Warsaw

What is Warsaw known for?


field title

served in the Kraków office of the Czech Refugee Trust Fund to help persecuted refugees, who were preponderantly Jewish, to emigrate to Great Britain. WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw


national debut

the Rhine and join his 13,500-strong contingent with the forces of Eugene of Savoy. To that end his corps advanced into Germany and, meeting the Austrians on 16 August, returned to winter quarters in Moravia with exemplary discipline. His national debut occurred on August 18, 1935 in Katowice, against Yugoslavia. Soon Dytko became a key midfield, participating in 25 games. He played in the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin (in all four games of the Polish Team), also in a legendary World Cup Soccer 1938 game Poland - Brazil 5-6 (June 5, 1938, Strasbourg, France). On August 27, 1939, Dytko took part in the last (and one of the best) match of interwar Polish National Team - at Warsaw, vs. Hungary (4-2) imagesize caption Adebibe as Lara Croft in Warsaw, Poland, 3 June 2006. birth_name Already at the age of 17 he was a participant in the Contest for Pianists - Rio de Janeiro (other participants were Alexander Jenner, Sergei Dorensky, Augustin Anievas, Michael Voskresensky, and Nelson Freire). Yet he achieved international prominence after taking second place in the 1965 International Frédéric Chopin Piano Competition in Warsaw (with Martha Argerich taking first place). At the Chopin Competition he took two additional prizes: public favourite and best sonata. He is also a prize winner at the Leeds International Pianoforte Competition (3rd prize) and the International Tchaikovsky Competition (3rd prize). The '''Zegrze Reservoir''' (or '''Zegrze Lake''', in Polish (Polish language) officially ''Jezioro Zegrzyńskie'', unofficially ''Zalew Zegrzyński'') is a man-made reservoir (Reservoir (water)) in Poland, located just north of Warsaw, on the lower course of the Narew river. It is formed by a dam constructed in 1963 with a hydroelectric complex producing 20 Megawatts of energy. Its total area is about 33 km². The name originates from the neaby Zegrze village, featuring the historic Radziwiłł (Maciej Radziwiłł) Palace (Pałac Zegrzyński) buit in 1847 by the noble Krasiński family. WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw


school+involvement

daughters' school, involvement which led to several positions on education boards. Albright, 2003, pp. 63–66. She was eventually invited to organize a fund-raising dinner for the 1972 presidential campaign of U.S. Senator Ed Muskie of Maine. Albright, 2003, p. 65. This association with Muskie led to a position as his chief legislative assistant in 1976.


century bringing

cities such as Wrocław, Kraków, Warsaw, Łódź, and Gdańsk. Dwarves appearing in numbers all over Poland aroused the interest of both Polish (Poles) pedestrians and the militia, whose intervention led to short term arrests of the graffiti artists. During the later part of the 18th century, the Commonwealth made attempts to implement fundamental internal reforms; with the second half of the century bringing a much improved economy, significant population growth and far-reaching


