pluralistic ', and sources of law are in French and English languages, although since the 1950s the main working language of the legal system is English. The principal court is the Royal Court (Royal Court of Jersey), with appeals to the Jersey Court of Appeal and, ultimately, to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. The Bailiff (Bailiff (Channel Islands)) is head of the judiciary; the Bailiff and the Deputy Bailiff are appointed (Law of Jersey#Judiciary) by the Crown. Other members of the island's judiciary (Judiciary of Jersey (list)) are appointed (Law of Jersey#Judiciary) by the Bailiff. Parishes
Leggesullefontideldiritto.pdf here. While the state itself uses only Italian, many other languages are used by institutions situated within the state, such as the Holy See, the Pontifical Swiss Guard (Pontifical Guard), and the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. The Holy See uses Latin as its main official language, Italian as its main working language and French as its main diplomatic language; in addition, its Secretariat of State (Secretariat of State (Holy See)) uses English, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese and Spanish. The Swiss Guard, in which commands on parade are given in German, also uses French and Italian, the other two official Swiss languages, in its official ceremonies, such as the annual swearing in of the new recruits on 6 May. Centro Televisivo Vaticano, "Solemn oath of the Vatican Swiss guards" religion Catholicism latd 41 latm 54.2 latNS N longd 12 longm 27.2 longEW E coordinates_type region:VA_type:country coordinates_display inline, title government_type absolute monarchy, right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.
India, and the main working language of the Union Government. Many more speak it as a second language. Although many dialects of Hindi exist, the prestige dialect of Hindi used in media and education is based on the dialect of the area around Delhi, and is understood by most Hindi speakers. If you can only afford only one phrasebook, pick up the Hindi one as it will allow you to get by in most of India. Avoid speaking Hindi in places such as Tamil Nadu and the Northeast (North-Eastern India), as Hindi is met with hostility from most of the locals there. Also do not refer to the other languages as ''dialects'' of Hindi; they are separate languages, mostly mutually unintelligible with different writing systems, and some (like the Dravidian languages) are completely unrelated to Hindi. Fluency in '''English''' varies vastly depending on education levels, occupation, age and region. English is compulsory in all schools, and is widely spoken among affluent sectors of the population in major cities and around most tourist places, as well as in most police stations and government offices, and acts as the ''lingua franca'' among educated Indians. However, if possible, you are better off picking up as many words as you can of the local language of the place you are going to - people are proud of their state's (or region's) culture and language and will appreciate it if an outsider makes an attempt to communicate in it. Code-switching between English and the local language is common among the youth in urban areas, although most educated people would speak standard English when talking to foreigners. Many Indian languages lack a word for please, just like the Scandinavian languages. Instead, verbs have many forms denoting levels of politeness and formality. As there is no such distinction in English, Indians may also seem commanding to a westerner. You may here phrases like ''come here'' which may sound commanding to Anglophones from Western cultures, but this is not meant to be rude. There are plenty of English language TV shows that air in India (without dubbing) on Zee Cafe, FX, Star World, BBC Entertainment, AXN, Warner Bros and BIG CBS Prime. However, with the exception of BIG CBS Prime, shows are usually a season behind. Nearly all shows are American (except for the ones on BBC Entertainment). There are many other TV channels in English; in fact, there are more English TV channels than in any other Indian language. English language films in cinemas are generally shown in their original language with subtitles in the local language. Cartoon Network, Pogo, Nat Geo, and Discovery may be dubbed in Hindi, Telugu or Tamil in their respective areas. However, this can be changed to English by changing the audio settings. '''Non-verbal communication''' is also important. Much has been made of the confusing Indian head nod for yes and no, but the only important thing to understand is that Indians have '''different nods for yes, ok and no.''' * If they are nodding their head '''up and down''', they mean '''yes''' or '''I agree''', as in a standard nod. * If they are shaking their head in a '''tilting motion''' from right to left and back, they mean '''I understand''' or '''I get what you said'''. * If they shake their head sideways (left to right to left), they mean '''no'''. * There are differences in the way these signs are used in northern and southern India. The back to forth is yes and a vigorous left-right shift is no in northern