Places Known For

summer red

Washington, D.C.

into a desk when not in use. * Ida B. Wells sues the Chesapeake, Ohio & South Western Railroad Company for its use of segregated "Jim Crow" cars. '''1919''' *summerRed Summer of 1919 riots: Chicago (Chicago Race Riot of 1919), Washington, D.C.; Knoxville (Knoxville Riot of 1919), Indianapolis, and elsewhere. *September 28 – Omaha Race Riot of 1919, Nebraska. '''1939''' *Easter Sunday – Marian Anderson performs on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. at the instigation of Secretary of Interior Harold Ickes after the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) refused permission for Anderson to sing to an integrated audience in Constitution Hall and the federally controlled District of Columbia Board of Education declined a request to use the auditorium of a white public high school. * Billie Holiday first performs "Strange Fruit" in New York City. The song, a protest against lynching written by Abel Meeropol under the pen name Lewis Allan, became a signature song for Holiday. *June 30 – In ''Miller v. Johnson'' the Supreme Court rules that gerrymandering based on race is unconstitutional. *October 16 – Million Man March in Washington, D.C., co-initiated by Louis Farrakhan and James Bevel.

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