was completely blind (blindness), some early biographers are silent about this or do not mention him as being born blind. His accurate knowledge and description of colors, as evident in his poetry, renders this assertion very doubtful. He was the court poet to the Samanid ruler Nasr II (Nasr II of Samanid) (914–943) in Bukhara, although he eventually fell out of favour; his life ended in poverty. In Panjakent there was found inscribed Sogdian alphabet, so we can suppose alphabetisation
is in the Bibliothèque Nationale at Paris. He is also known to students of Babism for having written the first and most influential account of trhe movement, displaying a fairly accurate knowledge of its history in ''Religions et philosophies dans l'Asie centrale''. An addendum to that work is a bad translation of the Bab's Bayan al-'Arabi, the first Babi text to be translated into a European language. Accident On 17 March 2012, Daei's car turned over as he was driving back to Tehran (from Isfahan
about this or do not mention him as being born blind. His accurate knowledge and description of colors, as evident in his poetry, renders this assertion very doubtful. He was the court poet to the Samanid ruler Nasr II (Nasr II of Samanid) (914–943) in Bukhara, although he eventually fell out of favour; his life ended in poverty. Tajikistan is divided into one autonomous province (Tajik (Tajik language): Вилояти мухтор, ''viloyati mukhtor'' ), 2
, and the beautiful polychrome pottery of the Gran Coclé style. The monumental monolithic sculptures at the Barriles (Chiriqui) site are other important evidence of the ancient isthmian cultures. Prior to the arrival of Europeans, Panama was widely settled by Chibchan, Chocoan, and Cueva (Cueva people) peoples, among whom the largest group were the Cueva (whose specific language affiliation is poorly documented). There is no accurate knowledge of the size of the indigenous (Indigenous people of the Americas) population of the isthmus at the time of the European conquest. Estimates range as high as two million people, but more recent studies place that number closer to 200,000. Archaeological finds as well as testimonials by early European explorers describe diverse native isthmian groups exhibiting cultural variety and suggesting people already conditioned by regular regional routes of commerce. When Panama was colonized, the indigenous peoples fled into the forest and nearby islands. Scholars believe that, among the various contributing factors, infectious disease was the main cause of the population decline of the American natives. The indigenous peoples had no acquired immunity to such diseases, which had been chronic in Eurasian populations for centuries. Hays, J. N. (2005). ''Epidemics and pandemics: their impacts on human history'', ABC-CLIO, pp. 82–83, ISBN 1-85109-658-2 Conquest to 1799 thumb right Vasco Núñez de Balboa (Image:Balboa südsee.jpg), a recognized and popular figure of Panamanian history. thumb right "New Caledonia", the ill-fated Scottish Darien scheme (Image:New Caledonia in Darien.jpg) colony in the Bay of Caledonia, west of the Gulf of Darien. Rodrigo de Bastidas, sailing westward from Venezuela in 1501 in search of gold, was the first European to explore the isthmus of Panama. A year later, Christopher Columbus visited the isthmus and established a short-lived settlement in the Darien (Darién Province). Vasco Núñez de Balboa's tortuous trek from the Atlantic to the Pacific in 1513 demonstrated that the Isthmus was, indeed, the path between the seas, and Panama quickly became the crossroads and marketplace of Spain's empire in the New World. Gold and silver were brought by ship from South America, hauled across the isthmus, and loaded aboard ships for Spain. The route became known as the Camino Real, or Royal Road, although it was more commonly known as Camino de Cruces (Road of the Crosses) because of the abundance of gravesites along the way. Panama, under Spanish rule (Spanish Empire) for 300 years (1538–1821) became part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, along with all other Spanish possessions in South America. From the outset, Panamanian identity was based on a sense of "geographic destiny", and Panamanian fortunes fluctuated with the geopolitical importance of the isthmus. The colonial experience also spawned Panamanian nationalism as well as a racially complex and highly stratified society, the source of internal conflicts that ran counter to the unifying force of nationalism. In 1538, the Real Audiencia de Panama was established, initially with jurisdiction from Nicaragua to Cape Horn before the conquest of Peru. A Real Audiencia (royal audiency) was a judicial district that functioned as an appeals court. Each audiencia had oidores (Spanish: hearer, a judge). Spanish authorities exercised little control over much of the territory of Panama, large sections managing to resist conquest until very late in the colonial era. Because of this, indigenous people of the area were often referred to as "indios de guerra" (war Indians) and resisted Spanish attempts to conquer them or missionize them. However, Panama was enormously important to Spain strategically because it was the easiest way to transship silver mined in Peru to Europe. Silver cargos were landed at Panama and then taken overland to Portobello or Nombre de Dios on the Caribbean side of the isthmus for further shipment. Because of the incomplete Spanish control, the Panama route was vulnerable to attack from pirates (mostly Dutch and English) and from 'new world' Africans called cimarrons (cimarron people (Panama)) who had freed themselves from enslavement and lived in communes or palenques around the Camino Real in Panama's Interior, and on some of the islands off Panama's Pacific coast. One such famous community amounted to a small kingdom under Bayano, which emerged in the 1552 to 1558. Sir Francis Drake's famous raids on Panama in 1572–73 were aided by Panama cimarrons, and Spanish authorities were only able to bring them under control by making an alliance with them that guaranteed their freedom in exchange for military support in 1582.
July 2010 under the theme ''Rights Here, Right Now''. The XIX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012) will be held in Washington, DC (Washington, D.C.) from 22-27 July 2012 under the theme ''Turning the Tide Together''. Exact sources of Verne's quite accurate knowledge of contemporary Eastern Siberia remain disputed. One popular version connects it to the novelist's meetings with anarchist Peter Kropotkin; however, Kropotkin arrived in France after
) was an attempt to reach through Aristotle's criticisms a more accurate knowledge of the Platonic philosophy (''Platonis de ideis et numeris doctrina ex Aristotele illustrata''). Trendelenburg was born in Berlin and studied medicine at the University of Glasgow and the University of Edinburgh. He completed his studies at the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Charité) under Bernhard von Langenbeck, receiving his doctorate in 1866. He practiced medicine at the University of Rostock and the University of Bonn. In 1895 he became surgeon-in-chief at the University of Leipzig. Career Born '''Rudolph Franz Joseph Bing''' in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire to a well-to-do Jewish family (his father was an industrialist), Bing studied at the University of Vienna and as a young man worked in theatrical and concert agencies. In 1927 he went to Berlin, Germany and subsequently served as general manager of opera houses in that city and in Darmstadt. DATE OF DEATH 11 December 1994 PLACE OF DEATH Berlin, Germany Declining years After the Second Partition of Poland, he was made governor-general of the newly acquired Lithuanian provinces (Lithuania), where he also commanded the Russian forces during the Kościuszko Uprising. Tsar Paul I (Paul I of Russia) raised him to the rank of field marshal (1796), and in 1798 sent him on a diplomatic mission to Berlin and Vienna to detach Prussia from France and unite the Habsburg Monarchy and Prussia against the First French Republic. Unsuccessful, upon his return he was dismissed from service and died in Riga. - 1 19 November 2008 Olympic Stadium (Olympic Stadium (Berlin)), Berlin, Germany Commons:Category:Berlin Wikipedia:Berlin Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Berlin
(IAS 2011). The 7th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention (IAS 2013) will be held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Exact sources of Verne's quite accurate knowledge of contemporary Eastern Siberia remain disputed. One popular version connects it to the novelist's meetings with anarchist Peter Kropotkin; however, Kropotkin arrived in France after ''Strogoff'' was published. Another, more