the Łódź Film School. His film debut was Vabank (1981), a comedy describing a story of two Polish gangsters of the 1930s. The film was a striking success, as was the science-fiction comedy Seksmisja of 1984. Often seen as either a golden child or enfant terrible of the Polish cinema, Machulski quickly became one of the most popular Polish directors, both in Poland and abroad. His ''Seksmisja'', although significantly shortened by the Soviet censorship, was one of the most popular pictures
of Wrocław in the market square by the town hall, with 400-500 people participating. *'''Norway''': Stavanger is host to the annual Nuart Festival, one of Europe's leading events dedicated to promoting street art. *'''Poland''': Łódź in September 2011, under the patronage of Mayor Hanna Zdanowska, a permanent city exhibition was financed called Urban Forms Gallery. http: www.mymodernmet.com profiles blogs polish-city-embraces-street-art The exhibition included work from some of Poland's elite street artists as well as some more globally known artists. Since the 1990s street art has been prevalent in Poland, which is most likely related to the collapse of communism in 1989. Street art is largely, though not exclusively, inspired by the hip-hop music scene. It is mostly accepted by the public, with the authorities occasionally giving licence to artists to decorate public spots. Despite this, public property is still illegally targeted in some cases. Warsaw and Gdansk are among some of the other Polish cities with a vibrant street art culture. http: www.fatcap.com country poland.html http: polskistreetart.blogspot.com *'''Russia''': Moscow, in 2010 the ''New York Times'' reported that the city was increasingly becoming a stage for local and international graffiti artists. The Street Kit Gallery, opened in 2008 is dedicated to street art organizes nomadic events in galleries, pop-up spaces and streets all over Moscow. The 2009 Moscow International Biennale for Young Art included a section for street art. Active artists include Make, RUS, and Kiev-based Interesni Kazki (also active in Miami and Los Angeles). Alice Pfeiffer, "Graffiti Art Earns New Respect in Moscow", ''New York Times'', October 13, 2010 Early life Chaim Goldberg grew up in Kazimierz-Dolny. His drawings were discovered on the walls of his father's shoemaker (Shoemaking) workshop 1931 by Saul Silberstein, a student of Sigmund Freud who was doing post doctorate work on his book, ''Jewish Village Mannerisms''. Chaim and Silberstein left for Kraków with a large collection of the art in portfolios. Silberstein contacted influential individuals to provide support to the fourteen-year-old artist. Wealthy patrons, such as a judge and a newspaper publisher, sponsored his education at the "Józef Mehoffer School for Fine Arts", Kraków, from which he graduated in 1935, and later at the "Academy of Fine Arts" in Warsaw, where he was the youngest student (at 17) to enter the school, from which he graduated in 1938. World War II interrupted his artistic development, and he became a refugee in Siberia. He went to École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France on a fellowship from the Polish Government from 1947–1949, and then in 1955, he and his wife Rachel with their two sons, Victor and Shalom were allowed to leave Communist Poland, despite protest from the Ministry of Culture, and emigrated to Israel. Idea adopted the '''Orange''' brand name in 2005, although the operating company is still formally known as PTK Centertel. It, along with parent company Telekomunikacja Polska S.A., is controlled by France Télécom, which owns the worldwide mobile telephony operator Orange SA. The brand change took place all at once on 19 September 2005. The company sponsored a free concert in Warsaw by British (United Kingdom) musician Sting (Sting (musician)) on 24 September 2005 for 150,000 of its clients to publicize the changeover. History thumb left ''The March of the Silenus'' by Peter Paul Rubens (Image:Silenus1.jpg) was obtained in Warsaw in 1656 (missing since World War II). - 3. 26 March 2005 Warsaw, Poland WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
