Xingtai

What is Xingtai known for?


battle song

leader was Xiang Yu. The battle concluded with a decisive victory for the rebels over the larger Qin army. The Battle of Julu marked the decline of Qin's military power as the bulk of Qin's armies was destroyed in this battle. Song Yi's army reached Anyang, some distance away from Julu (in present-day Xingtai, Hebei), where Zhao Xie's froces had retreated to. Song Yi ordered his troops to lay camp there for 46 days. Xiang Yu was eager to engage Zhang Han and avenge his uncle Xiang


Linfen

Linfen, Shanxi), but chose to not engage Jin Zhun immediately. In winter 318, Liu Yao, a cousin of Liu Cong, declared himself emperor, and advanced on Pingyang as well. Jin was caught between Liu Yao's and Shi's forces. In summer 312, it was at Zhang's suggestion that Shi finally occupied Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei) and held it permanently as his headquarters. For the next few years, while he was ostensibly a Han Zhao general, with Zhang's assistance he expanded


largest power

Xiàn 360,000 501 719 ---------- 19 Linxi County (Linxi County, Hebei) 临西县 Línxī Xiàn 330,000 542 609 Economy Xingtai is the most important base for natural resources in North China, producing 20 million metric tonnes of coal annually. It also features the largest power plant in the southern part of this region of China, with an output of 2.06 MW (Megawatt). The '''Battle of Julu''' was fought in Julu (in present-day Xingtai, Hebei, China) in 207 BC primarily between forces of the Qin Dynasty and the insurgent state of Chu (Chu (state)). The Qin commander was Zhang Han (Zhang Han (general)), while the Chu leader was Xiang Yu. The battle concluded with a decisive victory for the rebels over the larger Qin army. The Battle of Julu marked the decline of Qin's military power as the bulk of Qin's armies was destroyed in this battle. Song Yi's army reached Anyang, some distance away from Julu (in present-day Xingtai, Hebei), where Zhao Xie's froces had retreated to. Song Yi ordered his troops to lay camp there for 46 days. Xiang Yu was eager to engage Zhang Han and avenge his uncle Xiang Liang, so he urged Song Yi to issue an attack order. Song Yi declined Xiang Yu's suggestion and remarked that Xiang was a foolhardy man, and gave instructions that "anyone with barbaric, defiant, fame-seeking behaviour that leads to a violation of orders will be executed". * '''ZBXH''' (XIL) – Xilinhot Airport – Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia * '''ZBXT''' (XNT) – Xingtai Dalian Airport – Xingtai, Hebei * '''ZBYC''' (YCU) – Yuncheng Guangong Airport – Yuncheng, Shanxi Before that Jin army could come close to arriving, however, Jin Zhun was caught in a trap. The major Han Zhao generals Liu Yao the Prince of Qin, who controlled the Chang'an region, and Shi Le, who controlled the eastern empire, both moved their troops against him. Shi Le, whose headquarters were closer at Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei), quickly arrived near the capital Pingyang (平陽, in modern Linfen, Shanxi), but chose to not engage Jin Zhun immediately. In winter 318, Liu Yao, a cousin of Liu Cong, declared himself emperor, and advanced on Pingyang as well. Jin was caught between Liu Yao's and Shi's forces. In summer 312, it was at Zhang's suggestion that Shi finally occupied Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei) and held it permanently as his headquarters. For the next few years, while he was ostensibly a Han Zhao general, with Zhang's assistance he expanded the territory he held to most of the area north of the Yellow River. By 316, Shi had (presumably under authority granted by the Han Zhao emperor Liu Cong) created Zhang the Marquess of Puyang. In 319, after Shi declared independence from Han Zhao and its new emperor Liu Yao, thus creating Later Zhao, Zhang served as the prime minister. Zhang died in early 323, and upon his death, Shi mourned him greatly and exclaimed, "Is it that heaven does not wish me to complete great things? Why was the Right Marquess robbed from me?" After Cheng Xia (程遐), a capable administrator but not the strategist that Zhang was (and the brother of Shi's concubine Consort Cheng (Empress Dowager Cheng)), succeeded Zhang, Shi often sighed, "the Right Marquess abandoned me and let me work with this man. Was it not cruel for him to do so?" Establishment of Wei In winter 387, Zhai Liao repudiated allegiance to Later Yan and attacked Later Yan's Qinghe (清河, roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei) and Pingyuan (平原, roughly modern Dezhou, Shandong) Commanderies. In spring 388, he sent his subordinate Sui Qiong (眭瓊) to apologize to Murong Chui, but Murong Chui