highest ever-recorded population of 672, 739 for the 2003 census. Historical populations Lavoe goes solo In 1973, Willie Colón stopped touring to dedicate himself to record production and other business enterprises. Lavoe was given the opportunity of becoming bandleader to his own orchestra; he and his band traveled the world on their own, and he would also be a guest singer
there. Explored 150 km upriver to the Ielala Falls. *1484—Diogo Cão reached Walvis Bay, south of Namibia. In the aftermath of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, over two million people fled into neighboring countries, in particular Zaire. The refugee camps were soon controlled by the former government and Hutu militants who used the camps as bases to launch attacks against the new government in Rwanda. Little action was taken to resolve
attempts at European-style music, and began forging new forms based out of local folk styles and the new African popular music coming from Zaire, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa. * ''War'': During the Rwandan Genocide in 1994, a Kingdom Hall property in Goma (then Zaire, now Democratic Republic of the Congo) housed 1600 Witness and non-Witness refugees. In July 1994, relief workers set up a 60-bed relief hospital at the Kingdom Hall, as well as a water
20101118214036 http: www.nba.com playerfile dj_mbenga bio.html archivedate November 18, 2010 year 2010 '''Leki''' (born in Kinshasa, Congo (Zaire)) is the first female urban R&B-pop star to rise out of Belgium. She is known for many hits including "Breakin' Out", "Spread my wings", "Over the Rainbow", and "Love me another day". She is also a TV presenter on VTM (vtm). The offensive failed after France and Zaire militarily
1960s, in Kenya's capital city of Nairobi. In the 1940s, the African Broadcasting Service in Nairobi aired a steady stream of soukous, South African kwela, Zairean finger-style guitar (Fingerpicking) and various kinds of Cuban dance music. There were also popular folk songs of Kenya's Luo (Luo (family of ethnic groups)) and Kikuyu (Kikuyu people) peoples. Upon the interference of Tutsi army in response to the genocide, Bagosora fled
-road conditions imaginable. Team work and camaraderie were crucial. The competitive element came in a series of "Special Tasks," such as winching and timed driving routes, in which the national teams competed against each other. In 1964 he became the first laureate of the Haile Selassie I Prize for Fine Arts. As his reputation spread abroad, Afewerk was invited to put on an exhibition in Moscow following which he toured the Soviet Union giving lectures. The United States American
England, France, Zaire (Today's DR Congo), and to return to tour Latin America; her performance in Zaire is included in the film ''Soul Power (Soul Power (film))''. In the late 1970s, she participated in an Eastern Air Lines commercial in Puerto Rico
in the 1996 documentary film, ''When We Were Kings'', and he is heard on the accompanying soundtrack. Other footage of his performance is included in the 2008 documentary film Soul Power (Soul Power (film)) which is based on archival footage of the 1974 Zaire concert. - id "ZR" ZR Zaire 1997-07 .zr — ZRCD (ISO 3166-3#ZRCD) Civil wars in both independent Mozambique (Mozambican Civil War) and Angolan
Madness'' in the UK). This Zairean appearance occurred along with James Brown and others, at a music festival held in conjunction with the Muhammed Ali George Foreman heavyweight title fight (Rumble in the Jungle). Footage of the performance was also included in the 2008 documentary film ''Soul Power (Soul Power (film))''. '''Kizito "Kiki" Musampa''' (born July 20, 1977 in Kinshasa, Zaire) is a former Democratic
a laid-back sound popularized by Orchestre Safari Sound and Orchestre Maquis Original. These groups adopted the motto "Kamanyola bila jasho" (''dance Kamanyola without sweating''). Maquis hailed from Lubumbashi in southeastern Zaire, moving to Dar Es Salaam in the early 70s. This was a common move at the time, bringing elements of soukous from the Congo basin. Maquis introduced many new dances over the years, including one, zembwela, (from their 1985 hit "Karubandika", which was so popular that the term has become synonymous with dancing. Among the Igbo people, Ghanaian highlife became popular in the early 1950s, and other guitar-band styles from Cameroon