Places Known For

based social


, during the 13th-century domination by the Golden Horde. Russians arrived in the mid-16th century, founding the city of Ufa, now the republic's capital. Numerous local uprisings broke out in opposition to the settlement of larger Russian populations in the centuries that followed. The Bashkirs finally give up nomadic life in the 19th century, adopting the agricultural lifestyle that remains their primary means of support. The traditional clan-based social structure has largely


to the mid-1800s. The rule of discriminative hierarchical caste order was deeply entrenched in the social system and was supported by the government, which had transformed this caste-based social system into a religious institution. Cf. Ward & Conner, Geographical and Statistical Memoir, page 133; V. Nagam Aiya, The Travancore State Manual, Volume-2, Madras:AES, 1989 (1906), page 72. In such a context, the belief in Ayyavazhi, apart from being a religious system, served also as a reform movement in uplifting the downtrodden section of the society, both socially and as well religiously. The rituals of Ayyavazhi (Ayyavazhi rituals) constituted a social discourse. Its beliefs, mode of worship, and religious organisation seem to have enabled the Ayyavazhi group to negotiate and cope with, and resist the imposition of authority. G.Patrick, Religion and Subaltern Agency, University of Madras, 2003, The Subaltern Agency in Ayyavali, Page 174. The hard tone of Vaikundar towards this was perceived as a revolution against the government. Modern Kerala, 10th Standard Text Book'', Chapter 9, Page 101. See this Pdf So the King Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma initially imprisoned Vaikundar in the Singarathoppu jail, where the jailor Appaguru ended up as a disciple of Vaikundar. Vaikundar was later set at liberty by the King. C.f. Rev.Samuel Zechariah, ''The London Missionary Society in South Travancore'', Page 201. thumb Travancore's postal service adopted a standard cast iron pillar box, made by Massey & Co in Chennai Madras (File:Anchal Box Perumbavoor Rest House.JPG), and similar to the British Penfold (Pillar box#Penfolds) model that was introduced in 1866. This example is in Perumbavoor. The next ruler, Uthram Thirunal Marthanda Varma (AD 1847–1860), abolished slavery in the Kingdom in 1855 and restrictions on the dress codes of certain castes in 1859, following the recommendation of the Protestant clergy. A survey of Kerala History, Prof. S. Menon, 1996, S. Viswanathan Publishers, madras, pp 396 His acts on these social issues won him praise and were copied by the neighbouring State of Cochin. The King started the postal system in 1857 and a school for girls in 1859. He was succeeded by Ayilyam Thirunal (1860–1880), during whose rule, agriculture, irrigation works, and road ways were promoted. Humane codes of law were enforced in 1861 and a college was established in 1866. He also built many charity hospitals including a lunatic asylum. The first systematic Census of Travancore was taken on 18 May 1875. Rama Varma Visakham Thirunal ruled from 1880 to 1885. '''Maharaja of Travancore''' was the principal title of the ruler of the Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) in India. Maharajas of Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) '''Raja Ravi Varma (w:Raja Ravi Varma)''' (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) from the princely state of Travancore (w:Travancore) (presently in Kerala (w:Kerala)). He was widely acclaimed following his winning an award for an exhibition of his paintings at Vienna in 1873. Though his style of painting was described as too showy and sentimental, his paintings are widely popular in India. A large number of his lovely paintings are in the Laxmi Vilas Palace of Vadodara. He has been hailed as one of the “greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His paintings achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata (w:Mahabharata) and Ramayana (w:Ramayana). *The history of modern Travancore begins with Marthanda Varma (w:Marthanda Varma) who inherited the Kingdom of Venad (w:Venad) and expanded Travancore (w:Travancore) by conquering kingdoms Attingal (w:Attingal), Kollam (w:Kollam), Kayamkulam (w:Kayamkulam), Kottarakara (w:Kottarakara), Kottayam (w:Kottayam), Changanassery (w:Changanassery), Meenachil (w:Meenachil), Poonjar (w:Poonjar) and Ambalapuzha (w:Ambalapuzha). **City Corporation, in City History right thumb All that I write whether poetry (File:Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma.jpg) or music centred around God. This is an act of faith in me. Music is not worth its name otherwise. '''Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma (w: Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma)''', known by the full name '''Sree Padmanabhadasa Sree Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma''' (Malayalam (w:Malayalam language): ശ്രീ പദ്മനാഭദാസ ശ്രീ സ്വാതി തിരുനാള് രാമവർമ്മ)(Tamil:ஸ்ரீ சுவாதி திருநாள் ராம வர்மா (April 16, 1813 – December 27, 1846) was the Maharaja (w:Maharaja) of the state of Travancore (w:Travancore) തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍)) )) in India. He modernized Travancore with a well-formulated code of laws, courts of Justice, introduction of English (w:English language) education, construction of an observatory (w:Observatory), installation of the first Government printing press (w:Printing press), establishment of the first manuscripts (w:Manuscripts) library and many more activities. Efficiency was the key word and corruption, a taboo in his administration. Amanda J. Weidman in Singing the Classical, Voicing the Modern: The Postcolonial Politics of ...27 June 2006 *He assumed the rule of Travancore state in 1829, at the age of sixteen. At the suggestion of Colonel John Munroe (w:Colonel John Munroe), the British Resident (w:British Resident) of Travancore (w:Travancore), Swati Tirunal had been tutored in English, Sanskrit, Marathi, political science, and Karnatic music by Subba Rao from Tanjavur (w:Tanjavur), also known as English Subba Rao for his skill in the English language. **Veketasubramanya Iyer (w:Oottukkadu Venkata Kavi), in p. 63 *His passion for photography from a tender age and it was his brother, the last ruler of Travancore (w:Travancore), Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, who presented him his first camera (w:Camera). With the Rolleiflex camera (w:Rolleiflex) presented to him in 1934 he learned the basics of photography and then there was no looking back. **The New Indian Express (w: The New Indian Express), in An Avid Shutterbug, Driving Enthusiast, Sanskrit Scholar (17 December 2013) *From the Vattezhuthu (w:Vattezhuthu) was derived another script called the kolezhuthu (w:Kolezhuthu). This script was more commonly used in the Cochin (w:Cochin) and Malabar (w:Malabar) areas than in Travancore (w:Travancore). Yet another script derived from the vattezhuthu was the Malayanma (w:Malayanma), which was commonly used south to Thiruvananthapuram. Malayanma also does not differ fundamentally from the vattezhuthu.


