Xingtai

What is Xingtai known for?


542

Xiàn 360,000 501 719 ---------- 19 Linxi County (Linxi County, Hebei) 临西县 Línxī Xiàn 330,000 542 609 Economy Xingtai is the most important base for natural resources in North China, producing 20 million metric tonnes of coal annually. It also features the largest power plant in the southern part of this region of China, with an output of 2.06 MW (Megawatt).


578

Níngjìn Xiàn 730,000 1,107 659 ---------- 13 Julu County 巨鹿县 Jùlù Xiàn 360,000 623 578 ---------- 14 Xinhe County (Xinhe County, Hebei) 新河县 Xīnhé Xiàn 160,000 366 437 ---------- 15 Guangzong County 广宗县 Guǎngzōng Xiàn 270,000 493 548 ---------- 16 Pingxiang County 平乡县 Píngxiāng Xiàn 280,000 406 670 ---------- 17 Wei County (Wei County, Xingtai) 威县 Wēi Xiàn 540,000 994 543 ---------- 18 Qinghe County (Qinghe County, Hebei) 清河县 Qīnghé


military power

leader was Xiang Yu. The battle concluded with a decisive victory for the rebels over the larger Qin army. The Battle of Julu marked the decline of Qin's military power as the bulk of Qin's armies was destroyed in this battle. Song Yi's army reached Anyang, some distance away from Julu (in present-day Xingtai, Hebei), where Zhao Xie's froces had retreated to. Song Yi ordered his troops to lay camp there for 46 days. Xiang Yu was eager to engage Zhang Han and avenge his uncle Xiang Liang, so he urged Song Yi to issue an attack order. Song Yi declined Xiang Yu's suggestion and remarked that Xiang was a foolhardy man, and gave instructions that "anyone with barbaric, defiant, fame-seeking behaviour that leads to a violation of orders will be executed". * '''ZBXH''' (XIL) – Xilinhot Airport – Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia * '''ZBXT''' (XNT) – Xingtai Dalian Airport – Xingtai, Hebei * '''ZBYC''' (YCU) – Yuncheng Guangong Airport – Yuncheng, Shanxi Before that Jin army could come close to arriving, however, Jin Zhun was caught in a trap. The major Han Zhao generals Liu Yao the Prince of Qin, who controlled the Chang'an region, and Shi Le, who controlled the eastern empire, both moved their troops against him. Shi Le, whose headquarters were closer at Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei), quickly arrived near the capital Pingyang (平陽, in modern Linfen, Shanxi), but chose to not engage Jin Zhun immediately. In winter 318, Liu Yao, a cousin of Liu Cong, declared himself emperor, and advanced on Pingyang as well. Jin was caught between Liu Yao's and Shi's forces. In summer 312, it was at Zhang's suggestion that Shi finally occupied Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei) and held it permanently as his headquarters. For the next few years, while he was ostensibly a Han Zhao general, with Zhang's assistance he expanded the territory he held to most of the area north of the Yellow River. By 316, Shi had (presumably under authority granted by the Han Zhao emperor Liu Cong) created Zhang the Marquess of Puyang. In 319, after Shi declared independence from Han Zhao and its new emperor Liu Yao, thus creating Later Zhao, Zhang served as the prime minister. Zhang died in early 323, and upon his death, Shi mourned him greatly and exclaimed, "Is it that heaven does not wish me to complete great things? Why was the Right Marquess robbed from me?" After Cheng Xia (程遐), a capable administrator but not the strategist that Zhang was (and the brother of Shi's concubine Consort Cheng (Empress Dowager Cheng)), succeeded Zhang, Shi often sighed, "the Right Marquess abandoned me and let me work with this man. Was it not cruel for him to do so?" Establishment of Wei In winter 387, Zhai Liao repudiated allegiance to Later Yan and attacked Later Yan's Qinghe (清河, roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei) and Pingyuan (平原, roughly modern Dezhou, Shandong) Commanderies. In spring 388, he sent his subordinate Sui Qiong (眭瓊) to apologize to Murong Chui, but Murong Chui no longer believed him, and killed Sui to show that he was not interested. Zhai Liao then declared an independent Wei state and declared himself the Heavenly Prince. He also changed era name and established an imperial government. He then moved the capital to Huatai (滑台, in modern Anyang, Henan). In 389, he captured Jin's Yingyang Commandery (滎陽, roughly modern Zhengzhou, Henan). He also sent his general