is an excellent way to explore the city sights as some of them are located off the ''microcentro''. It's recommended using a GPS when renting a car since the city streets and avenues lack good signaling and finding your way around can be challenging. Traffic in Asunción can be quite chaotic specially early in the morning, at noon, and from 5PM to 8PM during rush hours. However, it gets much better once outside of the city. Highways to places nearby are in good condition. The car rental companies can also provide drivers. Parking in the city is abundant and is properly signalized on every block. Streets are wide enough to park next to both sidewalks. Parking in the ''microcentro'' streets cost USD 0,50 per hour but only in the mornings, from 8AM to 1PM, and only on weekdays. On Saturdays and Sundays parking is free. A special situation is that when you park your car, poor people (men and women, young and old) will approach you and offer you to "look after" the car when you leave it parked, expecting you give them a small amount of money (no more than USD 2) when you return to your car. This is a common situation throughout the city specially around major sights (including city parks) and restaurants. It could be annoying at first, but locals are accustomed to this situation and it will be better for you to accept the offer and, by doing so, avoid any kind of trouble. By bus The bus terminal ('''Terminal de Omnibus''') is about five km southeast of the city centre, so it is advisable to take a taxi or bus (buses number 8, 38, among many others) into town. The Avenida Fernando de la Mora in front of the bus terminal leads to the centre. All bus companies have ticket offices inside the terminal, and some long distance bus companies maintain offices around Plaza Uruguaya in the ''microcentro''. There are normally two types of bus services to the largest cities in Paraguay: ''común'' and ''directo''. While the first are cheaper, they also stop in every town or bus stop along the way to pick up and drop off passengers and take longer time than the ''directo'' which run direct or with fewer or no stops to reach their destination in less time. ''Directo'' buses are less frequent having only a couple of services a day generally at midnight or early in the morning or late afternoon. * '''Encarnación''', ''común'': 7–8 hours, several daily, 50,000 Gs; also ''directo'': 5 hours, 75.000 Gs * '''Ciudad del Este''', several daily, 5–7 hours, 40,000 - 70,000gs * '''Concepción (Concepción (Paraguay))''', about 6 hours, several daily, 60'000 Gs * '''Cities in the Chaco''': Loma Plata, Filadelfia, Neuland, Mariscal Estigarriba, about 8 hours, 1 to 2 services daily to each destination, 90,000 Gs (NASA, Golondrina). International buses depart from the bus terminal to several destinations in Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Bolivia and Chile. * '''Buenos Aires''', ca. 17h, several daily, 45 US$ (Crucero del Norte, Nuestra Señora de la Asunción Chevallier) * '''Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz (city, Bolivia))''', $40, 21 hours. The bus to Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, is not recommended: it is extremely slow (the Transchaco Highway is only paved as far as the Bolivian border), buses generally travel only at night - meaning that you miss out on any views of the Chaco, and roadblocks on the Bolivian side of the border are common and can easily cause your journey time to double. Most of the buses making this journey (at least 21 hours) do not have toilets on board. Flights to Santa Cruz are nowadays only marginally more expensive than the bus if booked in advance. All the other buses are extremely good. It's wise to spend extra to get the better service (the 70,000 Gs. bus to Ciudad del Este takes two to three hours less than the 40,000 Gs. services, for example). Food and drink is often served on the more expensive long-distance services, and almost all will stop en route to let someone on selling chipa and cocido. By boat The port is at the riverside end of Montevideo just after Paraguayo Independiente. * "Cacique II" leaves Concepción (Concepción (Paraguay)) to Asunción on Sundays between 6-7AM 22 hours, 55,000 Gs. Returns to Concepción (Concepción (Paraguay)) on Wednesday morning. Bring warm clothes and your own food. A cheap meal might be bought on board but don't count on it. * Travelers can occasionally book passage on cargo boats doing the trip to Concepción and even further up the Rio Paraguay (Paraguay River). Get around The historic centre of Asunción is small enough to be explored by foot. However, some of the attractions, such as the Jardín Botánico (Botanical Garden) are a bit outside. In addition to the city's historical core - which is essentially between the streets Colón and Antequera - the Carmelitas area has become a hub for retail and entertainment, containing several large shopping centres and North American-style bars and restaurants. East-west street names change at Independencia Nacional, and North-South ones at Avenida Mariscal López. By bus thumbnail Urban bus in Asuncion (File:Omnibus-asu.jpg) Buses are ubiquitous, cheap and an experience in themselves (be careful while exiting, since many only slow down, rather than stop completely for the passengers to get off). They go more or less everywhere in the city - destinations are displayed on boards on the