Places Known For


Nag Hammadi

Coptic Christians (Christianity) were shot dead by three men. "Egypt's anxious Copts 'await next catastrophe <

were highly esteemed. A well-known Gnostic apocryphal book is the Gospel of Thomas, the only complete text of which was found in the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi in 1945. The Gospel of Judas, a Gnostic gospel, also received much media attention when it was reconstructed in 2006. As far back as the early 2nd century, there is evidence that the codex—usually of papyrus—was the preferred format among Christians (Christianity): in the library of the Villa of the Papyri

# 389, and Roberts & Skeat 71, call it a "medical manual."" However, by the 3rd century Neoplatonists, such as Plotinus, Porphyry and Amelius are all attacking the Sethians. It looks as if Sethianism began as a pre-Christian tradition, possibly a syncretic Hebrew that incorporated elements of Christianity and Platonism as it grew, only to have both Christianity and Platonism reject and turn against


King Ilsharah Yahdib crushed this rebellion. The north Arabian Lakhmid king Imru’ al-Qays ibn 'Amqu attacked Najrān in AD 328. Under the influence of Axum, the Christians in Najrān thrived and started an alliance with Aksum again at the beginning of the 6th century. Early Christian community Christianity must have been introduced into Najrān, as in the rest of South Arabia, in the 5th century AD or perhaps a century earlier. According

to the Arab (Arab people) Muslim historian (Historiography of early Islam) Ibn Isḥāq (Ibn Ishaq), Najran was the first place where Christianity took root in South Arabia. According to the contemporary sources, after seizing the throne of the Ḥimyarites, in ca. 518 or 523 Dhū Nuwās (Dhu Nuwas), a convert to Judaism, http: news uk-news historians-back-bbc-over-jewish-massacre-claim attacked the Aksumite (Kingdom of Aksum) (mainly Christian) garrison

at Zafar (Zafar, Yemen), capturing them and burning their churches. He then moved against Najrān, a Christian (Christianity) and Aksumite stronghold. After accepting the city's capitulation, he massacred those inhabitants who would not renounce Christianity. Estimates of the death toll from this event range up to 20,000 in some sources; a surviving letter (where he is called ''Dimnon'') written by Simon, the bishop of Beth Arsham in 524 AD, recounts Dhū Nuwās's persecution in Najrān (modern

Kingdom of Northumbria

616 in battle at the River Idle by Raedwald of East Anglia, who installed Edwin (Edwin of Northumbria), the son of Aella (Aella of Deira), a former king of Deira, as king. Edwin, who accepted Christianity in 627, soon grew to become the most powerful king in England: he was recognised as Bretwalda and conquered the Isle of Man and Gwynedd (Kingdom of Gwynedd) in northern Wales. He was, however, himself defeated by an alliance of the exiled king of Gwynedd, Cadwallon

of Forth and also gradually extended his reach westward, encroaching on the remaining Cumbric speaking kingdoms of Rheged and Strathclyde (Kingdom of Strathclyde). Thus, Northumbria became not only part of modern England's far north, but also covered much of what is now the south-east of Scotland. King Oswald re-introduced Christianity to the Kingdom by appointing St. Aidan (Aidan of Lindisfarne), an Irish monk from the Scottish island of Iona to convert his people. This led

to the introduction of the practices of Celtic Christianity. A monastery was established on Lindisfarne. War with Mercia continued, however. In 642, Oswald was killed by the Mercians under Penda at the Battle of Maserfield. In 655, Penda launched a massive invasion of Northumbria, aided by the sub-king of Deira, Aethelwald (Aethelwald of Deira), but suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of an inferior force under Oswiu (Oswiu of Northumbria), Oswald's successor

Kingdom of Iberia

;!--- Optional: Date of disestablishment --- event1 date_event1 event2 Adoption of Christianity (Christianity in Georgia (country)) as state religion date_event2 326 ? AD 337 ? AD p1 Achaemenid Empire p2 Colchis s1 Principate of Iberia image_map Georgian States Colchis and Iberia (600-150BC)-en.svg image_map_alt image_map_caption

and acknowledged the reign over all the Caucasian area, it recognized Mirian III (Mirian III of Iberia), the first of the Chosroid dynasty, as king of Iberia . The event is related

with the mission of a Cappadocian woman, Saint Nino, who since 303 had preached Christianity in the Georgian kingdom of Iberia (Eastern Georgia) . However, after the emperor Julian (Julian the Apostate) was slain during his failed campaign


" It is famous throughout Lebanon and the region for its pleasant climate, numerous riverside restaurants and quality arak (Arak (drink)). Its inhabitants are predominantly Greek Catholic (Melkite Christianity in Lebanon) and known as '''Zahlawis'''. Origin of name The name ''Zahlé'' is derived from

. The metropolitan area extends over much of the Zahlé District, and additionally comprises: * the town of Kab Elias to the Southwest * the town of Bar Elias (Barelias) to the South * the villages of Furzol, Ablah and Niha (Niha Bekaa) to the Northeast * and the towns of Riyaq (Rayak (Riyaq)), Haoush Hala and Ali en Nahri to the East with a total population close to 200,000. Zahlé is the largest predominantly Christian (Christianity in Lebanon) town in Lebanon

and the Middle East (with Christians forming around 90% of its total population) and the one with the largest number of Catholics. While several Middle Eastern cities (Damascus, Cairo, Jerusalem...) have larger Christian communities, these do not constitute a majority. In Lebanon, Beirut also has a larger Christian population than Zahlé (in the city proper), most of which however belongs to the Orthodox (Orthodox Christianity in Lebanon) confession. The Christian population


