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South Africa

in Bexhill (Bexhill-on-Sea), Sussex, England, to an English father and South African mother. He was educated at Westminster School and Merton College, Oxford, and in 1937 became a librarian in the British Museum's Department of Printed Books, working on the new General Catalogue. During World War II, he worked in the Naval section Hut 8 at the code-breaking establishment, Bletchley Park, translating Italian Naval codes. A wearer of large, brightly-coloured bow-ties, he was one of the "famous homosexuals" at Bletchley. left 260px thumb The Geirangerfjord as seen from Dalsnibba (File:Geirangerfjord from Dalsnibba.jpg) The West Norwegian Fjords, entailing Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord was inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 2005 at the 29th Session of the World Heritage Committee in Durban, South Africa. The West Norwegian Fjords is the first natural World Heritage site in Norway, and the third natural site in the Nordic (Nordic countries) - Baltic region. *1962 **Resolution 1761 (United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1761): ''Recommended sanctions against South Africa in response to the governments policy of apartheid.'' *1963 '''Nadine Gordimer''' (born 20 November 1923) is a South African writer and political activist. She was awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature when she was recognised as a woman "who through her magnificent epic writing has – in the words of Alfred Nobel – been of very great benefit to humanity". Although the Orange Free State developed into a politically and economically successful republic, it experienced chronic conflict with the British (see Boer Wars) until it was finally annexed as the Orange River Colony in 1900. It ceased to exist as an independent Boer republic on 31 May 1902 with the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging at the conclusion of the Second Anglo-Boer War. It joined the Union of South Africa in 1910 (which became the Republic of South Africa in 1961) as a province under its former name, along with the Cape Province, Natal (Natal Province), and the Transvaal (Transvaal Province). In order to understand the attitude which the Orange Free State took at this time in relation to the South African Republic, it is necessary to review the life history of Reitz. Previously to his becoming president of the Orange Free State, he had acted as its Chief Justice, and still earlier in life he had practiced as an advocate in the Cape Colony. In 1881 Reitz had, in conjunction with Steyn (Martinus Theunis Steyn), come under the influence of an ambitious German named Borckenhagen, the editor (editor in chief) of the Bloemfontein Express. Together, the three were principally responsible for the formation of the Afrikander Bond (see Cape Colony: History). From 1881 onwards they cherished the idea of an independent South Africa. President Brand (Johannes Brand) had been far too sagacious to be led away by this pseudo-nationalist dream, and did his utmost to discountenance the Bond (Afrikaner Bond). At the same time his policies were guided by a sincere patriotism, which looked to the true prosperity of the Orange Free State as well as to that of the whole of South Africa. After his death in 1888 sentiments changed, although some politicians remained favourable towards close cooperation with Great Britain, including 1896 presidential candidate and Volksraad member John G. Fraser. In order to understand the attitude which the Orange Free State took at this time in relation to the South African Republic, it is necessary to review the life history of Reitz. Previously to his becoming president of the Orange Free State, he had acted as its Chief Justice, and still earlier in life he had practiced as an advocate in the Cape Colony. In 1881 Reitz had, in conjunction with Steyn (Martinus Theunis Steyn), come under the influence of an ambitious German named Borckenhagen, the editor (editor in chief) of the Bloemfontein Express. Together, the three were principally responsible for the formation of the Afrikander Bond (see Cape Colony: History). From 1881 onwards they cherished the idea of an independent South Africa. President Brand (Johannes Brand) had been far too sagacious to be led away by this pseudo-nationalist dream, and did his utmost to discountenance the Bond (Afrikaner Bond). At the same time his policies were guided by a sincere patriotism, which looked to the true prosperity of the Orange Free State as well as to that of the whole of South Africa. After his death in 1888 sentiments changed, although some politicians remained favourable towards close cooperation with Great Britain, including 1896 presidential candidate and Volksraad member John G. Fraser. The '''Orange River''' (Afrikaans Dutch (Dutch language): '''Oranjerivier'''), '''Gariep River''', '''Groote River''' or '''Senqu River''' is the longest river in South Africa. It rises in the Drakensberg mountains in Lesotho, flowing westwards through South Africa to the Atlantic Ocean. The river forms part of the international borders between South Africa and Namibia and between South Africa and Lesotho, as well as several provincial borders within South Africa. Although the river does not pass through any major cities, it plays an important role in the South African economy by providing water for irrigation, as well as hydroelectric power. The river was named by Robert Jacob Gordon after the Dutch Royal House. Tributaries of the Orange River The river starts at the border between KwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho, high in the Drakensberg Mountains as the Senqu River. Tributaries in Lesotho include: the Koakoatsi River, Tlhanyaku River, Moremoholo River, Mokhotlon River, Sehonghong River, Khubelu River, Makhoaba River, Bobatsi River, Mphelebeko River, Semena River, Nashai River, Litsoeyse River, Matebeng River, Liboleng River, Tsoelike River, Linakeng River, Qabane River, Kolo-La-Tsoene River, Senqunyane River, Qhoali River, Meletsunyane River, Qhuasing River, Outing River, Sebapala River, Thaling River, Masitise River and the Tele River (the border river between South Africa and Lesotho. Tributaries in South Africa include: the Makhaleng River (the west border of Lesotho), Kromspruit, Bamboesspruit, Gryskopspruit, Winnaarspruit, Knoffelspruit, Wilgespruit, Nuwejaarspruit, Kraai River, Melkspruit, Sanddrifspruit, Stormbergspruit, Moddelbulspruit, Palmietspruit, Caledon River, Oudagspruit, Broekspruit, Bossiespruit, Brakspruit, Suurbergspruit, Donkerpoortspruit, Oorlogspoort River, Rietkuilspruit, Vanderwaltsfonteinspruit, Otterspoortspruit, Paaiskloofspruit, Seekoei River, Kattegatspruit, Knapsak River, Hondeblaf River, Berg River (Berg River(Orange)), Lemoenspruit, Vaal River, Withoekskloof, Lanyonspruit, Diep River (Diep River (Orange)), Brak River (Brak River (Northern Cape)), Karabeeloop River, Prieska River, Rooiloop River, Kat River, Marydale River, Soutloop River, Elmboog Sloot, Eselfontein River, Matjies River, Donkerhoekspruit, Helbrandkloofspruit, Hartbeer River, Slang River, Brabees River, Molopo River, Bul River, Kourop River, Bak River, Kraalputs de Loop, Narrie se Loop, Samoep River, Kaboep River, Mik River, Hartbees River, Brak River (Brak River (Orange)), Matjies River, Groen River (Groen River (Orange)), Kahams River. The river starts at the border between KwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho, high in the Drakensberg Mountains as the Senqu River. Tributaries in Lesotho include: the Koakoatsi River, Tlhanyaku River, Moremoholo River, Mokhotlon River, Sehonghong River, Khubelu River, Makhoaba River, Bobatsi River, Mphelebeko River, Semena River, Nashai River, Litsoeyse River, Matebeng River, Liboleng River, Tsoelike River, Linakeng River, Qabane River, Kolo-La-Tsoene River, Senqunyane River, Qhoali River, Meletsunyane River, Qhuasing River, Outing River, Sebapala River, Thaling River, Masitise River and the Tele River (the border river between South Africa and Lesotho. Tributaries in South Africa include: the Makhaleng River (the west border of Lesotho), Kromspruit, Bamboesspruit, Gryskopspruit, Winnaarspruit, Knoffelspruit, Wilgespruit, Nuwejaarspruit, Kraai River, Melkspruit, Sanddrifspruit, Stormbergspruit, Moddelbulspruit, Palmietspruit, Caledon River, Oudagspruit, Broekspruit, Bossiespruit, Brakspruit, Suurbergspruit, Donkerpoortspruit, Oorlogspoort River, Rietkuilspruit, Vanderwaltsfonteinspruit, Otterspoortspruit, Paaiskloofspruit, Seekoei River, Kattegatspruit, Knapsak River, Hondeblaf River, Berg River (Berg River(Orange)), Lemoenspruit, Vaal River, Withoekskloof, Lanyonspruit, Diep River (Diep River (Orange)), Brak River (Brak River (Northern Cape)), Karabeeloop River, Prieska River, Rooiloop River, Kat River, Marydale River, Soutloop River, Elmboog Sloot, Eselfontein River, Matjies River, Donkerhoekspruit, Helbrandkloofspruit, Hartbeer River, Slang River, Brabees River, Molopo River, Bul River, Kourop River, Bak River, Kraalputs de Loop, Narrie se Loop, Samoep River, Kaboep River, Mik River, Hartbees River, Brak River (Brak River (Orange)), Matjies River, Groen River (Groen River (Orange)), Kahams River. Tributaries in Namibia include: the Kleinap River, Ham River, Udabis River, Velloor River, Sambok River, Eendoorn River, Girtus River, Hom River, Davignab River, Haib River, Sambok River, Gamkap River. * Owns part of radio groups in New Zealand, Mexico, Norway, and Australia * Owns outdoor advertising companies in Singapore, South Africa, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Romania, Poland, Chile, Brazil, Finland, Mauritius and Italy * Owns L & C Outdoor Comunicacao Visual Ltda., of Brazil venue Lord's, London, England umpires Rudi Koertzen (SA (South Africa)) and Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan (IND (India)) motm Alec Stewart (ENG (England)) venue Grace Road, Leicester, England umpires David Orchard (Dave Orchard) (SA (South Africa)) and Peter Willey (ENG (England)) motm Grant Flower (ZIM (Zimbabwe)) venue County Ground, Southampton, England umpires David Orchard (Dave Orchard) (SA (South Africa)) and Peter Willey (ENG (England)) motm Maurice Odumbe (KEN (Kenya)) venue Headingley, Leeds, England umpires Rudi Koertzen (SA (South Africa)) and Peter Willey (ENG (England)) motm Inzamam-ul-Haq (PAK (Pakistan)) venue Grange Cricket Club Ground, Raeburn Place, Scotland umpires Rudi Koertzen (SA (South Africa)) and Ian Robinson (Ian Robinson (cricket umpire)) (ZIM (Zimbabwe)) motm Geoff Allott (NZ (New Zealand)) venue Headingley, Leeds, England umpires David Orchard (Dave Orchard) (SA (South Africa)) and Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan (IND (India)) motm The term '''sand dollar''' (or '''sea cookie''' or '''snapper biscuit''' in New Zealand, or '''pansy shell''' in South Africa) refers to species of extremely flattened, burrowing echinoids belonging to the order (Order (biology)) '''Clypeasteroida'''. Some species within the order, not quite as flat, are known as '''sea biscuits'''. Related animals include the sea urchins, sea cucumbers and starfish. * Sri Lanka: Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte is the official capital and the location of the parliament, while the former capital, Colombo, is now designated as the "commercial capital". However, many government offices are still located in Colombo. Both cities are in the Colombo District. * South Africa: The administrative capital is Pretoria, the legislative capital is Cape Town, and the judicial capital is Bloemfontein. This is the outcome of the compromise that created the Union of South Africa in 1910. * Switzerland: Bern is the ''Federal City'' of Switzerland and functions as ''de facto'' capital. However, the Swiss Supreme Court (Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland) is located in Lausanne. Examples include the conflicts between Anglophone (Anglophone Canadians) and Francophone Canadians (French Canadian), between Māori (Māori people) and Pākehā New Zealanders and between Anglophone White South Africans and Boers. In October 1994, then-U.S. president Bill Clinton, along with then-president of South Africa Nelson Mandela, established the Southern Africa Enterprise Development Fund (SAEDF), and named Young as its Chairman. The fund was established to provide funding to help small- and medium-size indigenous businesses throughout southern Africa. '''Above Sea''' *Kogelberg, Western Cape, South Africa, WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


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