of the London based legal practice, Beaumont and Son, (originally formed as a family practice by his grandfather in 1836) Major Beaumont turned the practice's focus to aviation law following an Imperial Airways accident in 1924. He was one of the three original legal advisers on the (International Air Transport Association (IATA) although it was then called the International Air Traffic Association) Legal Committee and served in this capacity from 1925 to 1946. In the early part of his career
. Two backlots will be constructed for these projects&nbsp;– a lot of pre-WWII Warsaw and city ruins. Since World War II, Warsaw has been the most important centre of film production (Filmmaking) in Poland. It has also been featured in numerous movies, both Polish and foreign, for example: ''Kanał'' (Kanał (film)) and ''Korczak (Korczak (film))'' by Andrzej Wajda, ''The Decalogue (The Decalogue (film))'' by Krzysztof Kieślowski, also including Oscar (Academy Award) winner ''The Pianist'' (The Pianist (2002 film)) by Roman Polański (Roman Polanski). Sports WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
in the PZL factory in Warsaw. A state-of-the-art construction, one of the first all-metal monoplane fighters in the world, in 1933–1935 it was a main fighter of the Polish Air Force. It was replaced in Polish service by its follow-up design, the PZL P.11c. More than 30 P.7 fighters remained in service in the Polish Defensive War of 1939 (Invasion of Poland (1939)), scoring several kills despite their obsolescence. At the outbreak of the World War II on 1 September 1939, the Polish Air Force still had 30 PZL P.7a fighters in combat units. A further 40 were in air schools, 35 in reserve or repairs – a total of 106 available aircraft. The P.7as were used in three squadrons, each with 10 aircraft. The 123rd Squadron was in the Pursuit Brigade, deployed around Warsaw, the 151st and the 162nd Squadrons were assigned to land Armies. Despite being obsolete, they took part in the defense of the country during the German Invasion of Poland (Invasion of Poland (1939)). Apart from combat units, at least 18 P.7a fighters were mobilized in units improvised at air bases in Dęblin and Ułęż. right thumb Władysław Taczanowski (Image:Taczanowski.jpg) '''Władysław Taczanowski''' (March 1, 1819, Jabłonna – January 17, 1890, Warsaw) was a Polish (Poland) zoologist. birth_date 15 February 1910 birth_place Warsaw, Russian Empire death_date 12 May 2008 (aged 98) death_date 12 May 2008 (aged 98) death_place Warsaw, Poland occupation Social worker, humanitarian (humanitarianism) Early life Sendler was born as Irena Krzyzanowska on 15 February 1910 in Warsaw. Her father, Stanislaw Krzyzanowski, was a physician. Sendler sympathised with Jews from childhood. Her father died in February 1917 of typhus contracted while treating patients his colleagues refused to treat. Many of those patients were Jews . After his death, Jewish community leaders offered to pay for Sendler's education. She opposed the ghetto-bench system (ghetto benches) that existed at some prewar Polish universities and as a result was suspended from Warsaw University for three years. date of birth 15 February 1910 place of birth Warsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire date of death 12 May 2008 date of death 12 May 2008 place of death Warsaw, Poland PLACE OF BIRTH Warsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire place of death Warsaw, Poland PLACE OF BIRTH Warsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire PLACE OF DEATH Warsaw, Poland PLACE OF BIRTH Warsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire PLACE OF DEATH Warsaw, Poland Origins The articles took the form of 18 Articles written and adopted by the nobility (szlachta) in 1573 at the town of Kamień, near Warsaw, during the interregnum following the extinction of Jagiellon (Jagiellon dynasty) dynasty. The document took its name from that of Henry of Valois (Henry III of France), the first Polish (Poland) king (monarch) elected in a free election (Royal elections in Poland), who was obliged to sign the Articles before being allowed to ascend the throne. Subsequently every king-elect was required to swear fidelity to them, as is contrasted with the similar documents, the ''pacta conventa (Pacta conventa (Poland)),'' which were tailored and different for each king-elect. Acceptance by the king-elect of the articles was a condition of his elevation to the throne, and they formed part of the royal oath at the coronation. birth_date WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