India, though latter may be construed for yes in southern states like Tamilnadu. Look for verbal cues that accompany these sounds (like 'aaan' for yes ) in southern India to get the correct meaning. See If you really want to see all the worth visiting places in India, one tourist visa of six months can be argued to be considered enough. There are more tourist destinations in India than can be mentioned in one book. Almost every State in India has over ten major tourist destinations and there are cities which can not be fully experienced even in one full week. Not to forget that several states of India are bigger than most of the countries in the world and there are twenty-nine states and 7 Union Territories in India, including two island Chains outside the Mainland. *'''The Taj Mahal''': The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage. It is bigger and more majestic than it looks in photographs. *''' Agra''': A majestic city, containing historical monuments such as the majestic Agra Fort and the beautiful Taj Mahal. thumb 260px Red Fort, Delhi (File:RedFort.jpg) *''' Delhi''': The Capital and the heart of India; it is both modern and historical. Having monuments such as the Red Fort and Qutub Minar, it also provides modern facilities to its visitors. Delhi also hosted 2010 Commonwealth Games, and is less polluted than most ares of India. *''' Varanasi :''' Hindu religious rituals, some harking back to the Vedic age, 5,000 years ago, Varanasi is the oldest living city of the world and the birthplace of Hinduism. Don't miss the evening Ganga Aarti. *''' Tigers''', Remember that you will need a lot of luck to see a Tiger,but your chances of seeing a tiger are fairly good in Bandhavgarh or Ranthambore tiger reserves. *'''Asiatic Lions''' at The Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary (also known as Sasan-Gir, ગીર રાષ્ટ્રીય ઉદ્યાન) in the state of Gujarat is the sole home of the pure Asiatic Lions. Buses and jeeps are available for touring the sanctuary. *'''Gandhi Ashram''' Located in Ahmedabad (Ahmedabad West Zone) and was once the house of Mahatma Gandhi. Founded by Mahatma Gandhi in 1915 it lies on the tranquil stretch of the Sabarmati river and was referred to as the Satyagraha Ashram during the lifetime of the Mahatma. Mahatma began his famous 'Dandi March' in 1930 to protest against the Salt Tax imposed by the British. One can see the three wise monkeys and many more of Gandhiji's teachings at the ashram premises. The ashram today continues the work started by Mahatma and houses a handicrafts centre, a handmade paper factory and a spinning wheel factory. *'''Sundarbans'''. Largest mangrove forest and delta in the world. Home to the famous Royal Bengal tigers and estuarine crocodiles. *'''Hill Stations'''. India is home to some remarkable, scenic and gorgeous hill stations such as Shimla, Coorg, Mussorie, Darjeeling, Nainital, Almora, Shillong,Mt.Abu and Ooty. *''' Sangla Valley'''. Considered one of the most beautiful valleys of the world lies in the upper regions of Himachal Pradesh. It is extremely scenic with photogenic landscapes and unforgettable landscapes. *'''Leh'''. Considered to be on the top of the world. One of the highest inhabited cities of the world. It gives a different idea of high altitude altogether with unbelievable landscapes. *'''Srinagar'''. It is the capital of the State of Jammu and Kashmir in winter season. Extremely beautiful city in the midst of the Himalayas with a very beautiful Dal lake in it. *'''Jammu'''. It is the capital of the State of Jammu and Kashmir in summer season. Jammu city is also known as "City ofTemples" as it has many temples and shrines like vashno devi. *'''Gangtok'''. Capital city of Sikkim. Gangtok is a bewitching hill-station located amidst the multiple-hued mountains of Sikkim. *'''Goa'''. Ruled by Portuguese for over 400 years, Goa is a cocktail of Indian and Portuguese culture. Quite a different kind of place altogether, Goa is full of beautiful beaches and flocking tourists. *'''Pondicherry'''. Pondicherry was a French colony over two hundred years and has a lot of sighting of French influence throughout its territories. Now tourists often flock there for spiritual ashrams or enjoyable pubs and parties. *'''Bishnupur (Bishnupur (West Bengal))'''. Located in West Bengal, it is home to the famous terracotta temples and a great centre for classical Bishnupur Gharana music. Do not forget to buy a Bankura horse made of terracota(which is the symbol for Indian handicrafts). *'''Tirupati Balaji'''. If you want to see the material richness of a religious place, visit this temple. It is considered to be the richest temple in the world and one surprising sight to see for a non Indian. It is located in Andhra Pradesh. *'''Nalanda'''. Related to Buddhism, It was the oldest university of the world later on destroyed completely during the Muslim invasions of India. Sights of Buddhist interest like Pavapuri and Rajgir are in the vicinity. *'''Golden Temple'''. An actual temple plated with gold is one of Sikhism's holiest shrines. Looks very serene early in the mornings. *'''Khajuraho'''. Supposedly the birthplace of Kamasutra, Khajuraho is full of temples with