front window, if in doubt just shout your intended destination at the driver when he stops and he'll tell you yes or no. There are sometimes a few different versions of each bus number - 16, 16.1, 16.2 etc. which often have completely different routes from each other, so watch out not to accidentally get on the wrong one. There aren't many official bus stops in Asunción, you can just stick your arm out and flag down a bus pretty much anywhere. You need a knowledge of Spanish to ask your way along. As of January 2013, the fare is Gs. 2.000 (USD 0.52). Some useful bus routes: * Centre (Oliva) to Shopping del Sol: 28, 30 * Centre to Shopping Mariscal Lopez Villa Morra: 18, 26, 28, 30.2 (from Oliva), 56 (from Haedo) * Centre (Oliva) to the Botanical Gardens: 1, 13 * Centre (Oliva) to the Bus Termninal: 8, 36 * Centre (Haedo) to Mercado 4: 2, 21, 25, 27, 29, 133 * Centre (Oliva) to the airport: 30A By taxi thumbnail Asunción taxi (File:Asunción - Taxi.jpg) Taxis are also available and reasonably inexpensive. Many of the taxis are old, lumbering diesel Mercedes, which can be a fun throwback. A 30% surcharge is added on late at night (after around 10PM) and on Sundays. Tipping isn't expected. Make sure that drivers use the meter, or arrange a fare beforehand. '''From the bus terminal''' walk up the stairs marked "SALIDA", then down the stairs into the car park. Ignore the taxi touts and catch a taxi from the rank. A taxi into the city centre during the day should cost around 40,000 Gs. '''From the airport''' taxis in front of the terminal charge a flat, non-negotiable rate of 100,000 Gs to the centre. It is possible to get a cheaper fare by walking up to the main road and taking a yellow cab from there, though you're unlikely to save any more than about 20,000 Gs. See thumbnail Cabildo (File:Asuncion Cabildo.JPG) thumbnail Palacio de (los) López (File:Palacio de López.JPG) thumbnail Casa de la Independencia (File:Casa de la Independencia en Asunción.jpg) thumbnail The former railway station (File:Antigua Estación Central de Ferrocarriles en Asunción.jpg) Asunción may not have many conventional tourist attractions, but if you are willing to be your own tour guide, Asunción can be an interesting place to visit. Every July there is a trade fair with exhibition booths, food, music and liquor. This is a good way to learn about what goes on in the country, the exhibitors range from agricultural suppliers to liquor manufacturers. Keep an eye out for the many free samples of food, soap, drinks, etc. * Commons:Category:Asunción
and they refuse nothing which contributes to it, having no anxiety about the future which they leave to providence and fate. But as he also experienced: Ferrier, p. 111. Later additions were made, the last being during the late Safavid era (Safavid dynasty). The double layered main dome of the mosque is from the Seljuk era (Great Seljuk Empire), and is locked to the public. It houses some precious examples of relief calligraphy from medieval times. Renovations have also been carried out on many sections of the mosque.
railway stations. The only through service runs from Kursky railway station to either Belorussky railway station or platform Dmitrovskaya on Riga railway and is unfrequent. Notable useful (and busy) directions to parts of Moscow that still lack good access to metro are Savyolovskii and Kievskii radiuses (Kievskii radius goes all the way into the New Moscow). Fares are 26 roubles per ride within city boundary or 16.5 roubles from the outermost zone to first station outside the city. Rides within New Moscow cost 16.5 roubles per zone as in Moscow oblast. There are numerous options for discount tickets for regular trains and expresses for fixed amount of days or for fixed amount of rides. All kinds of tickets for expresses allow you to take regular train on the same direction. Each discount ticket should cover either a fixed route, or for regular trains one of the three Big Moscow zones: the "Big Moscow" zone covers all the city within old boundary (without New Moscow) and all stations within 25km from the boundary; two others add extended amount of stations on Kazan direction. Discount (but not regular) tickets can be written on "Troika" card, provided that they don't overlap. Some routes are covered by Sputnik expresses, notably Yaroslavskii station - Losinoostrovskaya station, Kazansky station - Vyhino - Kosino, Paveletskiy station - Nizhnie Kotly - Kolomenskoe station, with higher fares. All directions except Yaroslavskii radius have a window about 2 hours long somewhere in 10AM - 12AM off-peak interval, when there are no trains. As of December 2013, due to ongoing reconstruction many trains are getting recheduled or cancelled on Leningrad direction, where service is infrequent anyway, so better to check timetable beforehand. Typical end of service time slightly after midnight with some exceptions, and last trains are less frequent. Fairly regularly updated schedule can be accessed through Yandex site. By bus and trolleybus Every large street will have at least one bus or trolleybus route running along it with stop approximately every 150 m. The buses and trollebuses run from 5:30AM till 1AM Outside the city center, extensive bus networks radiate from the stations to the surrounding residential zones. Moscow's heavy traffic reduces the buses and trolleybuses' fixed schedules to vague impressions of