Places Known For

agricultural work


Port Vila

, on the website of the Parliament of Vanuatu (January 2010) In his latter capacity, he argued that unemployment in Vanuatu should be addressed by encouraging young people to return to agricultural work in their native rural areas, and produce their own food, rather than move to Port Vila where they would often struggle to find a job. Vanuatu has three official languages, English (English language), French (French language), and Bislama, a creole language evolved from English. Bislama is the first language of many urban ni-Vanuatu, that is, the residents of Port Vila and Luganville. It is the most common second language elsewhere in the Vanuatu islands. It is similar to Tok Pisin of Papua New Guinea, and other nearby creoles. *'''Vanuatu''' **Port Vila - Bauerfield International Airport * Expansion needed (updated by bot) ** 34 - Aishiya, Batikent, Blenheim, New Zealand, Bogra District, Brzeziny (Gmina of Lubartów), Casablanca, Chlewiska, Dakhiliyah, Drzewianowo, Enmore, Guyana, Guarenas, Guatire, Kaikoura, Kasindol, Khulna, La Rogivue, List of China provinces by compass, List of cities and towns in Hong Kong, Lisów, Lusignan, Guyana, Maracaibo, Maymand, Nobres, Panauti, Patras, Porlamar, Port Vila, Riffa, Szczekarków, Tórshavn, Wola Mieczysławska, Yerevan, Łucka, Łucka Kolonia * Expert attention needed (updated by bot)