no longer believed him, and killed Sui to show that he was not interested. Zhai Liao then declared an independent Wei state and declared himself the Heavenly Prince. He also changed era name and established an imperial government. He then moved the capital to Huatai (滑台, in modern Anyang, Henan). In 389, he captured Jin's Yingyang Commandery (滎陽, roughly modern Zhengzhou, Henan). He also sent his general Gu Ti (故堤) to pretend to surrender to the Later Yan Prince of Lelang, Murong Wen (慕容溫) and assassinate Murong Wen, although that maneuver yielded him no territory as Gu's forces were quickly destroyed by Murong Nong. In fall 390, Jin general Liu Laozhi (劉牢之) attacked Zhai Liao, capturing Juancheng (鄄城, in modern Puyang, Henan), forcing Zhai Liao's son Zhai Zhao, who was in charge of the city, to flee, and then defeated Zhai Liao near his capital Huatai, but did not destroy Wei. thumb A portrait of Emperor Huizong of Song Emperor Huizong (Image:Huizong.jpg) Taizong’s armies invaded Song territory from the west and from the north. The Northern Force took swift action, sacked Qinhuangdao in October 1125, sacked Baoding, Dingzhou, Zhengding and Xingtai in January of the year after (1126). The Northern Force, commanded by Wanyan Wolibu, did not meet much resistance as most of the Song generals surrendered themselves and the cities as soon as the Jin army arrived. On the other hand, the Western Force, commanded by Wanyan Nianhan, Jing-shen Tao, "The Jurchen in Twelfth-Century China". University of Washington Press, 1976, ISBN 0-295-95514-7. Pages 20-21. Tao refers to the Western and Northern Force as the Western and Eastern Armies, respectively. was held up near the cities of Datong and Taiyuan from the very beginning and did not make much progress for the rest of the war. In February 1126, the Northern Force crossed the Yellow River and began the siege of Kaifeng, the capital (Capital (political)) city of Song. Before the invaders surrounded the city, Emperor Huizong (Emperor Huizong (Song Dynasty)) (徽宗) abdicated in favour of his twenty-six-year old son who became Emperor Qinzong (钦宗) and fled to the countryside with his entourage. Jin’s Northern Force faced difficult siege fighting that was not designed for cavalries as Kaifeng put up a fight in the face of invaders. At the same time, Jin's Western Force was still held up in Datong area and could not come to aid. In an effort to end the battle sooner, the young emperor (Emperor Qinzong) sent his brother Zhao Gou (Emperor Gaozong of Song), who later on became the first emperor of Southern Song Dynasty, to the enemy camp for peace talks. Taizong ordered to take Zhao Gou as hostage until the Song court came up with a ransom. Eventually, the Song court came forth with the money and the city of Taiyuan was also given to Jin as a “good faith gift.” Soon, Zhao Gou was released and the Northern Force started to withdraw. Later in 450, a major political mystery occurred in Northern Wei—for reasons not completely clear now, Emperor Taiwu had Cui Hao put to death, along with his entire clan and any other person named Cui from Cui's home commandery of Qinghe (清河, roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei), as well as several other clans with marital relations to Cui's. The publicly announced reason was that Cui had unduly revealed imperial infamy, when he wrote and published an official history, but what Cui did was never fully stated. The modern historian Bo Yang speculated that Cui had revealed that Emperor Taiwu's grandfather Emperor Daowu (Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei) had been a traitor, and also that Cui was then in a major political confrontation with Crown Prince Huang, who manufactured part of the charges against Cui. (See here (Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei#Alternative version) for details.) However, Bo's speculation, while having some evidentiary support, is not close to being conclusively shown, and why Emperor Taiwu suddenly so rashly and so severely punished the man that he had trusted for decades is fairly unclear. (It should be further noted that during the entire incident, Cui was described as being so fearful that he could not speak a single word, which appeared highly inconsistent with Cui's personality and character, suggesting that Cui had himself been poisoned; it should be further noted that immediately after executing Cui, Emperor Taiwu expressed regret of having done so.) * All men and women, regardless of age, named Cui and related to Cui Hao in Cui's home region of Qinghe Commandery (roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei) * Several prominent clans with marital connections to Cui's clan, including:


abilities

Zhang Shuo's biography . when he was became known for his abilities; ''Zhongshu Sheren'' (中書舍人), a mid-level official at the legislative bureau of government (中書省, ''Zhongshu Sheng''); the commandant at Liang Prefecture (梁州, roughly modern Hanzhong, Shaanxi) and then Qin Prefecture (秦州, roughly modern Tianshui, Gansu); and then the secretary general at Bing Prefecture (并州, roughly modern Taiyuan, Shanxi). He became known for strictness in his governance


542

Xiàn 360,000 501 719 ---------- 19 Linxi County (Linxi County, Hebei) 临西县 Línxī Xiàn 330,000 542 609 Economy Xingtai is the most important base for natural resources in North China, producing 20 million metric tonnes of coal annually. It also features the largest power plant in the southern part of this region of China, with an output of 2.06 MW (Megawatt).


year low

high C 3.9 Feb high C 7.3 Mar high C 13.6 Apr high C 21.9 May high C 27.5 Jun high C 32.1 Jul high C 31.9 Aug high C 30.3 Sep high C 26.9 Oct high C 21.1 Nov high C 12.4 Dec high C 5.9 Jan low C −6.1 Feb low C −3.1 Mar low C 2.5 Apr low C 9.8 May low C 15.1 Jun low C 20.2 Jul low C 22.6 Aug low C 21.6 Sep low C 16.1 Oct low C 9.4 Nov low C 1.8 Dec low C −3.8 year high C 19.6 year low C 8.8 year high F 67.2 year

low F 47.9 precipitation colour green Jan precipitation mm 3.6 Feb precipitation mm 7.0 Mar precipitation mm 13.0 Apr precipitation mm 18.2 May precipitation mm 30.8 Jun precipitation mm 53.3 Jul precipitation mm 151.9 Aug precipitation mm 120.2 Sep precipitation mm 49.5 Oct precipitation mm 29.6 Nov precipitation mm 12.2 Dec precipitation mm 4.1 unit precipitation days 0.1 mm Jan precipitation days 2.3 Feb precipitation days 2.9


580

, and his subordinates feared him. birth_date 580 birth_place Julu Commandery (Xingtai), Northern Zhou death_date 643 (aged 63) Background Wei Zheng was born in 580, shortly before the founding of Sui Dynasty in 581. His family was from Julu Commandery (鉅鹿, roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei). His father Wei Changxian (魏長賢) was a county magistrate during Northern Qi. Wei lost his father early in life and was poor, but had great expectations, not caring about making

wealth. At one point, he became a Taoist monk. He favored studying, and as he saw that the rule of Emperor Yang of Sui was beginning to make Sui fall into a state of confusion, he particularly paid attention to strategic works. DATE OF BIRTH 580 PLACE OF BIRTH Julu Commandery (Xingtai), Northern Zhou DATE OF DEATH 643 Sun Shao's son Sun Kai served as Militant General-in-Chief for Eastern Wu, one of the highest military appointments in the palace, sharing


song

to the fall (End of the Han Dynasty) of the Han Dynasty. It was the first significant clash of arms between the rival warlords in the contest for dominion of Ji and Qing provinces in northern China. The site of the battle is generally considered to be a site east of Guangzong County, Julu Commandery (Commandery (China)) (present-day Wei County (Wei County, Xingtai), Xingtai, Hebei). The Chu army led by Song Yi (Song Yi (Qin Dynasty)) and Xiang Yu reached

Anyang, some distance away from Julu (in present-day Xingtai, Hebei), where Zhao Xie's forces had retreated to. Song Yi ordered the troops to lay camp there for 46 days and he refused to accept Xiang Yu's suggestion to proceed further. Xiang Yu took Song Yi by surprise in a meeting and killed him for alleged treason. The other subordinate generals were afraid of Xiang Yu and let him become the acting commander. Xiang Yu sent a messenger to inform King Huai II and the king approved Xiang's