and Zaire soon followed. The Ghanaian E. T. Mensah, easily the most popular highlife performer of the 1950s, toured Igbo-land frequently, drawing huge crowds of devoted fans. Bobby Benson & His Combo was the first Nigerian highlife band to find audiences across the country. Benson was followed by Jim Lawson & the Mayor's Dance Band, who achieved national fame in the mid-'70s, ending with Lawson's death in 1976. During the same period, other highlife performers were reaching their peak. These included Prince Nico Mbarga and his band Rocafil Jazz, whose "Sweet Mother" was a pan-African hit that sold more than 13 million copies, more than any other African single of any kind. Mbarga used English lyrics in a style that he dubbed panko, which incorporated "sophisticated rumba (African Rumba) guitar-phrasing into the highlife idiom". Graham, pgs. 596–597 Graham explains the importance of both Benson and Lawson. Referring to "Sweet Mother, Graham explains: ''(b)ut it is an infectious song and its potent appeal was concocted from Mbarga's use of pidgin English (broadening his audience enormously) and a style he called ''panko'' — for the first time incorporating sophisticated rumba guitar-phrasing into the highlife idiom.'' Balafon orchestras had remained popular throughout the 50s in Yaoundé's bar scene, but the audience demanded modernity and the popular style at the time was unable to cope. Messi Martin was a Cameroonian guitarist who had been inspired to learn the instrument by listening to Spanish language-broadcasts from neighboring Equatorial Guinea, as well as Cuban and Zairean rumba (African Rumba). Messi changed the electric guitar by linking the strings together with pieces of paper, thus giving the instrument a damper tone that emitted a "thudding" sound similar to the balafon. Culture was an integral part of the struggle for independence, which began in 1964. Leaders of the independence movement used cultural solidarity to gain support from the common people, while the Portuguese colonialists promoted their own culture. By the time independence came in 1975, Mozambican bands had abandoned their previous attempts at European-style music, and began forging new forms based out of local folk styles and the new African popular music coming from Zaire, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa. * ''War'': During the Rwandan Genocide in 1994, a Kingdom Hall property in Goma (then Zaire, now Democratic Republic of the Congo) housed 1600 Witness and non-Witness refugees. In July 1994, relief workers set up a 60-bed relief hospital at the Kingdom Hall, as well as a water treatment system. "Caring for Victims of Rwanda’s Tragedy", ''Awake!'', December 22, 1994, page 15 '''Debout Congolais''' (Arise Congolese) is the national anthem of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was first adopted in 1960 http: www.laconscience.com article.php?id_article 1807 upon independence but replaced in 1971 when the country became Zaire. Then it was replaced by La Zaïroise. http: google.com search?q cache:-bne1Yb7Q6UJ:www.ingaassociation.org files DemocraticRepublicofCongo.doc+Debout+Congolais+%2B1971&cd 3&hl en&ct clnk&gl uk&client firefox-a It was reinstated when Laurent Kabila came to power in 1997. The words are by Joseph Lutumba and the music is by Simon-Pierre Boka di Mpasi Londi. Denard is known to have participated in conflicts in Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), Yemen, Iran, Nigeria, Benin, Gabon, Angola, Zaire and the Comoros, the last-named nation having been subject to more than twenty ''coups d'état'' in the past decades. For most of his career Denard had the quiet backing of France and the French secret service which wished to maintain French influence over its ex-colonies. The push for Kampala While supposedly involved in the peace negotiations, Museveni had courted General Mobutu Sese Seko (Mobutu Sésé Seko) of Zaire in an attempt to forestall the involvement of Zairean forces in support of Okello's military junta. On 20 January 1986, however, several hundred troops loyal to Idi Amin were accompanied into Ugandan territory by the Zairean military. The forces intervened in the civil conflict following secret training in Zaire and an appeal from Okello ten days previously. "Troops from Zaire step up Uganda civil war", ''The Guardian'', 21 January 1986 Mobutu's support for Okello was