San Juan Achiutla

, Orizaba, Córdoba, Potrero Viejo, Santa Rosa and other places in Veracruz State, Mexico, to find work in the field and in factories, they got job in fabrics and yarns factories and Cervecería Moctezuma, brewery, or in the field collecting coffee, cutting cane or other agricultural work. Returning to the village especially to be on December 27 at the town's feast. Many of them were rooted in those populations for many years, some permanently. * In 1929 it was built and established the first primary school where taught the teacher Rutilio Ruiz Hernández. One of the homes the school occupied was the premise and building called "La sala" owned by Bartolo Ruiz, who provided it for that purpose. This building no longer exists. '''1930''' * In 1935 the elementary school was converted into Rural Federal School Francisco I. Madero, being substituted Rutilio Ruiz Hernández as teacher by the professor Pedro Hernández, graduated from the Normal Rural School. At school existed only until the fourth grade. * In 1936 the young Eliseo Ruiz López was carried by her father Tranquilino Ruiz to Normal Rural School of Cuilapan, near Oaxaca City to study for rural teacher, being the first to come out of San Juan Achiutla to study. So the San Juan Achiutla’s Mayor, in arbitrary way, decided to imprison and submit to penal labour Tranqulino his father with the claim that the boy did not was lose to the Catholic faith and return to the village to serve the municipality and to abandon his studies, which failed. * In 1938 Raúl Ruiz Bautista and Natalio Ramírez Pérez left the town with the same goal, they were followed by many young people who would be teachers and professionals, employees in other parts of the country or in the United States of America. '''1940''' * On October 17, 1942 the municipality of San Juan Achiutla was established by presidential resolution. * '''On October 28, 1942 the communal property of the community of San Juan Achiutla, of the San Juan Achiutla municipality, were titled by presidential resolution published in the Official Gazette of the Federation on March 3, 1943.''' * The Municipal Palace was built in 1947 being Mayor Mr. Teodoro José. * In August 1949 from San Juan Achiutla Raúl Ruiz Bautista launched its Road Manifesto calling for the towns of the region to the road San Felipe Ixtapa - San Agustín Tlacotepec construction in order to get out of backwardness, poverty and the isolation deprived High Mixteca towns. The Manifesto was endorsed by don Rutilio Ruiz Hernández, who became the leader and road construction organizer in the region while Raul Ruiz would be the negotiator of financial resources and contact with authorities, organizations and politicians in the country's capital, both during the fifteen years that would last its construction. * The Regional Committee For the Ixtapa – Tlacotepec Road was founded in 1949; it organized the towns of this route during the entire period that lasted its construction, Rutilio Ruiz Hernández was named Chairman of this Committee. * On October 15, 1949 the San José de Gracia authorities adhere to the Manifesto, the other towns of the route, Santo Tomás Tecolotitlán, Santa María Ndoayaco, San Sebastián Atoyaquillo, Santo Domingo Huendío and San Agustín Tlacotepec also would in due course, providing and at times to deny their collaboration for the construction. At the beginning the work of the people was loaned free of charge as required by the Mexican Federal Government in their conventions, which provided one-third of its funding. After the first five years in which people worked for free, the workers were paid, though sparsely. * In December 1949 were sent letters to the Roads National Committee General Secretary José Rivera R. To ask resources for the road’s construction and in the same month to the of Communications and Transport Secretary Lic. Agustín García López. '''1950''' * In 1950 at the request of Rutilio Ruiz Hernández from San Juan Achiutla, Chairman of the Regional Committee For the Ixtapa – Tlacotepec Road, several towns sent to the President of the Republic, Miguel Alemán Valdés, written to requesting resources for the road, neither the National Committee or the Secretariat of Communications had responded. * In that same year Rutilio Ruiz Hernández was appointed general organizer of the Indigenous Congress in the Mixtec region. * In January 1951 the Regional Committee For the Ixtapa – Tlacotepec Road requests the Oaxaca State Governor financial resources and his influence before the Federal Government to obtain it. Not importing applications repeated during the construction of the road, never received a satisfactory response from the Government of Oaxaca, only contributed with an amount equivalent to less than half a kilometre, its attention to the project was sent the requests for resources "to the corresponding area" where fell in vacuum. * 1951 San Juan Achiutla and the Mixtec Region were represented by Raúl Ruiz Bautista in the Second National Congress of the Confederation of Indigenous Young People in Mexico City. It was a Congress to try to incorporate indigenous organizations for purely political purposes, as reported Raúl recommending not participates in such organization. * The Regional Committee of Indigenous Youth and Communities was founded in may, 1951 in San Juan Achiutla and designating San Juan Achiutla as