Places Known For

bright architecture


Saint Petersburg

the architecture of the country was dominated by plain functionalism (Functionalism (architecture)). This helped somewhat to resolve the housing problem, but created the large massives of buildings of low architectural quality, much in contrast with the previous bright architecture. After the end of the Soviet Union the situation improved. Many churches demolished in the Soviet times were rebuilt, and this process continues along with the restoration of various historical buildings destroyed in World War II. As for the original architecture, there is no more any common style in modern Russia, though International style (International style (architecture)) has a great influence. thumb left 200px Grand Cascade in Peterhof Palace (File:PeterhofGrandCascade.JPG), nicknamed ''Russian Versaille'', a popular tourist destination in Saint Petersburg. Most popular tourist destinations in Russia are Moscow and Saint Petersburg, the current and the former capitals of the country and great cultural centers, recognized as World Cities. Moscow and Saint Petersburg feature such world-renown museums as Tretyakov Gallery and Hermitage (Hermitage Museum), famous theaters like Bolshoi (Bolshoi Theater) and Mariinsky (Mariinsky Theater), ornate churches like Saint Basil's Cathedral, Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, Saint Isaac's Cathedral and Church of the Savior on Blood, impressive fortifications like Moscow Kremlin and Peter and Paul Fortress, beautiful squares like Red Square and Palace Square, and streets like Tverskaya and Nevsky Prospect. Rich palaces and parks of extreme beauty are found in the former imperial residences (Template:Imperial palaces in Russia) in suburbs of Moscow (Kolomenskoye, Tsaritsyno (Tsaritsyno Park)) and Saint Petersburg (Peterhof (Petergof), Strelna, Oranienbaum (Oranienbaum, Russia), Gatchina (Gatchina Palace), Pavlovsk Palace, Tsarskoye Selo). Moscow contains a great variety of imressive Soviet era buildings (Soviet architecture) along with modern scyscrapers (Moscow International Business Center), while Saint Petersburg, nicknamed ''Venice of the North'', boasts of its classical architecture, many rivers, channels and bridges (Bridges in Saint Petersburg). Ognjeslav lived with his family in Saint Petersburg, Russia. He celebrated the slava of Saint Nicholas every year and one of his regular guests was Dmitri Mendeleev. Performance history The world premiere took place on 18 December (6 December O.S. (Old Style and New Style dates)) 1892 at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg (Saint Petersburg). It was conducted by Eduard Nápravník and sets were designed by Mikhail Bocharov (Mikhail Ilyich Bocharov). Performance history The world premiere was given on 25 February (13 February O.S. (Old style and new style dates)), 1881, at the Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg, conducted by Eduard Nápravník. Notable subsequent performances were given on 28 July 1882 in Prague, the first production of a Tchaikovsky opera outside Russia; in 1899 in Moscow by the Private Opera Society, conducted by Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov; and in 1907 in Moscow by the Zimin Opera, conducted by Palitsīn. CRDF Global is based in Arlington, Virginia, and has offices in Moscow and Saint Petersburg, Russia; Kiev, Ukraine; Almaty, Kazakhstan; and Amman, Jordan. commons:Category:Saint Petersburg WikiPedia:Saint Petersburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Saint Petersburg


Soviet Union

massives of buildings of low architectural quality, much in contrast with the previous bright architecture. After the end of the Soviet Union the situation improved. Many churches demolished in the Soviet times were rebuilt, and this process continues along with the restoration of various historical buildings destroyed in World War II. As for the original architecture, there is no more any common style in modern Russia, though International style (International style (architecture)) has a great influence. State symbols State symbols of Russia include the Byzantine double-headed eagle, combined with St. George (Coat of arms of Moscow) of Moscow in the Russian coat of arms; these symbols date from the Grand Duchy of Moscow time. Russian flag appeared in the late Tsardom of Russia period and became widely used since Russian Empire times. Russian anthem shares its music with the Soviet Anthem, though not the lyrics (many Russians of older generations just don't know the new lyrics and sing the old ones). Russian imperial (Russian Empire) motto ''God is with us'' and Soviet (Soviet Union) motto ''Proletarians of all countries, unite!'' are now obsolete and no new motto has been officially introduced to replace them. Hammer and sickle and the full Soviet coat of arms are still widely seen in Russian cities as a part of old architectural decorations. The Soviet Red Stars are also encountered, often on military equipment and war memorials. The Soviet Red Banner is still honored, especially the Banner of Victory of 1945. In World War II, the Yalta Conference forced China to recognize the independence of Mongolia. In line with the concluding statement of Yalta Conference and to receive the southern part of Sakhalin and the Kurile islands after the defeat of Japan, Soviet Union immediately fought against Japan. Later, USSR and ROC signed Treaty of Friendship and Alliance with the Republic of China on 14 August 1945. However, the National Government of the Republic of China considered the Soviet Union violating the treaty because of obstructing its efforts in re-establishing national authority in Manchuria and aided the Communist Party of China by giving surrendered arsenals of Japanese Imperial Army and handing territorial control to the Chinese Communist Party in that area against United States marines aided military dispatchment and installation of Nationalist Government in North East China during the early period of Chinese Civil War after 1945. Birth and education Anatole Boris Volkov was born on October 29, 1924 in San Francisco, California. California Birth Index: Anatole B Volkov; 29 Oct 1924; Male; Witte; San Francisco After her divorce his mother married Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, head of the Silvermaster group who spied for the Soviet Union during World War II. Volkov spent two years as a radar operator in the United States Navy in the Pacific. After Carol's abdication and the fascist (Fascism) regime known as the National Legionary State, Brătianu offered his support to dictator Ion Antonescu, given that the latter's close relation with Nazi Germany had helped Romania win back territories it had lost to the Soviet Union (Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina (Bukovina), and the Hertza region), taken back through World War II's Operation Barbarossa. The heavy losses inflicted on the Romanian troops and the successful offensives of the Red Army made Brătianu favor King Michael (Michael I of Romania)'s plan to align Romania with the Allies (Allies of World War II). Wikipedia:Post-Soviet states commons:Союз Советских Социалистических Республик


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