service covers

Warsaw, Poland death_place Reder remained with the 3.SS-Panzer-Division ''Totenkopf'' (3rd SS Division Totenkopf) throughout most of World War II. He participated in the invasion of Poland (Invasion of Poland (1939)) and the subsequent operations in the West (Fall Gelb) where he received the Iron Cross 2nd. class. In the opening weeks of Operation Barbarossa, Reder commanded the 11.Company of SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 1 (3rd SS Division Totenkopf), which spearheaded the German advance on Leningrad. During the bitter fighting near Chilkowo in September 1941, Reder was severely wounded in the neck, but recovered quickly and returned to his division just a month later. In March 1942, he was given command of the I.Battalion of the SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Regiment 5 ''Totenkopf,'' (3rd SS Division Totenkopf) leading it for more than a year and also throughout the Third Battle of Kharkov. On 9 March 1943, during the ferocious fighting near Dergatschi, south of Kharkiv, Reder was again severely wounded and a day later the lower portion of his left arm had to be amputated. For his exemplary leadership at Kharkiv (Third Battle of Kharkov), SS-Hauptsturmführer (Captain) Reder was on 3 April 1943 awarded the much coveted ''Ritterkreuz'' (Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross). Following his recovery, he returned to the battlefield and was posted to the SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Ausbildungs- und Ersatz-Battalion 3 (3rd SS Division Totenkopf) in Warsaw, which had at that time the task of the liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto. *'''Poland''' **Warsaw - Warsaw Frédéric Chopin Airport *'''Portugal''' Rembieliński owned estates in Jedwabne, Krośniewice and Giełczyn. He was a graduate of the Knight School (Corps of Cadets (Warsaw)) in Warsaw (1788–1792). He participated in the Kościuszko Uprising. After the downfall of Poland (partitions of Poland) he became member of independence organisations. As the French Army of Napoleon Bonaparte enter occupied Poland, he organized Polish administrations in Białystok and Łomża. The Prince was chairman of the "Central Civil Committee" (Centralny Komitet Obywatelski) in 1915. From 1916 to 1917 mayor (President of Warsaw) of Warsaw. He was an activist of the "Real Politics Party" (Stronnictwo Polityki Realnej) and from 1917 to 1918 member of the Regency Council. From 1928 until 1935 member of the Senate (Senate of Poland) and chairman of the "Council of Landowner Organisations" from 1931 to 1935. The 2010 event was held in Warsaw, Poland. http: www.europride2010.eu ?go wylaczreklen&u 3&lg 2 Organizers prepared multifaceted events between July 9 to 18. The Parade took place on July 17. It marked the first time this paneuropean LGBT celebration took place in a former communist country. The Warsaw Europride formulated, as its main theme, a demand for legalization of same sex civil partnerships (Civil union). http: www.europride2010.eu ?u 3&lg 2&dzial 45 In 1922 he married Chava Lea Hutner in Warsaw. Chava Lea died childless in 1944, and R. Tzvi Yehuda remained a widower until his death nearly 40 years later. From 1923 he served as the administrative director of the Mercaz HaRav yeshiva, and then after R.kharlap died in 1952 he became Rosh Yeshiva until his own death. After the Six Day War in 1967 he induced the Israeli government to approve the building of settlements in the West Bank and Gaza and sent his students to that mission. He tried to strengthen the Chief Rabbinate, which he saw as the beginning of the future Sanhedrin. He died in 1982. His brother Joachim Daniel (Joachim Daniel von Jauch) (1688–1754) served at first in the army of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, before he changed 1705 as lieutenant into the Saxon army. He took part as a captain in the first siege of Stralsund 1711–12 during the Great Northern War. At the end he was contemporaneously royal Polish colonel (since 1736), electoral Saxon major general (since 1746), superintendent of the Saxon building authority in Poland (since 1721), with the title director (since 1736), remunerated for each function separately. His primary obligation was to supervise the baroque development of the city of Warsaw. Vital was his responsibility for the extensive merrymakings of the Saxon court at Warsaw. When 1730 at the end of tremendous fireworks at Zeithain which lasted for five hours, instead of the correct "VIVAT (Vive, Viva)" in front of 48 foreign princes and numerous other lords a mistake in writing occurred and a "FIFAT" was illuminated, he gained his cognomen "Fifat". He erected the Palais Jauch in Warsaw's suburb Solec and was architect for a number of prominent baroque buildings in Poland. He married Eva Maria Münnich, said to be the daughter of the later Russian Field Marshal Burkhard Christoph Count von Münnich (Burkhard Christoph von Münnich) (1683–1767), his predecessor as superintendent of the Saxon building authority. His son August von Jauch (b. 1731) was godson of King Augustus II the Strong. The elaborate cradle endowed to his parents by the king, later the cradle for Joachim Lelewel, is exhibited in the National Museum, Kraków. Joachim Daniel Jauch is buried in the Capuchins Church in the Miodowa in Warsaw. The series mentions the events of Bram Stoker's ''Dracula'', but deviates at the point of Dracula's defeat. In ''Hellsing'', he was staked in the heart but not destroyed. It is unknown if he was forced into servitude or was willing, but he became a servant of the Van Helsing family. He, along with a young Walter C. Dornez, were sent to Warsaw, Poland to stop Millennium's vampire production program. Hirano, Kohta (2007). ''Hellsing'', Volume 4. Dark Horse Books Digital Manga Publishing. p. 110. ISBN 978-1-59307-259-9. Integra's father eventually imprisoned Alucard in a dungeon in the Hellsing manor, as he believed the vampire was too powerful to be used frequently. Hirano, Kohta (2008). ''Hellsing'', Volume 9. Dark Horse Comics. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-59582-157-7. After 20 years of imprisonment, Integra's blood awakened and resuscitated Alucard. He rescued Integra from her traitorous uncle and became her servant. Hirano, Kohta (2003). ''Hellsing'', Volume 1. Dark Horse Books Digital Manga Publishing. pp


