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Bayt Jibrin

) died with the mortality rate in the district reaching 68 per 1,000. Crops remained unharvested due to lack of people strong enough to work in the fields. The new British regime began a program of sealing open wells, improving drainage and distributing quinine across Palestine. ''An Empire in the Holy Land: Historical Geography of the British Administration in Palestine, 1917-1929'' Gideon Biger, St. Martin's Press, 1994 The massacre was cited by Yigal Allon as the reason for the halting of the creeping annexation that included Bayt Jibrin, Qubeiba (Al-Qubayba) and Tel Maresha. Shapira, Anita. Yigal Allon; Native Son; A Biography Translated by Evelyn Abel, University of Pennsylvania Press ISBN 978-0-8122-4028-3 p 248 October 27 – November 9, 1948 Israeli capture of Bayt Jibrin, Isdud and Majdal (Ashkelon), and other important points, culminating in Operation Shmone - New pagan cities were founded in Judea at Eleutheropolis (Bayt Jibrin), Diopolis (Lydd (Lod)), and Nicopolis (Emmaus Nicopolis) (Emmaus (Emmaus Nicopolis)). Palestine. (2007). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved August 12, 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Islamic rule Rafah was an important trading city during the early Arab period, and one of the towns captured by the Rashidun army under general 'Amr ibn al-'As in 635 CE. al-Biladhuri quoted in le Strange, 1890, p.xix. Al-Biladhuri lists the cities captured by Amr ibn al-'As as Ghazzah (Gaza), Sebastiya (Sebastia (Sebastia, Nablus), Nabulus, Amwas (Imwas), Kaisariyya (Caesarea), Yibna, Ludd (Lydda (Lod)), Rafh (Rafah), Bayt Jibrin, and Yaffa (Jaffa). Under the Umayyads and Abbasids, Rafah was the southernmost border of Jund Filastin ("District of Palestine"). According to Arab geographer al-Ya'qubi, it was the last town in the Province of Syria and on the road from Ramla to Egypt. le Strange, 1890, p.517. History The Islamic historian al-Biladhuri (Ahmad ibn Yahya al-Baladhuri) mentioned Yibna as one of ten towns in ''Jund Filastin'' conquered by the Rashidun army led by 'Amr ibn al-'As in the early 7th century. The conquered towns included "Ghazzah (Gaza) (Gaza), Sabastiyah (Sebastia (town)) (Samaria), Nabulus (Shechem), Kaisariyyah (Caesarea) (Cæsarea), Ludd (Lod) (Lydda), Bayt Jibrin, Amwas (Imwas) (Emmaus), Yafa (Jaffa) (Joppa), Rafah, and Yibna. (Bil. 138), quoted in le Strange, 1890, p.28 The tug-of-war between the Crusaders and various Cairo-based Muslim forces continued. After the Ayyubid (Ayyubid dynasty)s were overthrown by the Mamluks from within the palace walls in Cairo, Deir al-Balah came under Mamluk rule from 1250 to 1517. Regular mail routes (Postage stamps and postal history of Palestine) run by mounted messengers with colored sashes were introduced from Cairo to Gaza via the towns of Rafah, Wadi as-Salqa, al-Darum (Deir al-Balah), Malkas, Bayt Jibrin, Beit Hanoun, Beit Daras, Qatra, Lydda (Lod), Auja (Auja (Palestine)), Tira, Qatoun, Fahmah and Jenin, and from there to Damascus. Roads, bridges, postal stations and khans were built to accommodate the messengers. Pigeon mail service was introduced for which towers were built. Produce available in this time period in Deir al-Balah included barley, wheat, grapes and grape leaves, olives, raspberries, lemons, figs, sweet melons, pomegranates and dates. 19th century identification In 1838, American scholar Edward Robinson (Edward Robinson (scholar)) identified Bayt Jibrin as the site of ancient Eleutheropolis. Biblical researches in Palestine, 1838-52. A journal of travels in the year 1838. P. 57ff: Eleutheropolis 1856, Eleutheropolis remains a titular see in the Roman Catholic Church. Eleutheropolis in Palaestina (Titular See)


Dagestan

, Iran, Russia (Dagestan), Turkey (Kars and Iğdır) and Georgia (Georgia (country)) (Borchali). Personal life Her father, Gadzhi Gadzhiyevich Isinbayev, is a plumber and a member of a small (130,000-people strong) ethnic group of Tabasaran (Tabasaran people)s who mostly live in Dagestan. Her mother, a shop assistant, is Russian (Russians). Isinbayeva also has a sister named Inna. Isinbayeva came from humble beginnings and remembers that her parents had


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