actual timings, but apart from towards the end of the day services are frequent. Services on some routes can be considerably reduced after 9PM. Timetables for almost all buses, trolleybuses and trams are posted online (in Russian), but unfortunately this site is rarely updated and often contains out-of-date information (it is largely out-of-date as of September 2011). However it can give a feeling of frequency of various routes at different times of the day. All three kinds of tickets ("TAT"s, "E"dinye's and "90 minutes" since 2013) are valid for paying in buses, trolleybuses and trams. More detailed information on payment is in a special section below. By tram From their inauguration in 1899 to their heyday in the 1930s, trams were a useful way of getting around. However, the opening of the metro and the introduction of trolleybuses both in the mid-1930s marked the end of the trams' usefulness. The network has been radically reduced with much being given over to trolleybuses. The few trams that remain are excruitatingly slow but a short nostalgic trip in the area near Chisty Prudy can be enjoyable. Payment for transport since 2013 Since 2013 Moscow government decided to develop and enhance transport payment system, introducing new "90 minutes" ticket, valid for changing various means of transport for 90 minutes. Resulting system got complicated and a bit confusing, and information stands does not often help, and are mostly in Russian. Below is a summary of how new system works. * Current system covers trams, trolleybuses, buses (with municipal microbuses and some twitches for New Moscow), metro, monorail and partly local trains. Integration with moscow#by marshrutka marshrutkas was announced to occur later, but with no further detail. * One of the key points of the reform is gradual reducing and discontinuing of selling tickets for 1 and 2 trips (except "90 minutes" ones) in manned booths in metro stations and by drivers in public transport, which were time bottlenecks for Moscow transport. From July 2013 public drivers sell only "90 minutes" tickets for 1-2 trips, or TATs for 4 or 40 trips. Tickets for 1-2 trips for public transport can be bought now only in manned or automated on-ground booths, which are prone for being out of service or early close respectively. It is announced that price only for those kinds of tickets (TATs "Unified" for 1-2 trips) may rise significantly since 2014. * Alternative for those, who pass Moscow and would use public transport only once, would be rechargeable electronic payment card "Troika", currently on sale in metro manned booths (with 50 roubles refundable deposit for the card) or other types of banking cards that can pay for transport. Payments for the trips for banking cards are fixed, regardless of trips. "Troika" now supports "writing on" several types of multi-trip tickets, including seasonal tickets for local trains, but possible combinations are limited. Money, accumulated on 'Troika' will not be removed, so you will be able to use it again on your next trip to Moscow (if nothing will change since then). * Monorail fares are now equated with metro ones. With insignificant exceptions all tickets that are valid on metro, are valid on monorail with the same conditions (previously they were separated) * All tickets for fixed multiple amount of trips, starting from 4 trips, are now valid for 90 days. As the new system suggests that if you live in Moscow for a long period, you keep and use all new 3 kinds of tickets, prolonged period of being valid is essential. Tickets for 1-2 trips are though valid only for 5 days. * Cheapest ticket, available from public transport driver, costs 50 roubles: and it is only "90 minutes". "TAT" for 4 trips or "90 minutes" for 2 trips cost 100 rub. Sometimes it stimulates drivers to take cash from passengers, who refuse to pay 50 roubles, even though it's against regulations. * New reform introduce following three types of tickets: ** '''Public transport tickets "TAT"''' (now in yellow color) - mostly remain as they were. Valid for fixed amount on trips on tram, trolleybus and bus. There are tickets for 1,2,4,5,11,20,40 and 60 trips; you can also use 'Troika'. '''Price per trip starts from 25 roubles per trip for tickets on 1-4 trips, 26 roubles from 'Troika' and goes to 12.5 roubles per trip for 60-trip tickets'''. Selling limitations: currently drivers sell tickets only for 4 and 40 trips (100 and 700 roubles respectively. In practice, however, not all of those kind of tickets may be available from driver, because unlike booths, they are preprinted. Alternatively some drivers just take the pay directly, although it is against regulations, or may just ignore you passing the validator and not paying, even though doing so is not recommendable. ** Seasonal 'TAT's are now only available as smart-cards for 30,90 and 365 days. Other types of seasonal tickets now either include metro and monorail (and are more expensive) or are for suburb buses (4 types: just suburb, 400 bus to Zelenograd, "New Moscow", "New Moscow plus connections"), which are all not especially tourist ones. ** '''"Edinyi" ("United", blue ones with letter 'E')''', are what previously were metro tickets. Now you can use them in metro, monorail and public transport, price will be the same everywhere (even though they are more expensive, then 'TAT'). They are available for 1,2,5,11,20,40,60 