Places Known For

traditional commercial


Chaozhou

of Johor , until urban development and the redistribution of the people in public housing development (public housing in Singapore) diluted this geographic trend, although they are still known to concentrate in the northeast such as in Hougang. Traditional commercial sectors of Chinatown once dominated by Teochews include Circular Road and South Bridge Road. Chaozhou peoples also founded rural settlements and were active in the plantation industry, and gave rise to modern place names such as Choa Chu Kang, Lim Chu Kang and Yio Chu Kang. Today, the Chaozhou people continue to be represented by various clans and association, one of the most prominent being the Ngee Ann Kongsi, which built schools such as the Ngee Ann Secondary School and also went into real-estate (Ngee Ann City). Much effort has been made to preserve their distinct identity and culture under the heavy influence of the Hokkiens, including through the airing of a popular television drama, ''The Teochew Family'' in 1995 by MediaCorp's Channel 8 (MediaCorp Channel 8). * There is also a large number of Teochew people in Penang, Malaysia. In the early 19th century some Teochew people settled here and in 1855, they founded the Teochew Association, which also includes a temple in Chulia Street, George Town (George Town, Penang). The community continued to grow until in 1919, a school named after the Han River (Han River (Guangdong)), Han Chiang School, was founded to provide education for the people. Today, during some large occasions, the Teochew community still holds Teochew operas here. Other than that, Han Chiang School went on to become one of the most famous education institutions in Penang. They have 3 schools, namely SJK(C) Han Chiang, Han Chiang High School and Han Chiang College. * There is a large population of Chaozhou people in Hong Kong. When mainland China opened its doors in the 1950s, there was an exodus of refugees into Hong Kong to flee communist rule. Refugees from Chaozhou banded together in very tight communities and were known to be very generous towards helping refugees from their own regions. They spoke their own Teochew dialect amongst themselves, hence they stood out among locals when almost everybody else spoke Cantonese in Hong Kong. Locals called them by the name "Chiu Chow Loun", where Chiu Chow is the Cantonese pronunciation of their origin. Teo Chew and Nang is the Teochew pronunciation of the word "people". They were known to be a very hardworking people and to be good at running small businesses. Back in the 1960s, almost every "rice store" (grocery stores for dried food and uncooked rice) in Hong Kong was owned by "Chiu Chow Loun". Decades and generations later, the children of these immigrants blended into Hong Kong society. Large corporation-run supermarkets drove many independent Chiu Chow "rice stores" out of business. Chiu Chow Loun no longer stands out as a distinct community in Hong Kong, though they are still very active in organizing charity activities, especially around the "ghost festival" in the seventh month of the Chinese calendar. See Teochew people for more details. * On an added note, 70% of the population of Kowloon Walled City (formerly located in Hong Kong) was Chiu Chou. * There is a large population of Chaozhou people in Pontianak (Pontianak, Indonesia) and Ketapang, Indonesia. Teochew is the main lingua franca used among the Chinese, and Teochew are the dominant ethnic Chinese group in Pontianak and Ketapang. *There is a large population of Chaozhou people in Thailand. Thailand has had a long history of business and trade with Teochew merchants. Many of the major business families in Thailand can trace their roots to Chaozhou. There are also many instances in the Thai language where Teochew words have been adopted as part of daily use. *There is a large population of Chaozhou people also in Cambodia, where they had been residents for generations most of the trade in Cambodia, even in small towns is dominated by them. Most of the business and professional families in Cambodia can trace their ancestry to Chaozhou. The Teochew community associations are engaged in management of their own schools, pagodas and charities. The Chinese lunar new year is a national holiday. Friendship City * Bangkok, Thailand (2005-11-25) * 13th arrondissement of Paris, France (2009-05-15) * Xiamen, China (2013-07-24) * San Francisco, USA (2013-11-22) See also * Chaozhou cuisine, the cooking style originating from Chaozhou. * Teochew dialect, the dialect spoken in Chaozhou. * Teochew people, history of the people from Chaozhou. References


Languedoc

, stayed in Castres in 1585. The Protestants of Castres were brought to terms, however, by King Louis XIII (Louis XIII of France) in 1629, and Richelieu (Cardinal Richelieu) came himself to Castres to have its fortifications dismantled. Nonetheless, after these religious wars, the town, now in peace, enjoyed a period of rapid expansion. Business and traditional commercial activities revived, in particular fur and leather-dressing, tanning, and above all wool trade. Culture flourished anew