: www.warsawtour.pl en warsaw-essentials tourist-information warsaw-tourist-information-1809.html three locations in Warsaw: * in the Palace of Culture and Science, close to the Warszawa Centralna train station, with an entrance from ''Emilii Plater'' Street * in the Old Town, on the ''Rynek Starego Miasta'' (the market square and NOT the Castle Square) * at the Chopin Airport The '''City of Warsaw''' itself has a lot of useful information on its website. A popular source of practical tips, contacts, and current event information is the '''Warsaw Insider''', available at every concierge, tourist information centre and larger newsagents. The '''Warsaw Voice''' is the city's most popular English-language weekly, and maintains a good calendar of events. '''Destination Warsaw''' has some useful information, but you need to be aware that it is run by ''Warsaw Destination Alliance'', whose members are some of the tourist-related businesses in Warsaw, so the website obviously serves their promotional needs. Its main goal is the promotion of Warsaw as a destination abroad. Orientation Warsaw and the Vistula As is the case with most major cities, Warsaw is situated on a river. The river's name is Vistula (Polish: ''Wisła'') and it crosses the city on a north-south axis, dividing it into two parts. The western part is usually referred to as the left bank (Polish: ''lewy brzeg'' adj. ''lewobrzeżna Warszawa'') and the eastern part as the right bank (Polish: ''prawy brzeg'' adj. ''prawobrzeżna Warszawa''). Warsaw as such has been founded on the left bank, while the right bank was a separate municipality, called Praga, which was incorporated into Warsaw only in the 19th century. Therefore, many would refer to the right bank as "Praga", even if Praga proper is only two districts of the right bank. Vistula in Warsaw is a broad, sprawling and unregulated river, which flooded the surrounding areas often in the past and continues to be somewhat of a threat today. Therefore, Warsaw is not really on the river in the sense many cities like London or Paris are, but rather near to the river, as Vienna is. The historic parts of left-bank Warsaw are a certain distance apart from the river, on an elevation called Warsaw escarpment. The part of left-bank Warsaw closer to the river (and less elevated with regard to it) called Powiśle was, until recently, of rather secondary importance and stature. The right bank is less elevated and most of the development there is separated from the river by a wide belt of shrubbery and natural beaches, allowing for flooding in periods of high tide. It is therefore visually and physically removed from the left bank. 250px thumb ''Świętokrzyski'' is the shortest and most pedestrian-friendly of the bridges over the Vistula in Warsaw (File:Świętokrzyski Bridge - Warsaw 2012.jpg) There is a total of nine bridges crossing the Vistula within the boundaries of Warsaw. They are, starting from south: * '''Siekierkowski''' * '''Łazienkowski''' * '''Poniatowskiego''' * '''Średnicowy''' (railway bridge only) * '''Świętokrzyski''' * '''Śląsko-Dąbrowski''' * '''Gdański''' * '''Grota-Roweckiego''' * '''Skłodowskiej-Curie''' City centre Warsaw's left bank, or western part of the city is the dominant part, and the part deemed the city centre lies therein. Historically, the right bank was the first one to become populated, during the 9th or 10th century. However, is its Warsaw's left bank or the western part of the city, is the dominant one, and the present city's central district, called Śródmieście (Warsaw Śródmieście) lies on the left bank. The Old Town is fully contained within the borders of the city center. The central point of the city is located at the intersection of Al. Jerozolimskie and ul. Marszałkowska, near the entrance to the Metro Centrum subway station. The main railway station, Warszawa Centralna, is also close by. It is good to know that the Palace of Culture is a landmark visible from almost any location in Warsaw. Should you ever get lost in the city, just walk toward the Palace of Culture and Science. Street numbering 250px thumb right Building number sign with direction towards ascending numbers shown (File:159, Niepodległości Avenue in Warsaw.JPG) Traditionally, streets parallel with Vistula are numbered along the river current, i.e. the buildings with the lowest numbers are the southernmost. Streets roughly perpendicular to the Vistula are numbered from the river upwards, i.e. the lowest numbers are the closest to the river, while streets roughly parallel with Vistula. One side of the street always has even numbers, while the other has odd ones (so if you are looking for number 8 and you see number 7, look at the opposite side of the street). There are several exceptions to those rules, e.g. the Puławska street in southern Warsaw has building numbers starting from the north, while some housing estates have sprawling areas with buildings sharing the same street name, with building numbers assigned in various ways. City Information System - MSI The City Information System (''MSI'' - ''Miejski System Informacji'') can be of