Places Known For

important education


- DIAN. '''Tunja''' ( ) is a city located on the eastern range of (Cordillera Oriental (Colombia)) the Colombian Andes, in the region known as the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, 130 km northeast of Bogotá. In 2012, it had an estimated population of 181.407 inhabitants. It is the capital of Boyacá (Boyacá Department) department and the Central Boyacá Province. Tunja is an important education (#Education)al center


. It is the second most important education center for Sangha after Mandalay. It is the administration seat of Pakokku Township and Pakokku District. The millennium-old civilization came crashing down in the 9th century when the city-states were destroyed by repeated invasions from the Kingdom of Nanzhao. The Mranma (Bamar) (Burmans), who came down with the Nanzhao, set up a garrison town at Pagan (Bagan) (Bagan) at the confluence of Irrawaddy and Chindwin. Pyu settlements remained in Upper Burma for the next three centuries but the Pyu gradually were absorbed into the expanding Pagan Empire. The Pyu language still existed until the late 12th century. By the 13th century, the Pyu had assumed the Burman ethnicity. The histories legends of the Pyu were also incorporated to those of the Burmans. To be sure, the Pyu and their culture did not disappear just because 3000 of them were taken away. The size of the Pyu realm and its many walled cities throughout the land indicates a population many times over. Indeed, no firm indications at Sri Ksetra or at any other Pyu site exist to suggest a violent overthrow. It is more likely that these raids significantly weakened the Pyu states, enabling the Burmans to move into Pyu territories. At any rate, evidence shows that the actual pace of Burman migration into the Pyu realm was gradual. Radiocarbon dating shows that human activity existed until c. 870 at Halin, the subject of the 832 Nanzhao raid. Aung-Thwin (2005), pp. 36–37 The Burmese chronicles claim the Burmans founded the fortified city of Pagan (Bagan) (Bagan) in 849 but the oldest radiocarbon dated evidence at Pagan (old walls) points to 980 CE while the main walls point to circa 1020 CE, just 24 years earlier than the beginning of the reign of Anawrahta, the founder of Pagan Empire. Aung-Thwin (2005), p. 38 The Ari Buddhism era included the worship of Bodhisattas and nagas (Naga (mythology)), and also was known for corrupt monks. King Anawrahta of Pagan was converted by Shin Arahan, a monk from Thaton to Theravada Buddhism. In 1057 AD, Anawrahta sent an army to conquer the Mon (Mon people) city of Thaton in order to obtain the''Tipitaka (Tripitaka)'' Buddhist canon (canon (basic principle)). Mon culture, from that point, came to be largely assimilated into the Bamar culture based in Bagan. Despite attempts at reform, certain features of Ari Buddhism and traditional nat worship (nat (spirit)) continued, such as reverence of Avalokiteśvara (''Lawka nat''), a Boddhisatta. Successive kings of Bagan continued to build large numbers of monuments, temples, and pagodas in honour of Buddhism. Burmese rule at Bagan continued until the invasion of the Mongols in 1287. The Yama Zatdaw was introduced by oral tradition during King Anawratha's (Anawratha) reign although it was not known clearly whether the story was Valmiki’s Sanskrit epic Ramayana or not. In the Nathlaung Temple, the Visnu temple, within the walls of old city Bagan, there are some stone sculptures, one of which is Ramachandra. Based on Burmese literature, at least, Hanuman has been known in Burma definitely before 1527 AD. In 1543, the Burmese ministers assassinated Thohanbwa and placed Hkonmaing, the saopha of Thibaw, on the Ava throne. Mohnyin leaders, led by Sithu Kyawhtin, felt that the Ava throne was theirs. But in light of the Toungoo threat, Mohnyin leaders grudgingly agreed to Hkonmaing's leadership. The Confederation launched a major invasion of Lower Burma in 1543 but its forces were driven back. By 1544, Toungoo forces had occupied up to Pagan (Bagan). The confederation would not attempt another invasion. After Hkonmaing died in 1546, his son Mobye Narapati, the saopha of Mobye, became king of Ava. The confederation's bickering resumed in full force. Sithu Kyawhtin set up a rival fiefdom in Sagaing across the river from Ava and finally drove out Mobye Narapati in 1552. "Dhammasāt" ( Commons:Category:Bagan Wikipedia:Bagan


is Lower Pond (Lower Pond (Kaliningrad)), an artificial lake. Lower Pond is surrounded by a promenade and is an area for recreation especially in summer. North of the Lower Pond is the larger Upper Pond (Upper Pond (Kaliningrad)) in northern Kaliningrad. Bridges Leonhard Euler's 1736 paper on the puzzle of the Seven Bridges of Königsberg was a seminal work in the field of topology. Only two of the structures from his era survive. Culture Education An important

education centre in Kaliningrad is the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University. It is the successor to the Albertina (University of Königsberg), which was the old university of Königsberg founded in 1544, and whose faculty included noted scholars as Abraomas Kulvietis, Stanislovas Rapalionis, Immanuel Kant, and Jan Mikulicz-Radecki. Music The modern city of Kaliningrad is home to the Kaliningrad Regional Philharmonic and Symphony Orchestra, the Lik (Ngelik) male chamber choir (Choir) and the Garmonika Russian music (Music of Russia) ensemble, WikiPedia:Kaliningrad Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Kaliningradskaya Oblast Kaliningrad commons:Калининград


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