. It was followed by "La Mia Poesia", Novograf, Murcia 1989 in Italian with English and Spanish translation, which was presented to the International Poetry Week Festival in San Francisco in 1989 and won the "Genti and Paesi" (''People and Countries'') International Poetry Prize 1990; "Polglosem", Warszawa 1990, Polish translation with parallel text in Italian; "Sottovoce, poesia come musica" (''Whispering, Poetry as Music'')and "Sempre Sottovoce, poesia
%) at the end of World War II and thereafter almost totally destroyed, when many of the buildings still standing were taken down by the communists for bricks to be used for rebuilding destroyed Gdańsk and Warsaw. The new inhabitants of the city eventually succeeded in being able to rebuild parts of the inner city and ca. 2000 rebuilding was started in a style emulating the previous architecture, in many cases over the same foundations and utilising the old
- Ujazdowski Castle DATE OF BIRTH September 27, 1975 PLACE OF BIRTH Warsaw, Poland DATE OF DEATH May 26, 2005 Eve of the Battle As a result of the Treaty of Versailles, the new German-Polish border was located only some 120 km north of Warsaw, the Polish capital city. In 1939 the Polish Modlin Army, led by Brigadier General Emil Krukowicz-Przedrzymirski, was thought of as the main defensive force guarding Polish borders from the north
, the Polish capital city. In 1939 the Polish Modlin Army, led by Brigadier General Emil Krukowicz-Przedrzymirski, was thought of as the main defensive force guarding Polish borders from the north. It was dislocated along the border with East Prussia and was to stop the enemy forces advancing towards Warsaw, the Modlin Fortress. Shortly before the war, a decision was made to strengthen the Polish defences by construction of a line of field fortifications and concrete bunkers
Company . Władysław Kozaczuk, ''Enigma'' (1984), p. 212. WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
daughters' school, involvement which led to several positions on education boards. Albright, 2003, pp. 63–66. She was eventually invited to organize a fund-raising dinner for the 1972 presidential campaign of U.S. Senator Ed Muskie of Maine. Albright, 2003, p. 65. This association with Muskie led to a position as his chief legislative assistant in 1976.
, the last was in Warsaw, Poland in 2011. # '''The National Scrabble Championship''': an open event attracting several hundred players, held around July August every year or two, most recently in Dallas, Texas in 2011. On December 13, 1575 Ann the Jagiellonian (Anna Jagiellonka) was elected
Ministry of National Defence (Ministry of National Defence (Poland)), General Staff (Polish General Staff), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and other Polish and foreign military, scientific and academic institutions. Biography Minkowski was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia into a Jewish family from Lithuania and started his medical studies in Warsaw. However, due to political repression from the czarist government, he was compelled to accomplish his education
. Copenhagen kept at home 1–0 to prevail. '''Buducnost Podgorica''' lost with 1:2. Previously, it had eliminated FK Baku. The game was 3–0 in Baku scored for '''Buducnost'''. Her Warsaw séances at the turn of 1893–94 inspired several colorful scenes in the historical novel ''Pharaoh (Pharaoh (novel)#Inspirations)'', which Bolesław Prus began writing in 1894. thumb right 85px Bolesław Prus (Image:Prus 002.jpg) Palladino visited Warsaw, Poland, on two occasions. Her first and longer visit was when she came at the importunities of the psychologist, Dr. Julian Ochorowicz, who hosted her from November 1893 to January 1894. Krystyna Tokarzówna and Stanisław Fita, ''Bolesław Prus'', pp. 440, 443, 445–53. Palladino subsequently visited Warsaw in the second half of May 1898, on her way from St. Petersburg to Vienna and Munich. At that time, Prus attended at least two of the three séances that she conducted (the two séances were held in the apartment of Ludwik Krzywicki). Krystyna Tokarzówna and Stanisław Fita, ''Bolesław Prus'', p. 521. WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
Ordonówna''' (born Maria Anna Pietruszyńska, September 25, 1902 in Warsaw; died on September 7, 1950 in Beirut) also known as 'Ordonka', was a Polish (Poland) singer, dancer and actress. She began her career at the age of 16 in the Warsaw cabaret ''Sfinks'' and then the theater ''Wesoły Ul'' in Lublin under the stage name "Anna Ordon." http: www.opoka.org.pl biblioteka I IH ordonka_opiekunka.html singing hits still popular today: ''O mój
community of Chicago in many ways, including his second wife Amanda Kontowicz. His friend Art Shay wrote about Algren, who while gambling, listened to old Polish love songs sung by an elderly waitress. Shay, p. 119 The city's Polish Downtown (Polish Downtown (Chicago)), where he lived for years, played a significant part in his literary output. Polish bars that Algren frequented in his gambling, such as the Bit of Poland on Milwaukee Avenue