further aid to visitors to Warsaw. The MSI divides every district into several neighbourhoods (with informative purposes, no administrative or other role), with the neighbourhoods indicated in red on signage throughout the city. You can find the name of the MSI neighbourhood you are in on the red stripes of the building number and street signs. They are also indicated in red on directional signage, showing the way to get to a given neighbourhood. A rundown of the MSI neighbourhoods and helpful schematic maps can be found here: (the website is in Polish, but the schematics are of universal informative value, just click on the district for the rundown of the areas therein) The districts as such are indicated on signposts with white background, while streets and other POIs with blue background, except for the Old Town and Royal Road areas, where the background is brown and a different font is used to indicate their historic character. The building number signs also often feature a small arrow pointing to the direction the building numbers in a street ascend. Street signs at intersection indicate the building numbers to be found within the block it is in (i.e. until the next intersection). On some signposts you can also find small signs showing the relation of the street they're on to the Vistula. Other elements that can be of interest to visitors are pylons with neighbourhood maps and transparent boards on historic and significant buildings, which explain briefly their history and significance. Similar boards under street signs explain the origin of the name of the street - in case of streets named after people, they contain a short bio and usually a small portrait. An increasing number of those boards contain descriptions in both Polish and English, while others are in Polish only. File:Corner streets Domaniewska and Langego in Warsaw - 01.jpg Street signs at an intersection indicating building numbers to be found in the nearest block File:POL_WAW_MSI_Tablica_kierunkowa.jpg Direction table at a road in Warsaw Ochota Ochota File:Tablica MSI Trakt Królewski.jpg A pylon with the map of the Royal Road File:Grójecka104MSI.jpg A transparent info board on a historic building File:PL MSI informacja kierunkowa dla pieszych.jpg A fingerpost in the historic area (Old Town Royal Road) File:Tabliczka MSI Wisła prostopadle lewa.jpg A small sign indicating the street you are in is perpendicular to the Vistula and you are heading away from the river Get in By plane Warsaw (all airports code: '''WRW''') has two airports: Chopin Airport ( WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
'' by Krzysztof Kieślowski, also including Oscar (Academy Award) winner ''The Pianist'' (The Pianist (2002 film)) by Roman Polański (Roman Polanski). Sports WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
scenographic elements such as pantographs, huge musical instruments, or symbolic props) and creating his own montage of classic texts, testing their value, searching for their relevance to the here and now. **Westin Residences *Westin Warsaw Hotel, Warsaw, Poland, 2001–2003 *The Westin Charlotte, Charlotte (Charlotte, North Carolina), 2003 thumb Jin Mao Building (File:Jin Mao Tower.jpg), Shanghai, China. thumb Rondo 1 Rondo ONZ (File:Warsaw trade tower 102005.JPG), Warsaw, Poland. thumb One HSBC Center (File:One HSBC Buffalo.jpg), Buffalo, New York. Childhood and early years Goodman was born in Chicago, the ninth of twelve children of poor Jewish immigrants from the Russian Empire, WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
or advisable - or indeed, can be deemed illegal. That said, Warsaw started warming up to bicycles, and even has a bike-sharing scheme similar to other cities around the world, called Veturilo. You need a credit card and a mobile phone to pre-register at the website, and to pay 10 PLN initial fee, which is credited to your account. To rent a bike, you need to type in your code and the code of the bike you want to rent at the station, and there you go. The first
was responsible for bringing quality Lithuanian Roshei Yeshiva (Rosh Yeshiva) to Tomchei Temimim in Brooklyn such as Rav Yisroel Zev Gustman (Yisroel Zev Gustman). Before World War II The brand was created in 1932, when the Polish government made an agreement with FIAT to produce licence cars in a state factory PZInż. (Państwowe Zakłady Inżynieryjne) in Warsaw. The cars were sold and serviced by a newly created Polish-Italian company Polski Fiat S.A. (corporation
