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-called ''Young Palatinate'') to Wolfgang of Pfalz-Zweibrücken. The eldest son of Wolfgang, Philipp Louis, founded in 1569 the ''elder line of Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Neuburg'', from which the Palatinate-Sulzbach lineage was separated in 1614. Pfalz-Neuburg joined the Protestant Union in 1608. In 1800, the Duchy was invaded by the France (French First Republic) and on June 26, 1800, the Habsburg, Württemberg (Duchy of Württemberg) and Bavarian (Electorate of Bavaria) armies fought a battle (Battle of Neuburg (1800)) there. After fighting for most of a day, the Coalition armies withdrew. Neuburg was occupied by the French, and General Ney established his headquarters in the castle there. Marceau, p 105. The Duchy of Pfalz-Neuburg was abolished in 1808. In the partition of Bavaria in 1837 Pfalz-Neuburg was joined with Swabia but became a part of Upper Bavaria in the 1970s. Dukes of Palatinate-Neuburg * Two brothers, first under regency of Frederick II, Elector Palatine ** Otto Henry (Otto Henry, Elector Palatine), 1505–59 (Elector Palatine from 1556) ** Philipp (Philip, Count Palatine), 1505–41 House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg * Wolfgang (Wolfgang of Pfalz-Zweibrücken), 1559–69 * Philipp Ludwig (Philipp Ludwig of Pfalz-Neuburg), 1569–1614 * Wolfgang Wilhelm (Wolfgang Wilhelm of Pfalz-Neuburg), 1614–53 * Philip William (Philip William, Elector Palatine), 1653–90 (also Elector Palatine from 1685) * Johann Wilhelm (Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine), 1690–1716 (Elector Palatine from 1690) * Charles Philip (Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine), 1716–42 (Elector Palatine from 1716) With the death of Elector Charles Philip in 1742 all his territories including the state of Palatinate-Neuburg passed to the Palatinate-Sulzbach line of the Wittelsbach dynasty. Charles Theodor of the Sulzbach line was a descendant of Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach, a brother of Wolfgang Wilhelm. House of Palatinate-Sulzbach * Charles Theodore (Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria), 1742–99 (Elector Palatine from 1742, Elector of Bavaria from 1777) House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld *Maximilian Joseph (Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria), 1799-1808, (Elector of Bavaria from 1799) See also * Palatinate (Palatinate (disambiguation)) References in Alsace) was purchased from the Electoral Palatinate. Count Palatine Wolfgang dissolved the monasteries in his territory and thereby increased his revenues and acquired the territory of Disibodenberg Abbey. In 1557, he inherited Palatinate-Neuburg, half of the Rear County of Sponheim and half of the Lordship of Guttenberg from the Palatinate under the Treaty of Heidelberg; this more than doubled his territory. In 1558, he dissolved Hornbach Abbey an took its territory and half the County of Molsheim. In 1559, the Electoral line died out and Wolfgang inherited a share in the Front County of Sponheim. He used these large gains to give each of his five sons some territory: the sovereign Palatinate-Neuburg and Palatinate-Zweibrücken, which fell to John I's second son in 1569, and the non-sovereign collateral lines Palatinate-Sulzbach, Palatinate-Vohenstrauß-Parkstein (Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Vohenstrauss-Parkstein) and Palatinate-Birkenfeld. Biography He was the only son of Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and his wife Elisabeth of Hesse (Elisabeth of Hesse (1503–1563)), daughter of William I, Landgrave of Hesse. His father died in 1532, so the regency of Palatinate-Zweibrücken passed to Louis' younger brother Rupert (Rupert, Count Palatine of Veldenz) until 1543. In 1557 Wolfgang received the territory of Palatinate-Neuburg in accordance with the Contract of Heidelberg. In 1548 the Holy Roman Emperor (Holy Roman Empire) Charles V (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) occupied his Protestant (Protestantism) territories and reintroduced Catholic practices. This imposition ended in 1552. The Peace of Augsburg of 1555 ended the religious conflict, and in 1557 several ecclesiastical states in Germany were secularised (secularisation), a few of which Wolfgang obtained. In 1566 he served as a cavalry officer in the Turkish Wars (Ottoman wars in Europe). After his death Wolfgangs land was split for his five sons who then created three branches: Philip Louis (House of Palatinate-Neuburg (Palatinate-Neuburg)), John (House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (Palatinate-Zweibrücken)) and Charles (House of Palatinate-Birkenfeld). Otto Henry and Frederick had no surviving sons.