a score Museveni would settle years later, ordering Ugandan forces into the conflict which would finally topple the Zairean leader (First Congo War). ''Abstaining:'' (32) Argentina, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Burma, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Lesotho, Mauritius, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Upper Volta (Republic of Upper Volta), Venezuela, Zaire, Zambia. * ''N. m. coronatus'' (Gurney (John Henry Gurney), 1868) - '''Natal Helmeted Guineafowl''' - eastern South Africa * ''N. m. galeatus'' (Pallas (Peter Simon Pallas), 1767) - '''West African Guineafowl''' - western Africa to southern Chad, central Zaire, and northern Angola * ''N. m. marungensis'' (Schalow (Herman Schalow), 1884) - '''Marungu Helmeted Guineafowl''' - south Congo Basin to western Angola and Zambia * ''N. m. marungensis'' (Schalow (Herman Schalow), 1884) - '''Marungu Helmeted Guineafowl''' - south Congo Basin to western Angola and Zambia * ''N. m. meleagris '' (Linnaeus, 1758) - '''Saharan Helmeted Guineafowl''' - eastern Chad to Ethiopia, northern Zaire, Uganda and northern Kenya * ''N. m. mitratus'' (Pallas, 1764) - '''Tufted Guineafowl''' - Tanzania to eastern Mozambique, Zambia, and northern Botswana The victims came from 18 different countries, the majority being French or Congolese nationals: 54 French, 48 nationals of Republic of Congo, 25 Chadians, 9 Italians, 7 Americans, 5 Cameroonians, 4 Britons, 3 nationals of Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo), 3 Canadians, 2 Central Africans, 2 Malians, 2 Swiss, 1 Algerian, 1 Bolivian, 1 Belgian, 1 Greek, 1 Moroccan and 1 Senegalese. Description The missile reportedly is the Chinese version of 9K310 (SA-16 Gimlet) Igla-1 missile (9K38 Igla#Igla-1) systems incorporating some features of FIM-92 Stinger. According to many domestic Chinese media sources and some sources outside China, Chinese obtained the Soviet samples via Zaire from UNITA captured 9K310 (SA-16) Igla-1 missile (9K38 Igla#Igla-1) from Angola governmental forces. The missile is operated by a two man team. Once a target is visually detected the assistant selects the launch site and removes end caps from the front and back of the launcher. The gunner then partially depresses the trigger, which activates the electronic battery and opens the coolant bottle, cooling the seeker to operating temperature. According to interim Rwandan Prime Minister Jean Kambanda's confession to the ICTR, President Mobutu Sese Seko of neighboring Zaire, (now DRC) had warned Juvenal Habyarimana not to go to Dar-es-Salaam on April 6, the day before his assassination. Mobutu said this warning had come from a very senior official in the Elysée Palace in Paris. There was a link between this warning, said Mobutu, and the subsequent suicide in the Elysée of de Grossouvre. Melvern, Linda: "Expert Refutes Bruguière Claims that RPF Shot Down Rwandan President's Aircraft in 1994." ''The New Times.'' November 27, 2006. In May 1978, a force of ''gendarmes katangais'' entered the Katanga (Katanga Province) province of Zaire from Angola and occupied the mining town of Kolwezi. They began to loot the town and kill government soldiers and civilians (including several Belgian and French employees of a mining company). At the request of the government of Zaire, 2 REP was airlifted to Kinshasa and dropped on Kolwezi. The operation was a success and the town was quickly recaptured with minor casualties in the ranks of the paratroopers. Some 120 civilian hostages died in the occupation. Coaching career Otto Pfister has been involved in Association football for almost 60 years, he began his coaching career in Switzerland as player-coach in 1961 at the age of just 23. Pfister's early coaching experience was gained with FC Vaduz, FC St. Gallen, FC Nordstern Basel, FC Moutier and finally FC Chur 97. http: www.rsssf.com players trainers-zwit-clubs.html He has worked as Head Coach for 10 International football teams, eight from Africa and two from Asia. In June 1972, at the age of 34, Pfister retired from his playing days and left Switzerland for Africa, taking the reins as the Head Coach of Rwanda. Pfister would stay in Africa for 23 years until 1995 working as the Head Coach for five other African Nations. Upper Volta (Republic of Upper Volta) (now Burkina Faso (Burkina Faso national football team)), Senegal (Senegal national football team), Cote d'Ivoire (Cote d'Ivoire national football team), Zaire (now DR Congo (Congo DR national football team)) and Ghana (Ghana national football team). In 1995, Pfister worked inside the Asian Football Confederation (AFC (Asian Football Confederation)) as the Head Coach of Bangladesh National Team (Bangladesh national football team) and also Saudi Arabia (Saudi Arabia national football team) from 1997 - 1999. Pfister returned to club football over the following six years with Egyptian team Zamalek (Zamalek SC), Tunisian club CS Sfaxien, Lebanese club Nejmeh and Egyptian club Al-Masry (Al-Masry Club). Pfister was selected as the head coach of Togo (Togo national football team) on February 18, 2006, after former coach Stephen Keshi was dismissed from the post despite having secured qualification for their first World Cup Finals (FIFA World Cup). TOGO-COACH OTTO PFISTER: "Lege keinen großen Wert auf Disziplin" Pfister himself resigned shortly before the team's first match in the tournament, after his players went on strike against the federation over a pay dispute, but he was reappointed three days later after demands from the players. Pfister was appointed Manager of Sudanese club Al-Merreikh on September 8, 2006 and would later leave this position on October 26, 2007. The following day Pfister would sign a contract as the Head Coach of Cameroon (Cameroon national football team) taking him through until 2010. As of March 24, 2011, Pfister was unveiled as head coach of Trinidad and Tobago (Trinidad and Tobago national football team) http: www.goal.com en news 1937 americas 2011 03 24 2409499 otto-pfister-appointed-coach-of-trinidad-tobago
States of America , Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), Zaire, Zambia. Distribution and habitat It is a resident breeder in tropical Africa from Senegal and north Zaire east to Sudan and west Kenya. This common passerine is typically found in open woodland and cultivation. In 1985 the NAP began its unusual political "relationship" with Jesse Jackson. While Newman was initially dismissive
pink) from their surfaces. Their stingers, which in previous film adaptations could not penetrate glass, are powerful enough to shatter windows, true to the original triffids of the novel. Instead of a cup they have a pink flower-like head, resembling a cross between a lily and a sweet pea, that enlarges before releasing the sting. Following the Rwandan Genocide, Hutu refugees and many members of the former Hutu-led government fled as part of the Great Lakes refugee crisis
'''Zaire''' ) was the name of a Central African state, now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, between 1971 and 1997. The state's name derives from the name of the Congo River, called ''Zaire'' in Portuguese (Portuguese language), adapted from the Kongo (Kongo language) word ''nzere'' or ''nzadi'' ("river that swallows all rivers"). Peter Forbath, ''The River Congo'', p. 19.
The state was a right-wing single-party state and dictatorship, run by Mobutu Sese Seko and his ruling Popular Movement of the Revolution party. It was established following Mobutu's seizure of power in a military coup in 1965, following five-years of political upheaval following independence known as the Congo Crisis. Zaire had a strongly centralist constitution (Centralised government) and foreign assets were nationalized. A wider campaign of ''Authenticité (Authenticité (Zaire))'', ridding the country of the influences from the colonial period (Belgian Congo), was also launched under Mobutu's direction. Weakened by the end of American support after the end of the Cold War, Mobutu was forced to declare a new republic in 1990 to cope with demands for change. By the time of its disestablishment, Mobutu's rule was characterized by widespread cronyism, corruption and economic mismanagement.
The state collapsed in 1996 amid the destabilization of eastern Zaire in the aftermath of the Rwandan Civil War and growing ethnic violence. In 1997, Laurent-Désiré Kabila, at the head of the ''Alliance des Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération du Congo-Zaïre (Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo)'' (AFDL) militia, led a popular rebellion against the central government. With rebel forces making gains in the east, Mobutu fled the country, leaving Kabila's forces in charge.