erotic sculptures all around them. One of the most interesting and less talked about aspects of Hindu culture. *'''Kochi'''. In a State full of secluded and ravishing beaches, Kochi is one of the most sought after tourist destination. It is advisable to visit the surrounding beach cities of Kochi. Don't forget to experience backwaters of Kerala in a house boat. *'''Andamans'''. Beautiful Island territory of India in the Bay of Bengal, Andaman islands can be considered one of the best island destinations in the world. *'''Jaisalmer'''. A city located in the middle of desert, Jaisalmer is a place to go for watching the beautiful view of sun lighted virgin deserts of Thar Desert. *'''Palaces'''. India abounds in Palaces in practically every state across its vast landmass thanks to its age-old History. Sports *'''Cricket'''. India is a cricket-obsessed country and cricket is in the blood of most Indians. India plays an important role in world cricket and has been world champion twice in the ICC Cricket World Cup, in 1983 beating the mighty West Indies in the final and most recently in 2011 defeating Sri Lanka. India also emerged triumphant in the inaugural ICC T20 World Cup in 2007 held in South Africa beating arch-rival Pakistan in a nail-biting final. The popularity of cricket in India is second to no other game, so seeing children playing cricket in parks and alleys with rubber balls and makeshift wickets is very common. Until 2008, Indian cricket was all about the national team playing against other countries in one-day matches or epic 5 day Test marathons, but the advent of the Indian Premier League (IPL) has, for better or worse, brought fast-paced, commercialized "Twenty20" cricket to the fore, complete with cheerleaders and massive salaries. In international matches, while Australia and South Africa make viable opposition, the biggest rivalry by far is with neighbouring Pakistan, and matches between the two sides are often a very charged affair. About half-a dozen Indian stadiums have a capacity of over 45,000 and watching a cricket match can be quite an experience. Eden Gardens cricket stadium in Kolkata is Asia's highest capacity stadium with over 90,000 seating capacity and is the oldest cricket stadium in the Indian subcontinent, established in 1865, and is comparable to the stadiums of Lords' in London and the MCG in Melbourne. The atmosphere of most matches is electrifying. ''Nearly all'' international matches have sellout crowds, and it is quite normal for fans to bribe officials and make their way in. Starting ticket prices are quite cheap; they can be as low as ₹250-300. India and Pakistan are all-time arch rivals, and cricket matches between the two nations attract up to a billion TV viewers. * Commons:Category:India Wikipedia:India Dmoz:Regional Asia India
) singing, and Michael Acher (core member of The Notwist and Tied & Tickled Trio) the main composer and programmer of the songs. thumb right 280px Examples of Hupp's work (File:Beispiel Sammelblatt der Neuen Reihe 1925.png) '''Otto Hupp''' (May 21, 1859 - January 31, 1949) was a German (Germany) graphical artist. His main working area was heraldry, yet he also worked as a typeface designer, creating commercial symbols and metal works. He also competed in mixed double's with Emms. They had a bye in the first round and defeated Björn Siegemund and Nicol Pitro of Germany in the second. In the quarterfinals, Robertson and Emms beat Chen Qiqiu and Zhao Tingting of China (People's Republic of China) 15-8, 17-15 to advance to the semifinals. There, they beat Jonas Rasmussen and Rikke Olsen of Denmark 15-6, 15-12. In the final, they lost to Chinese pair Zhang Jun (Zhang Jun (badminton)) and Gao Ling 15-1, 12-15, 15-12 to finish with the silver medal. # 20px (Image:Flag of the United States.svg) United States, (Lenny Krayzelburg, Mark Gangloff, Michael Phelps, Neil Walker (Neil Walker (swimmer))) 3:35.10 '''-Q''' # 20px (Image:Flag of Germany.svg) Germany, (Steffen Driesen, Jens Kruppa, Helge Meeuw, Lars Conrad) 3:36.65 '''-Q''' # 20px (Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg) Great Britain, (Gregor Tait, James Gibson (James Gibson (swimmer)), James Hickman, Matthew Kidd) 3:36.94 '''-Q''' The song features the metaphor of a bullfight, comparing it either with the autocratic regime in Portugal at the time (Estado Novo (Portugal)) or with the culture of materialism. The song was performed third on the night, following Belgium's Nicole & Hugo with "Baby, Baby (Baby, Baby (Nicole and Hugo song))" and preceding Germany's Gitte with "Junger Tag". At the close of voting, it had received 80 points, placing 10th in a field of 17. # Commons:Category:Germany Wikipedia:Germany Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany
'''Joseph-Désiré Job''' (born 1 December 1977 in Vénissieux, Rhône (Rhône (department))) is a French (France)-born Cameroonian football (Association football) striker. He also plays for the Cameroon national team (Cameroon national football team). He spent the vast majority of his professional career in France and Spain - Deportivo de La Coruña, appearing in more than 200 official games over the course of six seasons and 1999–2000 La Liga