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Kostroma Oblast

on radial- concentric grid of streets that converge on a large semi-circular central area, in the open side of the Volga. The end of the 18th, and first half of the 19th century is rightly considered the time of the rise in cultural development (architecture, painting, literature), not only of Kostroma, but of other county-level cities such as: Galic, Nerekhta and Soligalich. Architectural ensembles in the classical style still adorn the centers of these cities. There were widespread noble estates, which have become centers of culture in the remote outskirts of the province. After the October Revolution of 1917, Kostroma Province became part formed in 1918 by the Russian Federation. During the First World War and the Civil War of active hostilities in the territory of the province was not conducted. The change of power at the end of 1917 there was a peaceful way. During the Civil War and in the years formed the new government, repeatedly changed the administrative- territorial division of the province. The consequences of the civil war adversely affected the socio -economic and political life of the province of Kostroma . Gross production of Kostroma factories in 1921 compared to 1913 decreased by 70%, the number of workers decreased by 30%. In the linen industry, which has been leading in the province, there were only 4.7 million workers ( in 1913 - 15 thousand). At the first Republican Factory ( the former Big linen manufactory ), their number decreased from 7 to 1 million people in the mechanical plant of 1,300 workers have only 450. Due to lack of fuel and raw materials factory operated for only 6 months a year, from May to October - idle . In the city of Kostroma in 1917 there were 17 libraries. Kostroma Province existed prior to 1917. Almost doubled compared with the prewar decreased acreage and yield of crops. The total cultivated area in the province in 1920 vs. 1917 dropped by 43%, including linen - 80%, barley - 62%, potatoes - by 50%, oats - by 50%, rye - 20% . The Revolution opened the workers and peasants of access to education . November 8, 1918 the grand opening of the worker- peasant Kostroma State University to commemorate the October Revolution of 1917, which adopted the workers and peasants without entrance exams. The university initially acted natural, humanitarian and forest departments, and later - Teachers and Department of the Faculty of Medicine . In 1921, all faculties studied 3,333 students . Most of the teachers came from Moscow. Following the university in the city of Kostroma in 1919 opened two more high school - Institute of Electrical and chemical industry and land management institute, to prepare engineering and agricultural personnel. Due to the severe consequences of the civil war and the transition to a new economic policy that resulted in the reduction of funding of educational institutions, the People's Commissariat of Education in autumn 1921 decided to close or reorganize a number of young university . Kostroma University was divided into two universities - Pedagogical Institute (Institute of Education ), and agricultural. Teacher's college in 1923 was reorganized into pedtehnikum . By the second half of the 1920s . of the four high schools and three secondary special educational institutions operating in the province in the first years of Soviet power, down to seven colleges. From 1922 to 1923, the number of educational institutions in the province of Kostroma has decreased by almost 25%. In 1922, in the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast and transferred Varnavinsky Vetluzhsky counties . A January 14, 1929 Resolution of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee Kostroma province was liquidated . Its territory was a part of the Kostroma region of Ivanovo Industrial Region. The oblast was formed on August 13, 1944. Essential for the economic development of the region had continued at the Fifth Five-Year Plan railway construction Galich (Galich, Russia), Kostroma- length 127 km . She was admitted to the regular operation and operational in 1956. The newly built railway line has created a direct access to Kostroma on the northern highway, mileage cargo from Kostroma to Galic dropped by more than half. The road much closer to the railway line a number of inland areas, facilitated the supply of the city of Kostroma wood, peat, wood business. Improved communication of the regional center to remote centers of the region. Between 1997 was a time of active reform and integration into the new socio- economic conditions of the social sphere. Translated to insurance principles of medical care, health, fundamental changes have occurred in the content of education, made fundamental changes in the system of social protection. Despite the difficulties in these years there was a deliberate with high-tech equipment of health facilities, modern information technology and sports equipment of educational institutions. Radically changed the infrastructure of social protection of the population and youth policy. Geography Kostroma Oblast borders Vologda Oblast (N), Kirov Oblast (E), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (S), Ivanovo Oblast (W), and Yaroslavl Oblast (NW). The main rivers are the Volga (Volga River) and the Kostroma (Kostroma River). Much of the area is covered by woods, making it one of the principal timber producing regions in Europe. Politics thumb right 200px Seat of the Oblast Government (image:Oblast-government-kostroma.jpg) During the Soviet (Soviet Union) period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Kostroma CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed elected alongside elected regional parliament (Regional parliaments of Russia). The Charter of Kostroma Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Kostroma Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia. Administrative divisions wikipedia:Kostroma Oblast Commons:Category:Kostroma Oblast


