West Germany

What is West Germany known for?


military called

was to be permitted to rearm (an idea many Germans rejected), and have full sovereign control of its military, called the Bundeswehr. The WEU, however, would regulate the size of the armed forces permitted to each of its member states. Also, the German constitution prohibited any military action, except in case of an external attack against Germany or its allies (''Bündnisfall''). Also, Germans could reject military service on grounds of conscience, and serve for civil purposes instead


national conservative

transmissions as well as Czechoslovak broadcasts. The '''Socialist Reich Party of Germany''' ( ) was a West German (West Germany) far-right (Far-right politics) political party founded in the aftermath of the World War II in 1949 as an openly Nazi (Nazism) orientated split-off from the national conservative German Right Party (Deutsche Rechtspartei) (DKP-DRP). The SRP was the first party to be banned by the Federal Constitutional

Party and increases for the Communists (Communist Party of Germany) and the national conservative DNVP (German National People's Party). It was the last free and fair all-German election before the Nazi ''Machtergreifung'' on 30 January 1933, as the following elections of March 1933 (German federal election, March 1933) were already accompanied by massive suppression, especially against Communist and Social Democratic (Social Democratic Party of Germany) politicians. The next free


running television

, re-adopted laissez-faire economic policies. January * January 8 – West Germany has 8 million refugees inside its borders. * January 14 – ''Today (Today (NBC program))'' premieres on NBC, eventually becoming one of the longest-running television series in America. ** Bolivia National Revolution: A universal vote enables indigenous peoples and women to vote, nationalizes mines and enacts agrarian reform. ** West Germany and Japan form diplomatic relations (diplomacy). * April 26 - The United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Wasp (USS Wasp (CV-18)) collides with the destroyer USS Hobson (USS Hobson (DD-464)) while on sea exercises in the Atlantic Ocean, killing 175 men. July thumb 200px France (File:EGKS.png), West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands form the European Coal and Steel community (European Coal and Steel Community), the foundation organization which would become the European Union. August 24 – Northern Ireland writer Brian Keenan (Brian Keenan (writer)) is released from Lebanon after being held hostage for nearly 5 years. October * October 3 – Cold War: East Germany and West Germany reunify (German reunification) into a single Germany. * October 8 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians (Palestinian people) and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount. * April 3 – Sally Rand, American dancer and actress (d. 1979) * April 6 – Kurt Georg Kiesinger, former Chancellor of West Germany (d. 1988) * April 8 – John Hicks, English economist, Nobel Prize (Nobel Prize in Economics) laureate (d. 1989) * August 10 – Britain applies for membership in the European Economic Community. * August 13 – Construction of the Berlin Wall begins, restricting movement between East Berlin and West Berlin and forming a clear boundary between West Germany and East Germany, Western Europe and Eastern Europe. * August 21 – Jomo Kenyatta is released from prison in Kenya. * August 8 – 262 miners die in a fire in a coal mine (Mining) in Marcinelle, Belgium. * August 17 – West Germany bans the Communist Party of Germany. ** The United States, Soviet Union and United Kingdom sign the Outer Space Treaty. * January 31 – West Germany and Romania establish diplomatic relations. * August 18 – The State of Tamil Nadu, India is established. * August 19 – West Germany receives 36 East German prisoners it has "purchased" through the border posts of Herleshausen and Wartha (Wartha (Eisenach)). * August 21 * April 9 ** The West German (West Germany) parliament extends the statute of limitations on Nazi (Nazism) war crimes. ** In Houston, Texas, the Harris County (Harris County, Texas) Domed Stadium (Stadium) (more commonly known as the Astrodome) opens. * May 12 ** West Germany and Israel establish diplomatic relations. ** The Italian liner T S ''Michelangelo'' (T S Michelangelo) enters into service. * September 15 – Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden dies. His grandson, Carl XVI Gustaf (Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden), becomes king. * September 18 – The two German