as a workhouse. In early Victorian times (see Poor Law), poverty was seen as a dishonourable state caused by a lack of the moral virtue of industriousness (or ''industry'' as it was called). As was depicted by Charles Dickens, a workhouse could resemble a reformatory and house children, either with families or alone, or a penal labour regime to give the poor work at manual labour and subject them to physical punishment (corporal punishment). As the 19th century progressed
, Wales) is a Welsh (Welsh people)-Canadian (Canada) fantasy and science fiction writer and poet. She won the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer in 2002 and the World Fantasy award for her novel ''Tooth and Claw (Tooth and Claw (novel))'' in 2004. Her novel ''Ha'penny (Ha'penny (novel))'' was a co-winner of the 2008 Prometheus Award. Her novel ''Lifelode (Lifelode (novel))'' won the 2010 Mythopoeic Award. The origins of GKN lie
WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
, Powis Newtown . thumb 250px right Old Oswestry hill fort (image:Oswestry Hill Fort.jpg) '''Old Oswestry''' is a large and impressive early Iron Age hill fort in the Welsh (Wales) Marches near Oswestry in north west Shropshire. Throughout its history, the United Kingdom has been
in South West Wales. It was directed by Kevin Allen (Kevin Allen (actor)) and had a working title of ''Hot Dog''; a hot dog van features in a number of scenes in the film. It stars real-life brothers Rhys Ifans (in his first major movie role) and Llŷr Ifans and also features Dougray Scott. The director appears on screen, briefly seen as a show host on a TV set in the static caravan home of the twins. The co-writer, Paul Durden, also briefly appears as a rude taxi driver. 1867 Reform Act This extended the right to vote still further down the class ladder, adding just short of a million voters—including many workingmen—and doubling the electorate, to almost two million in England and Wales. It, too, created major shock waves in contemporary British culture, some of which appear in works such as Matthew Arnold's ''Culture and Anarchy'' and John Ruskin's ''The Crown of Wild Olive'', as authors debated whether this shift of power would create democracy that would, in turn, destroy high culture. Gwydir was named for the Gwydir River (which in turn was named by the explorer Allan Cunningham (Allan Cunningham (botanist)) after his patron Lord Gwydir (Peter Robert Burrell, 2nd Baron Gwydir), who took his title from Gwydir Castle in Wales). The Division was located in western New South Wales, and at the time of its abolition included the towns of Bourke (Bourke, New South Wales), Moree (Moree, New South Wales), Mudgee and Brewarrina (Brewarrina, New South Wales). thumb Sixth Form Centre (Image:NulsSixthFormCentre.jpg)thumb Victoria Building (Image:NulsVictoriaBuilding.jpg) It is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC), an association of the head teachers of the leading day and boarding independent (Independent school (UK)) schools in the United Kingdom. Membership of the HMC is often considered as what defines a school as a public school (public school (England)) in England or Wales, placing it amongst the more prestigious private schools. Some years ago, it was one of the top performing schools in England in terms of A-level (Advanced Level (UK)) results. WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
by the Welsh (Wales) company Tinopolis, Salmon left the organisation. He returned to the BBC in 2006 to become Chief Creative Officer of the new "BBC Vision Productions" set-up, overseeing all creative output from the BBC's in-house production
Christian last Gysin Major sports, including association football, rugby league, rugby union, rowing (rowing (sport)), boxing, badminton, cricket, tennis, darts and golf, originated or were substantially developed in the United Kingdom and the states that preceded it. A 2003 poll found that football is the most popular sport in the United Kingdom.