made life

of incendiaries. The bombing did great damage, causing 40,000 casualties and destroying 10 per cent of buildings in the city. Only two Ju 87s and a Ju 52 was lost. Hooton 2007 (Vol 1), p. 92. The army complained near friendly fire incidents and smoke made life difficult for German artillery. Hitler, despite the complaints, ordered the bombing to continue. Richthofen's force flew 450 against Modlin (Modlin Fortress), securing its surrender (Battle of Modlin) on the 27 September after 318 tonnes of bombs been dropped on it in two days. Warsaw surrendered soon afterwards, and the campaign was declared over after the Polish surrender on 6 October 1939. Hooton 2007 (Vol 1), p. 93. The threat from the Polish generated calls for attacks on Warsaw. This had been planned for the first day, codenamed ''Wasserkante'', or Operation Seaside. Just after midnight on 12 13 September, the Luftwaffe chief of staff Hans Jeschonnek, ordered Löhr to prepare to attack Ghettos in northern Warsaw, in retaliation for unspecified war crimes against German soldiers in recent battles. Richthofen's airmen flew 183 to 197 sorties, dropping a 50 50 mixture of high explosive and incendiaries. Some bombs fell close to German forces, conducting the Siege of Warsaw (Siege of Warsaw (1939)), while smoke made impossible to assess damage. Richthofen confronted Hermann Goring over the need for a united air command for the Warsaw campaign, and hinted he was the man for the job. He did not get his way until the 21 September. Weather delayed the attack, which began on 22 September. Richthofen did not get the aircraft he wanted for the operation, in particular the Heinkel He 111, and instead was handed old Junkers Ju 52 transports, which delivered bombs by airmen throwing them out of the doors. His Ju 87s were also banned from using bomb loads greater than 50 kg. On 22 September, Richthofen's command flew 620 sorties. German air units dropped 560 tonnes of high explosive and 72 tonnes of incendiaries. The bombing did great damage, causing 40,000 casualties and destroying 10 per cent of buildings in the city. Only two Ju 87s and a Ju 52 was lost. Hooton 2007 (Vol 1), p. 92. The army complained near friendly fire incidents and smoke made life difficult for German artillery. Hitler, despite the complaints, ordered the bombing to continue. Richthofen's force flew 450 against Modlin (Modlin Fortress), securing its surrender (Battle of Modlin) on the 27 September after 318 tonnes of bombs been dropped on it in two days. Warsaw surrendered soon afterwards, and the campaign was declared over after the Polish surrender on 6 October 1939. Hooton 2007 (Vol 1), p. 93. Inter-war years After the Polish-Soviet War Sosabowski was promoted to Major and in 1922 he started his studies at the Higher Military School in Warsaw. After he finished his studies he was assigned to the Polish General Staff. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, in 1928 he was finally assigned to a front-line unit, the 75th Infantry Regiment, as commanding officer of a battalion. The following year he was assigned to the 3rd Podhale Rifles Regiment as its deputy commander. From 1930 he was also a professor of logistics at his alma mater. Instantly upon arrival, Sosabowski was ordered to man the Grochów and the Kamionek defensive area and defend Praga, the eastern borough of Warsaw, against the German 10th Infantry Division. During the Siege of Warsaw (Siege of Warsaw (1939)) the forces of Sosabowski were outmanned and outgunned, but managed to hold all their objectives. When the general assault on Praga started on 16 September, the 21st Infantry Regiment managed to repel the attacks of German 23rd Infantry Regiment and then successfully counter-attacked and destroyed the enemy unit. After this success, Sosabowski was assigned to command all Polish troops fighting in the area of Grochów. Despite constant bombardment and German attacks repeated every day, Sosabowski managed to hold his objectives at relatively low cost in manpower. On 26 September 1939, the forces led by Sosabowski bloodily repelled the last German attack, but two days later Warsaw capitulated. On 29 September, shortly before the Polish forces left Warsaw for German captivity (prisoner of war), General Juliusz Rómmel awarded Col. Sosabowski and the whole 21st Infantry Regiment with the Virtuti Militari medal. Following the Polish surrender, Sosabowski was a prisoner of war, and was interned at a camp near Żyrardów. However, he escaped and remained in Warsaw under a false name, where he joined the Polish resistance (Sluzba Zwyciestwu Polski). He was ordered to leave Poland and reach France with important reports on the situation in occupied Poland (History of Poland (1939-1945)). After a long trip through Hungary and Romania, he arrived in Paris, where the Polish government in exile assigned him to the Polish 4th Infantry Division as the commanding officer of infantry. In early August 1944, news of the Warsaw Uprising arrived in Great Britain. The brigade was ready to be paradropped into Warsaw to aid their colleagues from the Home Army, who were fighting a desperate battle against overwhelming odds. However, the distance was too great for the transport aircraft to make a round trip and access to Soviet airfields was denied. The morale of the Polish troops suffered badly, and many of the units verged on mutiny. The British staff threatened its Polish counterpart with disarmament of the brigade, but Sosabowski retained control of his unit. Finally, Polish Commander in Chief Kazimierz Sosnkowski put the brigade under British command, and the plans to send it to Warsaw were abandoned. It was not until after the war that general Sosabowski learnt that his son, Stanisław "Stasinek" Sosabowski (:pl:Stanisław Janusz Sosabowski), a medic and member of the Kedyw, had lost his sight during the uprising. thumb right 250px Geographic distribution of Polonia in the United States (Image:Polonia USA.png) WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw


work location

Spiritualist elements into his 1895 historical novel ''Pharaoh (Pharaoh (novel)#Inspirations)''. Ochorowicz studied as well, 15 years


compositions called

January Suchodolski – żołnierz i malarz w jednej osobie accessed 17 March 2012 During this period he started painting pictures with military themes, particularly battles from the Kościuszko Uprising and the Napoleonic wars including those in which Krasiński was involved in during the Peninsular War. He got to know Antoni Brodowski and succeeded in an art competition with compositions

called "Taking the banner of Muhammad in Vienna" and "Death of Ladislaus of Varna". '''Rajnold Suchodolski''' (1804 - 8 September 1831, Warsaw) was a Polish (Poland) poet. Franciszek was from 1822-1823 editor of several literature magazines in Warsaw, among others of "Wanda (Wanda (magazine))". He participated in the November Uprising, was member of the Sejm in 1831 and editor of the "


stories written

'', Book one, 221-227 thumb 100px Bolesław Prus (Image:Prus 002.jpg)."'''Shades'''" (Polish (Polish language): "''Cienie''") is one of Bolesław Prus' shortest micro-stories (microfiction). Written in 1885, it comes from a several years' period of pessimism in the author's life caused partly by the 1883 failure of ''Nowiny'' (News), a Warsaw daily (newspaper) that he had been editing (editor-in-chief) less


football events

or other scams. Just like in any other major European city, football hooligans can be a problem before or after large football events. Naturally, it's best to avoid them, because they might be violent. At the same time, all major sport events are monitored and controlled by special police units, so unless you find yourself in the middle of the confrontation between hooligans and the police, you should be fine. In case of emergencies, call emergency services. The number for the police: '''997

Warsaw

image_caption imagesize image_flag Flag of Warsaw.svg image_shield Warsaw emblem.png pushpin_map Poland pushpin_label_position bottom coordinates_region PL subdivision_type Country subdivision_name subdivision_type1 Voivodeship (Voivodeships of Poland) subdivision_name1 Masovian (Masovian Voivodeship) subdivision_type2 County (Powiat) subdivision_name2 ''city county'' parts 18 districts (Dzielnica) parts_style coll p1 Bemowo p2 Białołęka p3 Bielany p4 Mokotów p5 Ochota p6 Praga Północ p7 Praga Południe p8 Rembertów p9 Śródmieście (Śródmieście, Warsaw) p10 Targówek p11 Ursus (Ursus, Warsaw) p12 Ursynów p13 Wawer p14 Wesoła p15 Wilanów p16 Włochy p17 Wola p18 Żoliborz leader_title President (List of mayors of Warsaw) leader_name Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz leader_party PO (Civic Platform) established_title City rights established_date turn of the 12th to 13th century area_total_km2 517.24 area_metro_km2 4222.79 population_as_of 2014 population_total 1,729,119 population_density_km2 3304 population_metro 2,666,274 population_density_metro_km2 631.4 population_demonym Varsovian timezone CET (Central European Time) utc_offset +1 timezone_DST CEST (Central European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +2 latd 52 latm 14 latNS N longd 21 longm 1 longEW E elevation_m 78–116 elevation_ft 328 postal_code_type Postal code postal_code 00-001 to 04–999 area_code +48 22 website blank_name Car (Vehicle registration plates of Poland) blank_info WA, WB, WD, WE, WF, WH, WI, WJ, WK, WN, WT, WU, WW, WX, WY footnotes designation1 WHS designation1_offname Historic Centre of Warsaw (Warsaw Old Town) designation1_date 1980 (4th session (World Heritage Committee)) designation1_number designation1_criteria ii, vi designation1_type Cultural designation1_free1name UNESCO region designation1_free1value Europe (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe)

