-Rheinfels Philipp II became Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels. Hessian War ) (December 15, 1719 – April 6, 1790) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt) from 1768 - 1790. He was a son of Louis VIII (Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt), Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg (Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg). In 1709 Graupner accepted a post at the court of Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt) and in 1711 became the court orchestra’s ''Hofkapellmeister'' (court chapel master). Graupner spent the rest of his career at the court in Hesse-Darmstadt, where his primary responsibilities were to provide music for the court chapel. He wrote music for nearly half a century, from 1709 to 1754, when he became blind (Blindness). He died six years later. Life in Europe He was born '''Karl Theodor Christian Friedrich Follen''' at Romrod, in Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt), Germany, to Christoph Follen (1759–1833) and Rosine Follen (1766–1799). His father was a counselor-at-law and judge in Giessen, in Hesse-Darmstadt. His mother had retired to Romrod to avoid the French revolutionary troops that had occupied Gießen. He was the brother of August Ludwig Follen and Paul Follen, and the uncle of the biologist (biology) Karl Vogt. thumb Nassau Kronenthaler, 1817 (Image:Nassau Kronenthaler 70200.jpg) The '''Kronenthaler''' was a silver coin first issued in the Austrian Netherlands (see Austrian Netherlands Kronenthaler (Austrian Netherlands kronenthaler)). It contained one ninth of a Cologne mark of silver and was thus equal to the Reichsthaler of the Leipzig convention. Most examples show the bust of the Austrian ruler on the obverse and four crowns on the reverse, hence the name which means "crown thaler". After the Austrian Netherlands was occupied by France, several German states (e.g., Bavaria, Baden, Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt), Württemberg) issued Kronenthaler, as it had become a popular trade coin. Already Imperial Knights, on April 26, 1660, the family were created imperial (Holy Roman Empire) barons (''Reichsfreiherren (Freiherr)''). Matriculation to the baronial class in the Kingdom of Bavaria occurred on August 22, 1891 for Friedrich Freiherr von Fürstenberg, ''Rittmeister à la suite'' in the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt and Freeholder of Egenburg by Würzburg. Since 1247 Alsfeld has been part of Hesse and in 1254 the town joined the ''Rheinischer Städtebund''. Hermann II (Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse) built himself a castle here in 1395 and for a time turned the town into his official residence. From 1567 Alsfeld belonged to Hesse-Marburg and from 1604 on to Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt). Until 1972 it was the seat of Alsfeld district until the district was merged with neighboring Lauterbach district (Lauterbach (district)) and the Schotten region into the present-day Vogelsberg district (Vogelsbergkreis). At that time, the decision to designate Lauterbach (Lauterbach (Hesse)) as seat of the new district led to bitterness in Alsfeld that put a damper on the relationship between the two towns for years. This went so far that because of protests in and around Alsfeld the motor vehicle registration office in Alsfeld, for instance, would not issue licence plates with the code "LAT" (for Lauterbach) and instead continued to issue plates sporting the code "ALS" for Alsfeld until 1978 when the licence plate code "VB" was agreed on for the entire district of Vogelsberg. He was born at Gießen, in Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt), Germany, to Christoph Follen (1759-1833) and Rosine Follen (1766–1799). His father was a counselor-at-law and judge. He was the brother of August Ludwig Follen and Charles Follen, and the uncle of the biologist (biology) Karl Vogt. During his studies at the University of Gießen (University of Giessen) he became friends with Friedrich Muench and in 1825 married his sister Maria. Origins The Bundesstraße 3 is the latest incarnation of a trade route that has been in use since the Middle Ages. The stretch between Frankfurt and Heidelberg belonged to the Archbishopric of Mainz until 1461. Thereafter it was a part of the Palatinate (Electoral Palatinate) until 1651. In 1661 the Archbishophric of Mainz and Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt) agreed to divide the toll revenue: the Archbishophric controlled the road between Frankfurt and Heppenheim when the Frankfurt Fair took place, and Hesse-Darmstadt controlled the route at all other times.