first, this is the earliest surviving opera written by a woman. ''Gli amori di Aci e Galatea'' by Santi Orlandi was also performed in 1628. When Władysław was king (as Władysław IV) he oversaw the production of at least ten operas during the late 1630s and 1640s, making Warsaw a center of the art. The composers of these operas are not known: they may have been Poles working under Marco Scacchi in the royal chapel, or they may have been among the Italians imported by Władysław. A ''dramma per musica'' (as serous Italian opera was known at the time) entitled ''Giuditta'', based on the Biblical story of Judith, was performed in 1635. The composer was probably Virgilio Puccitelli. mother Izabela Flemming birth_date WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
-known and often exhibited artist only in his last home country – the United States. In Europe, since the late 1990s exhibitions of his art has been mounted in the Polish cities of Kraków, Warsaw, and Łódź as well as in Berlin, Germany. The recent publication of a Polish-language edition Szyk's biography and public broadcasts of the documentary film "Arthur Szyk - Illuminator" (Marta Tv & Film, Telewizja Polska (Łódź), 2005) also have improved Szyk's stature in his
Pitol studied law and literature and served in the Mexican foreign service at Rome, Belgrade, Warsaw, Paris, Beijing, Moscow, Budapest and Barcelona. He started publishing novels in the late 1960s. Early years Waghalter was born into a poor but musically-accomplished Jewish family in Warsaw. His eldest brother, Henryk Waghalter (1869-1961), became a renowned cellist at the Warsaw Conservatory. ''Cello Tradition in Warsaw'' http: www.lutoslawski-cello.art.pl en tradi.htm Wladyslaw (1885-1940), the youngest Waghalter brother, became a noted violinist. ''Kleines biographisches Lexicon der Violinisten'', by Friedrich Frick,(2009) p. 553. Ignatz Waghalter made his way to Berlin at the age of 17 where he first studied with Philipp Scharwenka. Waghalter came to the attention of Joseph Joachim, the great violinist and close friend of Johannes Brahms. With the support of Joachim, Waghalter was admitted into the Berlin Akademie der Künste, where he studied composition and conducting under the direction of Friedrich Gernsheim. Waghalter’s early chamber music revealed an intense melodic imagination that was to remain a distinctive characteristic of his compositional work. An early ''String Quartet in D Major'', Opus 3, was highly praised by Joachim. Waghalter’s ''Sonata for Violin and Pianoforte in F Minor'', Opus 5, received the prestigious Mendelssohn-Preis (Mendelssohn Scholarship) in 1902, when the composer was only 21. Waghalter ''Aus dem Ghetto in die Freiheit'' (Marienbad, 1936) '''Koluszki''' WikiPedia:Warsaw Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Mazovia Warszawa Commons:Category:Warsaw
image_caption imagesize image_flag Flag of Warsaw.svg image_shield Warsaw emblem.png pushpin_map Poland pushpin_label_position bottom coordinates_region PL subdivision_type Country subdivision_name subdivision_type1 Voivodeship (Voivodeships of Poland) subdivision_name1 Masovian (Masovian Voivodeship) subdivision_type2 County (Powiat) subdivision_name2 ''city county'' parts 18 districts (Dzielnica) parts_style coll p1 Bemowo p2 Białołęka p3 Bielany p4 Mokotów p5 Ochota p6 Praga Północ p7 Praga Południe p8 Rembertów p9 Śródmieście (Śródmieście, Warsaw) p10 Targówek p11 Ursus (Ursus, Warsaw) p12 Ursynów p13 Wawer p14 Wesoła p15 Wilanów p16 Włochy p17 Wola p18 Żoliborz leader_title President (List of mayors of Warsaw) leader_name Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz leader_party PO (Civic Platform) established_title City rights established_date turn of the 12th to 13th century area_total_km2 517.24 area_metro_km2 4222.79 population_as_of 2014 population_total 1,729,119 population_density_km2 3304 population_metro 2,666,274 population_density_metro_km2 631.4 population_demonym Varsovian timezone CET (Central European Time) utc_offset +1 timezone_DST CEST (Central European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +2 latd 52 latm 14 latNS N longd 21 longm 1 longEW E elevation_m 78–116 elevation_ft 328 postal_code_type Postal code postal_code 00-001 to 04–999 area_code +48 22 website blank_name Car (Vehicle registration plates of Poland) blank_info WA, WB, WD, WE, WF, WH, WI, WJ, WK, WN, WT, WU, WW, WX, WY footnotes designation1 WHS designation1_offname Historic Centre of Warsaw (Warsaw Old Town) designation1_date 1980 (4th session (World Heritage Committee)) designation1_number designation1_criteria ii, vi designation1_type Cultural designation1_free1name UNESCO region designation1_free1value Europe (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe)
'''Warsaw''' ( .
