, the PCP played a major role in the opposition to the dictatorial regime of António de Oliveira Salazar. During the five-decades-long dictatorship, the party was constantly suppressed by the political police, the PIDE, which forced its members to live in clandestine status under the threat of arrest, torture, and murder. After the bloodless Carnation Revolution in 1974, which overthrew the 48-year regime, the 36 members of party's Central Committee had, in the aggregate, experienced more than 300 years in jail. Cunhal, Álvaro (1997). ''O caminho para o derrubamento do fascismo''. Edições Avante!. ISBN 972-550-262-0 While a student at University, Soares joined the Portuguese Communist Party, being responsible for the youth section. In this capacity, he organised demonstrations in Lisbon to celebrate the end of WWII (World War II). He was first arrested by PIDE, the Portuguese political police, in 1946, when he was a member of the Central Committee of the Movement of Democratic Unity (
For a settlement of such size, New Belgrade has some unusual cultural characteristics, influenced by the Yugoslav communists' ideas how a new and modern city should look like. If it can be understood why there were no churches built, a fact that a city of 250,000 has no theaters and only one museum (out of the residential area) is much less comprehensible, underlying the decades long Belgrader's feel of New Belgrade being nothing more but a big dormitory. Museum of Contemporary Art (Belgrade
) (December 15, 1719 – April 6, 1790) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt) from 1768 - 1790. He was a son of Louis VIII (Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt), Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg (Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg). In 1709 Graupner accepted a post at the court of Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt) and in 1711 became the court orchestra’s ''Hofkapellmeister'' (court chapel master). Graupner spent the rest of his career at the court in Hesse-Darmstadt, where his primary responsibilities were to provide music for the court chapel. He wrote music for nearly half a century, from 1709 to 1754, when he became blind (Blindness). He died six years later. Life in Europe He was born '''Karl Theodor Christian Friedrich Follen''' at Romrod, in Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt), Germany, to Christoph Follen (1759–1833) and Rosine Follen (1766–1799). His father was a counselor-at-law and judge in Giessen, in Hesse-Darmstadt. His mother had retired to Romrod to avoid the French revolutionary troops that had occupied Gießen. He was the brother of August Ludwig Follen and Paul Follen, and the uncle of the biologist (biology) Karl Vogt. thumb Nassau Kronenthaler, 1817 (Image:Nassau Kronenthaler 70200.jpg) The '''Kronenthaler''' was a silver coin first issued in the Austrian Netherlands (see Austrian Netherlands Kronenthaler (Austrian Netherlands kronenthaler)). It contained one ninth of a Cologne mark of silver and was thus equal to the Reichsthaler of the Leipzig convention. Most examples show the bust of the Austrian ruler on the obverse and four crowns on the reverse, hence the name which means "crown thaler". After the Austrian Netherlands was occupied by France, several German states (e.g., Bavaria, Baden, Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt), Württemberg) issued Kronenthaler, as it had become a popular trade coin. Already Imperial Knights, on April 26, 1660, the family were created imperial (Holy Roman Empire) barons (''Reichsfreiherren (Freiherr)''). Matriculation to the baronial class in the Kingdom of Bavaria occurred on August 22, 1891 for Friedrich Freiherr von Fürstenberg, ''Rittmeister à la suite'' in the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt and Freeholder of Egenburg by Würzburg. Since 1247 Alsfeld has been part of Hesse and in 1254 the town joined the ''Rheinischer Städtebund''. Hermann II (Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse) built himself a castle here in 1395 and for a time turned the town into his official residence. From 1567 Alsfeld belonged to Hesse-Marburg and from 1604 on to Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt). Until 1972 it was the seat of Alsfeld district until the district was merged with neighboring Lauterbach district (Lauterbach (district)) and the Schotten region into the present-day Vogelsberg district (Vogelsbergkreis). At that time, the decision to designate Lauterbach (Lauterbach (Hesse)) as seat of the new district led to bitterness in Alsfeld that put a damper on the relationship between the two towns for years. This went so far that because of protests in and around Alsfeld the motor vehicle registration office in Alsfeld, for instance, would not issue licence plates with the code "LAT" (for Lauterbach) and instead continued to issue plates sporting the code "ALS" for Alsfeld until 1978 when the licence plate code "VB" was agreed on for the entire district of Vogelsberg. He was born at Gießen, in Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt), Germany, to Christoph Follen (1759-1833) and Rosine Follen (1766–1799). His father was a counselor-at-law and judge. He was the brother of August Ludwig Follen and Charles Follen, and the uncle of the biologist (biology) Karl Vogt. During his studies at the University of Gießen (University of Giessen) he became friends with Friedrich Muench and in 1825 married his sister Maria. Origins The Bundesstraße 3 is the latest incarnation of a trade route that has been in use since the Middle Ages. The stretch between Frankfurt and Heidelberg belonged to the Archbishopric of Mainz until 1461. Thereafter it was a part of the Palatinate (Electoral Palatinate) until 1651. In 1661 the Archbishophric of Mainz and Hesse-Darmstadt (Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt) agreed to divide the toll revenue: the Archbishophric controlled the road between Frankfurt and Heppenheim when the Frankfurt Fair took place, and Hesse-Darmstadt controlled the route at all other times.