Republics, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), are admitted to the United Nations. * September 20 – ''The Battle of the Sexes (The Battle of the Sexes (tennis))'': Billie Jean King defeats Bobby Riggs in a televised tennis match, 6–4, 6–4, 6–3, at the Astrodome in Houston, Texas. * February 26 – A fleeing Provisional Irish Republican Army member shoots and kills off-duty London police officer Stephen Tibble, 22, as he gives chase. * February 27 – The Movement 2 June kidnaps West German (West Germany) politician Peter Lorenz. He is released on March 4 after most of the kidnappers' demands are met. * February 28 * January 19 – Federal Appeals Court Judge William H. Webster is appointed FBI Director. * January 22 – Ethiopia declares the ambassador of West Germany Persona non grata. * January 24 * October 21 – At the 17th General Conference on Weights and Measures, the metre is defined in terms of the speed of light as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1 299,792,458 of a second. * October 22 – In Bonn, West Germany, people demonstrate for nuclear disarmament. * October 23 – Simultaneous suicide truck-bombings (1983 Beirut barracks bombing) destroy both the French (French Army) and the United States Marine Corps barracks in Beirut, killing 241 U.S. servicemen, 58 French paratroopers and 6 Lebanese civilians. ** Yıldırım Akbulut, of ANAP (Motherland Party (Turkey)) forms the new government of Turkey (47th government) ** Cold War: Günter Schabowski accidentally states in live broadcast press conference that new rules for traveling from East Germany to West Germany will be put in effect "immediately". East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall, allowing its citizens to travel freely to West Germany for the first time in decades (November 17 celebrates Germans (Germany) began tearing the wall down). * November 10 ** The French (France) government ousts King Mohammed V of Morocco and exiles him to Corsica. ** The United States returns to West Germany 382 ships it had captured during World War II. * August 25 – The general strike ends in France. ** The Tybee Bomb, a 7,600 pound (3,500 kg) Mark 15 hydrogen bomb, is lost in the waters off Savannah, Georgia. * February 6 – Seven Manchester United (Manchester United F.C.) footballers are among the 21 people killed in the Munich air disaster in West Germany on the return flight from a European Cup game in Yugoslavia. 23 people survive, but four of them, including manager Matt Busby and players Johnny Berry and Duncan Edwards, are in a serious condition. Chronik 30 Jahre – History of Post SV Berlin Rugby, accessed: 11 April 2010 - ''Flight of the Eagle'' ''Ingenjör Andées luftfärd (:sv:Ingenjör Andrées luftfärd (film))'' 1982 Jan Troell Sweden, West Germany, Norway ''Ingenjör Andées luftfärd'' Per Olof Sundman 1967 Novel - First documented in the 13th century, Berlin became the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (w:Kingdom of Prussia) (1701–1918), the German Empire (w:German Empire) (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (w:Weimar Republic) (1919–33) and the Third Reich (w:Third Reich) (1933–45). Berlin in the 1920s (w:1920s Berlin) was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II, the city, along with the German state, was divided - into East Berlin (w:East Berlin) — capital of the German Democratic Republic (w:German Democratic Republic), colloquially identified in English as East Germany — and West Berlin (w:West Berlin), a political exclave (w:exclave) (surrounded by the Berlin Wall (w:Berlin Wall) from 1961 to 1989) and a ''de facto'' (although not ''de jure'' (w:Allied Control Council)) state of the Federal Republic of Germany (w:Federal Republic of Germany), known colloquially in English as West Germany (w:West Germany) from 1949 to 1990. Following German reunification (w:German reunification) in 1990, the city was once more designated as the capital of all Germany. NATO (w:NATO) has been present in Germany since the end of World War II and its presence played an important role in the Cold War, when Germany was split into West Germany (w:West Germany) and East Germany (w:East Germany). The 27,000-pages of documents released on Tuesday reveal that while the United States (w:United States) and West Germany (w:West Germany) knew the location of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann (w:Adolf Eichmann) two years before his capture, the fact was kept secret. The documents were declassified as part of the Nazi War Criminals Disclosure Act (w:Nazi War Crimes and Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group) of 1998.