Hamilton, Ontario

, Ontario on December 20, 2008. The album, due for release in 2009, was called ''Young Cardinals'' at that point in time. The band discussed the musical direction of the new album in an article: * Edmonton (Edmonton, Alberta), Alberta - 8 times, Edmonton Huskies 2005, 2004, 1964, 1963, 1962; Edmonton Wildcats 1983


. July Crisis Following the Balkan Wars, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria) at Sarajevo on 28 June 1914 was therefore a culmination of the heightened tension between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. Blum, ''op. cit.'' If Count Berchtold had been accused of indecisiveness and diffidence during the Balkan Wars, he gave proof of more resolve during the July Crisis. Pushed by the so-called Young Rebels at the Ballhausplatz


, Japan in 1861, where he served as medical officer under Sir Harry Smith Parkes. During the unsettled years at the end of the Tokugawa bakufu and Meiji restoration, Willis treated the British nationals wounded in the Namamugi Incident and the Bombardment of Kagoshima (Anglo-Satsuma War). Video game A video game based on the movie was released in 1987 for the MSX called ''Young Sherlock: The Legacy of Doyle'' released exclusively in Japan by Pack-In-Video. Although the game is based on the movie, the plot of the game had very little to do with the movie's story. Among his more notable moments as a Miami player, five days before the 1987 Fiesta Bowl, at a promotional Fiesta Bowl dinner with the Penn State (Pennsylvania State University) team, Brown led a walkout by the Miami players. Leading the walkout, he asked: "Did the Japanese go sit down and have dinner with Pearl Harbor before they bombed them?" Brown and his teammates felt that the Penn State players had disrespected them by openly mocking Miami's coach, Jimmy Johnson (Jimmy Johnson (American football coach)), at a pre-game banquet. Penn State beat the heavily-favored Hurricanes 14-10, and were declared National Champions. Career After several years of model work, Fujiwara has since worked internationally as a journalist and spokesperson, including acting as an ambassador of Japanese - Korea (South Korea)n friendship during the 2002 FIFA World Cup, reporting from the 2004 Olympics in Greece, and going to Afghanistan and holding a photo exhibition there. Fujiwara was formerly a guest announcer and interviewer for K-1 on their major shows until 2006 when she was replaced by Waka Inoue. Geography ''Shenmue II'' initially takes place in Hong Kong. The final chapter of the game takes place in Guilin, located in China. The environments found in ''Shenmue II'' are loosely based upon the geography of locations in and around Hong Kong. The environments found in the game are much larger than those found in the first title of the series. It has been noted that the settings of ''Shenmue II'' are somewhat less intricately detailed than those of ''Shenmue''. The first environment of the game is Aberdeen Harbour, where Ryo arrives after travelling from Japan via ship. Aberdeen is an underprivileged area, and in addition to the various dock (Dock (maritime))s and drinking establishments, there are several gambling parlours where players can take part in QTE-based games of chance (game of chance). Ryo meets a variety of dangerous individuals here, but also future allies including Joy, Wong and Wuying Ren. On the outskirts of Aberdeen is Queens Street, a pleasant area that is lined with brownstone houses (brownstone), reflecting Hong Kong's British (United Kingdom) governors (Governor of Hong Kong). Arenas is a three-time NBA All-Star (List of NBA All-Stars), three-time member of the All-NBA Teams, and was voted the NBA Most Improved Player in the 2002–03 season (2002–03 NBA season). Arenas was most often nicknamed "Agent Zero," due to his former jersey number, but has increasingly been referred to as "Hibachi," a nod to the small Japanese heating device, which literally translates to "bowl of fire." zh:日本 Commons:Category:Japan Wikipedia:Japan Dmoz:Regional Asia Japan

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