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success fighting


Balkh

, attacking now Bactra (Balkh), from where he was repulsed with great difficulty by the satrap of Bactria Artabazus (328 BC). The Türgesh Kaganate (Turgesh), a Turkic dynasty of the 700s, saw significant initial success fighting against the Umayyads. In 717, the Kara Turgesh elected Suluk (Suluk (Turgesh qaghan)) as their Khaghan. The new ruler moved his capital to Balasagun in the Chu valley, receiving the homage of several chieftains formerly bond to the service of Bilge


Bukhara

thumb right 200px The borders of the Russia (File:XXth Century Citizen's Atlas map of Central Asia.png)n imperial territories of Kiva, Bukhara and Kokand in the time period of 1902–1903. *Brasov Challenger, Braşov, Romania *Bukhara Challenger, Bukhara, Uzbekistan *Carisap Tennis Cup, San Benedetto, Italy The Türgesh Kaganate (Turgesh), a Turkic dynasty of the 700s, saw significant initial success fighting against the Umayyads. In 717, the Kara Turgesh elected Suluk (Suluk (Turgesh qaghan)) as their Khaghan. The new ruler moved his capital to Balasagun in the Chu valley, receiving the homage of several chieftains formerly bond to the service of Bilge Khaghan of the Türküt. Suluk acted as a bulwark against further Umayyad encroachment from the south: the Arabs had indeed become a major player in recent times, despite the fact that Islam had yet to make many converts in central Asia. Suluk's aim was to reconquer all of Transoxiana from the Arab invaders - his series of conquests was paralleled to the west by the activity of the Khazar empire. In 721 Turgesh forces, led by Kül Chor, defated the Caliphal army commanded by Sa'id ibn Abdu'l-Aziz near Samarkand. Sa'id's successor, Al-Kharashi, massacred Turks and Sogdian (Sogdiana) refugees in Khujand, causing an influx of refugees towards the Turgesh. In 724 Caliph Hisham sent a new governor to Khorasan (Greater Khorasan), Muslim ibn Sa'id, with orders to crush the "Turks" once and for all. Confronted by Suluk on the way, however, Muslim reached Samarkand with only a handful of survivors, and the Turgesh were enabled to raid freely. A string of subsequent appointees of Hisham were soundly defeated by Suluk, who in 728 even managed to take Bukhara and later on destroyed (Battle of the Defile) a large part of the Caliphate's army in Khurasan, discrediting Umayyad rule and maybe putting the foundations for the Abbasid revolution. The Turgesh state was at its apex of glory, controlling Sogdiana, the Ferghana Valley. It was only in 732, that two powerful Arab expeditions to Samarkand managed, if with embarrassing losses, to reestablish Caliphal authority in the area; Suluk renounced his ambitions over Samarkand and abandoned Bukhara, withdrawing north. In 734 an early Abbasid follower, al-Harith ibn Surayj, rose in revolt against Umayyad rule and took Balkh and Marv before defecting to the Turgesh three years later, defeated. In 738 Suluk, along with his allies Ibn Surayj, Gurak (a Turco-Sogdian leader) and men from Usrushana, Tashkent and Khuttal to launch a final offensive. He entered Jowzjan but was defeated by the Umayyad governor Asad at the Battle of Sa'n or Kharistan. Influence Ahmed Yassawi later moved to Bukhara and followed his studies with the well known Yusuf Hamdani Y. N. Öztürk: ''The Eye of the Heart'' (Redhouse Press Istanbul 1988), p.49 (d. 1140). Yassawi made considerable efforts to spread Islam throughout Central Asia and had numerous students in the region. Yasawi's poems created a new genre of religious folk poetry in Central Asian Turkic literature and influenced many religious poets in the following countries. John L. Esposito, ed., The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World, Volume 1, New York: Oxford University Press, 1995, p. 271 Yassawi made the city of Yasi into the major centre of learning for the Kazakh steppes, then retired to a life of contemplation aged 63. He dug himself an underground cell where he spent the rest of his life. Turkish scholar Hasan Basri Çantay noted that "It was a Seljuk (Seljuq dynasty) king who brought Rumi, the great Sufi poet, to Konya; and it was in Seljuq times that Ahmad Yesevi, another great Sufi, lived and taught. The influence of those two remarkable teachers has continued to the present." Hasan Basri Çantay, "Chapter 7: Islamic Culture in Turkish Areas", in Islam -- The Straight Path: Islam Interpreted by Muslims by Prof. Kenneth W. Morgan, Published by The Ronald Press Company, New York 1958. Yasavi is also mentioned by Ernest Scott (pseudonym) The People of the Secret by Ernest Scott (Ernest Scott (pseudonym)) (1983) ISBN 0863040381 as a member of the Khwajagan Sufis. Legacy A mausoleum (Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi) Yasavi (Shrine of Ahmed Yasavi), ArchNet Dictionary of Islamic Architecture was later built on the site of his grave by Tamerlane (Timur) the Great in the city (today called Türkistan (Türkistan, Kazakhstan)). The Yasaviyya Tariqah which he founded continued to be influential for several centuries afterwards, with the Yasavi Sayyid Ata Sheikhs holding a prominent position at the court of Bukhara into the 19th century. Devin Deweese "The Politics of Sacred Lineages in 19th-century Central Asia: Descent groups linked to Khwaja Ahmad Yasavi in Shrine Documents and Genealogical Charters" ''International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies'' Vol.31 (1999) pp507-530 In the Yasaviyya Sufis one comes across the greatest number of the shamanistic elements compared to other Sufi Orders. "The Sacred Sites of Kyrgyzstan", Cholpon K. Dyikanova, Taalaibek K. Dyikanov, Jarkyn B. Samanchina (eds.), Bishkek, 2004-2005, p. 8, citing Demidov, 1988, p. 3 thumb right 200px Sadriddin Ayni on a 1958 Soviet stamp. (Image:Stamp of USSR 2177.jpg) Ayni was born of peasant stock in the village of Saktara in what was then the Emirate of Bukhara. He became an orphan at 12 and moved to join his older brother in Bukhara, where he attended a madrasa and learned to write in Arabic. The '''Emirate of Bukhara''' ( Wikipedia:Bukhara Commons:Category:Bukhara Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan Localities Bukhara


Ming dynasty

Ming soldiers arrived from one of the Manchurian commanderies (Commandery (China)) to investigate the scale of the Japanese invasion after King Seonjo pleaded for aid from the Ming court. The Chinese force was a renown mounted unit with much experience and success fighting the Jurchens. * Lauren Booth - a British (United Kingdom) Biodata Presenter broadcaster


Tashkent

''' is a Jewish day school under the auspices of the Chabad-Lubavitch, located in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. It was founded in 1995 and is run by the Ohr Avner Foundation. As of 2005 it has an enrollment of some 200 students. The Türgesh Kaganate (Turgesh), a Turkic dynasty of the 700s, saw significant initial success fighting against the Umayyads. In 717, the Kara Turgesh elected Suluk (Suluk (Turgesh qaghan)) as their Khaghan. The new ruler moved his capital to Balasagun


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