As Nazi occupation extended eastwards in World War II, antisemitic laws, agitation and propaganda were brought to occupied Europe, Expansion of German Conquest and Policy Towards Jews on the Yad Vashem website often building on local antisemitic traditions. In occupied Poland, Jews were forced into ghettos: in Warsaw, Kraków, Lvov, Lublin and Radom. Martin Kitchen (2007) ''The Third Reich: A Concise History''. Tempus. Following the invasion of Russia in 1941, a campaign of mass murder in that country was conducted against the Jews by Nazi death squads called the Einsatzgruppen. From Persecution to Mass Murder: Marking 70 Years to Operation Barbarossa on the Yad Vashem website On 20 January 1942, Reinhard Heydrich, deputed to find a "final solution" to the "Jewish problem", chaired the Wannsee Conference at which all the Jews resident in Europe and North Africa were earmarked for extermination. Martin Kitchen (2007) ''The Third Reich: A Concise History'': pp 180–2 Of the eleven million who were targeted, some six million men, women and children
of some 4,500 killed, 10,000 missing, and 22,000 wounded. thumb right 100 Polish commander: Józef Piłsudski (File:Jozef Pilsudski1.jpg). By the beginning of August, the Polish retreat had become more organized, as their supply (logistics) lines were steadily shortened. At first, Józef Piłsudski wanted to stop the Soviets at the Bug River and the city of Brest-Litovsk, but the Soviet advance resulted in their forces breaching that line, making that plan obsolete. ref name "
publisher Reaktion Books location isbn 18-61891-79-2 url http: books.google.pl books?id E4cM2Hf8KYsC&pg PA156&dq warsaw+modern+architecture&hl pl&sa X&ei zQNrUbuhB6XE7AbnsoHoAw&ved 0CDoQ6AEwAjge#v onepage&q warsaw%20modern%20architecture&f false format accessdate quote Architecture
, page 444. Let's Go Publications, 2008. It is one of the most famous old districts in Poland today and was the center of Poland's political life from 1038 until King Sigismund III Vasa relocated his court to Warsaw in 1596. The entire medieval old town is among the first sites chosen for the UNESCO's original World Heritage List, inscribed as ''Cracow's Historic Centre''. Properties
Attracting foreign investments work polandtrade.com.hk publisher The Warsaw Voice pages page date accessdate 24 July 2008 WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
. For a long time, they enjoy traditional close friendship. Hungary has an embassy in Warsaw, a general consulate in Krakow and 2 honorary consualtes (in Lódz and Poznań). Poland has an embassy in Budapest. - valign "top" * Poland recognised Latvia's independence on January 27, 1921. * Latvia has an embassy in Warsaw and 3 honorary consulates (in Katowice, Gdansk and Lodz).
; ref DATE OF DEATH 19 May 1965 PLACE OF DEATH Warsaw, Poland birth_date WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
image_caption imagesize image_flag Flag of Warsaw.svg image_shield Warsaw emblem.png pushpin_map Poland pushpin_label_position bottom coordinates_region PL subdivision_type Country subdivision_name subdivision_type1 Voivodeship (Voivodeships of Poland) subdivision_name1 Masovian (Masovian Voivodeship) subdivision_type2 County (Powiat) subdivision_name2 ''city county'' parts 18 districts (Dzielnica) parts_style coll p1 Bemowo p2 Białołęka p3 Bielany p4 Mokotów p5 Ochota p6 Praga Północ p7 Praga Południe p8 Rembertów p9 Śródmieście (Śródmieście, Warsaw) p10 Targówek p11 Ursus (Ursus, Warsaw) p12 Ursynów p13 Wawer p14 Wesoła p15 Wilanów p16 Włochy p17 Wola p18 Żoliborz leader_title President (List of mayors of Warsaw) leader_name Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz leader_party PO (Civic Platform) established_title City rights established_date turn of the 12th to 13th century area_total_km2 517.24 area_metro_km2 4222.79 population_as_of 2014 population_total 1,729,119 population_density_km2 3304 population_metro 2,666,274 population_density_metro_km2 631.4 population_demonym Varsovian timezone CET (Central European Time) utc_offset +1 timezone_DST CEST (Central European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +2 latd 52 latm 14 latNS N longd 21 longm 1 longEW E elevation_m 78–116 elevation_ft 328 postal_code_type Postal code postal_code 00-001 to 04–999 area_code +48 22 website blank_name Car (Vehicle registration plates of Poland) blank_info WA, WB, WD, WE, WF, WH, WI, WJ, WK, WN, WT, WU, WW, WX, WY footnotes designation1 WHS designation1_offname Historic Centre of Warsaw (Warsaw Old Town) designation1_date 1980 (4th session (World Heritage Committee)) designation1_number designation1_criteria ii, vi designation1_type Cultural designation1_free1name UNESCO region designation1_free1value Europe (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe)
'''Warsaw''' ( .
