Places Known For

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German Empire

. The camera moves away from the action and towards a life-size wooden crucifix in the background, the wood infested with termites. DATE OF BIRTH 18 August 1890 PLACE OF BIRTH Danzkehmen, Kingdom of Prussia, then German Empire, now Russian Federation DATE OF DEATH 31 May 1960 * Georgia (Georgia (country)): Bagrationi (Bagrationi dynasty) * German Empire: House of Hohenzollern (Prussian line) * Greece: The phrase ''Great Patriotic War'' (''Великая отечественная война'') appeared in 1914. It was the name of a special war-time appendix to the magazine ''Theater and Life'' (Театр и жизнь) in Saint Petersburg, and referred to the Eastern Front (Eastern Front (World War I)) of World War I, where Russia fought against the German Empire and the Austrian Empire. The phrases ''Second Patriotic War'' (''Вторая отечественная война'') and ''Great World Patriotic War'' (''Великая всемирная отечественная война'') were also used during World War I in Russia. Due to this major victory, which also made the "Second Reich (German Empire)" of Germany possible, 2 September was declared "Sedan Day" (''Sedantag'') and a national German holiday in 1871. It remained a holiday until 1919. St. Vith was transferred to Belgium on March 6, 1925, by the Treaty of Versailles after the defeat of the German Empire in World War I. An important road and railway junction, St. Vith was fought over in the 1944 Battle of the Bulge during World War II. The United States Army defended the town against German assault for a few days, delaying the German attack plan, before eventually retreating. Once it was captured by German forces (Wehrmacht), the town was bombed by the US Air Force on 25 and 26 December 1944. St. Vith was largely destroyed during the ground battle and subsequent air attack. American forces retook the town on January 23, 1945. The only remaining pre-war architecture is the Büchel Tower. Arlon was one of the first victims of the German (German Empire) invasion in 1914 as 121 inhabitants were executed on August 26 on the orders of Colonel Richard Karl von Tessmar. Its territory was again among the first to be invaded at the onset of World War II. During the second world war the mayor collaborated with the Germans. He was shot in 1946. Atavism is a key term in Joseph Schumpeter's explanation of World War I in 20th century liberal (Liberalism) Europe. He defends a liberal view of international relations (liberal international relations theory) that an international society built on commerce will avoid war because of war's destructiveness and comparative cost. His reason for WWI is termed "atavism", in which he claims the vestigial governments in Europe (the German Empire, Russian Empire, Ottoman Empire, and Austro-Hungarian Empire) pulled the liberal Europe into war, and that the liberal structure of the continent did not cause it. He used this idea to say that liberalism and commerce would continue to have a soothing effect in international relations, and that war would not arise in nations who are built on commercial ties. The Russian Empire started to mobilise its troops in defence of its ally Serbia, which resulted in the German Empire declaring war on Russia in support of its ally Austria-Hungary. Very quickly, after the involvement of France, the Ottoman Empire and the British Empire, five of the six great European powers became involved in the first European general war since the Napoleonic Wars. The '''Schlieffen Plan''' was the German General Staff's early 20th century overall strategic plan for victory in a possible future war in which the German Empire might find itself fighting on two fronts (front (military)): France (French Third Republic) to the west and Russia (Russian Empire) to the east. The First World War (World War I) later became such a war, with both a Western Front (Western Front (World War I)) and an Eastern Front (Eastern Front (World War I)). The Schlieffen Plan After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, the French province of Alsace-Lorraine, with a mixed population of both French and Germans, was annexed to the new German Empire. The revanchist (revanchism) French vowed to regain these territories, which France had possessed for nearly 200 years. Due to alliances orchestrated by German chancellor Otto von Bismarck, France was initially isolated, but after Kaiser Wilhelm II (Wilhelm II, German Emperor) took the throne in 1888 and gradually estranged Germany from Russia and Britain (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland), fears about having to fight a future war on two fronts simultaneously grew among German leaders. '''Alfred Graf Nazi Germany branch 23px border (Image:War Ensign of Germany 1903-1918.svg) Reichsheer (German Army (German Empire)) 23px (Image:Flag of Weimar Republic (war).svg) Reichswehr 23px (File:Flag Schutzstaffel.svg) Waffen-SS :'''George''': By Gum, this is interesting! I always loved history. The Battle of Hastings (w:Battle of Hastings), Henry VIII (w:Henry VIII of England) and his six knives (w:Wives of Henry VIII) and all that! :'''Blackadder''': You see, Baldrick, in order to prevent a war in Europe, two super blocs developed: us, the French and the Russians on one side (w:Allies of World War I); and the Germans and Austro-Hungary on the other (w:German Empire). The idea was to have two vast, opposing armies, each acting as the other's deterrent (w:Causes of World War I#Arms Race). That way, there could never be a war. :'''Baldrick''': Except, well, this is sort of a war, isn't it? First documented in the 13th century, Berlin became the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (w:Kingdom of Prussia) (1701–1918), the German Empire (w:German Empire) (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (w:Weimar Republic) (1919–33) and the Third Reich (w:Third Reich) (1933–45). Berlin in the 1920s (w:1920s Berlin) was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II, the city, along with the German state, was divided - into East Berlin (w:East Berlin) — capital of the German Democratic Republic (w:German Democratic Republic), colloquially identified in English as East Germany — and West Berlin (w:West Berlin), a political exclave (w:exclave) (surrounded by the Berlin Wall (w:Berlin Wall) from 1961 to 1989) and a ''de facto'' (although not ''de jure'' (w:Allied Control Council)) state of the Federal Republic of Germany (w:Federal Republic of Germany), known colloquially in English as West Germany (w:West Germany) from 1949 to 1990. Following German reunification (w:German reunification) in 1990, the city was once more designated as the capital of all Germany. thumb right (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S90733, Victor Klemperer.jpg) '''Victor Klemperer (w:Victor Klemperer)''' (9 October 1881 – 11 February 1960) worked as a commercial apprentice, a journalist and eventually a Professor of Literature, specialising in the French Enlightenment at the Technische Universität Dresden (w:Technische Universität Dresden). His diaries detailing his life under successive German states—the German Empire (w:German Empire), the Weimar Republic (w:Weimar Republic), Nazi Germany (w:Nazi Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (w:German Democratic Republic)—were published in 1995.

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