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contemporary term


then decided to become a pharmacist, and graduated with a degree in pharmacology in 1876. Origin of the term and its application The '''Angevin Empire''' is a neologism defining the lands of the Plantagenets: Henry II (Henry II of England) and his sons Richard I (Richard I of England) and John (John of England). Another son Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany ruled Brittany and established a separate line there. As far as historians know, there was no contemporary term for the region under Angevin control; however descriptions such as "our kingdom and everything subject to our rule whatever it may be" were used. John Gillingham: "The Angevin Empire" page 2, second edition, Arnold Editions. The term ''Angevin Empire'' was coined by Kate Norgate in her 1887 publication, ''England under the Angevin Kings''. Norgate, Kate, ''England Under the Angevin Kings''. In France, the term ''Espace Plantagenêt'' (Plantagenet Area) is sometimes used to describe the fiefdoms the Plantagenets had acquired. Martin Aurell - L'empire des Plantagenêt page 11: ''En 1984, résumant les communications d'un colloque franco-anglais tenu à Fontevraud (Anjou), lieu de mémoire par excellence des Plantagenêt, Robert Henri-Bautier, coté français, n'est pas en reste, proposant, pour cette "juxtaposition d'entités" sans "aucune structure commune" de substituer l'imprécis "espace" aux trop contraignants "Empire Plantagenêt" ou "Etat anglo-angevin".'' Geography and administration At its largest extent, the Angevin Empire consisted of the Kingdom of England, the Lordship of Ireland, the duchies of Normandy, Gascony and Aquitaine (also called Guyenne) Capetian France 937 - 1328" Editions Longman page 74: "There was a hiatus between the Carolingian duchy and its successor that was assembled by Count of Poitou in the early tenth century..." as well as of the Counties of Anjou, Poitou, Maine (Maine (province of France)), Touraine, Saintonge, Marche (County of Marche), Périgord, Limousin (Limousin (province)), Nantes and Quercy. While the duchies and counties were held with various levels of vassalage to the King of France (List of French monarchs), Capetian France 937 - 1328 page 64: "Then in 1151 Henry Plantagenet paid hommage for the duchy to Louis VII in Paris, homage he repeated as king of England in 1156." the Plantagenets held various levels of control over the Duchies of Brittany and Cornwall, the Welsh princedoms (Wales), the county of Toulouse, and the Kingdom of Scotland, although those regions were not formal parts of the empire. Further claims were laid over Berry (Berry (province)) and Auvergne (Auvergne (province)), but these were not fulfilled.

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