international working

Chronik 30 Jahre – History of Post SV Berlin Rugby, accessed: 11 April 2010 - ''Flight of the Eagle'' ''Ingenjör Andées luftfärd (:sv:Ingenjör Andrées luftfärd (film))'' 1982 Jan Troell Sweden, West Germany, Norway ''Ingenjör Andées luftfärd'' Per Olof Sundman 1967 Novel - First documented in the 13th century, Berlin became the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (w:Kingdom of Prussia) (1701–1918), the German Empire (w:German Empire) (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (w:Weimar Republic) (1919–33) and the Third Reich (w:Third Reich) (1933–45). Berlin in the 1920s (w:1920s Berlin) was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II, the city, along with the German state, was divided - into East Berlin (w:East Berlin) — capital of the German Democratic Republic (w:German Democratic Republic), colloquially identified in English as East Germany — and West Berlin (w:West Berlin), a political exclave (w:exclave) (surrounded by the Berlin Wall (w:Berlin Wall) from 1961 to 1989) and a ''de facto'' (although not ''de jure'' (w:Allied Control Council)) state of the Federal Republic of Germany (w:Federal Republic of Germany), known colloquially in English as West Germany (w:West Germany) from 1949 to 1990. Following German reunification (w:German reunification) in 1990, the city was once more designated as the capital of all Germany. NATO (w:NATO) has been present in Germany since the end of World War II and its presence played an important role in the Cold War, when Germany was split into West Germany (w:West Germany) and East Germany (w:East Germany). The 27,000-pages of documents released on Tuesday reveal that while the United States (w:United States) and West Germany (w:West Germany) knew the location of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann (w:Adolf Eichmann) two years before his capture, the fact was kept secret. The documents were declassified as part of the Nazi War Criminals Disclosure Act (w:Nazi War Crimes and Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group) of 1998.


made legal

0275994341 page 3 in 1946 and started out as a distibutor of pamphlets on family planning called ''Schrift X'' (roughly: ''Writing X'' or ''Paper X'') which was a major success. In 1962 the company opened the world's first sex shop in Flensburg , West Germany. When pornography was finally made legal in West Germany in 1976, Beate Uhse was well-prepared with a widely known and respected brand name (Brand) and an established mail order

in 1946 and started out as a distibutor of pamphlets on family planning called ''Schrift X'' (roughly: ''Writing X'' or ''Paper X'') which was a major success. In 1962 the company opened the world's first sex shop in Flensburg , West Germany. When pornography was finally made legal in West Germany in 1976, Beate Uhse was well-prepared with a widely known and respected brand name (Brand) and an established mail order business


team producing

Fourth Republic signed an agreement to develop a common tank, designated in German ''Europa-Panzer''. Three German (''Arbeitsgruppe'' A, B and C) and one French design team would be included in a competition, with each team producing two prototypes each. In September, 1958 Italy (Italian Army) joined the development program. Several prototypes were entered for testing in 1960. Among the prototypes were Porsche's ''Model 734'' from team A, sporting a cast turret and that of team B


long film

for a backers' audition, which went nowhere but he began a long film and television career. He received awards for his work in ''Sweet Prince'' with Keir Dullea; ''Teeth N'smiles''; ''A Doll's House'' with Linda Purl; and ''The Arcata Promise'', opposite Anthony Hopkins. He received acclaim for the one-man show, ''Jean Cocteau - A Mirror Image''. Early life Mölling was born in Wuppertal, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany


career serving

coached Galatasaray. http: www.mackolik.com Antrenor 2598 Turgay-Seren Plot U.S. Army Specialist 5 (Specialist (rank)#Specialist) (SP5) Tulsa McLean (Elvis Presley) is a tank crewman with a singing career. Serving with the 3rd Armored "Spearhead" Division (3rd Armored Division (United States)) in West Germany, McLean dreams of running his own nightclub when he leaves the army, but such dreams don't come cheap. Tulsa and his buddies have formed a band and perform in various German "Gasthauses", night clubs, and on an Armed Forced stage. In one bar, he even discovers the record "Blue Suede Shoes (Blue_Suede_Shoes#Presley.27s_RCA_cover)" sung by someone named Elvis on a jukebox. thumb German Army Lance Corporal (Obergefreiter) with ''Flecktarn'' Battle Dress (2002) (Image:Flecktarn1.jpg) In the 1950s, West Germany used two versions of the wartime "splinter", a four-colour pattern called ''BV-Splittermuster''. Thereaft, from 1961 until 1990 they used the so called olive-green battle dress. Following various trials the dots-and-blotches five-colour ''Flecktarn'' pattern was chosen in 1976 and issued from the mid-1980s. Reserve forces' unit remained in old olive-green battle dress as late as 1994. - '''11 3 1975''' Friendly (Friendly match) 20px Germany (Image:Flag of Germany.svg) West Germany'B' 1–0 Classified as a full international by FIFA. - In the 1960s and 70s the ''autoput'' became a much frequented holiday route for Turkish immigrants (Turks in Germany) in West Germany and Austria (then called ''Gastarbeiter'') visiting their original homeland during the summer vacation time, and for tourists to southeastern Europe. Entering communist but non-aligned Yugoslavia was far easier, for people from NATO countries such as Germany and Turkey, than entering any of the Warsaw Pact communist countries of the Balkan region that might have provided alternative routes. '''West Germany''' (Federal Republic of Germany) competed at the '''1984 Summer Olympics''' in Los Angeles (Los Angeles, California), United States. West Germany had joined the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics four years previously. 390 competitors, 267 men and 123 women, took part in 194 events in 25 sports. Chronik 30 Jahre – History of Post SV Berlin Rugby, accessed: 11 April 2010 - ''Flight of the Eagle'' ''Ingenjör Andées luftfärd (:sv:Ingenjör Andrées luftfärd (film))'' 1982 Jan Troell Sweden, West Germany, Norway ''Ingenjör Andées luftfärd'' Per Olof Sundman 1967 Novel - First documented in the 13th century, Berlin became the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (w:Kingdom of Prussia) (1701–1918), the German Empire (w:German Empire) (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (w:Weimar Republic) (1919–33) and the Third Reich (w:Third Reich) (1933–45). Berlin in the 1920s (w:1920s Berlin) was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II, the city, along with the German state, was divided - into East Berlin (w:East Berlin) — capital of the German Democratic Republic (w:German Democratic Republic), colloquially identified in English as East Germany — and West Berlin (w:West Berlin), a political exclave (w:exclave) (surrounded by the Berlin Wall (w:Berlin Wall) from 1961 to 1989) and a ''de facto'' (although not ''de jure'' (w:Allied Control Council)) state of the Federal Republic of Germany (w:Federal Republic of Germany), known colloquially in English as West Germany (w:West Germany) from 1949 to 1990. Following German reunification (w:German reunification) in 1990, the city was once more designated as the capital of all Germany. NATO (w:NATO) has been present in Germany since the end of World War II and its presence played an important role in the Cold War, when Germany was split into West Germany (w:West Germany) and East Germany (w:East Germany). The 27,000-pages of documents released on Tuesday reveal that while the United States (w:United States) and West Germany (w:West Germany) knew the location of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann (w:Adolf Eichmann) two years before his capture, the fact was kept secret. The documents were declassified as part of the Nazi War Criminals Disclosure Act (w:Nazi War Crimes and Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group) of 1998.


white power

quickly. page 88 ), West Germany (Bruno Ludtke Jeffrey Kaplan, ''Encyclopedia of White Power'', 2000, pp. 94-95 ), Austria and Belgium. More member nations would join later throughout the decade including Argentina, Australia, Chile, Ireland, South Africa, Japan and others. The '''mini CD single''' (also '''3-inch CD''' or '''CD3''', in relation to the CD5, or the 5-inch CD single) is a mini (mini CD) Compact


low food

: Dokumenty z archiwum KC 1948-1982 publisher ANEKS location London year 1987 isbn 0-906601-37-1 pages 56 could not mask the economic crisis into which the People's Republic of Poland was drifting. Although the system of fixed, artificially low food prices kept urban discontent under control, it caused stagnation in agriculture and made more expensive food imports necessary. This was unsustainable, and in December 1970 the regime suddenly announced massive increases in the prices

West Germany

'''West Germany''' ( or ''BRD'' (BRD (Germany))) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 to German reunification on 3 October 1990. This period is also referred to as the '''Bonn Republic''' by academic historians. The Bonn Republic — West German democracy, 1945-1990, Anthony James Nicholls, Longman, 1997

During this period NATO-aligned West Germany and Warsaw Pact-aligned East Germany were divided by the Inner German border. After 1961, West Berlin was physically separated from East Berlin as well as from East Germany by the Berlin Wall. This situation ended when East Germany was dissolved and its five states joined the ten states of the Federal Republic of Germany along with the reunified city-state of Berlin. With the reunification of West and East Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, enlarged now to sixteen states, became known simply as "Germany".

