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, on Christmas Day, 1769. Michael King, ''The Penguin History of New Zealand'', Penguin, Auckland, 2003, p. 110. John Dunmore. 'Surville, Jean François Marie de - Biography', from the Dictionary of Newé Zealand Biography. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 1-Sep-10 Nearly 70 years later, in January 1838, the Frenchman, Bishop Jean Baptiste Pompallier (1807–1871) arrived in New Zealand as the Vicar Apostolic of Western Oceania. He made New Zealand the centre of his activities covering a vast area in the Pacific. He celebrated his first Mass in New Zealand at Totara Point (Jean Baptiste Pompallier#New Zealand), Hokianga, at the home of Irishman, Thomas Poynton on 13 January 1838. Pompallier was accompanied by members of the Society of Mary (Marists), and more soon arrived. The mission headquarters were established in Kororareka (now called Russell) where a building (now called Pompallier (Pompallier House)) was constructed by the Marists in pisé and a printing press set up. As well as stationing missionaries in the north, Pompallier began work in the Bay of Plenty, and Waikato amongst Māori (Māori people) and in Auckland and Wellington areas amongst European settlers. Allan Davidson, ''Christianity in Aotearoa: A History of Church and Society in New Zeéaland'', Third edition, Education for Ministry, Wellington, 2004, p. 16. In 1840, New Zealand became a British colony after the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. The number of Catholic colonists was less than 500, from a total population of around 5000. New Zealand was formed into a separate vicariate by the church in 1842. Wikipedia:Auckland City commons:Auckland

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