'' (''The Bewitched Tailor'') was described by the ''Literarishe Bleter'' of Warsaw, Poland as "a unified and enchanting spectacle of prose, poetry, and song" incorporating new songs "full of hope", but also music from the synagogue and popular song, "but on all this it embroiders a sad mirth, realist-simple and demented-symbolist comedy, which ends with optimistic rhymes — the moral of the comedy &mdash; sung by the comedians themselves."
Poland, where Stefan attended the Jagiellonka Gymnasium. In this time he showed his first interest in photography and built a radio receiver. In 1928 Themerson went to Warsaw as a student, studying first physics at the University of Warsaw and then, after a year, architecture at the Warsaw Polytechnic, but actually spending most of his time working at photography, collage and film-making. His first published piece of writing was also in 1928. He never formally left his studies but gradually withdrew to follow his other interests. It was about then that Themerson met- or met again- Franciszka Weinles (Franciszka Themerson), an art student, whom he married in 1931. As a minister, Perier refused to be dragged into armed intervention in favor of the revolutionary government of Warsaw, but his policy of peace did not exclude energetic demonstrations in support of French interests. He constituted France the protector of Belgium by the prompt expedition of the army of the north against the Dutch in August 1831. French influence in Italy was asserted by the audacious occupation of Ancona (23 February 1832); and the refusal of compensation for injuries to French residents by the Portuguese (Portugal) government was followed by a naval demonstration at Lisbon. thumb left 125px Casimir Pierre Perier’s Gravesite in Paris’s Pere-Lachaise Cemetery, 2005. (Image:Casimir Perier’s grave, Pere Lachaise, Paris.JPG) In 2009 Lisa Gerrard completed work on the documentary by Australian adventurer Tim Cope called On the Trail of Genghis Khan and contributed her voice to the soundtrack, which began airing in 2010, of the Japanese NHK taiga drama ''Ryōmaden'', a story based on the life of Sakamoto Ryoma. Also in 2009, Lisa Gerrard created her own record label, Gerrard Records, which, aside from being a conduit for the release of Gerrard's future works will also act to promote and support unrecognised artists of all genres. In September 2009, Gerrard and Klaus Schulze performed another tour in six European cities - Warsaw, Berlin, Amsterdam, Essen, Paris, and Brussels. This tour coincided with the release of ''Come Quietly'', a joint project between Gerrard and Schulze that was released during the tour. On 17 April in Warsaw, the Russian attempt to arrest those suspected of supporting the insurrection and to disarm the weak Polish garrison of Warsaw under Gen. Stanisław Mokronowski by seizing the arsenal at Miodowa Street resulted in an uprising against the Russian garrison of Warsaw (Warsaw Uprising (1794)), led by Jan Kiliński, in the face of indecisiveness of the King of Poland, Stanisław II Augustus. The insurgents were aided by the incompetence of Russian ambassador and commander, Iosif Igelström, and the fact that the chosen day was the Thursday of Holy Week when many soldiers of the Russian garrison went to the churches for the Eucharist not carrying their arms. Finally, from the onset of the insurrection, the Polish forces were aided by the civilian population and had surprise on their side as they attacked many separate groups of soldiers at the same time and the resistance to Russian forces quickly spread over the city. After two days of heavy fighting the Russians, who suffered between 2,000 to 4,000 casualties out of an initial 6,000 strong garrison, were forced to leave the city. A similar uprising was started by Jokūbas Jasinskis in Vilnius on 22 April and soon other cities and towns followed. The massacre of unarmed Russian soldiers attending the Easter service was regarded as a "crime against humanity" by Russians and was an argument for a vengeance later, during siege of Warsaw. WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
Piłsudski halted the Soviet advance and resumed the offensive, pushing Soviet forces east. Eventually both sides, exhausted, signed a compromise peace treaty at Riga (Treaty of Riga) in early 1921 that divided the disputed territories (disputed territory) of Belarus and Ukraine between the two combatants. These acquisitions were recognized by the international agreement with the Entente (Triple Entente). Poland reluctantly granted local autonomy to the Ukrainian population of Galicia, many of whom were embittered by their incorporation into a Polish state. In 1922, in the aftermath of the Polish-Soviet War and Polish-Lithuanian War, Poland also officially annexed Central Lithuania following a plebiscite, which was never recognised by Lithuania. When Frank unsuccessfully attempted to resign his position on 24 August 1942, Nazi Party Secretary (Nazi Party Chancellery) Martin Bormann tried to advance a project to dissolve the General Government altogether and partition its territory into a number of Reichsgaue, arguing that only this method could guarantee the territory's Germanization, while also claiming that it could also be economically exploited more effectively, particularly as a