image_caption imagesize image_flag Flag of Warsaw.svg image_shield Warsaw emblem.png pushpin_map Poland pushpin_label_position bottom coordinates_region PL subdivision_type Country subdivision_name subdivision_type1 Voivodeship (Voivodeships of Poland) subdivision_name1 Masovian (Masovian Voivodeship) subdivision_type2 County (Powiat) subdivision_name2 ''city county'' parts 18 districts (Dzielnica) parts_style coll p1 Bemowo p2 Białołęka p3 Bielany p4 Mokotów p5 Ochota p6 Praga Północ p7 Praga Południe p8 Rembertów p9 Śródmieście (Śródmieście, Warsaw) p10 Targówek p11 Ursus (Ursus, Warsaw) p12 Ursynów p13 Wawer p14 Wesoła p15 Wilanów p16 Włochy p17 Wola p18 Żoliborz leader_title President (List of mayors of Warsaw) leader_name Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz leader_party PO (Civic Platform) established_title City rights established_date turn of the 12th to 13th century area_total_km2 517.24 area_metro_km2 4222.79 population_as_of 2014 population_total 1,729,119 population_density_km2 3304 population_metro 2,666,274 population_density_metro_km2 631.4 population_demonym Varsovian timezone CET (Central European Time) utc_offset +1 timezone_DST CEST (Central European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +2 latd 52 latm 14 latNS N longd 21 longm 1 longEW E elevation_m 78–116 elevation_ft 328 postal_code_type Postal code postal_code 00-001 to 04–999 area_code +48 22 website blank_name Car (Vehicle registration plates of Poland) blank_info WA, WB, WD, WE, WF, WH, WI, WJ, WK, WN, WT, WU, WW, WX, WY footnotes designation1 WHS designation1_offname Historic Centre of Warsaw (Warsaw Old Town) designation1_date 1980 (4th session (World Heritage Committee)) designation1_number designation1_criteria ii, vi designation1_type Cultural designation1_free1name UNESCO region designation1_free1value Europe (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe)
'''Warsaw''' ( .
In 2012 Warsaw was ranked as the 32nd most liveable city (World's most liveable cities) in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit. http: pages.eiu.com rs eiu2 images EIU_BestCities.pdf It was also ranked as one of the most liveable cities in Central (Central Europe) and Eastern Europe. Today Warsaw is considered an Alpha– global city, a major international tourist destination and a significant cultural, political and economic hub (Financial centre). Warsaw's economy, by a wide variety of industries, is characterised by FMCG (Fast-moving consumer goods) manufacturing, metal processing, steel and electronic manufacturing and food processing. The city is a significant centre of research and development, BPO (Business process outsourcing), ITO (Information technology outsourcing), as well as Polish media industry. The Warsaw Stock Exchange is one of the largest and most important in Central Europe. Frontex, the European Union agency (Agencies of the European Union) for external border security, is headquartered in Warsaw. A unique feature of Warsaw is its number of skyscrapers and high-rise buildings (Tower block) in the city center which form the skyline. Warsaw is one of only a few cities in the European Union that have such a skyline, together with Frankfurt, London, Moscow and Paris.
The first historical reference to Warsaw dates back to the year 1313, when initially Kraków served as the Polish capital city. Due to its central location between the Commonwealth's capitals of Kraków and Vilnius, Warsaw became the capital of the Commonwealth and the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland when King Sigismund III Vasa moved his court from Kraków to Warsaw in 1596. After the Third Partition of Poland in 1795, Warsaw was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars, the city became the official capital of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, a puppet state of the First French Empire created by Napoleon Bonaparte. With accordance to the decision of the Congress of Vienna, Warsaw in 1815 was annexed by the Russian Empire and became part of the "Congress Kingdom" (Congress Poland). Only in 1918 it regained independence from the foreign rule and emerged as a new capital of the independent Republic of Poland. Along with the German invasion in 1939, the massacre of the Jewish population and deportations to concentration camps led to the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto in 1943 and to a major and devastating Warsaw Uprising between August and October 1944. For this Warsaw gained the title of the "phoenix (phoenix (mythology)) city" because it has survived so many wars, conflicts and invasions throughout its long history. Most notably, the city had to be painstakingly rebuilt after the extensive damage it suffered in World War II, during which 85% of its buildings were destroyed. On 9 November 1940 the city was awarded Poland's highest military decoration for heroism, the Virtuti Militari, during the Siege of Warsaw (1939).
The city is the seat of a Roman Catholic archdiocese (left bank) and diocese (right bank of the Vistula), and possesses various universities, most notably the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Warsaw University, an opera house, theatres, museums, libraries and monuments. The historic city centre of Warsaw with its picturesque Old Town (Warsaw Old Town) in 1980 was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other main architectural attractions include the Castle Square (Castle Square, Warsaw) with the Royal Castle (Royal Castle, Warsaw) and the iconic King Sigismund's Column, St. John's Cathedral (St. John's Cathedral, Warsaw), Market Square, palaces, church (church (building))es and mansions all displaying a richness of colour and architectural detail. Buildings are representatives of nearly every European architectural style and historical period (List of time periods). Warsaw has wonderful examples of architecture from the gothic (gothic architecture), renaissance, baroque and neoclassical (neoclassical architecture) periods and around a quarter of the city is filled with grand parks and royal gardens.