'''Warsaw''' ( .

In 2012 Warsaw was ranked as the 32nd most liveable city (World's most liveable cities) in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit. http: pages.eiu.com rs eiu2 images EIU_BestCities.pdf It was also ranked as one of the most liveable cities in Central (Central Europe) and Eastern Europe. Today Warsaw is considered an Alpha– global city, a major international tourist destination and a significant cultural, political and economic hub (Financial centre). Warsaw's economy, by a wide variety of industries, is characterised by FMCG (Fast-moving consumer goods) manufacturing, metal processing, steel and electronic manufacturing and food processing. The city is a significant centre of research and development, BPO (Business process outsourcing), ITO (Information technology outsourcing), as well as Polish media industry. The Warsaw Stock Exchange is one of the largest and most important in Central Europe. Frontex, the European Union agency (Agencies of the European Union) for external border security, is headquartered in Warsaw. A unique feature of Warsaw is its number of skyscrapers and high-rise buildings (Tower block) in the city center which form the skyline. Warsaw is one of only a few cities in the European Union that have such a skyline, together with Frankfurt, London, Moscow and Paris.

The first historical reference to Warsaw dates back to the year 1313, when initially Kraków served as the Polish capital city. Due to its central location between the Commonwealth's capitals of Kraków and Vilnius, Warsaw became the capital of the Commonwealth and the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland when King Sigismund III Vasa moved his court from Kraków to Warsaw in 1596. After the Third Partition of Poland in 1795, Warsaw was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars, the city became the official capital of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, a puppet state of the First French Empire created by Napoleon Bonaparte. With accordance to the decision of the Congress of Vienna, Warsaw in 1815 was annexed by the Russian Empire and became part of the "Congress Kingdom" (Congress Poland). Only in 1918 it regained independence from the foreign rule and emerged as a new capital of the independent Republic of Poland. Along with the German invasion in 1939, the massacre of the Jewish population and deportations to concentration camps led to the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto in 1943 and to a major and devastating Warsaw Uprising between August and October 1944. For this Warsaw gained the title of the "phoenix (phoenix (mythology)) city" because it has survived so many wars, conflicts and invasions throughout its long history. Most notably, the city had to be painstakingly rebuilt after the extensive damage it suffered in World War II, during which 85% of its buildings were destroyed. On 9 November 1940 the city was awarded Poland's highest military decoration for heroism, the Virtuti Militari, during the Siege of Warsaw (1939).

The city is the seat of a Roman Catholic archdiocese (left bank) and diocese (right bank of the Vistula), and possesses various universities, most notably the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Warsaw University, an opera house, theatres, museums, libraries and monuments. The historic city centre of Warsaw with its picturesque Old Town (Warsaw Old Town) in 1980 was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other main architectural attractions include the Castle Square (Castle Square, Warsaw) with the Royal Castle (Royal Castle, Warsaw) and the iconic King Sigismund's Column, St. John's Cathedral (St. John's Cathedral, Warsaw), Market Square, palaces, church (church (building))es and mansions all displaying a richness of colour and architectural detail. Buildings are representatives of nearly every European architectural style and historical period (List of time periods). Warsaw has wonderful examples of architecture from the gothic (gothic architecture), renaissance, baroque and neoclassical (neoclassical architecture) periods and around a quarter of the city is filled with grand parks and royal gardens.

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