 – Major Edmund Lockyer arrives at King George Sound to take possession of the western part of Australia, establishing a settlement near Albany (Albany, Western Australia). February * February 5 – Australia cancels its involvement in U.S.-led MX missile tests. * February 9 – U.S. drug agent Enrique Camarena (Enrique Camarena Salazar) is kidnapped and murdered in Mexico (his body is discovered March 5). * April 23 – Coca-Cola changes its formula and releases New Coke. (The response is overwhelmingly negative, and the original formula is back on the market in less than 3 months.) * April 28 – The Australian Nuclear Disarmament Party (NDP) splits. Date unknown * The Australian state of Victoria (Victoria (Australia)) celebrates its 150th anniversary. * Harold Kroto, Robert Curl and Richard Smalley discover C 60 , soon followed by their discovery of fullerenes. ** Hungary removes border restrictions with Austria. ** All of Australia's 1,645 domestic airline pilots resign over an airline's move to sack and sue them over a dispute (1989 Australian pilots' strike). * August 23 – Yusef Hawkins is shot in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn, New York, sparking racial tensions between African Americans and Italian Americans. * January 5 – Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay. * January 11 – Sir Charles Kingsford Smith makes the first commercial flight between Australia and New Zealand. * January 15 – Political violence causes almost 100 deaths in Spain. * The British Interplanetary Society is founded. * The first dated ISCF group was started in Australia at North Sydney Boys High School, with the group still running today. ** Patent and Trademark Office (United States Patent and Trademark Office) transferred to the Department of Commerce. * April 3 – United Kingdom, South Africa and Australia return to the (bullion) gold standard. * April 10 – F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes ''The Great Gatsby''. Date unknown * The Australian state of Queensland introduces a 44-hour working week. * New York City becomes the largest city in the world, taking the lead from London. Commons:Category:Australia Wikipedia:Australia Dmoz:Regional Oceania Australia


Canada

slim to none, and went for the adventure. As many as half of those who reached Dawson City kept right on going without doing any prospecting at all. Thus, by bringing large numbers of entrepreneurial adventurers to the region, the Gold Rush significantly contributed to the economic development of Western Canada, Alaska and the Pacific Northwest. Pierre Berton – ''Klondike: The Last Great Gold Rush, 1896–1899'' Espn 0-385-65844-3 and other editions. New cities


United States

'' in 1968. He was known for bringing large numbers of journalists into the profession.


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