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Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi

were also claimed by the Moldovan Democratic Republic, which however had no means to enforce such claims on the ground. The city was occupied by the Romanian Army on 9 March 1918, after heavy fighting with local troops led by the Bolsheviks. Formal integration followed later that month, when an assembly of the Moldovan Democratic Republic proclaimed the whole of Bessarabia united with Romania (Union of Bessarabia with Romania). In the interwar period, projects aimed to expand the city and the port were reviewed. Romania ceded the city to the Soviet Union on 28 June 1940 following the 1940 Soviet Ultimatum (Soviet occupation of Bessarabia), but regained it on 28 July 1941 during the invasion of the USSR (Operation Barbarossa) by the Axis forces in the course of the Second World War and had it within its boundaries until 22 August 1944 when the Red Army occupied the city once again. The Soviets partitioned Bessarabia, and its southern flanks (including Bilhorod) became part of the Ukrainian SSR, and after 1991, modern Ukraine. According to the 2001 Ukrainian census, the majority of the city's population are Ukrainians (63%). Other important communities include Russians (28%), Bulgarians (3.7%) and Moldovans (1.9%). The language situation is notably different, with Russian (Russian language)-speakers representing a majority (54%), followed by speakers of Ukrainian (Ukrainian language) (42%), Bulgarian (Bulgarian language) (1.6%) and Moldovan (Moldovan language) (1.3%). Jewish history In Jewish sources, the city is referred as Weissenburg and Ir Lavan (both meaning "white city"). Karaite (Karaite Judaism) Jews lived there since the 16th century, some even claim the existence of khazars Jews in town as early as the 10th century. In 1897, 5,613 Jews lived in the city (19.9% of the total population). The town Jewish community was influenced mainly from the Jewish community of nearby Odessa. During a pogrom in 1905, eight Jews living in the city were killed. During World War 2, most of the Jews living in the city fled to nearby Odessa, where they were later killed. The 800 Jews who were left in the city were shot to death in the nearby Leman river. http: go.galegroup.com ps retrieve.do?sgHitCountType None&sort RELEVANCE&inPS true&prodId GVRL&userGroupName imcpl1111&tabID T003&searchId R11&resultListType RESULT_LIST&contentSegment &searchType BasicSearchForm&currentPosition 1&contentSet GALE%7CCX2587502349&&docId GALE CX2587502349&docType GALE Around 500 of the prewar town Jews survived the war, and around half of them returned to the city. Demographics As of 1920, the population was estimated at 35,000. 8,000 were Romanian (Romanian people), 8,000 were Jewish (Jewish people), and 5,000 were German (German people). Additional populations included Turks, Greeks (Greek people), Bulgarians (Bulgarian people) and Russians (Russian people). Government Serving as the administrative center of the Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Raion (district (Raion)), Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi itself is a city of oblast subordinance (Administrative divisions of Ukraine), thus being subject directly to the ''oblast'' authorities rather to the ''raion'' administration housed in the city itself. The city also administers two towns Serhiyivka and Zatoka (Zatoka, Odessa Oblast). Climate Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi has an oceanic climate (Köppen (Köppen climate classification): ''Cfb''). Radu managed to convince the Wallachians that paying the Jizya (tax on non-Muslims) and having him as their leader would be in their best interest. Vlad Ţepeş was abandoned and fled to Transylvania, where he was imprisoned by Corvinus for 12 years based on a forged letter that described him as asking the sultan for forgiveness and for an alliance against Hungary. He was released in 1474 and was soon on his way to Bosnia (Bosnia (region)) with a Hungarian army, where he captured towns and fortresses and impaled 8,000 Turks. Stephen of Moldavia had managed to capture Chilia and Akkerman (Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi) and managed to defend them against the Ottomans at the Battle of Vaslui. The two cousins forged an alliance and in 1476, conquered Wallachia together; however, in December 1476, Vlad Ţepeş died in battle against the Ottomans. Radu had died of syphilis a year earlier (1475).


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