In 2012 Warsaw was ranked as the 32nd most liveable city (World's most liveable cities) in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit. http: pages.eiu.com rs eiu2 images EIU_BestCities.pdf It was also ranked as one of the most liveable cities in Central (Central Europe) and Eastern Europe. Today Warsaw is considered an Alpha– global city, a major international tourist destination and a significant cultural, political and economic hub (Financial centre). Warsaw's economy, by a wide variety of industries, is characterised by FMCG (Fast-moving consumer goods) manufacturing, metal processing, steel and electronic manufacturing and food processing. The city is a significant centre of research and development, BPO (Business process outsourcing), ITO (Information technology outsourcing), as well as Polish media industry. The Warsaw Stock Exchange is one of the largest and most important in Central Europe. Frontex, the European Union agency (Agencies of the European Union) for external border security, is headquartered in Warsaw. A unique feature of Warsaw is its number of skyscrapers and high-rise buildings (Tower block) in the city center which form the skyline. Warsaw is one of only a few cities in the European Union that have such a skyline, together with Frankfurt, London, Moscow and Paris.
The first historical reference to Warsaw dates back to the year 1313, when initially Kraków served as the Polish capital city. Due to its central location between the Commonwealth's capitals of Kraków and Vilnius, Warsaw became the capital of the Commonwealth and the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland when King Sigismund III Vasa moved his court from Kraków to Warsaw in 1596. After the Third Partition of Poland in 1795, Warsaw was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars, the city became the official capital of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, a puppet state of the First French Empire created by Napoleon Bonaparte. With accordance to the decision of the Congress of Vienna, Warsaw in 1815 was annexed by the Russian Empire and became part of the "Congress Kingdom" (Congress Poland). Only in 1918 it regained independence from the foreign rule and emerged as a new capital of the independent Republic of Poland. Along with the German invasion in 1939, the massacre of the Jewish population and deportations to concentration camps led to the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto in 1943 and to a major and devastating Warsaw Uprising between August and October 1944. For this Warsaw gained the title of the "phoenix (phoenix (mythology)) city" because it has survived so many wars, conflicts and invasions throughout its long history. Most notably, the city had to be painstakingly rebuilt after the extensive damage it suffered in World War II, during which 85% of its buildings were destroyed. On 9 November 1940 the city was awarded Poland's highest military decoration for heroism, the Virtuti Militari, during the Siege of Warsaw (1939).
The city is the seat of a Roman Catholic archdiocese (left bank) and diocese (right bank of the Vistula), and possesses various universities, most notably the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Warsaw University, an opera house, theatres, museums, libraries and monuments. The historic city centre of Warsaw with its picturesque Old Town (Warsaw Old Town) in 1980 was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other main architectural attractions include the Castle Square (Castle Square, Warsaw) with the Royal Castle (Royal Castle, Warsaw) and the iconic King Sigismund's Column, St. John's Cathedral (St. John's Cathedral, Warsaw), Market Square, palaces, church (church (building))es and mansions all displaying a richness of colour and architectural detail. Buildings are representatives of nearly every European architectural style and historical period (List of time periods). Warsaw has wonderful examples of architecture from the gothic (gothic architecture), renaissance, baroque and neoclassical (neoclassical architecture) periods and around a quarter of the city is filled with grand parks and royal gardens.