Gu Ti (故堤) to pretend to surrender to the Later Yan Prince of Lelang, Murong Wen (慕容溫) and assassinate Murong Wen, although that maneuver yielded him no territory as Gu's forces were quickly destroyed by Murong Nong. In fall 390, Jin general Liu Laozhi (劉牢之) attacked Zhai Liao, capturing Juancheng (鄄城, in modern Puyang, Henan), forcing Zhai Liao's son Zhai Zhao, who was in charge of the city, to flee, and then defeated Zhai Liao near his capital Huatai, but did not destroy Wei. thumb A portrait of Emperor Huizong of Song Emperor Huizong (Image:Huizong.jpg) Taizong’s armies invaded Song territory from the west and from the north. The Northern Force took swift action, sacked Qinhuangdao in October 1125, sacked Baoding, Dingzhou, Zhengding and Xingtai in January of the year after (1126). The Northern Force, commanded by Wanyan Wolibu, did not meet much resistance as most of the Song generals surrendered themselves and the cities as soon as the Jin army arrived. On the other hand, the Western Force, commanded by Wanyan Nianhan, Jing-shen Tao, "The Jurchen in Twelfth-Century China". University of Washington Press, 1976, ISBN 0-295-95514-7. Pages 20-21. Tao refers to the Western and Northern Force as the Western and Eastern Armies, respectively. was held up near the cities of Datong and Taiyuan from the very beginning and did not make much progress for the rest of the war. In February 1126, the Northern Force crossed the Yellow River and began the siege of Kaifeng, the capital (Capital (political)) city of Song. Before the invaders surrounded the city, Emperor Huizong (Emperor Huizong (Song Dynasty)) (徽宗) abdicated in favour of his twenty-six-year old son who became Emperor Qinzong (钦宗) and fled to the countryside with his entourage. Jin’s Northern Force faced difficult siege fighting that was not designed for cavalries as Kaifeng put up a fight in the face of invaders. At the same time, Jin's Western Force was still held up in Datong area and could not come to aid. In an effort to end the battle sooner, the young emperor (Emperor Qinzong) sent his brother Zhao Gou (Emperor Gaozong of Song), who later on became the first emperor of Southern Song Dynasty, to the enemy camp for peace talks. Taizong ordered to take Zhao Gou as hostage until the Song court came up with a ransom. Eventually, the Song court came forth with the money and the city of Taiyuan was also given to Jin as a “good faith gift.” Soon, Zhao Gou was released and the Northern Force started to withdraw. Later in 450, a major political mystery occurred in Northern Wei—for reasons not completely clear now, Emperor Taiwu had Cui Hao put to death, along with his entire clan and any other person named Cui from Cui's home commandery of Qinghe (清河, roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei), as well as several other clans with marital relations to Cui's. The publicly announced reason was that Cui had unduly revealed imperial infamy, when he wrote and published an official history, but what Cui did was never fully stated. The modern historian Bo Yang speculated that Cui had revealed that Emperor Taiwu's grandfather Emperor Daowu (Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei) had been a traitor, and also that Cui was then in a major political confrontation with Crown Prince Huang, who manufactured part of the charges against Cui. (See here (Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei#Alternative version) for details.) However, Bo's speculation, while having some evidentiary support, is not close to being conclusively shown, and why Emperor Taiwu suddenly so rashly and so severely punished the man that he had trusted for decades is fairly unclear. (It should be further noted that during the entire incident, Cui was described as being so fearful that he could not speak a single word, which appeared highly inconsistent with Cui's personality and character, suggesting that Cui had himself been poisoned; it should be further noted that immediately after executing Cui, Emperor Taiwu expressed regret of having done so.) * All men and women, regardless of age, named Cui and related to Cui Hao in Cui's home region of Qinghe Commandery (roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei) * Several prominent clans with marital connections to Cui's clan, including:


major political

talks. Taizong ordered to take Zhao Gou as hostage until the Song court came up with a ransom. Eventually, the Song court came forth with the money and the city of Taiyuan was also given to Jin as a “good faith gift.” Soon, Zhao Gou was released and the Northern Force started to withdraw. Later in 450, a major political mystery occurred in Northern Wei—for reasons not completely clear now, Emperor Taiwu had Cui Hao put to death, along with his entire clan and any other person named Cui from

was then in a major political confrontation with Crown Prince Huang, who manufactured part of the charges against Cui. (See here (Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei#Alternative version) for details.) However, Bo's speculation, while having some evidentiary support, is not close to being conclusively shown, and why Emperor Taiwu suddenly so rashly and so severely punished the man that he had trusted for decades is fairly unclear. (It should be further noted that during the entire incident, Cui was described as being so fearful that he could not speak a single word, which appeared highly inconsistent with Cui's personality and character, suggesting that Cui had himself been poisoned; it should be further noted that immediately after executing Cui, Emperor Taiwu expressed regret of having done so.) * All men and women, regardless of age, named Cui and related to Cui Hao in Cui's home region of Qinghe Commandery (roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei) * Several prominent clans with marital connections to Cui's clan, including:


548

Níngjìn Xiàn 730,000 1,107 659 ---------- 13 Julu County 巨鹿县 Jùlù Xiàn 360,000 623 578 ---------- 14 Xinhe County (Xinhe County, Hebei) 新河县 Xīnhé Xiàn 160,000 366 437 ---------- 15 Guangzong County 广宗县 Guǎngzōng Xiàn 270,000 493 548 ---------- 16 Pingxiang County 平乡县 Píngxiāng Xiàn 280,000 406 670 ---------- 17 Wei County (Wei County, Xingtai) 威县 Wēi Xiàn 540,000 994 543 ---------- 18 Qinghe County (Qinghe County, Hebei) 清河县 Qīnghé


Linfen

Linfen, Shanxi), but chose to not engage Jin Zhun immediately. In winter 318, Liu Yao, a cousin of Liu Cong, declared himself emperor, and advanced on Pingyang as well. Jin was caught between Liu Yao's and Shi's forces. In summer 312, it was at Zhang's suggestion that Shi finally occupied Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei) and held it permanently as his headquarters. For the next few years, while he was ostensibly a Han Zhao general, with Zhang's assistance he expanded


ability

wife Wu Zetian, there was an occasion when the imperial censor Zhang Xunxian (張循憲) was ordered to examine Hedong Circuit (河東道, roughly modern Shanxi), when he encountered some cases that were difficult for him to decide. He thus asked the local officials, "Is there anyone here who is intelligent whom I can consult?" A local official recommended Zhang Jiazhen, and Zhang Xunxian consulted him. Zhang Jiazhen surprised Zhang Xunxian with his ability to analyze the situation and come up

, and thus made him an imperial censor; she also promoted Zhang Xunxian for his ability to find Zhang Jiazhen. The ''Zizhi Tongjian'' placed this event in 702, although it is not clear whether that was the actual year. See ''Zizhi Tongjian'', vol. 207 (:zh:s:資治通鑑 卷207). Zhang Jiazhen subsequently successively served as a low-level official at the ministry of defense (兵部員外郎, ''Bingbu Yuanwailang''), As to be discussed below, historical accounts indicated


battle+song

leader was Xiang Yu. The battle concluded with a decisive victory for the rebels over the larger Qin army. The Battle of Julu marked the decline of Qin's military power as the bulk of Qin's armies was destroyed in this battle. Song Yi's army reached Anyang, some distance away from Julu (in present-day Xingtai, Hebei), where Zhao Xie's froces had retreated to. Song Yi ordered his troops to lay camp there for 46 days. Xiang Yu was eager to engage Zhang Han and avenge his uncle Xiang


quot major

destroyed houses. "Major earthquakes on Chinese mainland since 1966" by the Consulate General of the People's Republic of China in Houston Administrative divisions class "wikitable" style "font-size:90%;" align center !colspan "7" align "center" Map - colspan "7" align "center" 400px (File:Xingtai mcp.png) - ! # ! Name ! Hanzi ! Hanyu Pinyin ! Population (2004 est.) ! Area (km²) ! Density ( km²) ---------- 1 Qiaodong District (Qiaodong District, Xingtai) 桥东区 Qiáodōng Qū 230,000 37 6,216 ---------- 2 Qiaoxi District (Qiaoxi District, Xingtai) 桥西区 Qiáoxī Qū 330,000 96 3,438 ---------- 3 Nangong City (Nangong) 南宫市 Nángōng Shì 450,000 854 527 ---------- 4 Shahe City (Shahe, Hebei) 沙河市 Shāhé Shì 470,000 999 470 ---------- 5 Xingtai County 邢台县 Xíngtái Xiàn 450,000 1,983 227 ---------- 6 Lincheng County 临城县 Línchéng Xiàn 190,000 797 238 ---------- 7 Neiqiu County 内丘县 Nèiqiū Xiàn 260,000 775 335 ---------- 8 Baixiang County 柏乡县 Bǎixiāng Xiàn 180,000 268 672 ---------- 9 Longyao County 隆尧县 Lóngyáo Xiàn 490,000 749 654 ---------- 10 Ren County 任县 Rén Xiàn 320,000 431 742 ---------- 11 Nanhe County 南和县 Nánhé Xiàn 320,000 418 766 ---------- 12 Ningjin County (Ningjin County, Hebei) 宁晋县 Níngjìn Xiàn 730,000 1,107 659 ---------- 13 Julu County 巨鹿县 Jùlù Xiàn 360,000 623 578 ---------- 14 Xinhe County (Xinhe County, Hebei) 新河县 Xīnhé Xiàn 160,000 366 437 ---------- 15 Guangzong County 广宗县 Guǎngzōng Xiàn 270,000 493 548 ---------- 16 Pingxiang County 平乡县 Píngxiāng Xiàn 280,000 406 670 ---------- 17 Wei County (Wei County, Xingtai) 威县 Wēi Xiàn 540,000 994 543 ---------- 18 Qinghe County (Qinghe County, Hebei) 清河县 Qīnghé Xiàn 360,000 501 719 ---------- 19 Linxi County (Linxi County, Hebei) 临西县 Línxī Xiàn 330,000 542 609 Economy Xingtai is the most important base for natural resources in North China, producing 20 million metric tonnes of coal annually. It also features the largest power plant in the southern part of this region of China, with an output of 2.06 MW (Megawatt). The '''Battle of Julu''' was fought in Julu (in present-day Xingtai, Hebei, China) in 207 BC primarily between forces of the Qin Dynasty and the insurgent state of Chu (Chu (state)). The Qin commander was Zhang Han (Zhang Han (general)), while the Chu leader was Xiang Yu. The battle concluded with a decisive victory for the rebels over the larger Qin army. The Battle of Julu marked the decline of Qin's military power as the bulk of Qin's armies was destroyed in this battle. Song Yi's army reached Anyang, some distance away from Julu (in present-day Xingtai, Hebei), where Zhao Xie's froces had retreated to. Song Yi ordered his troops to lay camp there for 46 days. Xiang Yu was eager to engage Zhang Han and avenge his uncle Xiang Liang, so he urged Song Yi to issue an attack order. Song Yi declined Xiang Yu's suggestion and remarked that Xiang was a foolhardy man, and gave instructions that "anyone with barbaric, defiant, fame-seeking behaviour that leads to a violation of orders will be executed". * '''ZBXH''' (XIL) – Xilinhot Airport – Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia * '''ZBXT''' (XNT) – Xingtai Dalian Airport – Xingtai, Hebei * '''ZBYC''' (YCU) – Yuncheng Guangong Airport – Yuncheng, Shanxi Before that Jin army could come close to arriving, however, Jin Zhun was caught in a trap. The major Han Zhao generals Liu Yao the Prince of Qin, who controlled the Chang'an region, and Shi Le, who controlled the eastern empire, both moved their troops against him. Shi Le, whose headquarters were closer at Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei), quickly arrived near the capital Pingyang (平陽, in modern Linfen, Shanxi), but chose to not engage Jin Zhun immediately. In winter 318, Liu Yao, a cousin of Liu Cong, declared himself emperor, and advanced on Pingyang as well. Jin was caught between Liu Yao's and Shi's forces. In summer 312, it was at Zhang's suggestion that Shi finally occupied Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei) and held it permanently as his headquarters. For the next few years, while he was ostensibly a Han Zhao general, with Zhang's assistance he expanded the territory he held to most of the area north of the Yellow River. By 316, Shi had (presumably under authority granted by the Han Zhao emperor Liu Cong) created Zhang the Marquess of Puyang. In 319, after Shi declared independence from Han Zhao and its new emperor Liu Yao, thus creating Later Zhao, Zhang served as the prime minister. Zhang died in early 323, and upon his death, Shi mourned him greatly and exclaimed, "Is it that heaven does not wish me to complete great things? Why was the Right Marquess robbed from me?" After Cheng Xia (程遐), a capable administrator but not the strategist that Zhang was (and the brother of Shi's concubine Consort Cheng (Empress Dowager Cheng)), succeeded Zhang, Shi often sighed, "the Right Marquess abandoned me and let me work with this man. Was it not cruel for him to do so?" Establishment of Wei In winter 387, Zhai Liao repudiated allegiance to Later Yan and attacked Later Yan's Qinghe (清河, roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei) and Pingyuan (平原, roughly modern Dezhou, Shandong) Commanderies. In spring 388, he sent his subordinate Sui Qiong (眭瓊) to apologize to Murong Chui, but Murong Chui no longer believed him, and killed Sui to show that he was not interested. Zhai Liao then declared an independent Wei state and declared himself the Heavenly Prince. He also changed era name and established an imperial government. He then moved the capital to Huatai (滑台, in modern Anyang, Henan). In 389, he captured Jin's Yingyang Commandery (滎陽, roughly modern Zhengzhou, Henan). He also sent his general Gu Ti (故堤) to pretend to surrender to the Later Yan Prince of Lelang, Murong Wen (慕容溫) and assassinate Murong Wen, although that maneuver yielded him no territory as Gu's forces were quickly destroyed by Murong Nong. In fall 390, Jin general Liu Laozhi (劉牢之) attacked Zhai Liao, capturing Juancheng (鄄城, in modern Puyang, Henan), forcing Zhai Liao's son Zhai Zhao, who was in charge of the city, to flee, and then defeated Zhai Liao near his capital Huatai, but did not destroy Wei. thumb A portrait of Emperor Huizong of Song Emperor Huizong (Image:Huizong.jpg) Taizong’s armies invaded Song territory from the west and from the north. The Northern Force took swift action, sacked Qinhuangdao in October 1125, sacked Baoding, Dingzhou, Zhengding and Xingtai in January of the year after (1126). The Northern Force, commanded by Wanyan Wolibu, did not meet much resistance as most of the Song generals surrendered themselves and the cities as soon as the Jin army arrived. On the other hand, the Western Force, commanded by Wanyan Nianhan, Jing-shen Tao, "The Jurchen in Twelfth-Century China". University of Washington Press, 1976, ISBN 0-295-95514-7. Pages 20-21. Tao refers to the Western and Northern Force as the Western and Eastern Armies, respectively. was held up near the cities of Datong and Taiyuan from the very beginning and did not make much progress for the rest of the war. In February 1126, the Northern Force crossed the Yellow River and began the siege of Kaifeng, the capital (Capital (political)) city of Song. Before the invaders surrounded the city, Emperor Huizong (Emperor Huizong (Song Dynasty)) (徽宗) abdicated in favour of his twenty-six-year old son who became Emperor Qinzong (钦宗) and fled to the countryside with his entourage. Jin’s Northern Force faced difficult siege fighting that was not designed for cavalries as Kaifeng put up a fight in the face of invaders. At the same time, Jin's Western Force was still held up in Datong area and could not come to aid. In an effort to end the battle sooner, the young emperor (Emperor Qinzong) sent his brother Zhao Gou (Emperor Gaozong of Song), who later on became the first emperor of Southern Song Dynasty, to the enemy camp for peace talks. Taizong ordered to take Zhao Gou as hostage until the Song court came up with a ransom. Eventually, the Song court came forth with the money and the city of Taiyuan was also given to Jin as a “good faith gift.” Soon, Zhao Gou was released and the Northern Force started to withdraw. Later in 450, a major political mystery occurred in Northern Wei—for reasons not completely clear now, Emperor Taiwu had Cui Hao put to death, along with his entire clan and any other person named Cui from Cui's home commandery of Qinghe (清河, roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei), as well as several other clans with marital relations to Cui's. The publicly announced reason was that Cui had unduly revealed imperial infamy, when he wrote and published an official history, but what Cui did was never fully stated. The modern historian Bo Yang speculated that Cui had revealed that Emperor Taiwu's grandfather Emperor Daowu (Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei) had been a traitor, and also that Cui was then in a major political confrontation with Crown Prince Huang, who manufactured part of the charges against Cui. (See here (Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei#Alternative version) for details.) However, Bo's speculation, while having some evidentiary support, is not close to being conclusively shown, and why Emperor Taiwu suddenly so rashly and so severely punished the man that he had trusted for decades is fairly unclear. (It should be further noted that during the entire incident, Cui was described as being so fearful that he could not speak a single word, which appeared highly inconsistent with Cui's personality and character, suggesting that Cui had himself been poisoned; it should be further noted that immediately after executing Cui, Emperor Taiwu expressed regret of having done so.) * All men and women, regardless of age, named Cui and related to Cui Hao in Cui's home region of Qinghe Commandery (roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei) * Several prominent clans with marital connections to Cui's clan, including:


year low

high C 3.9 Feb high C 7.3 Mar high C 13.6 Apr high C 21.9 May high C 27.5 Jun high C 32.1 Jul high C 31.9 Aug high C 30.3 Sep high C 26.9 Oct high C 21.1 Nov high C 12.4 Dec high C 5.9 Jan low C −6.1 Feb low C −3.1 Mar low C 2.5 Apr low C 9.8 May low C 15.1 Jun low C 20.2 Jul low C 22.6 Aug low C 21.6 Sep low C 16.1 Oct low C 9.4 Nov low C 1.8 Dec low C −3.8 year high C 19.6 year low C 8.8 year high F 67.2 year

low F 47.9 precipitation colour green Jan precipitation mm 3.6 Feb precipitation mm 7.0 Mar precipitation mm 13.0 Apr precipitation mm 18.2 May precipitation mm 30.8 Jun precipitation mm 53.3 Jul precipitation mm 151.9 Aug precipitation mm 120.2 Sep precipitation mm 49.5 Oct precipitation mm 29.6 Nov precipitation mm 12.2 Dec precipitation mm 4.1 unit precipitation days 0.1 mm Jan precipitation days 2.3 Feb precipitation days 2.9

Xingtai

'''Xingtai''' ( and administers 2 districts (district of China), 2 county-level cities and 15 counties (County (People's Republic of China)). At the 2010 census, its population was 7,104,103 inhabitants whom 1,461,809 lived in the built-up (''or metro'') area made of 2 urban districts and Xingtai and Nanhe Counties largely being conurbated now. It borders Shijiazhuang and Hengshui in the north, Handan in the south, and the provinces of Shandong and Shanxi in the east and west respectively.

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