includes fruit in the recipe. '''Offa's Dyke''' ( high. In the 8th century (Anglo-Saxon England) it formed some kind of delineation between the Anglian kingdom of Mercia and the Welsh
% Canadian (Canada). History Called Pennamaquan by the Passamaquoddy Indians (Native Americans of the United States), the area was settled about 1774 as part of Dennysville (Dennysville, Maine). WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
;ref http: www.edexcel.org.uk quals nqf-grid but below the Bachelor of Science Bachelor of Arts Bachelor of Laws level of education. Courses are typically two years full time study or 3 to 4 years part time study and are offered both by universities (List of British universities) and colleges of higher education (college). http: www.src.ac.uk index.php?option com_content&view article&id 429&Itemid 265 Though the story still
that of a Higher National Diploma (HND) and one below that of a bachelor's degree. Studied fulltime, the qualification normally takes one year or two years part time. choosing your qualification : Aimhigher Many HNCs cover the same areas as an HND and it is often possible to complete an HND with one year full-time study after successfully completing the HNC
leader_title3 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom) leader_name3 leader_title4 leader_name4 legislature National Assembly (National Assembly for Wales) UK Parliament (Parliament of the United Kingdom) sovereignty_type Formation (Wales in the High Middle Ages) established_event1 Unification by established_date1 1057 established_event2 established_date2 3 March 1284 established_event3 established_date3 1535 established_event4 Devolution (Government of Wales Act 1998) established_date4 31 July 1998 area_rank area_magnitude 1 E10 area_km2 20,779 area_sq_mi 8,022 percent_water population_estimate population_estimate_rank population_estimate_year population_census 3,063,456 population_census_year 2011 population_density_km2 148 population_density_sq_mi 381 population_density_rank GDP_PPP USD85.4 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2006 GDP_PPP_per_capita USD30,546 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year GDP_nominal_per_capita GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year Gini_change Gini Gini_ref Gini_rank HDI_year HDI_change HDI HDI_ref HDI_rank currency Pound sterling currency_code GBP time_zone GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) utc_offset ​ time_zone_DST BST (British Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +1 date_format dd mm yyyy drives_on left calling_code +44 patron_saint Saint David cctld .wales, .cymru Also .uk, as part of the United Kingdom; and .eu, as part of the European Union. ISO 3166-1 is GB (Great Britain), but .gb is unused. official_website !----
The status of Wales as a country and as a part of the UK has been subject to extensive debate and mediation and the current form of words in the lead came out of that process. Please raise any issues on the talk page first as direct edits on this subject may prompt an edit war. PLEASE DO NOT EDIT-WAR.
----- '''Wales''' ( ), its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone (Temperateness) and has a changeable, maritime climate.
Welsh national identity (Welsh people) emerged among the Celtic (Celts) Britons (Britons (historical)) after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of England's conquest (Conquest of Wales by Edward I) of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr briefly restored independence to what was to become modern Wales, in the early 15th century. The whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system (English law) under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542. Distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh Liberalism (Liberal Party (UK)), exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George (David Lloyd George), was displaced by the growth of socialism and the Labour Party (Labour Party (UK)). Welsh national feeling grew over the century; ''Plaid Cymru'' was formed in 1925 and the Welsh Language Society in 1962. Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters (Contemporary Welsh Law#Areas to legislate: The devolved areas).
At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, development of the mining (mining in Wales) and metallurgical (metallurgy) industries transformed the country from an agricultural society into an industrial nation; the South Wales Coalfield's exploitation caused a rapid expansion of Wales' population. Two-thirds of the population live in south Wales, mainly in and around Cardiff (the capital), Swansea and Newport (Newport, Wales), and in the nearby valleys (South Wales valleys). Now that the country's traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales' economy depends on the public sector, light and service industries and tourism (Tourism in Wales). Wales' 2010 gross value added (GVA) (Gross Value Added) was £45.5 billion (£15,145 per head, 74.0% of the average for the UK, and the lowest GVA per head in Britain).
Although Wales closely shares its political and social history with the rest of Great Britain, and the vast majority of the population speaks English (English language), the country has retained a distinct cultural identity (Welsh culture) and is officially bilingual. Over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, and the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west. From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the "land of song", in part due to the ''eisteddfod'' tradition. At many international sporting events, such as the FIFA World Cup, Rugby World Cup and the Commonwealth Games, Wales has its own national teams, though at the Olympic Games, Welsh athletes compete as part of a Great Britain team (Great Britain at the Olympics). Rugby Union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness.