the Near East. They were famed for their martial spirit and Christian piety (Christian spirituality). They quickly adopted the Romance language (Gallo-Romance languages) of the land they settled off, their dialect becoming known as Norman (Norman language), an important literary language. The Duchy of Normandy, which they formed by treaty with the French crown, was one of the great large fiefs of medieval France. The Normans are famed both for their culture, such as their unique
in several major U.S. cities. The surname '''Cox''' is of English (England) or Welsh (Wales) origin, and may have originated independently in several locations in Great Britain, with the variations arriving at a standard spelling only later. An early record of the surname dates from 1556 with the marriage of Alicea Cox at St. Martin in the Fields, Westminster, London. Surname – Cox Cox is the 69th-most common surname in the United Kingdom. British surnames United Kingdom and Commonwealth In England, Wales, New Zealand and Australia, '''chambers''' may refer to the rooms used by a barrister or to an association of barristers, especially in the Inns of Court. WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
PURE Cirkus Company PURE Cirkus was founded in the subgenre of "cirque noir" in 2004, and in Northern England, (United Kingdom), Skewed Circus Skewed Circus combines punk, rap, dance music, comedy, and stunts to deliver "pop-circus" entertainment to young urban audiences. Rees was born in Llandybie and grew up in Wales. He studied at St
Radio stations as well as launching on digital television platforms. In November 2008 GMG was awarded with the last analogue licence in the UK (covering north and mid Wales). They intend to operate the licence using the Real Radio (Wales) format basing its studios in Wrexham. On December 18 2008, it was announced that Century Radio was to be re-branded as Real Radio on March 30th 2009. http: radiotoday.co.uk news.php?extend.4197 "Shiver" was recorded in Rockfield Studios in Wales, United Kingdom, where the band was booked by A&R representative Dan Keeling to begin working on the band's debut album, ''Parachutes''. WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
word derived from the words "educational" and "excellence". The company offers a variety of qualifications, including A level (Advanced level (UK))s (GCEs), GCSEs and the BTEC (Business And Technology Education Council (BTEC)) suite of vocational qualifications. It also offers work-based learning qualifications - including BTEC Apprenticeships and NVQs - via Pearson Work Based Learning. Edexcel operates internationally, awarding over 1.5 million certificates to students around the world every year. 21st Century Security for Edexcel Certificates It ran the marking of the UK National Curriculum assessments until 2008 when ETS Europe was given the highly lucrative contract. Following the 2008 marking debacle, ETS Europe was stripped of its contract and Edexcel was awarded a contract to re-mark disputed test papers. Edexcel was then re-hired to run the assessments from 2009. Its main competitors are AQA (Assessment and Qualifications Alliance) and OCR (Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations). thumb right 280px Rosslare Europort (Image:Rosslare Harbour 2008.JPG) '''Rosslare Europort''' ( WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
he accepted. (See Muscular Christianity.) Cut off to a large degree from his family, he passed a somewhat solitary boyhood, devoted to the school and to early literary efforts in the ''Rugby Magazine''. In 1836 his parents returned to Liverpool, and in 1837 he went with a scholarship to Balliol College, Oxford. Here his contemporaries included Benjamin Jowett, Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, John Campbell Shairp, William George Ward and Frederick Temple. Matthew Arnold, four years his junior, arrived the term after Clough had graduated. Clough and Arnold enjoyed an intense friendship in Oxford, but neither liked the other's poetry. '''Aberdaron''' is a community (community (Wales)) and former fishing village at the western tip of the Llŷn Peninsula ( WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
;more coherent" album than their past efforts by choosing songs which worked well together. ''Phantom Power'' was recorded at the band's own studio, AV Happenings, in Cardiff with the Super Furries producing (record producer) and engineering (audio engineering) themselves
the organisation. Some Red Action members went on to found the Independent Working Class Association. 1985-2001: Anti-Fascist Action (AFA) libcom.org The tower was constructed between 1917
leader_title3 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom) leader_name3 leader_title4 leader_name4 legislature National Assembly (National Assembly for Wales) UK Parliament (Parliament of the United Kingdom) sovereignty_type Formation (Wales in the High Middle Ages) established_event1 Unification by established_date1 1057 established_event2 established_date2 3 March 1284 established_event3 established_date3 1535 established_event4 Devolution (Government of Wales Act 1998) established_date4 31 July 1998 area_rank area_magnitude 1 E10 area_km2 20,779 area_sq_mi 8,022 percent_water population_estimate population_estimate_rank population_estimate_year population_census 3,063,456 population_census_year 2011 population_density_km2 148 population_density_sq_mi 381 population_density_rank GDP_PPP USD85.4 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2006 GDP_PPP_per_capita USD30,546 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year GDP_nominal_per_capita GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year Gini_change Gini Gini_ref Gini_rank HDI_year HDI_change HDI HDI_ref HDI_rank currency Pound sterling currency_code GBP time_zone GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) utc_offset ​ time_zone_DST BST (British Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +1 date_format dd mm yyyy drives_on left calling_code +44 patron_saint Saint David cctld .wales, .cymru Also .uk, as part of the United Kingdom; and .eu, as part of the European Union. ISO 3166-1 is GB (Great Britain), but .gb is unused. official_website !----
The status of Wales as a country and as a part of the UK has been subject to extensive debate and mediation and the current form of words in the lead came out of that process. Please raise any issues on the talk page first as direct edits on this subject may prompt an edit war. PLEASE DO NOT EDIT-WAR.
----- '''Wales''' ( ), its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone (Temperateness) and has a changeable, maritime climate.
Welsh national identity (Welsh people) emerged among the Celtic (Celts) Britons (Britons (historical)) after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of England's conquest (Conquest of Wales by Edward I) of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr briefly restored independence to what was to become modern Wales, in the early 15th century. The whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system (English law) under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542. Distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh Liberalism (Liberal Party (UK)), exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George (David Lloyd George), was displaced by the growth of socialism and the Labour Party (Labour Party (UK)). Welsh national feeling grew over the century; ''Plaid Cymru'' was formed in 1925 and the Welsh Language Society in 1962. Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters (Contemporary Welsh Law#Areas to legislate: The devolved areas).
At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, development of the mining (mining in Wales) and metallurgical (metallurgy) industries transformed the country from an agricultural society into an industrial nation; the South Wales Coalfield's exploitation caused a rapid expansion of Wales' population. Two-thirds of the population live in south Wales, mainly in and around Cardiff (the capital), Swansea and Newport (Newport, Wales), and in the nearby valleys (South Wales valleys). Now that the country's traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales' economy depends on the public sector, light and service industries and tourism (Tourism in Wales). Wales' 2010 gross value added (GVA) (Gross Value Added) was £45.5 billion (£15,145 per head, 74.0% of the average for the UK, and the lowest GVA per head in Britain).
Although Wales closely shares its political and social history with the rest of Great Britain, and the vast majority of the population speaks English (English language), the country has retained a distinct cultural identity (Welsh culture) and is officially bilingual. Over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, and the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west. From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the "land of song", in part due to the ''eisteddfod'' tradition. At many international sporting events, such as the FIFA World Cup, Rugby World Cup and the Commonwealth Games, Wales has its own national teams, though at the Olympic Games, Welsh athletes compete as part of a Great Britain team (Great Britain at the Olympics). Rugby Union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness.