Zimbabwe

What is Zimbabwe known for?


large manufacturing

to the National Railways of Zimbabwe because of its strategic position near Botswana and South Africa. It is the nearest large city to Hwange National Park, Matopo National Park and Victoria Falls. Economy Bulawayo has long been known as the industrial hub of Zimbabwe. It has a large manufacturing presence, and large industries such as Merlin Textiles, Zimbabwe Engineering Company (Zeco), Hubert Davies, Radar Metal Industries, National Blankets, G & D Shoes, Merlin, Tregers Group, Stewarts & Lloyds, Hunyani Holdings, Cold Storage Commission. However some of these companies have either moved operations to Harare or no longer exist altogether which has crippled Bulawayo's economy. The industries are deserted and the infrastructure has since been left to deteriorate, further deterring investors from operating in the city. The reason for the city's de-industrialization has been heralded to be the lack of infrastructure to support the size of the city and its operations and an unreliable source of water and the collapse of the rail infrastructure which was a core reason of placing industry in Bulawayo to begin with. Many locals argue that it is because of marginalisation they experience against the government due to cultural differences between the Shona (Shona people) in Harare and the Ndebele Proper (Northern Ndebele people) in Bulawayo because the National railways of Zimbabwe (Headquarters Bulawayo) is a government parastatal and as such should have been thriving had it not been for embezzlement of allocated funds by company executives who are believed to be Shona (Shona people). The water issue is not new and had brought about the "help a thirsty Matabele" initiative of the 1970s and the Matabeleland Zambezi Water Project which would put an end to the water issue in Matabeleland was drafted, however this project was put on hold soon after independence. these allegations have all been labeled hogwash by the relevant authorities, however they have only fueled the secessionist (Mthwakazi) initiative into a general opinion. Before the collapse of Zimbabwe's rail infrastructure, Bulawayo was an important transport hub, providing rail links between Botswana, South Africa and Zambia and promoting the city's development as a major industrial centre. The city still contains most of what remains of Zimbabwe's heavy industry and food processing capability including a Thermal Power Station which resumed operations in February 2011 after a capitalisation deal with the Government of Botswana where Bulawayo would supply 45 Megawatts in three years. Like many parts of the country (Zimbabwe), Bulawayo has for the past ten years seen a huge drop in service delivery and an increase in unemployment due to the number of resignations of people seeking better prospects across the border. Many people resorted to farming, mining and the black market for sustenance, while others depended on the little foreign currency that would be sent by family in other countries. However, with the introduction of the multi-currency system in 2009, a new approach is seen by investors in the city who admire the already-available infrastructure and the huge workforce and Bulawayo as great prospects for the future and is set to once again contribute greatly to the economy of Zimbabwe. The city is served by Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo International Airport which has been expanded a number of times to cope with the influx of visitors into the region. The Edgars clothing stores are headquartered in Bulawayo. The Rovos rail run luxury train, Pride of Africa makes a stop in Bulawayo for pick up and dropping off passengers. Bulawayo is situated along the Trans-African Highway network important trade route of Cairo – Cape Town Highway. Most of the city's industries are privately owned, especially in the transport sector. Economy Bulawayo has long been known as the industrial hub of Zimbabwe. It has a large manufacturing presence, and large industries such as Merlin Textiles, Zimbabwe Engineering Company (Zeco), Hubert Davies, Radar Metal Industries, National Blankets, G & D Shoes, Merlin, Tregers Group, Stewarts & Lloyds, Hunyani Holdings, Cold Storage Commission. However some of these companies have either moved operations to Harare or no longer exist altogether which has crippled Bulawayo's economy. The industries are deserted and the infrastructure has since been left to deteriorate, further deterring investors from operating in the city. The reason for the city's de-industrialization has been heralded to be the lack of infrastructure to support the size of the city and its operations and an unreliable source of water and the collapse of the rail infrastructure which was a core reason of placing industry in Bulawayo to begin with. Many locals argue that it is because of marginalisation they experience against the government due to cultural differences between the Shona (Shona people) in Harare and the Ndebele Proper (Northern Ndebele people) in Bulawayo because the National railways of Zimbabwe (Headquarters Bulawayo) is a government parastatal and as such should have been thriving had it not been for embezzlement of allocated funds by company executives who are believed to be Shona (Shona people). The water issue is not new and had brought about the "help a thirsty Matabele" initiative of the 1970s and the Matabeleland Zambezi Water Project which would put an end to the water issue in Matabeleland was drafted, however this project was put on hold soon after independence. these allegations have all been labeled hogwash by the relevant authorities, however they have only fueled the secessionist (Mthwakazi) initiative into a general opinion. Before the collapse of Zimbabwe's rail infrastructure, Bulawayo was an important transport hub, providing rail links between Botswana, South Africa and Zambia and promoting the city's development as a major industrial centre. The city still contains most of what remains of Zimbabwe's heavy industry and food processing capability including a Thermal Power Station which resumed operations in February 2011 after a capitalisation deal with the Government of Botswana where Bulawayo would supply 45 Megawatts in three years. Like many parts of the country (Zimbabwe), Bulawayo has for the past ten years seen a huge drop in service delivery and an increase in unemployment due to the number of resignations of people seeking better prospects across the border. Many people resorted to farming, mining and the black market for sustenance, while others depended on the little foreign currency that would be sent by family in other countries. However, with the introduction of the multi-currency system in 2009, a new approach is seen by investors in the city who admire the already-available infrastructure and the huge workforce and Bulawayo as great prospects for the future and is set to once again contribute greatly to the economy of Zimbabwe. The city is served by Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo International Airport which has been expanded a number of times to cope with the influx of visitors into the region. The Edgars clothing stores are headquartered in Bulawayo. The Rovos rail run luxury train, Pride of Africa makes a stop in Bulawayo for pick up and dropping off passengers. Bulawayo is situated along the Trans-African Highway network important trade route of Cairo – Cape Town Highway. Most of the city's industries are privately owned, especially in the transport sector. During this period, the Matabele left a trail of destruction in their wake. Peter Becker, ''Path Of Blood'' Cape Town: Penguin Press, 2nd Ed., 1979 From 1837 to 1838, the arrival of Boer settlers drove the Matabele north of the Limpopo. They settled in the area now known as Matabeleland, in present-day southern Zimbabwe. Mzilikazi set up his new capital in Bulawayo. ''Cambridge History of Africa,'' Vol. 5 The AmaNdebele forced the AmaShona of the region northward and forced them to pay tribute. This caused tribal resentment that has continues in modern Zimbabwe. He wasted no time in beginning his new responsibilities. He was called to step in and resolve difficulties between United Nations Ambassador Andrew Young and the British Foreign Office. This was followed by smoothing out American British difficulties over policy toward Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), which helped lead to the end of minority white rule in that country. He reveled in the "good life" of London and took advantage of the range of social occasions from dinner with Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom to quaffing a pint of ale in a working class pub, saying, "Becoming aware of the richness and variety here is a lot of fun." Kabaservice, 450 Guerrilla and army years Following high school, Joseph Kabila followed a military curriculum in Tanzania, then at Makerere University in Uganda. In October 1996, Laurent-Désiré Kabila launched the campaign in Zaire to oust the Mobutu regime. Joseph became the commander of the infamous army of "kadogos" (child soldiers) and played a key role in major battles on the road to Kinshasa. The liberation army received logistical and military support from regional armies from Rwanda, Uganda, Angola and Zimbabwe. Following the AFDL's victory, and Laurent-Désiré Kabila's rise to the presidency, Joseph Kabila went on to get further training at the PLA National Defense University, in Beijing, China (People's Republic of China). There are currently many South African-produced programmes which are shown across Africa and around the world. For example, SABC 3's scifi drama series ''Charlie Jade'', a co-production between the Imaginarium and Canada's CHUM (CHUM Limited), has been broadcast in over 20 countries, including Japan, France, Korea, and in the US on the SciFi Channel. M-Net's soap opera ''Egoli: Place of Gold'', has been shown in 43 African countries, and has even been exported to Venezuela, where it has been dubbed in Spanish (Spanish language). Africa Film & TV 2000 Satisfying local demand The drama series ''Shaka Zulu'', based on the true story of the Zulu warrior King Shaka, was shown around the world in the 1980s, but this was only possible because the SABC had licensed the series to a US distributor. The Zulu-language comedy 'Sgudi 'Snaysi achieved SABC's highest viewing figures in the late 1980s, and was shown in Zimbabwe and Swaziland. * Bossa nova (Bossa Nova (dance)) (Brazilian, see Bossa nova music) * Borrowdale (Borrowdale dance) (Zimbabweean, see Museve music) * Boston (Boston (dance)) '''Limpopo''' ( WikiPedia:Zimbabwe Dmoz:Regional Africa Zimbabwe Commons:category:Zimbabwe


based activities

such as minerals, arable land and wildlife, many opportunities lie in resource-based activities such as mining, agriculture and tourism and their downstream industrial activities. The mining sector remains very lucrative, with some of the world's largest platinum reserves being mined by Anglo American plc and Impala Platinum. The Marange diamond fields, discovered in 2006, are considered the biggest diamond find in over a century. "Diamond company in trouble with Harare MPs", ''iol.co.za'', 2 February 2010. They have the potential to improve the fiscal situation of the country considerably, but almost all revenues from the field have disappeared into the pockets of army officers and ZANU-PF politicians. WikiPedia:Zimbabwe Dmoz:Regional Africa Zimbabwe Commons:category:Zimbabwe


played international

in the final ODI, this time taking 1-33 at 4.12, with England again winning, this time by 74 runs, and completing the 4-0 series whitewash. '''Vusimuzi "Vusi" Sibanda''' (born October 10, 1983) is a Zimbabwean (Zimbabwe) cricketer. He has played international cricket for the Zimbabwe cricket team. He also plays for Midlands (Midlands cricket team) in the Logan Cup. '''Trevor Raymond Gripper''' is a Zimbabwean cricketer. He was born on December 28, 1975 in Salisbury - now Harare. ANCYL president Malema promoted land reform and more transfers of farmland from whites to black South Africans. Malema visited Zimbabwe president Robert Mugabe to learn more about socialism and land reform. Upon his return to South Africa he reported that Mugabe and his war veterans would assist in the transfer of land. WikiPedia:Zimbabwe Dmoz:Regional Africa Zimbabwe Commons:category:Zimbabwe


large abundance

. They have also been introduced in small numbers into New Mexico. Their habitat includes thick bush''veld'' (Bushveld), rocky hillsides, dry riverbed (stream bed)s and anywhere with a constant supply of water. They will occasionally venture onto plains only if there is a large abundance of bushes, but normally avoid such open areas to avoid becoming an easy target for their predators. Their diet consists of leaves (leaf), grass, shoots


wide+part

, a more solid meal, is also made from maize flour, likewise often mixed with other cereals. These two, under various names, are staple foods over a wide part of the African continent, e.g., pap (pap (food)) in South Africa, sadza in Zimbabwe, nshima in Zambia, tuwo or ogi in Nigeria, etc., though some of these may also be made from sorghum. *Pease porridge (Pease pudding) or peasemeal porridge, made from dried peas, is a traditional English and Scottish porridge. *Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen *Djibouti, Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho *Mongolia (accepts its stamps), Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan ''' WikiPedia:Zimbabwe Dmoz:Regional Africa Zimbabwe Commons:category:Zimbabwe


academic accomplishments

pages view ?id 1731&PHPSESSID 311ec85274c89154e6f4befbc159a0e8 Lithuanian population by ethnicity There are still strong communities of Jews of Lithuanian descent around the world, especially in Israel, the United States, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Brazil and Australia. Throughout college she traveled, visiting Britain (UK), France, Spain, Portugal, Finland, and Russia. Her academic accomplishments were reinforced with first-hand


population white

, Sotho (Sotho language), Ndau (Ndau language), Nambya, Tswana (Tswana language), Xhosa (Xhosa language) and Lozi (Lozi language). Minority ethnic groups include white Zimbabweans (White people in Zimbabwe), who make up less than 1% of the total population. White Zimbabweans are mostly of British origin, but there are also Afrikaner, Greek (Greeks in Zimbabwe), Portuguese (Portuguese people), French (Franco-Mauritian) and Dutch (Dutch people) communities. The white population dropped from a peak of around 278,000 or 4.3% of the population in 1975 Wiley, David and Isaacman, Allen F. (1981). ''Southern Africa: society, economy, and liberation''. Michigan State University, University of Minnesota. p. 55 to possibly 120,000 in 1999 and was estimated to be no more than 50,000 in 2002, and possibly much less. Quarterly Digest Of Statistics, Zimbabwe Printing and Stationery Office, 1999. Most emigration has been to the United Kingdom (between 200,000 and 500,000 (Zimbabweans in the United Kingdom) Britons are of Rhodesian or Zimbabwean origin), South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Coloureds form 0.5% of the population, and various Asian (Asian people) ethnic groups, mostly of Indian and Chinese origin, are also 0.5%. Quarterly Digest of Statistics, 1998, Zimbabwe Printing and Stationery Office According to 2012 Census report, 99.7% of the population is of African origin. Zimbabwe Population Census 2012. zimstat.co.zw Official fertility rates over the last decade were 3.6 (2002 Census), Zimbabwe Profile based on the 2002 Population Census. zimstat.co.zw 3.8 (2006) Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey 2005–06. zimstat.co.zw. and 3.8 (2012 Census). Largest cities WikiPedia:Zimbabwe Dmoz:Regional Africa Zimbabwe Commons:category:Zimbabwe


classic film

Cities thumb Skyline of Harare, Capital of Zimbabwe (Image:Eastgate_Centre,_Harare,_Zimbabwe.jpg) Zimbabwe has 3 large cities and several smaller ones. *Harare — The capital and the largest city in Zimbabwe, Harare is a vibrant city in larger metropolitan province. *Bulawayo — The second largest city, both by population and economic activity. *Victoria Falls - Zimbabwe's premier holiday resort, co-host to the 2013 UNWTO General Assembly. *Gweru - the capital of the Midlands Province. *Mutare - The major city closest to the scenic Eastern Highlands *Masvingo — Named (meaning "ruins") after the nearby Great Zimbabwe National Monument. *Kariba — A lakeshore holiday resort on border with Zambia. Other destinations Image:Lion-hwange.jpg thumb Lion resting near a termite


cultural series

. Another South African name for it is mieliepap. from the Afrikaans words "Mielie", meaning "Corn", and "Pap". '''Happyton Bonyongwe''' is the director general of the Zimbabwean government spy agency, the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO). Zimbabwe: Purge Among Military. Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 44 (8), 17207A–17208C He is a retired


difficult past

from Zimbabwe. Her novels are known for their poetic prose, difficult subject-matter, and their strong women characters, and are firmly rooted in Zimbabwe's difficult past. For these reasons, she has been widely studied and appreciated by those studying postcolonial African literature. '''Zimbabwe''' competed at the '''2000 Summer Olympics''' in Sydney, Australia. The '''Murowa diamond mine (list of diamond mines)''' is a diamond mine (mining) located in Mazvihwa, south central Zimbabwe, about 40 kilometres from the asbestos mining town of Zvishavane in the Midlands province. The mine is majority owned and operated by the Rio Tinto Group, which also owns the Argyle diamond mine in Australia and part of the Diavik Diamond Mine in Canada. The mine is a combination of open pit and underground construction; current estimates put construction costs at $61 million USD and mine reserves are 19 million tonnes of ore, with an ore grade of WikiPedia:Zimbabwe Dmoz:Regional Africa Zimbabwe Commons:category:Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe

'''Zimbabwe''' , officially the '''Republic of Zimbabwe''', is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo (Limpopo River) rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. The capital and largest city is Harare.

What is now Zimbabwe was historically the site of many prominent kingdoms and empires, as well as a major route for migration and trade. The present territory was first demarcated by Cecil Rhodes' British South Africa Company during the 1890s, becoming the self-governing colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965 the conservative white (White people in Zimbabwe) minority government (Minority rule) unilaterally declared independence (Unilateral Declaration of Independence) as Rhodesia. The unrecognized state (List of historical unrecognized states) endured international isolation and a 15-year civil war (Rhodesian Bush War) between the government and black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement (Lancaster House Agreement) that established universal enfranchisement and ''de jure'' sovereignty in April 1980.

An ethnically diverse country of roughly 13 million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English (English language), Shona (Shona language) and Ndebele (Northern Ndebele language) being most common. President (List of Presidents of Zimbabwe) Robert Mugabe is head of state and government, and commander-in-chief of the armed forces (Zimbabwe Defence Forces). Renowned as a champion for the anti-colonial cause, He has held power since 1980: as head of government until 1987, and head of both state and government since then.

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