The Federal Republic of Germany was established from eleven states (states of Germany) formed in the three Allied Zones of occupation (Allied occupation of Germany) held by the United States, the United Kingdom and France (the "Western Zones"). Its population grew from roughly 51 million in 1950 to more than 63 million in 1990. The city of Bonn was its ''de facto'' capital city (Berlin was symbolically named the ''de jure'' capital city in the West German Basic Law). The fourth Allied occupation zone (the East Zone, or ''Ostzone'') was held by the Soviet Union. The parts of this zone lying east of the Oder-Neisse were in fact annexed by the Soviet Union and communist Poland; the remaining central part around Berlin became the communist German Democratic Republic (abbreviated GDR; in German ''Deutsche Demokratische Republik'' or ''DDR'') with its ''de facto'' capital in East Berlin. As a result, West Germany had a territory about half the size of the interbellum democratic Weimar Republic.

At the onset of the Cold War, Germany (and, indeed, Europe) was divided among the Western and Eastern blocs. Germany was ''de facto'' divided into two countries and two special territories, the Saarland (Saar (protectorate)) and divided Berlin. The Federal Republic of Germany claimed an exclusive mandate for all of Germany, considering itself to be the democratically reorganised continuation of the 1871-1945 German Reich. It took the line that the GDR was an illegally constituted puppet state. Though the GDR did hold regular elections, these were not free and fair. For all practical purposes the GDR was a Soviet puppet state. From the West German perspective the GDR was therefore illegitimate.

Three southwestern states of West Germany merged to form Baden-Württemberg in 1952, and the Saarland joined the Federal Republic of Germany in 1957. In addition to the resulting ten states, West Berlin was considered an unofficial ''de facto'' 11th state. While legally not part of the Federal Republic of Germany, as Berlin was under the control of the Allied Control Council, West Berlin aligned itself politically with West Germany and was directly or indirectly represented in its federal institutions.

Relations with the Soviet bloc improved during the era of 'Neue Ostpolitik' around 1970, and West Germany began taking the line of "two German states within one German nation", but formally maintained the exclusive mandate. It recognised the GDR as a ''de facto'' government within a single German nation that in turn was represented ''de jure'' by the West German state alone. From 1973 onward, East Germany recognised the existence of two German countries ''de jure'', and the West as both ''de facto'' and ''de jure'' foreign country. The Federal Republic and the GDR agreed that neither of them could speak in the name of the other one.

The foundation for the influential position held by Germany today was laid during the ''Wirtschaftswunder'' (economic miracle) of the 1950s when West Germany rose from the enormous destruction wrought by World War II to become the world's third largest economy. The first chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who remained in office until 1963, had worked for a full alignment with the West rather than neutrality. He not only secured a membership in NATO but was also a proponent of agreements that developed into the present-day European Union. When the G6 G8 (G8) was established in 1975, there was no question whether the Federal Republic of Germany would be a member as well.

With the collapse of communism in Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, symbolised by the opening of the Berlin Wall, there was a rapid move towards German reunification. East Germany voted to dissolve itself and accede to the Federal Republic in 1990. Its five post-war states (''Länder'') were reconstituted along with the reunited Berlin, which ended its special status and formed an additional ''Land''. They formally joined the Federal Republic on 3 October 1990, raising the number of states from 10 to 16, ending the division of Germany. The expanded Federal Republic retained West Germany's political culture and continued its existing memberships in international organisations, as well as its Western foreign policy alignment and affiliation to Western alliances like NATO and the European Union.

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