hospitality at his home, the humanism based social environment of his birthplace Shiraz,having experienced at age 7 the unrest of 1953 Iranian coup d'etat and at age (16) the uprise of Ayatollahs in Opposition to the White Revolutionof Mohammad Reza Shah. In 1963 Sahraian left to Austria for further education. The seven wards of Stellenbosch-Banghoek, Bottelary, Devon Valley, Jonkershoek Valley, Papegaaiberg, Polkadraai Hills and Simonsberg-Stellenbosch are well known for their red wine production that demonstrate ''terroir'' distinction-particularly Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinotage and Shiraz. Simonsberg was the first wine ward to gain individual distinction. White wine production centres around Chardonnay and Sauvignon blanc which are often blended together. The western reaches of Stellenbosch, such as Bottelary and near Elsenburg also include a sizeable portion of Chenin blanc plantings in areas rich in light, sandy soils. Cape port-style wine The South African wine industry has a long history of fortified wine production producing wines known colloquially as "Cape port" (though the term "Port (Port (wine))" is protected in the European Union to refer to only the wines from the Douro (Douro (wine)) region of Portugal (Portugal (wine))). These wines are made from a variety of grapes, such as Shiraz and Pinotage, as well as Portuguese varieties like Tinta Barroca, Touriga Nacional, Souzão and Fernão Pires. The minimum alcohol level for these wines must be 16.5–22%. The many styles of "Cape port" closely parallel their Portuguese counterparts and include: WikiPedia:Shiraz, Iran Commons:Category:Shiraz Dmoz:Regional Middle East Iran Localities Shiraz fa:شیراز


, including his involvement in criminal activities in Moscow and creating Caucasian Common Market. He also argues for the superiority of the Chechen and Islamic clan tribal-based social system, while Klebnikov argues for an opposite position. After Klebnikov's murder in Moscow in 2004, it was alleged that Noukhaev had ordered the killing in retaliation for his negative portrayal in this book. Several Chechens were charged with carrying out the killing on Noukhayev's orders but all were

Faroe Islands

rural culture. Nevertheless, villages with poor harbour facilities have been the losers in the development from agriculture to fishing, and in the most peripheral agricultural areas, also known as the outer islands, there are few young people. In recent decades, the village-based social structure has nevertheless been placed under pressure, giving way to a rise in interconnected "centres" that are better able to provide goods and services than the badly connected periphery

North Korea

Commons:Category:North Korea WikiPedia:North Korea Dmoz:Regional Asia North Korea

West Germany

again' and 'hang him and vote again'. The term (German (German language) for "economic miracle") describes the rapid reconstruction and development of the economies (Economy) of West Germany and Austria after World War II (adopting an Ordoliberalism based social market economy). The expression was used by ''The Times'' in 1950. Beginning with the replacement (Monetary reform) of the German


into English as, "The Tower of the Stork". The land upon which the centre is built, has been historically referred to "Burj al Luq Luq"; musters of storks would rest on this Old City (Old City (Jerusalem)) hilltop as they migrated across the city. The Burj al Luq Luq Centre was established in 1991 as a community-based social centre, rendering services to the inhabitants of the Old City of Jerusalem. The centre predominantly operates programs with women, children and youth


; Review of his case In 2001, a Russian Federation-based (Russia) social organization, ''"For Faith and Fatherland"'', applied to the Russian Federation's military prosecutor for a review of Vlasov's case, Valeria Korchagina and Andrei Zolotov Jr. It's Too Early To Forgive Vlasov ''The St. Petersburg Times''. 6

will be held in the Lincoln Theatre (Lincoln Theatre (Washington, D.C.)) in Washington, D.C. on April 12th and 13th, 2012 with special guest speaker, Mr. Dick Gregory. Turgenev wrote ''Fathers and Sons'' as a response to the growing cultural schism that he saw between liberals of the 1830s 1840s and the growing nihilist movement. Both the nihilists (the "sons") and the 1830s liberals sought Western-based social change in Russia. Additionally, these two modes of thought were contrasted with the conservative Slavophiles, who believed that Russia's path lay in its traditional spirituality (Russian Orthodox Church). Distribution Siberian squill is native to southwestern Russia, the Caucasus, and Turkey. Despite its name, it is not native to Siberia. Inventions Bahýľ's first invention, called the Steam Tank, was financed entirely by himself and was purchased by the Russian army. Bahýľ was granted seventeen patents in all, including the invention of a tank pump, a hot air balloon combined with an air turbine, the first petrol engine car in Slovakia (in partnership with Anton Marschall), and a lift inside the castle hill up to the Bratislava Castle. Commons:Category:Russia WikiPedia:Russia Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia

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