Bamako

250px Craft sellers set up their wares at the ''zone artisanal'' in Bamako city centre. Industry The traditional commercial center of Bamako was located to the north of the river, and contained within a triangle bounded by Avenue du Fleuve, Rue Baba Diarra, and Boulevard du Peuple. This area contains the Marché Rose and Street Market. The downtown area is highly congested, polluted, and expensive, and urbanization is sprawling at a rapid pace within a radius of 30 km. The largest urbanized area now lies on the southern bank of the Niger River. A modern central business district is rapidly developing immediately west of the downtown area in the ACI-2000 district, taking advantage of a well-designed geometric layout, legacy of the old airport runways and taxiways. A large administrative area is being developed at the junction between ACI-2000 and the King Fadh Bridge, containing most of the state departments (ministries) and administrative services in a central location. Bamako is also the headquarters of many large companies and administrative institutions. Commons:Category:Bamako Wikipedia:Bamako Dmoz:Regional Africa Mali Localities Bamako


Beijing

Wikipedia:Beijing Dmoz:Regional Asia China Beijing commons:北京


Singapore

this geographic trend, although they are still known to concentrate in the northeast such as in Hougang. Traditional commercial sectors of Chinatown once dominated by Teochews include Circular Road and South Bridge Road. Chaozhou peoples also founded rural settlements and were active in the plantation industry, and gave rise to modern place names such as Choa Chu Kang, Lim Chu Kang and Yio Chu Kang. Today, the Chaozhou people continue to be represented by various clans and association, one of the most prominent being the Ngee Ann Kongsi, which built schools such as the Ngee Ann Secondary School and also went into real-estate (Ngee Ann City). Much effort has been made to preserve their distinct identity and culture under the heavy influence of the Hokkiens, including through the airing of a popular television drama, ''The Teochew Family'' (潮州家族) in 1995 by MediaCorp's Channel 8 (MediaCorp Channel 8). Hakka worldwide The Hakka have emigrated to many regions worldwide, notably Suriname, India, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand and Burma. * Singapore ** Lee Kuan Yew 李光耀 (''1923-; Dabu, Guangdong; born in Singapore''; Hakka pronunciation: Lee Kong Yau), Founding father of modern Singapore; Prime Minister of Singapore, his mother Chua (蔡), is a Min Nan Nyonya 1959-1990 ** Lee Hsien Loong 李顯龍 李显龙 (''1952-; Dabu, Guangdong; born in Singapore''; Hakka pronunciation: Lee Hen Loong), Present Prime Minister of Singapore, his mother Kwa (Kwa Geok Choo) (柯) is of Min Nan Tong'an ancestry thumb 300px Laundry is hung to dry above an Italian street. (File:Italian hanging laundry.jpg) thumb Laundry hanging out of flats for drying in Bukit Batok (File:Laundry.JPG), Singapore. '''Laundry''' is the washing of clothing and linens, the place where that washing is done, and or that which needs to be, is being, or has been laundered. Laundry can be considered a room or area, as in a home or apartment building, reserved for doing the family wash. * Sri Lanka * Singapore - BBC (BBC World Service) relay station * Canada - Radio Canada International The study of economic development by social scientists encompasses theories of industrial economic modernization causes, the historical phases or waves of economic development, and the organizational aspects of enterprise development in modern societies (Modernity). Economic development embraces sociological research (sociology) on a variety of topics including: business organization (Industrial organization), enterprise development, evolution of markets and management, and cross-national comparisons of industrial organization patterns. One example inquiry would be: "Why are levels of direct foreign investment and labour productivity significantly higher in some countries than in others?" Lewis F. Abbott, ''Theories Of Industrial Modernization & Enterprise Development: A Review'', ISR Google Books, revised 2nd edition 2003, pages 1–2. ISBN 978-0-906321-26-3.economics, the study of economic development was borne out of an extension to traditional economics that focused entirely on Gross national product national product , or the aggregate output of goods and services. Economic development was concerned in the expansion of people’s entitlements and their corresponding capabilities, morbidity, nourishment, literacy, education, and other socio-economic (Socioeconomics) indicators. See Michael Todaro and Stephen C. Smith, Commons:Category:Singapore Wikipedia:Singapore Dmoz:Regional Asia Singapore


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