the official seat of the Mixtec Regional Congress in the same year. * On May 23, 1951 the Communications and Public Works Ministry orders the layout of the road but directs to the last section, the Huendío - Tlacotepec is not done: '''"still important not to carry out the last segment with Tlacotepec, pursuant to the expressed desire of does not arise on the short road, the vehicles in the region of Chalcatongo and trying to have as a forced via the Tlaxiaco City."''' (Note No. 324-RGB-1947, dossier 441.2 727.2 5-1 folio 15362 signed by Manuel López sailing from Secretary of Communications an Public Works, '''to keep traffic on the long road, by Tlaxiaco''', the path would be a long alley without exit, without connection to Yosondúa and Chalcatongo. * In April 1951 the Regional Committee For the Ixtapa – Tlacotepec Road joins to the Coalition of Mixtec – Oaxacan Towns directed by Dr. Manuel Hernández Hernández, one of the major characters who due to his political position - Federal Deputy - help obtaining federal funds for the construction of the road. * On October 6, 1951 was received in San Felipe Ixtapa the first set of tools and materials by the Federal Government to begin construction of the road, so the work began this month and year. * San Juan Achiutla intervenes by Rutilio Ruiz Hernández in peacemaking, mediation and signing of the agreements of boundaries between San Miguel Achiutla and San Bartolomé Yucuañe, concluded between 1952 and 1953. Raúl Ruiz Bautista was responsible for the follow-up the legal settlement of the conflict in the Supreme Court of Justice in Mexico City at the request of Salvador Montes in representation of San Miguel Achiutla. * In January 1953 through Rutilio Ruiz Hernández proposed to the National Indigenous Institute (INI, now National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples) the establishment of an Indigenous Coordinating Centre in the Mixteca Alta, postulating as headquarters to San Miguel Achiutla. Such a centre was established in Tlaxiaco due to the community of San Miguel slow response to the INI. thumb Ixtapa-Tlacotepec road reaches San Juan ''Ñuu Ndecu'', Achiutla (File:07 Camino bajando.jpg) * On May 3, 1953, the ''Vanguardia Progresista de San Juan Achiutla en el Distrito Federal'', headed by Raúl Ruiz Bautista and other hard achiutlenses that would work to support their town with economic resources and materials for education and infrastructure, as well as for the annual Patron Saint festivities. * In May 1954 Alfonso Caso, National Indigenous Institute general director visits the Mixteca Alta and decides to support the construction of the road. * In August 1956 the Progressive Avant-garde of San Juan Achiutla in the Federal District identifies and invited 56 migrant achiutlenses in the State of Veracruz, to integrate an autonomous organization similar to the Progressive Avant-garde in the region of Río Blanco and surrounding cities and towns, and systematically raise funds and send them to the municipality as a support for the town’s development of public works and community services. Those, instigated by traditional leaders focused on supporting only the religious festivals, didn’t accept. * On October 12, 1956 was open the telephone network in San Miguel Tixá and San Juan Achiutla was also connected to the telephone service. * In that year, after repeated requests from the Regional Committee For the Ixtapa - Tlacotepec Road, would begin the pay of a basic wage to workers in the road, residents of the towns, as came doing it free for nearly five years, as required (the provision of free labor by towns) by the National Committee on Community roads in their conventions. * In 1958 it was built the Post Office and telephone at San Juan Achiutla, same year in which started the construction of the first basketball court in the town (of rammed earth) both with the economic support of the Progressive Avant-Garde of San Juan Achiutla in Mexico City. This organization processed before the Ministry of Public Education the backboards and goals donation. '''1960''' * In 1961 begins the potable water system construction and its introduction in this town, for which the municipality requested and obtained financial backing from Vanguardia Progresista. Installs the first electricity generator in the town. Builds the first potable water tank in El Calvario spot. Desiderio López José presided the municipality then. thumb San Juan Achiutla's ancient classrooms (demolished in January 2011) (File:12 Aulas SJA.jpg) thumb Same view in January 2011 without the old classrooms. San Juan Achiutla's historical, cultural and architectural heritage destruction (File:Destrucción de Antiguas Aulas en San Juan Achiutla.jpg) * October 26, 1961, through the Vanguardia Progresista intermediary and personally Raúl Ruiz Bautista before the Public Education Ministry, Francisco I. Madero primary school receives a substantial provision of furniture and materials: highlighted 125 chair desks, one vertical file, three desks, a microscope, a typewriter, a national flag, three basketball balls and six national heroes portraits, which today it may seem insignificant, but that it was not for a rural primary school at the time. * In 1962 was held in San Juan Achiutla first meeting Educational Area School Number 18. In November of that year there was a conflict between the priest attending to celebrate mass at San Juan and the Regional Committee For the Ixtapa – Tlacotepec Road, because tool and machinery for construction were temporarily stored in the parish of the town. * On March 18, 1963 Dr. Alfonso Caso, the Indigenous National Institute Chairman visited San Juan Achiutla with Dr. Manuel Hernández Hernández to inaugurate the way Ixtapa - Tlacotepec after 15 years Manifesto launching for its construction. It was also the formal opening ceremony of the drinking water system, electricity generator and the repaired school classrooms (classrooms that were demolished “to expand the garden” between the Church and the municipal Palace in February 2011, actually is a machinery parking lot). In that year was built the Monument to the Flag. * In December 1963, for the San Juan Achiutla's feast, Vanguardia Progresiva de San Juan Achiutla in Mexico City, on the initiative of Jesús A. Ruiz Sanchez, made the gift of the first turntable and sound system to the municipality of San Juan Achiutla. * In June 1964 the Education Ministry gives 35 chair desks for the elementary school. * In August 1965 the music band was reorganized and was acquired two saxophones to reinforced it. * In November 1965, school census, attending primary school 130 boys and 135 girls, there were six teachers (in 2011 the actual population of the town did not reach the 200 people). Took inventory of the resources of primary school. Classrooms were again repaired. * On November 19, 1965 was held in Mexico City a tribute for Ixtapa - Tlacotepec road construction to Dr. Alfonso Caso, Dr, Manuel Hernández Hernández, Eng. Miguel García Cruz (absent in the event), Dr. Gonzalo Aguirre Beltrán and Eng. Adrián Breña Garduño. Don Rutilio Ruiz Hernández was awarded with a gold medal. The speech was in charge of Raúl Ruiz Bautista. * Wednesday, June 7, 1967, ''Carteles del Sur'', a news paper of Oaxaca City published a María del Refugio G. de Alva article entitled ''El Camino de don Rutilio'' (Don Rutilio's road) where extensively was portrayed the leader's struggle for the road. * In 1969 the construction of the electric network was initiated in San Juan Achiutla. '''1970''' * In 1971 the dam for agricultural irrigation Las Lajas was built in the course of the river ''Los Sabinos''. * In 1975, was built the second drinking water tank in ''El Jazmin'' spot. * In 1977 Raúl Ruiz Bautista wrote to the State of Oaxaca Governor, general Eliseo Jiménez Ruiz, to return the buses run by the road Ixtapa - Tlacotepec from the Mexico City and Oaxaca City to Chalcatongo de Hidalgo, which already operated and were suspended, being that the short route to Tlacotepec and Yosondúa. He also asked for paving the road. It has not returned to have regular runs of buses on this route. * The third tank of drinking water in the ''El Moral'' spot was built in 1978. * The rural clinic under the programme IMSS - COPLAMAR, was built in 1979 when municipal president was Mr. Juan Santos. thumb San Juan Achiutla's street (File:11 Mujeres en la calle SJA.jpg) '''1980''' * In 1980 the Federal Secondary School Eng. Alfonso Martínez Berges was established in San Juan Achiutla. * In 1984, the first public telephone service Telmex was installed. * On July 26, 1986 Raúl Ruiz Bautista wrote twice to the then Senator Heladio Ramírez López, already elected Oaxaca's Governor, suggested him to include in his Government's actions plan the road Ixtapa - Tlacotepec paving, and the Colegio Nacional de Educación Profesional Técnica (Conalep) creation in San Juan Achiutla, the drainage introduction, a market and a municipal house construction as well as the cooperative industry for the exploitation of limestone and other construction materials creation to create sources of employment and entrench the inhabitants of the Mixteca on their land. He returned to writing in May 1988 insisting on these subjects and the introduction of public passenger transport. There were no results. * Between 1988 and 1989 are rebuilt the three domes of the Church of St. John the Evangelist. '''1990''' * The fourth drinking water tank was built in San Pedro neighbourhood in 1991. * On 25 January 1993 Raúl Ruiz Bautista wrote to Diodoro Carrasco Altamirano Governor of the State requesting the necessary expansion and paving of the Ixtapa - Tlacotepec road. thumb San Juan Evangelista church in San Juan Achiutla (File:10 Iglesia de SJA.jpg) * The Mixteco Towns Union, chaired by Professor Neftalí Ruiz Sánchez, San Juan Achiutla's Mayor, was created in 1993 who scheduled in its work programme the expansion and paving of the road Ixtapa - Tlacotepec. * On 5 November 1993, Professor Neftalí Ruiz Sánchez summarizes that he has sent two separate letters, one to the President of the Republic, Carlos Salinas de Gortari, other to the Oaxaca’s Governor and to the Planning Development Committee of the State of Oaxaca (Coplades) requesting the roads extension and paving, without any result. In February 1994 he wrote to the Secretary of Communications and Transport and the Governor of Oaxaca, with zero results. * On 2 February 1995, the route Ixtapa - Tlacotepec mayors headed by Neftalí Ruiz Sánchez wrote to the President of the Republic, Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León asking the road paving. * In the same year was in service the fifth drinking water tank in ''El Ocote'' spot. * Between 1996 and 1998 