source of food. Madajczyk, pp. 102-103. He suggested separating the "more restful" population of the formerly Austrian territories (Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria) (because this part of Poland had been under German-Austrian rule (Austrian Empire) for a long period of time it was deemed more racially acceptable) from the rest of the Poles and to cordon off the city of Warsaw, as the center of "criminality" and underground activity (Polish resistance movement in World War II). The government seat of the General Government was located in Kraków (German (German language): ''Krakau'') rather than the traditional Polish capital Warsaw for security reasons. The official state language was German, although Polish continued to be used to a large degree as well, especially on the local levels. Several institutions of the old Polish state were retained in some form for ease of administration. The Polish police, with no high-ranking Polish officers (who were arrested or demoted), was renamed the Blue Police and became subordinated to the Ordnungspolizei. The Polish educational system was similarly kept, but most higher institutions were closed. The Polish local administration was kept, subordinated to new German bosses. The Polish fiscal system, including the złoty currency, was kept, but with revenues now going to the German state. A new bank was created, and was issuing new banknotes. thumb 300px Administrative map of the General Government, August 1941. (File:Generalgouvernement fur die besetzten polnischen gebiete.png) For administrative purposes the General Government was subdivided into four ''Distrikten'' (districts). These were the Distrikt Warschau (Warsaw), the Distrikt Lublin (Lublin), the Distrikt Radom (Radom), and the Distrikt Krakau (Kraków). After the Operation Barbarossa German attack
of the song posted on the band's Facebook shows the rap hardcore influences in the song, as well as the title suggests a further political theme. The band had also been playing another new song live titled "Arguing with Thermometers", during their European fall tour. The debut performance of this song took place on 12 September in Warsaw, Poland. - style "background:#EFEFEF;" Warsaw Brussels style "text-align:center;" A Young years Savinkov was born in Kharkov (Kharkiv), the son of a judge in Warsaw. In 1897 he entered the law department of St. Petersburg University but was expelled in 1899 because of participation in students' riots. Later he studied in Berlin and Heidelberg (Heidelberg University). Since 1898 he was a member of various socialist organizations. In 1901 he was arrested and sent to exile to Vologda. He served the exile with some prominent Russian intellectuals including Nikolai Berdyaev and Anatoly Lunacharsky. However he became disappointed with Marxism and shifted to terrorism. In 1903 Savinkov escaped abroad and joined the Socialist-Revolutionary Party, where he soon became Deputy Head of its Combat Organization (SR Combat Organization) under Yevno Azef. Anatole Dauman was born in Warsaw in 1925 to a Russian Jewish family and later emigrated to France. As Charles X Gustav prepared for Second Northern War, Wittenberg was promoted to field marshal in 1655 and was assigned command of an army of 17,000 men to attack Poland with. He surrounded the Polish army of nobles (Szlachta) and forced it to capitulate at Ujście on 25 July 1655, and conquered the voivodships of Poznań (Poznań Voivodship) and Kalisz (Kalisz Voivodship). He besieged Kraków, which capitulated 7 October 1655, and forced the Polish commander Koniecpolski and his army to submission. He was given the command of Warsaw which he defended against the Polish army under John II Casimir of Poland until the city was given up 21 June 1656. Contrary to what had been stated in the terms of capitulation, he was placed in prison in Zamość where he later died. In 1999 Ster Century continued its expansion opening multiplex cinemas in Dublin, Ireland; Brno, Czech Republic; Wroclaw and Warsaw, Poland; and two sites in Budapest, Hungary. This trend continued in 2000, with two additional sites in Poland and the Czech Republic, and more in the UK (Edinburgh, Romford and Norwich), Spain, Montenegro, Greece, Slovakia and Serbia. thumb right 250px Gippius, Filosofov and Merezhkovsky. Warsaw, 1920 (File:Gippius filosofov merezhkovskiy.jpg) In Warsaw the four stayed for several months, Merezhkovsky doing practical work for the Russian immigrant organizations, Gippius editing the literary section in ''Svoboda'' newspaper. Both were regarding Poland as a 'messianic', 'potentially unifying' place and a crucial barrier in the face of the spreading Bolshevism plague. In summer 1920 Boris Savinkov planning to head an army of 20,000–30,000 Russians (largely POWs) for a march on Moscow WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
estates, starting from Gdów and Szczyrzyca the family possessed yet in the 13th century, has spread significantly. In the 17th and 18th centuries they covered, among others, Lubomierz, Nowy Wiśnicz, Bochnia, Wieliczka, Łańcut, Baranów Sandomierski, Puławy, Rzeszów, Równe (Rivne), Tarnów, Jarosław, Przeworsk, Janowiec upon the Vistula. To this day the castle in Nowy Wiśnicz has been the property of the Family Association of the Princes Lubomirski. District Court in Bochnia, Division of the Land Registry Office, LWH 390. A lot of estates were located in the territory of the biggest Polish cities: Warsaw (e.g. Mokotów, Ujazdów, Czerniaków), Kraków (Wola Justowska, Kamienica Pod Baranami), Rzeszów (castle), Sandomierz, and Lvov. Maintaining residences in Drezno, Vienna, and Paris enhanced prestige. The members of the family were referred to as “the owners of the bank of the Dnieper River” because many of their estates were located in what is now Ukraine and Slovakia. The Lubomirski family enjoyed political, military and economic influence, which was mainly concentrated in the provinces of Kraków, Sandomierz, Stanisławów, and Ruthenia, to cover the whole area of the Commonwealth of the Two Nations later. They kept this state of ownership until the collapse of the Polish state, when they were deprived of many estates as a result of penalties for pro-independence activities. mother Konstancja Czartoryska birth_date WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
''' thumb right 220px On New Year's Eve (File:Pkin-wieza.jpg) 2004 four 6.3-metre clock faces were added to the top of the Warsaw Palace of Culture and Science building in Warsaw, Poland. This building is 231 m (757 ft) tall and is the second tallest clock tower in the world . ''Poland'' * Warsaw Palace of Culture and Science, Warsaw, Poland After education at Berkhamsted School and Merton
, Subway, Starbucks, Coffee Heaven, and W Biegu. Computers Internet Cafes Internet cafés (Polish: ''kawiarenka internetowa'') are rare in Warsaw. * *
free reading room. His relation with the King Stanisław II August (Stanisław August Poniatowski) was thorny, as Potocki, while often supportive of the King, on occasion did not shy from his critique. He was highly critical of the Russian ambassador, Otto Magnus von Stackelberg (Otto Magnus von Stackelberg (ambassador)). On New Year's Eve 2004 four 6.3-meter clock faces were added to the top of the Warsaw Palace of Culture and Science
europe 7601899.stm BBC On January 23, 2009, ''The Guardian'' reported that the CIA had run black sites at Szymany Airport (Szczytno-Szymany International Airport) in Poland, Camp Eagle in Bosnia and Camp Bondsteel in Kosovo. WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
for the most part perished during the war, making Warsaw an important place of Holocaust remembrance. Today, Warsaw is a bustling metropolis and one of the European Union's fastest-developing capitals and the Union's ninth most populous urban centre. It boasts a mixture of new and old in its eclectic architectural mix, and is constantly changing. While quite sprawling, it is quite easy to navigate for tourists thanks to a good public transit system, and most important sights are quite close to each other. There is no shortage of accommodation options and a wide choice of restaurants and bars. Warsaw's nightlife is also on a rebound, and a reborn cafe culture has taken over the city. There is a large variety of museums, galleries and other tourist attractions, and there is always something happening throughout the year. Districts WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
;''In an interview with the ''Montreal Mirror'' (see above), Guitarist Przemek Myszor called Mysłowice ''"depressing" ... like all small towns are. In Poland there are few big towns. And by big town I mean where there is culture. You know, towns that have big clubs. We still live in Mysłowice, but this is a city to die in, not to live. Our region of Poland, in the south, is very industrial, coal mining, hard industry"'' http
it was situated in Siedlce Voivodeship (1975–1998). Keun received great acclaim for her sharp-witted books, most notably from such well-known authors as Alfred Döblin and Kurt Tucholsky, who said about her, "A woman writer with humor, check this out!". She counted among her friends such literary notables as Egon Erwin Kisch, Hermann Kesten, Stefan Zweig, Ernst Toller, Ernst Weiss, and Heinrich Mann. From 1936 to 1938, she had a romantic relationship
'', was released featuring live (concert) recordings at the Stodola Club in Warsaw, Poland. From 1936 to 1938, Roth had a romantic relationship with Irmgard Keun. They worked together, traveling to various cities such as Paris, Wilna, Lemberg, Warsaw, Vienna, Salzburg, Brussels and Amsterdam. ** Łódź (Władysław Reymont Airport (Łódź Władysław Reymont Airport)) ** Warsaw (Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport) ** Wrocław ( Copernicus Airport Wrocław
image_caption imagesize image_flag Flag of Warsaw.svg image_shield Warsaw emblem.png pushpin_map Poland pushpin_label_position bottom coordinates_region PL subdivision_type Country subdivision_name subdivision_type1 Voivodeship (Voivodeships of Poland) subdivision_name1 Masovian (Masovian Voivodeship) subdivision_type2 County (Powiat) subdivision_name2 ''city county'' parts 18 districts (Dzielnica) parts_style coll p1 Bemowo p2 Białołęka p3 Bielany p4 Mokotów p5 Ochota p6 Praga Północ p7 Praga Południe p8 Rembertów p9 Śródmieście (Śródmieście, Warsaw) p10 Targówek p11 Ursus (Ursus, Warsaw) p12 Ursynów p13 Wawer p14 Wesoła p15 Wilanów p16 Włochy p17 Wola p18 Żoliborz leader_title President (List of mayors of Warsaw) leader_name Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz leader_party PO (Civic Platform) established_title City rights established_date turn of the 12th to 13th century area_total_km2 517.24 area_metro_km2 4222.79 population_as_of 2014 population_total 1,729,119 population_density_km2 3304 population_metro 2,666,274 population_density_metro_km2 631.4 population_demonym Varsovian timezone CET (Central European Time) utc_offset +1 timezone_DST CEST (Central European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +2 latd 52 latm 14 latNS N longd 21 longm 1 longEW E elevation_m 78–116 elevation_ft 328 postal_code_type Postal code postal_code 00-001 to 04–999 area_code +48 22 website blank_name Car (Vehicle registration plates of Poland) blank_info WA, WB, WD, WE, WF, WH, WI, WJ, WK, WN, WT, WU, WW, WX, WY footnotes designation1 WHS designation1_offname Historic Centre of Warsaw (Warsaw Old Town) designation1_date 1980 (4th session (World Heritage Committee)) designation1_number designation1_criteria ii, vi designation1_type Cultural designation1_free1name UNESCO region designation1_free1value Europe (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe)
'''Warsaw''' ( .
In 2012 Warsaw was ranked as the 32nd most liveable city (World's most liveable cities) in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit. http: pages.eiu.com rs eiu2 images EIU_BestCities.pdf It was also ranked as one of the most liveable cities in Central (Central Europe) and Eastern Europe. Today Warsaw is considered an Alpha– global city, a major international tourist destination and a significant cultural, political and economic hub (Financial centre). Warsaw's economy, by a wide variety of industries, is characterised by FMCG (Fast-moving consumer goods) manufacturing, metal processing, steel and electronic manufacturing and food processing. The city is a significant centre of research and development, BPO (Business process outsourcing), ITO (Information technology outsourcing), as well as Polish media industry. The Warsaw Stock Exchange is one of the largest and most important in Central Europe. Frontex, the European Union agency (Agencies of the European Union) for external border security, is headquartered in Warsaw. A unique feature of Warsaw is its number of skyscrapers and high-rise buildings (Tower block) in the city center which form the skyline. Warsaw is one of only a few cities in the European Union that have such a skyline, together with Frankfurt, London, Moscow and Paris.
The first historical reference to Warsaw dates back to the year 1313, when initially Kraków served as the Polish capital city. Due to its central location between the Commonwealth's capitals of Kraków and Vilnius, Warsaw became the capital of the Commonwealth and the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland when King Sigismund III Vasa moved his court from Kraków to Warsaw in 1596. After the Third Partition of Poland in 1795, Warsaw was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars, the city became the official capital of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, a puppet state of the First French Empire created by Napoleon Bonaparte. With accordance to the decision of the Congress of Vienna, Warsaw in 1815 was annexed by the Russian Empire and became part of the "Congress Kingdom" (Congress Poland). Only in 1918 it regained independence from the foreign rule and emerged as a new capital of the independent Republic of Poland. Along with the German invasion in 1939, the massacre of the Jewish population and deportations to concentration camps led to the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto in 1943 and to a major and devastating Warsaw Uprising between August and October 1944. For this Warsaw gained the title of the "phoenix (phoenix (mythology)) city" because it has survived so many wars, conflicts and invasions throughout its long history. Most notably, the city had to be painstakingly rebuilt after the extensive damage it suffered in World War II, during which 85% of its buildings were destroyed. On 9 November 1940 the city was awarded Poland's highest military decoration for heroism, the Virtuti Militari, during the Siege of Warsaw (1939).
The city is the seat of a Roman Catholic archdiocese (left bank) and diocese (right bank of the Vistula), and possesses various universities, most notably the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Warsaw University, an opera house, theatres, museums, libraries and monuments. The historic city centre of Warsaw with its picturesque Old Town (Warsaw Old Town) in 1980 was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other main architectural attractions include the Castle Square (Castle Square, Warsaw) with the Royal Castle (Royal Castle, Warsaw) and the iconic King Sigismund's Column, St. John's Cathedral (St. John's Cathedral, Warsaw), Market Square, palaces, church (church (building))es and mansions all displaying a richness of colour and architectural detail. Buildings are representatives of nearly every European architectural style and historical period (List of time periods). Warsaw has wonderful examples of architecture from the gothic (gothic architecture), renaissance, baroque and neoclassical (neoclassical architecture) periods and around a quarter of the city is filled with grand parks and royal gardens.