of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) in 1875 sparked a long rivalry between the towns, which did not end until the amalgamation of 1970. Until the 1880s, Port Arthur was a much larger and dynamic community. The CPR, in collaboration with the Hudson's Bay Company, preferred east Fort William, located on the lower Kaministiquia River where the fur trade posts were. Provoked by a prolonged tax dispute with Port Arthur and its seizure of a locomotive in 1889, the CPR relocated all its employees and facilities to Fort William. The collapse of silver mining after 1890 undermined the economy of Port Arthur. It had an economic depression, while Fort William thrived. The 20th century thumb right C.N. Railway Station (File:T-bay Railway Station.jpg) In the era of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Thunder Bay began a period of extraordinary growth, based on improved access to markets via the transcontinental railway and development of the western wheat boom. The CPR double-tracked its Winnipeg–Thunder Bay line. The Canadian Northern Railway established facilities at Port Arthur. The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway began construction of its facilities at the Fort William Mission in 1905, and the federal government began construction of the National Transcontinental Railway. Grain elevator construction boomed as the volume of grain shipped to Europe increased. Both cities incurred debt to grant bonuses to manufacturing industries. By 1914, the twin cities had modern infrastructures (sewers, safe water supply, street lighting, electric light, etc.) Both Fort William and Port Arthur were proponents of municipal ownership. As early as 1892, Port Arthur built Canada's first municipally-owned electric street railway. Both cities spurned Bell Telephone Company of Canada to establish their own municipally-owned telephone systems in 1902. The boom came to an end in 1913–14, aggravated by the outbreak of the First World War. A war-time economy emerged with the making of munitions and shipbuilding. Men from the cities joined the 52nd, 94th, and 141st Battalions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Railway employment was hurt when the federal government took over the National Transcontinental Railway and Lake Superior Division from the Grand Trunk in 1915, and the Canadian Northern Railway in 1918. These were amalgamated with other government-owned railways in 1923 to form the Canadian National Railways. The CNR closed many of the Canadian Northern Railway facilities in Port Arthur. It opened the Neebing yards in Neebing Township in 1922. By 1929, the population of the two cities had recovered to pre-war levels. The forest products industry has always played an important role in the Thunder Bay economy, from the 1870s. Logs and lumber were shipped primarily to the United States. In 1917, the first pulp and paper mill was established in Port Arthur. It was followed by a mill at Fort William, in 1920. Eventually there were four mills operating. Manufacturing resumed in 1937 when the Canada Car and Foundry Company plant re-opened to build aircraft for the British. Now run by Bombardier Transportation, the plant has remained a mainstay of the post-war economy. It has produced forestry equipment and transportation equipment for urban transit systems, such as the Toronto Transit Commission and GO Transit. Amalgamation On 1 January 1970, the City of Thunder Bay was formed through the merger of the cities of Fort William (Fort William, Ontario), Port Arthur (Port Arthur, Ontario), and the geographic townships of Neebing and McIntyre. Its name was the result of a referendum held previously on 23 June 1969, to determine the new name of the amalgamated Fort William and Port Arthur. Officials debated over the names to be put on the ballot, taking suggestions from residents including "Lakehead" and "The Lakehead". Predictably, the vote split between the two, and "Thunder Bay" was the victor. The final tally was "Thunder Bay" with 15,870, "Lakehead" with 15,302, and "The Lakehead" with 8,377. About Thunder Bay, pp. 2. Retrieved 2 September 2007. There was more controversy over the selection of a name for the amalgamated city than over whether to amalgamate. A vocal majority of the population preferred the "Lakehead". http: www.thunderbay.ca Assets CEDC docs Thunder_Bay_Overview+-+opens+a+new+window.pdf There was much discussion over whether there was any other city in the world that uses the word "The" in its name, which there is, as The Pas, Manitoba has "The" in its name, for example. The area was often referred to as the "Lakehead" before and after amalgamation based on its geographic location. It was seen as the "head" of shipping on the Great Lakes and the "rail head". The expansion of highways, beginning with the Trans-Canada Highway, and culminating with the opening of Highway 17 (Ontario Highway 17) (linking Sault Ste Marie to Thunder Bay in 1960), has significantly diminished railway and shipping activity since the 1970s and 80s. Shipping on the Saint Lawrence Seaway was superseded by trucking on highways. Grain shipping on the Great Lakes to the East has declined substantially in favour of transport to Pacific Coast ports. As a result, many grain elevators have been closed and demolished. The Kaministiquia River was abandoned by industry and shipping. Today Thunder Bay has become the regional services centre for Northwestern Ontario with most provincial departments represented. Lakehead University, established through the lobbying of local businessmen and professionals, has proved to be a major asset. Another upper level institution is Confederation College. The same businessmen and professionals who helped attract the university and college were the driving force(s) behind the political amalgamation of Fort William and Port Arthur in 1970. Geography thumb 250px Fort William as seen from the International Space Station (File:Thunder Bay NASA.jpg), December 2008 The city has an area of 328.48 square kilometres, which includes the former cities of Fort William and Port Arthur, as well as the former townships of Neebing and McIntyre. The former Fort William section occupies flat alluvial land along the Kaministiquia River. In the river delta are two large islands: Mission Island and McKellar Island. The former Port Arthur section is more typical of the Canadian Shield, with gently sloping hills and very thin soil lying on top of bedrock with many bare outcrops. Thunder Bay, which gives the city its name, is about WikiPedia:Thunder Bay, Ontario Dmoz:Regional North America Canada Ontario Localities T Thunder Bay commons:Thunder Bay
Medellín . It is one of the most important clubs in Colombia (with eleven championships won), and an important football club in South America, having won the 1989 Copa Libertadores while making the era of south american football and Colombian football. Atlético Nacional has had a long rivalry with Independiente Medellín. When the two teams face each other it is considered one of the most important matches in Colombia. Both teams share the same stadium
Special Branch began to investigate them, with Courtney in particular dropping out of the far-right scene for some time afterwards. Hill & Bell, ''The Other Face of Terror'', pp. 117-118 Appointed as party organiser in Leicester - where his long rivalry with Chris Rennard began, by 1984 he was an Assistant Regional Organiser in the East Midlands before being appointed as the, then youngest ever, Regional Organiser for the Labour Party in the West
results in a mix-up: Paulie passes the message on that Valery killed 16 Czechoslovaks (Czechoslovakia) and he's an interior decorator, to which Christopher replies, "His house looked like shit." As the night draws nearer, the lost, shivering pair become more desperate to find their way to food and warmth. OriginalAirDate March 3, 1990 ShortSummary Blanche and her sister, Charmaine, reconcile after a life-long rivalry, until Blanche reads her sister's recently published romance
their year long rivalry, when Halloween, Damián 666 and Nicho el Millonario were defeated in a Masks vs. Hairs steel cage match and were all shaved bald.
;Karl Kerenyi ''The Gods of the Greeks'', (1951) 1980:182f The most important cities were Nicomedia and Nicaea (Nicaea (city)). The two had a long rivalry with one another over which city held the rank of capital. Both of these were founded after Alexander the Great; but at a much earlier period the Greeks (Greece) had established on the coast the colonies of Cius (modern Gemlik); Chalcedon (modern Kadıköy), at the entrance of the Bosporus, nearly opposite
County , Washington (Washington (U.S. state)) state, United States. The town borders the city of Aberdeen (Aberdeen, Washington) at Myrtle Street with Hoquiam to the west. The two cities share a common economic history in lumbering and exporting but Hoquiam has maintained its independent identity. Aberdeen is more populated but the two cities have a long rivalry especially in high school sports (see Athletics). File:Hoquiam, WA - Arnold Polson House 03.jpg thumb left Hoquiam's
title X-Fly fue rapado en Verano de Escándalo date June 31, 2011 accessdate August 1, 2011 work Récord language Spanish On October 9 at Héroes Inmortales (Héroes Inmortales (2011)), ''Los Perros del Mal'' and ''Los Psycho Circus'' ended their year long rivalry, when Halloween, Damián 666 and Nicho el Millonario were defeated in a Masks vs. Hairs steel cage match and were all shaved bald.