were built a channel, two barriers and four reservoirs for irrigation water storage, being President Juan Pablo López. '''2000''' thumb San Juan Achiutla's Francisco I. Madero primary school nowadays (File:Escuela Fco I Madero San Juan Achiutla Oaxaca México.jpg) * 2004 the Instituto de Estudios de Bachillerato del Estado de Oaxaca (IEBO) campus 126 "Achiutla" was established among San Juan Achiutla, San Miguel Achiutla and San Sebastián Atoyaquillo, in order to provide to several towns educational service. It has three classrooms and seven computers in 2010 with Internet service. * In 2008 began the delivery of public Internet services in San Juan Achiutla in private establishing "The Grandfather's House". '''2010''' * Starts the streets paved and construction of sidewalks on the main street of the village. * In September, 2010 in the National Commission for development of indigenous Peoples in Mexico City and in December of that same year in San Juan Achiutla and Tlaxiaco, is presented the book ''Camino por la Mixteca. Un testimonio y documentos para la microhistoria de San Juan Achiutla y la Mixteca Alta del Estado de Oaxaca''. Raúl Ruiz Bautista Memoirs. * The old classrooms of elementary school in San Juan Achiutla, ancient “adobe” constructions and part of the town cultural heritage were demolished, the ground is used as machinery parking lot. This was a cultural heritage destruction municipal action. * In the 2010-2011 the number of pupils attending primary school is 27, secondary school 31, and Achiutla IEBO pre college level is 84. Total 142 students in the locality, taking into account the Achiutla IEBO attend not only students from San Juan but also joined 12 students from the Guadalupe Hidalgo's IEBO which was closed due to students' lack), of San Miguel Achiutla, San Sebastián Atoyaquillo and other villages. As more above has been said, in 1965 when only primary school worked, it had 285 students, more than double that the total in 2011. thumb ''Tortillas'' and ''zapotes'' sellers in San Juan Achiutla (File:Venta de Tortillas y Zapotes.jpg) * Until 2011 the road Ixtapa - Tlacotepec ranging from Ixtapa to San Juan Achiutla (town called and led its construction) remains without be paved, meanwhile long route the "obligated" Tlaxiaco pass, was paved long time ago. * In July, 2011, as a result and in follow-up to the Raúl Ruiz Bautista´s work, was published in ''Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre'', the first article on San Juan Achiutla, who initiates the recovery of identity and cultural and historical memory of the place, its inhabitants, migrants and their descendants, many of them Mixtec born in other parts of the country and abroad. In January 2012, the English translation was published in ''Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia''. Cultural and historical heritage There are as goods of cultural and historical heritage of San Juan Achiutla: * Achiutla Pre-Hispanic site and San Miguel Arcángel Dominican Convent, for have been the pre-Hispanic City of Achiutla the place that gave birth to San Miguel Achiutla as to San Juan Achiutla, none in the original space although San Miguel behind the original site. * St. John the Evangelist Church. * 18th-century oil paintings collection in the St. John the Evangelist Church. thumb San Juan Achiutla's jail (File:14 Carcel SJA.jpg) * "El chorrito" drinking water box * The prison and the municipal buildings adjacent to it. * The Municipal Palace * The kiosk in the front garden at City Hall. * The monument to the flag. * The book ''Camino por la Mixteca. Un testimonio y documentos para la microhistoria de San Juan Achiutla y la Mixteca Alta en el estado de Oaxaca''. Raúl Ruiz Bautista, published in 2010 and graded as high relevance by the library of the Congress of the United States. Cultural traditions The Mixtec culture, to which San Juan Achiutla and the achiutlecos belong, is a living culture, says Ronald Spores on the subject: :After the independence war the language ''ñu savi (Ñuu Dzaui)'' speakers retained their ethnic identity, their customs, and managed to adapt to the circumstances of the new country, initially in the Mixteca and eventually beyond: in Puebla, the central valleys, the North and Northwest Mexico; at present, can be found Mixtec everywhere in North America. This group tenacity and adaptability for more than 3,000 years deserves everyone's attention. thumb San Juan Achiutla's kiosk (File:13 Kiosco SJA.jpg) :The Mixtec culture has developed and maintained for more than three millennia in a vast region which covers a territory of 40 000 km2, which extends from South of Puebla to the Pacific coast and the Valley of Oaxaca to the East of Guerrero. The Mixteca region comprises three ecological zones: '''the High Mixteca ―escenario of the development of the main towns of this culture―,''' the Low Mixteca ―o Ñuiñe ("Tierra Caliente") — and the Mixteca de la Costa. :We must remember that the Mixtec culture did not disappear with the conquest, during the colonial period, or in the 19th and 20th centuries radical national transformations. It exists today in the Mixteca, everywhere in Mexico and anywhere in the world where the Mixtecs have reached in its vast adaptation diaspora. Many have left the Mixteca, but their hearts, thoughts and feelings remain on their land and their tradition. :As reflected in ''La