Frankish tribes and to expand their ''territorium'' south and west into Gaul. Clovis converted to Christianity (Roman Catholicism) and put himself on good terms with the powerful Church and with his Gallo-Roman subjects. In a thirty-year reign (481–511) Clovis defeated the Roman general Syagrius and conquered the Roman exclave of Soissons (Domain of Soissons), defeated the Alemanni (Tolbiac (Battle of Tolbiac), 504) and established Frankish hegemony over them. Clovis defeated

. A capitulary of 802 gives insight into their duties. They were to execute justice, enforce respect for the royal rights, control the administration of the counts and dukes (then still royal appointees), receive the oath of allegiance, and supervise the clergy. Church

The Frankish Church grew out of the Church in Gaul (Christianity in Gaul) in the Merovingian period, which was given a particularly Germanic development (Germanic Christianity) in a number of "Frankish synods" (List of Frankish synods) throughout the 6th and 7th centuries, and with the Carolingian Renaissance, the Frankish Church became a substantial influence of the medieval Western Church. In the 7th century, the territory of the Frankish realm was (re-)Christianized


. C.'' i. 174; Strack, ''Diḳduḳ Ṭe'amim,'' p.&nbsp;56). Certain readings of the Biblical text are characterized by tradition—especially by the Masorah to the Pentateuch Targum (Onkelos)—as being those of Sura, and certain others as of Nehardea (see Berliner, ''Die Massorah zum Targum Onkelos,'' pp. xiii. et seq., 61-70, Leipsic, 1877). Bibliography * Barak S. Cohen, "‘In Nehardea Where There Are No Heretics’: The Purported Jewish Response to Christianity in Nehardea

(A Re-examination of the Talmudic Evidence)," in Dan Jaffé (ed), ''Studies in Rabbinic Judaism and Early Christianity: Text and Context'' (Leiden: Brill, 2010) (Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity Arbeiten zur Geschichte des antiken Judentums und des Urchristentums, 74), See also *Nehardea Academy *Anbar (town) (Firuz Shapur) *Fallujah *Talmudic Academies in Babylonia *Pumbedita Academy *Pumbedita (City) *Mahuza *Pum-Nahara Academy * Sura (city

. The town became a refuge for the Arab, Christian (Christianity), and Jewish colonies of that region. '''), and lies a short distance from the present-day town of Fallujah, formerly the History of the Jews in Iraq#Babylonia as the center of Judaism (219 AD - ~1050


(the Greek form of ''Ḥadyab'') had its center at Erbil, and the town and kingdom are known in Jewish Middle Eastern history for the conversion of the royal family to Judaism. Adiabene, Jewish Kingdom of Mesopotamia, Jonah Gabriel Lissner Its populace then converted from the Mesopotamian Religion (Mesopotamian religion) during the 1st and 2nd centuries to Church of the East Christianity, with ''Pkidha

) metropolitanate of Ḥadyab in Arbela (Syriac (Syriac language): ref>

; Medieval history Arbela was an early center of Syriac Christianity. By 100 AD there was a bishop seated in the city. As many of the Aramaic-speaking Assyrians adapted Biblical (including Jewish) names, most of the early bishops had Eastern Aramaic or Jewish Biblical names, which does not suggest that many of the early Christians in this city were converts from Judaism. Gillman, Ian and Hans-Joachim Klimkeit. ''Christians in Asia before 1500''. (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan


once again under a single ruler, and promoted the spread of Christianity in Northumbria. He was given a strongly positive assessment by the historian Bede, writing a little less than a century after Oswald's death, who regarded Oswald as a saintly king; it is also Bede who is the main source for present-day historical knowledge of Oswald. After eight years of rule, in which he was the most powerful ruler in Britain (Great Britain), Oswald was killed in the Battle of Maserfield. url

of Northumbria Edwin stretched from the Humber in the south to the Forth (River Forth) in the north, though it was reduced to having its traditional northern border of the River Tweed after the area from the Tweed to the Forth was ceded to the Kingdom of Scotland in 1018, including Lothian, the region which contains Edinburgh. Northumberland is often called the "cradle of Christianity" in England, because it was on Lindisfarne, a tidal island north of Bamburgh

, also called ''Holy Island'', that Christianity flourished when monks from Iona were sent to convert the English. Lindisfarne was the home of the Lindisfarne Gospels and Saint Cuthbert (Cuthbert of Lindisfarne), who is buried in Durham Cathedral. History Bamburgh Castle, then called ''Din Guardi'', may have been the capitol of the Brythonic kingdom of Bryneich (Bernicia) between about AD 420 and 547. In 547 the castle was taken by the invading Angles led by Ida


at Faras, and Alodia was to the south with its capital at Soba (Soba (city)). Makuria eventually absorbed Nobadia. The people of the region converted to Monophysite Christianity (Monophysitism) around 500 to 600 CE. The church initially started writing in Coptic (Coptic language), then in Greek, and finally in Old Nubian, a Nilo-Saharan language. The church was aligned with the Egyptian Coptic Church (Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria). Shillington (2005), p. 67<

, between the wells of Jakdul and Metemma. They are often incorrectly classed as Ja'alin. They own numbers of horses and cattle, the former of the black Dongola breed. At the battle of Abu Klea (17 January 1885) they were conspicuous for their courage in riding against the British (United Kingdom) square. Christianity Christianity was first introduced to the Sudan, i.e. Nobatia (northern Sudan and part of Dongola), by a missionary sent by Byzantine empress

Theodora (Theodora (wife of Justinian I)) in 540 AD. The second wave of Christianity to the Sudan came during the time of the European Colonialism. In 1892, the Belgian expediters took parts of southern Sudan that came to be named Lado Enclave (i.e. the western bank of Upper Nile region which is today the southeast Sudan and northwest Uganda). After the death of king Leopold II on 10 June 1910, the Lado Enclave, became the province of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, with its capital city

Copyright (C) 2015-2017
Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017