In 2012 Warsaw was ranked as the 32nd most liveable city (World's most liveable cities) in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit. http: pages.eiu.com rs eiu2 images EIU_BestCities.pdf It was also ranked as one of the most liveable cities in Central (Central Europe) and Eastern Europe. Today Warsaw is considered an Alpha– global city, a major international tourist destination and a significant cultural, political and economic hub (Financial centre). Warsaw's economy, by a wide variety of industries, is characterised by FMCG (Fast-moving consumer goods) manufacturing, metal processing, steel and electronic manufacturing and food processing. The city is a significant centre of research and development, BPO (Business process outsourcing), ITO (Information technology outsourcing), as well as Polish media industry. The Warsaw Stock Exchange is one of the largest and most important in Central Europe. Frontex, the European Union agency (Agencies of the European Union) for external border security, is headquartered in Warsaw. A unique feature of Warsaw is its number of skyscrapers and high-rise buildings (Tower block) in the city center which form the skyline. Warsaw is one of only a few cities in the European Union that have such a skyline, together with Frankfurt, London, Moscow and Paris.
The first historical reference to Warsaw dates back to the year 1313, when initially Kraków served as the Polish capital city. Due to its central location between the Commonwealth's capitals of Kraków and Vilnius, Warsaw became the capital of the Commonwealth and the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland when King Sigismund III Vasa moved his court from Kraków to Warsaw in 1596. After the Third Partition of Poland in 1795, Warsaw was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars, the city became the official capital of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, a puppet state of the First French Empire created by Napoleon Bonaparte. With accordance to the decision of the Congress of Vienna, Warsaw in 1815 was annexed by the Russian Empire and became part of the "Congress Kingdom" (Congress Poland). Only in 1918 it regained independence from the foreign rule and emerged as a new capital of the independent Republic of Poland. Along with the German invasion in 1939, the massacre of the Jewish population and deportations to concentration camps led to the uprising in the Warsaw ghetto in 1943 and to a major and devastating Warsaw Uprising between August and October 1944. For this Warsaw gained the title of the "phoenix (phoenix (mythology)) city" because it has survived so many wars, conflicts and invasions throughout its long history. Most notably, the city had to be painstakingly rebuilt after the extensive damage it suffered in World War II, during which 85% of its buildings were destroyed. On 9 November 1940 the city was awarded Poland's highest military decoration for heroism, the Virtuti Militari, during the Siege of Warsaw (1939).
The city is the seat of a Roman Catholic archdiocese (left bank) and diocese (right bank of the Vistula), and possesses various universities, most notably the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Warsaw University, an opera house, theatres, museums, libraries and monuments. The historic city centre of Warsaw with its picturesque Old Town (Warsaw Old Town) in 1980 was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other main architectural attractions include the Castle Square (Castle Square, Warsaw) with the Royal Castle (Royal Castle, Warsaw) and the iconic King Sigismund's Column, St. John's Cathedral (St. John's Cathedral, Warsaw), Market Square, palaces, church (church (building))es and mansions all displaying a richness of colour and architectural detail. Buildings are representatives of nearly every European architectural style and historical period (List of time periods). Warsaw has wonderful examples of architecture from the gothic (gothic architecture), renaissance, baroque and neoclassical (neoclassical architecture) periods and around a quarter of the city is filled with grand parks and royal gardens.