Canción Mixteca'' (a lyric) among multiple ethnic groups that form the Mexican Republic, perhaps the nation more sentimental, nostalgic and loyal to its roots is the ''ñu savi'', the Mixtec nation. Following ancient cultural traditions are preserved in San Juan Achiutla: * The ''tequio'', which is obligatory work as contribution to the town public works and services, that allows the people and the municipality to be clean and healthy place in an exemplary fashion. * The ''gueza (guelaguetza, give to receive)'' which is mutual support mainly in supplies or in cash between neighbors and relatives that bring to those who have a celebration, feast or compromise, such as weddings, baptisms, funerals or ''mayordomías''. The ''gueza'' reception is a solemn ceremony in which small speeches are addressed to deliver and receive the contributions, being a usual commitment to spontaneously to reciprocate the help at the moment in which the counterpart need it. * The ''mayordomía'' which is the responsibility of an individual for the celebration of the Patron Saint San Juan fest, this custom however is of great economic burden for those who assume it. * The ''posadas'' are the festivities during eight days leading up to Christmas. Consist of put the ''nacimiento'', give Posada to the pilgrims, with images of the pilgrims Mary and Joseph in a procession calling the Inn to the house inhabitants, who give after prayers and doubts, they offer to the pilgrims and the procession hot drinks, ''tamales'', collations, gifts, breaking ''piñatas'', pray the Rosary. * The ''pastorela'' of the town, staging Christmas performed with volunteer actors of the town prior to Christmas. * The ''danza del guajolote'' (Turkey dance), in which the salient mayordomo delivered a turkey as a gift through dancers to the new ''mayordomo''. * The ''música de viento'' (wind music band) of both religious and social present at every party. * The pre-Hispanic legend of ''El flechador del sol'' which Achiutla is mentioned. Bibliography * '''Ruiz Bautista. Raúl.''' ''Camino por la Mixteca. Un testimonio y documentos para la microhistoria de San Juan Achiutla y la Mixteca Alta en el estado de Oaxaca'' Mexico 2010, 295 pp. ISBN 978 - 607-00-3376-6 http: lccn.loc.gov 2010538507 * '''Pérez Ortiz, Alfoso.''' ''Pueblo en llamas, la inobediencia de los mixtecos de Achiutla en el siglo XVI.'' Thesis for the degree of m.a. in history. Universidad Nacional Autónoma Mexico. 2009. * '''Diguet. Léon''', ''Contribution a l'Etude geographique du mexique précolombien. Le Mixtecapan'' Journal de la Société des américanistes de Paris. Nouvelle series. Tome III. Au sige de la Société. 61, Rue de Buffon, 61. France 1906. * '''Hermann Lejarazu. Manuel A.''' ''Códice Yucunama. Edición facsimilar, interpretación y Análisis.'' Centre for Research and Higher Studies in Social Anthropology. CIESAS. Mexico. 1st Edition, Mexico, 2009. ISBN 978-607-486-042-9 * '''Jansen, Maarten and Pérez Jiménez, Gabina Aurora'''. ''Paisajes sagrados: códices y arqueología de Ñuu Dzaui.'' Itineraries Vol. 8 2008 ISSN paper version: 1507-7241, University of Warsaw. Iberian and Latin American Studies Institute. Oboźna 8, 00-927 Warsaw. * '''Maarten E.R.G.N. Jansen''' ''Huisi Tacu'', volume II. CEOLA. Incidentele Publicaties 24. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Leuven University. Belgium. * '''Spores. Ronald''', ''La Mixteca y los mixtecos. 3,000 años de adaptación cultural''. Arqueología Mexicana. Bi-Monthly Magazine, March–April 2008. Volume XV, number 90. México. * '''San Juan Achiutla's Municipality''', in ''Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México'' National Institute for Federalism and Municipal Development, Interior Ministry, Mexico. * '''San Juan Achiutla's Municipality''' ''Plan Municipal de Desarrollo de San Juan Achiutla 2008 - 2010''. External links * Book's review "Camino por la Mixteca" * Book: Camino por la Mixteca. Un testimonio y documentos para la microhistoria de San Juan Achiutla y la Mixteca Alta en el estado de Oaxaca. Memorias. Raúl Ruiz Bautista. * León Diguet's book ''Contribution a l'etude geographique du mexique précolombien. Le Mixtecapan" * Códice Yucunama. Edición facsimilar, interpretación y Análisis * Biblioteca Burgoa de la Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca. Joyas Bibliográficas. Note about Fray Benito Hernández and its ''Catecismo en Lengua Mixteca''. * Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México, Oaxaca References Category:Municipalities of Oaxaca Category:Populated places in Oaxaca In pre-Columbian times, the Mixtec were one of the major civilizations of Mesoamerica. Important ancient centres of the Mixtec include the ancient capital of Tilantongo, as well as the sites of Achiutla (San Juan Achiutla), Cuilapan, Huajuapan (Huamelulpan (archaeological site)), Mitla, Tlaxiaco, Tututepec, Juxtlahuaca, and Yucuñudahui. The Mixtec also made major constructions at the ancient city of Monte Albán (which had originated as a Zapotec (Zapotec civilization) city before the Mixtec gained control of it). The work of Mixtec artisans who produced work in stone (Rock (geology)), wood, and metal were well regarded throughout ancient Mesoamerica. - 175 San Juan Achiutla San Juan Achiutla Tlaxiaco (Tlaxiaco District, Oaxaca) - - 175 San Juan Achiutla San Juan Achiutla Tlaxiaco (Tlaxiaco District, Oaxaca) -