(清河, in modern Xingtai, Hebei). She had two brothers, Dou Zhangjun (竇長君) and Dou Guangguo (竇廣國) or Shaojun (少君, probably courtesy name). When she was young, she was summoned into the palace to be a lady in waiting at the court of Emperor Hui (Emperor Hui of Han). She would not see her brothers again for a very long time. Background Song Jing was born in 663, during the reign of Emperor Gaozong (Emperor Gaozong of Tang). His clan was originally from Guangping (廣平


military power

leader was Xiang Yu. The battle concluded with a decisive victory for the rebels over the larger Qin army. The Battle of Julu marked the decline of Qin's military power as the bulk of Qin's armies was destroyed in this battle. Song Yi's army reached Anyang, some distance away from Julu (in present-day Xingtai, Hebei), where Zhao Xie's froces had retreated to. Song Yi ordered his troops to lay camp there for 46 days. Xiang Yu was eager to engage Zhang Han and avenge his uncle Xiang Liang, so he urged Song Yi to issue an attack order. Song Yi declined Xiang Yu's suggestion and remarked that Xiang was a foolhardy man, and gave instructions that "anyone with barbaric, defiant, fame-seeking behaviour that leads to a violation of orders will be executed". * '''ZBXH''' (XIL) – Xilinhot Airport – Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia * '''ZBXT''' (XNT) – Xingtai Dalian Airport – Xingtai, Hebei * '''ZBYC''' (YCU) – Yuncheng Guangong Airport – Yuncheng, Shanxi Before that Jin army could come close to arriving, however, Jin Zhun was caught in a trap. The major Han Zhao generals Liu Yao the Prince of Qin, who controlled the Chang'an region, and Shi Le, who controlled the eastern empire, both moved their troops against him. Shi Le, whose headquarters were closer at Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei), quickly arrived near the capital Pingyang (平陽, in modern Linfen, Shanxi), but chose to not engage Jin Zhun immediately. In winter 318, Liu Yao, a cousin of Liu Cong, declared himself emperor, and advanced on Pingyang as well. Jin was caught between Liu Yao's and Shi's forces. In summer 312, it was at Zhang's suggestion that Shi finally occupied Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei) and held it permanently as his headquarters. For the next few years, while he was ostensibly a Han Zhao general, with Zhang's assistance he expanded the territory he held to most of the area north of the Yellow River. By 316, Shi had (presumably under authority granted by the Han Zhao emperor Liu Cong) created Zhang the Marquess of Puyang. In 319, after Shi declared independence from Han Zhao and its new emperor Liu Yao, thus creating Later Zhao, Zhang served as the prime minister. Zhang died in early 323, and upon his death, Shi mourned him greatly and exclaimed, "Is it that heaven does not wish me to complete great things? Why was the Right Marquess robbed from me?" After Cheng Xia (程遐), a capable administrator but not the strategist that Zhang was (and the brother of Shi's concubine Consort Cheng (Empress Dowager Cheng)), succeeded Zhang, Shi often sighed, "the Right Marquess abandoned me and let me work with this man. Was it not cruel for him to do so?" Establishment of Wei In winter 387, Zhai Liao repudiated allegiance to Later Yan and attacked Later Yan's Qinghe (清河, roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei) and Pingyuan (平原, roughly modern Dezhou, Shandong) Commanderies. In spring 388, he sent his subordinate Sui Qiong (眭瓊) to apologize to Murong Chui, but Murong Chui no longer believed him, and killed Sui to show that he was not interested. Zhai Liao then declared an independent Wei state and declared himself the Heavenly Prince. He also changed era name and established an imperial government. He then moved the capital to Huatai (滑台, in modern Anyang, Henan). In 389, he captured Jin's Yingyang Commandery (滎陽, roughly modern Zhengzhou, Henan). He also sent his general Gu Ti (故堤) to pretend to surrender to the Later Yan Prince of Lelang, Murong Wen (慕容溫) and assassinate Murong Wen, although that maneuver yielded him no territory as Gu's forces were quickly destroyed by Murong Nong. In fall 390, Jin general Liu Laozhi (劉牢之) attacked Zhai Liao, capturing Juancheng (鄄城, in modern Puyang, Henan), forcing Zhai Liao's son Zhai Zhao, who was in charge of the city, to flee, and then defeated Zhai Liao near his capital Huatai, but did not destroy Wei. thumb A portrait of Emperor Huizong of Song Emperor Huizong (Image:Huizong.jpg) Taizong’s armies invaded Song territory from the west and from the north. The Northern Force took swift action, sacked Qinhuangdao in October 1125, sacked Baoding, Dingzhou, Zhengding and Xingtai in January of the year after (1126). The Northern Force, commanded by Wanyan Wolibu, did not meet much resistance as most of the Song generals surrendered themselves and the cities as soon as the Jin army arrived. On the other hand, the Western Force, commanded by Wanyan Nianhan, Jing-shen Tao, "The Jurchen in Twelfth-Century China". University of Washington Press, 1976, ISBN 0-295-95514-7. Pages 20-21. Tao refers to the Western and Northern Force as the Western and Eastern Armies, respectively. was held up near the cities of Datong and Taiyuan from the very beginning and did not make much progress for the rest of the war. In February 1126, the Northern Force crossed the Yellow River and began the siege of Kaifeng, the capital (Capital (political)) city of Song. Before the invaders surrounded the city, Emperor Huizong (Emperor Huizong (Song Dynasty)) (徽宗) abdicated in favour of his twenty-six-year old son who became Emperor Qinzong (钦宗) and fled to the countryside with his entourage. Jin’s Northern Force faced difficult siege fighting that was not designed for cavalries as Kaifeng put up a fight in the face of invaders. At the same time, Jin's Western Force was still held up in Datong area and could not come to aid. In an effort to end the battle sooner, the young emperor (Emperor Qinzong) sent his brother Zhao Gou (Emperor Gaozong of Song), who later on became the first emperor of Southern Song Dynasty, to the enemy camp for peace talks. Taizong ordered to take Zhao Gou as hostage until the Song court came up with a ransom. Eventually, the Song court came forth with the money and the city of Taiyuan was also given to Jin as a “good faith gift.” Soon, Zhao Gou was released and the Northern Force started to withdraw. Later in 450, a major political mystery occurred in Northern Wei—for reasons not completely clear now, Emperor Taiwu had Cui Hao put to death, along with his entire clan and any other person named Cui from Cui's home commandery of Qinghe (清河, roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei), as well as several other clans with marital relations to Cui's. The publicly announced reason was that Cui had unduly revealed imperial infamy, when he wrote and published an official history, but what Cui did was never fully stated. The modern historian Bo Yang speculated that Cui had revealed that Emperor Taiwu's grandfather Emperor Daowu (Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei) had been a traitor, and also that Cui was then in a major political confrontation with Crown Prince Huang, who manufactured part of the charges against Cui. (See here (Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei#Alternative version) for details.) However, Bo's speculation, while having some evidentiary support, is not close to being conclusively shown, and why Emperor Taiwu suddenly so rashly and so severely punished the man that he had trusted for decades is fairly unclear. (It should be further noted that during the entire incident, Cui was described as being so fearful that he could not speak a single word, which appeared highly inconsistent with Cui's personality and character, suggesting that Cui had himself been poisoned; it should be further noted that immediately after executing Cui, Emperor Taiwu expressed regret of having done so.) * All men and women, regardless of age, named Cui and related to Cui Hao in Cui's home region of Qinghe Commandery (roughly modern Xingtai, Hebei) * Several prominent clans with marital connections to Cui's clan, including:


poor family

, engineer, and mathematician born in Xingtai, Hebei (Xingtai) who lived during the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368). The later Johann Adam Schall von Bell (1591–1666) was so impressed with the preserved astronomical instruments of Guo that he called him "the Tycho Brahe of China." Engelfriet, 72. - Xingtai ZBXT XNT Xingtai Dalian Airport (under construction) - Early life Empress Dou was born into a poor family in Qinghe

Xingtai

'''Xingtai''' ( and administers 2 districts (district of China), 2 county-level cities and 15 counties (County (People's Republic of China)). At the 2010 census, its population was 7,104,103 inhabitants whom 1,461,809 lived in the built-up (''or metro'') area made of 2 urban districts and Xingtai and Nanhe Counties largely being conurbated now. It borders Shijiazhuang and Hengshui in the north, Handan in the south, and the provinces of Shandong and Shanxi in the east and west respectively.

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