and traditions. These cities were incorporated into Montenegro only after the fall of Austria-Hungary. In those cities, stronger influences of medieval and renaissance architecture, painting, and lyric poetry can be found. 1614 Mariano Bolizza of Kotor was a public servant of the Republic of Venice. The main objective of his 1614 report and description of the Sanjak of Shkodra was to provide information on the land routes which could best be utilized by local couriers


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Saint Petersburg

, Instruct, Intelligence, Intellect, Justice, Medicine, Military Architecture, Painting, Poetry, Rationality, Science, Sculpture, Venus (Venus (mythology)) and Winter. They were generally made before 1745 by anonymous Warsaw sculptors under the direction of Johann Georg Plersch. * '''The Great Salon''', situated on the axis in the center of a Saxon Garden, was intended simply to provide a suitable end to the main garden axis


) by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner In the early 20th century, Berlin had become a fertile ground for the German Expressionist (German Expressionism) movement. In fields such as architecture, painting and film cinema

by practising so many hours a day at the piano, but by absorbing an influence from all the arts and all the interests of life, from architecture, painting, and even politics." In English, since the early modern period (Early Modern English),


languages, and are spoken throughout Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, and into Afghanistan and Xinjiang. Uzbek (Uzbek language) and Uyghur (Uyghur language) are spoken in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Xinjiang. The contribution of the Adil Shahi kings to the architecture, painting, language, literature and music of Karnataka is unique. Bijapur (Kannada form of the Sanskrit ''Vidyapur'' or ''Vidyanagari'') became

a cosmopolitan city, and it attracted many scholars, artists, musicians, and Sufi saints from Turkey, Persia (Persian Empire) (Iran) Iraq, Turkey, Turkestan, etc. The contribution of the Adil Shahi kings to the architecture, painting, language, literature and music of Karnataka is unique. Bijapur (Kannada form of the Sanskrit ''Vidyapur'' or ''Vidyanagari'') became a cosmopolitan city, and it attracted many scholars, artists, musicians, and Sufi saints from


''The Thirteenth Tribe'' (a book whose thesis has been disproven through the field of genetics), Israel Shahak's ''Jewish History, Jewish Religion'', and Roger Garaudy's ''The Founding Myths of Israeli Politics'' (which a French court found guilty of Holocaust denial and racial defamation). The contribution of the Adil Shahi kings to the architecture, painting, language, literature and music of Karnataka is unique. Bijapur (Kannada form of the Sanskrit ''Vidyapur


SWE '''1'''–0 4–1 Friendly (Exhibition game) - Seel visited the academy in Düsseldorf in 1844-50, where he trained under Wilhelm Sohn. He then continued to train one year in Paris, spent 1864 and 1865 in Italy, 1870 and 1871 Spain, Portugal and the north coast of Africa as well as 1873 and 1874 the Orient, where he developed his preference for the architecture painting found rich food. Its pieces of architecture, particularly the Arab and Moorish


and 1874 the Orient, where he developed his preference for the architecture painting found rich food. Its pieces of architecture, particularly the Arab and Moorish buildings, are usually provided just as beautiful landscapes painted with a masterful perspective, lighting and coloring. thumb left Libyan Jewish classroom in Benghazi Synagogue before World War II (File:Benghazi Synagogue Classroom before WWII.jpg) In 1911, Libya was colonized by Italy. By 1931, there were 21,000


in north and central European culture in fields such as architecture, painting and cinema (film). The German (Germany) ''Spekulatius'', traditional in Westphalia and the Rhineland, is of the same origin and is very similar. It is popular throughout the country around Christmas. It is mostly eaten in regions close to the Netherlands, though. World War II The dock was seriously damaged by German (Germany) attacks in World War II, when the area was heavily bombed

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