Tlayacapan

, around the same time as the beginning of Lent. This event also marks the beginning of the dry season, when there is no agricultural work. Work moves to the management of stored grain and crafts. On the day before Ash Wednesday, festivities begin at 10 in the morning with music and dance as well as fireworks. These wind through the streets on their way to the main square. The party continues in the square with music and food and rides and other attractions


Surakarta

Years and Over by Regency City and Type of Activity during The Previous Week and Sex in Jawa Tengah 2009 Based on employment numbers, the most common work in Solo was worker paid employee (112,336), followed by self-employee (56,112), self-employee assisted by temporary employee (32,769), unpaid employee (20,193), self-employee assisted by permanent employee (14,880), freelance employee in non-agricultural work (10,241), and freelance employee in agricultural work (237). ref>


Indian Head, Saskatchewan

in the area before helping to establish the first Dominion experimental farm in the Northwest territories (Territorial evolution of Canada) and received an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws for his agricultural work.


Joseon

(low-status) people such as Jang Yeong-sil were allowed to work for the government. At a young age, Jang displayed talent as an inventor and engineer, creating machines to facilitate agricultural work. These included supervising the building of aqueducts and canals. Jang eventually was allowed to live at the royal palace, where he led a group of scientists to work on advancing Korea's science. Some of his inventions were an automated (self-striking) water


Puebla, Puebla

, Puebla Puebla and Monterrey (Monterrey, Mexico) . During the dry season, there is migration from the rural areas into the urban ones as most agricultural work takes place during the rainy season. Most farm work consists of the harvesting of fruit. The agricultural production supports an agro-industry which attracts workers from neighboring Jalisco and Michoacán . Most of Colima’s agriculture is based on perennial


Burkina Faso

to Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, mainly for seasonal agricultural work. These flows of workers are affected by external events; the September 2002 coup attempt in Côte d'Ivoire and the ensuing fighting meant that hundreds of thousands of Burkinabe returned to Burkina Faso. The regional economy suffered when they were unable to work. The total fertility rate of Burkina Faso is 5.93 children born per woman (2014 estimates), the sixth highest in the world. ref name cia >


Havana

Memorial at the center of the Old City of Habana. Recently, GBM was awarded the "Medal for Agricultural Work" by the Cuban government (Government of Cuba). death_date origin Havana, Cuba instrument Yotuel was born in Havana, Cuba. His name is a combination of three Spanish (Spanish language) pronouns ''yo'', ''tú'' and ''él'' (I, you, and he). His parents could not agree on a name so they decided to combine all 3 pronouns. birth_date WikiPedia:Havana Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Cuba Localities Havana commons:La Habana


Ghana

, Lesotho, Seychelles, Madagascar, Somalia *States with limited recognition (List of states with limited recognition) (except Palestine (State of Palestine)). Most of Burkina's people are concentrated in the south and center of the country, sometimes exceeding 48 per square kilometer (125 sq. mi.). This population density, high for Africa, causes annual migrations of hundreds of thousands of Burkinabé to Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana for seasonal agricultural work. About a third of Burkinabé adhere to traditional African religions. The introduction of Islam to Burkina Faso was initially resisted by the Mossi rulers. Christian (Christianity)s, predominantly Roman Catholics, are largely concentrated among the urban elite. export-goods cotton, livestock, gold export-partners People's Republic of China 29.6%, Singapore 15.7%, Thailand 7.2%, Ghana 6.4%, Niger 4.8% (


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