and Adharybaydjian (Iranian Azerbaijan) in retaliation for Caliphate attacks on Khazaria during the course of the decades-long Khazar-Arab War (Khazars#Second_Khazar-Arab_war) of the early 700s. When his master, Najm al-Dīn Kubrā, was murdered in 618 1221, Dāya fled to Hamadan, then to Ardabil, and then to Anatolia where he finally settled with a fellow contemporary master Rumi. Completed during the rule of the Safavid Shah Tahmasp I in the mid-16th century
was developed as a planned community over the span of 35 years, and was completed in October 2004. Pardee Homes (October 20, 2004). ''Pardee To Conclude Mission Oaks In Camarillo''. Press release. is a public airport located three miles (5 km) west of the central business district of Camarillo (Camarillo, California), a city in Ventura County (Ventura County, California), California, United States. It is roughly equidistant from Los Angeles, CA and Santa Barbara, CA although it is inland. The airport has one runway and exclusively serves privately-operated general aviation and executive (Executive jet) aircraft with no scheduled commercial service (Scheduled air carriers). Released 1982 Recorded Poiema Studios Camarillo, California The Gold Mine Los Angeles, California Genre Folk (Folk music) rock (Rock music) *Engineered by Mark Heard, Bill Cobb, Janet Sue Heard *Recorded January-February 1982 at Poiema Studio, Camarillo, California, and at The Gold Mine, Los Angeles, California *Mixed by Mark Heard at Wilder Brothers Studios, West Los Angeles Released 1981 Recorded Poiema Studios Camarillo, California The Gold Mine Los Angeles, California Genre Folk (Folk music) rock (Rock music) *Additional engineers: Mark Heard, Janet Sue Heard *Recorded February-March, 1981 at Poiema Studios, Camarillo, California and at The Gold Mine, Los Angeles, California *Mixed by Mark Heard at The Gold Mine, Nashville, Tennessee - 2 align "left" Los Angeles-Riverside-San Bernardino align "left" Los Angeles (Los Angeles, California)-Long Beach (Long Beach, California)-Santa Ana (Santa Ana, California), CA; Riverside (Riverside, California)-San Bernardino (San Bernardino, California), CA; Camarillo (Camarillo, California), CA; Hemet (Hemet, California), CA; Oxnard (Oxnard, California), CA; Santa Barbara (Santa Barbara, California), CA; Santa Clarita (Santa Clarita, California), CA; Simi Valley (Simi Valley, California), CA; Temecula (Temecula, California)-Murrieta (Murrieta, California), CA; Thousand Oaks (Thousand Oaks, California), CA 15,492,749 -
accessdate 11 December 2008 archiveurl http: web.archive.org web 20081212134434 http: www.bbc.co.uk guernsey content articles 2008 11 18 sark_election_candidates_2008_feature.shtml archivedate 12 December 2008 deadurl no * December 11 - Bernard Madoff is arrested by U.S. federal authorities on charges of running a massive decades-long Ponzi scheme swindling thousands of investors - the largest financial fraud in history. Mosley also reportedly
of occasions. The Kalmyks have also established communities in the United States (Kalmyk American), primarily in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. The majority are descended from those Kalmyks who fled from Russia in late 1920 to France, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and, later, Germany. Many of those Kalmyks living in Germany at the end of World War II were eventually granted passage to the United States. As a consequence of their decades-long migration through Europe, many older
Political corruption in Wilkes-Barre and Luzerne County became a major regional news story following nationwide publication of stories about the Kids for Cash scandal (Kids for cash scandal), a kickback scheme involving two local judges, Mark Ciavarella and Michael Conahan, charged with enriching themselves by investing in juvenile detention facilities (Youth detention center) to which they subsequently sentenced children
A Brief History of Lumbering in Michigan publisher Michigan Center for History Studies accessdate 2007-11-27 Neighboring communities, such as Saginaw Charter Township, saw subsequent population increases while the city itself is projected to return to normal population growth after the decades-long structural changes to the economy.