trips with '''price from 30 to 20 roubles per trip''', depending on the ticket. None of those are available from the drivers. Tickets for 1 and 2 trips are going to be discontinued soon. Alternatively on metro you can use 'Troika' with 28 roubles per trip (for technical reasons it may be not available on monorail yet). ** Seasonal "E" tickets include ticket that is called "Tourist", which is valid for 24 hours for any means of transport (metro, monorail, public) and costs 200 roubles. However you may found that this is rather expensive. Other seasonal tickets include smart-cards for any means of transport for 30,90 and 365 days (rather expensive as well), and monthly tickets for any transport, that allows only 70 trips on metro or monorail (previously this ticket was known as "E" ticket). With this change seasonal tickets only for metro or monorail were removed, which may be inconvinient for those who use only these means of transport, which is quite widespread in Moscow. ** Finally, '''"90 minutes"''' (green coloured). Available for 1,2,5,11,20,40 and 60 trips, with price '''from 50 to 30 roubles per trip'''. Tickets for 1 and 2 trips should be available from drivers and not discontinued there, though in practice it may not always be the fact. Number of available changes is a bit tricky: general rule is that any amount of trips is allowed if their start times are within 90 minutes from the first trip. However only one of all those trips can be a metro or monorail trip. However even though special exception allows you to change from metro to monorail or back within this one allow metro monorail trip: *** If you first go by metro within one "90 minutes trip", you can enter monorail then on "Timiryazevskaya" or "Exhibition Centre" ("Vystavochniy centr") stations once. Time allowed for entering monorail will be 90 minutes since the start of metro trip (not first trip). *** Conversely if you took monorail first you can change to metro then, starting metro trip within 90 minutes after monorail trip, only if you will enter metro on "Timiryazevskaya" or "VDNH" stations. *** Information about minutes, available for change, are obtained best from yellow information terminals on metro and monorail entrance halls, all details will be specified there. Validators in metro and monorail will display "Peresadka" ("Change") word when validating "90 minutes" ticket for the change. When boarding public transport, though, you can get information about minutes, available for change only when you validate your card in the validator, so if you're running close, you risk being charged for another "90 minutes" trip unknowingly (including, for example, cases, when clocks are not synchronized enough). *** In practice, "90 minutes" tickets proved to be convinient for long trips, when you have to change from public transport to metro and back. However, making several only public transport on "90 minutes" not always works so good, because depending on the traffic congestion (both car and passenger), transport intervals, need to change to marshrutkas, which sometimes just too perfectly integrated in transport system, or suburban trains depending on your direction and breaks for shopping (which might seem a good idea) you may end using "90 minutes" ticket only for 2 and sometimes even 1 transport ride or just going too slow, and sometimes even 2 'TAT's may be cheaper then one "90 minutes". The rule of thumb for using "90 minutes" would be always if change to metro is involved; for public transport-only routes take it if you're really sure in your route, and if you're sure that you're going to take at least 3 rides within (or 2 if you don't care of details). In other cases other variants are worse considering. Night services Since September 2013 Mosgortrans introduced several night routes of buses, trolleybuses and trams. Currently 7 night routes are available: * Trolleybus B over Golden Ring - every 15 minutes every night; * Trolleybus 15, tram 3 (extended to "Akademika Yangelya street" tram station), bus N1 Metro "Ozernaya street" - Sheremetyevo Airport - each every 30 minutes every night; * Trolleybus 63, bus N2 "Lubyanskaya square" - "Belovegskaya street" (over Kutuzovsky prospekt), bus N3 "Lubyanskaya square" - "Habarovskaya street" (roughly along blue metro line to the east) - every 30 minutes on Friday to Saturday and Saturday to Sunday nights (note, that timetables on stops confusingly say, that lines run on Fridays and Saturdays from 12PM to 6AM, meaning ''Friday''-to-Saturday and ''Saturday''-to-Sunday nights) By marshrutka Marshrutkas are minibuses that follow fixed routes. Trip costs can be vary, though a flat fare of 25 rubles is usual. Hand your fare to the driver after entering the minibus; pass it to a passenger forward of you if necessary, it will reach the driver eventually. You can get on and off anywhere along the route. To get off just let the driver know, shouting "На углу!" (''nah oogloo'', meaning "at the corner") is a clear way, though a plain English shout of "Stop!" would also work. Make sure you're heard! Some of the minibuses have a warning sign: "Тише скажешь – дальше выйдешь" (If you speak quietly, you'll travel far). Marshrutkas tend to go a little faster than buses, though this may be due to more reckless driving! By taxi Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Moscow Commons:Category:Moscow Wikipedia:Moscow