What is Wales known for?

academic ability

. When Glyn Daniel was five he moved with his parents to Llantwit Major in the Vale of Glamorgan. Glyn 1986, p 11. He attended Barry County School for Boys, Barry (Barry, Vale of Glamorgan) where his academic ability led to him being awarded a State Scholarship (which he enabled him to go to the University of Cambridge) and a Glamorgan County Scholarship in 1931. Glyn 1986, pp 45-47. The Glamorgan County Scholarship allowed Glyn Daniel to study geology, and the church organ, at Cardiff University for a year. Glyn 1986, p 48. In 1932 he went up to St John's College, Cambridge, where he remained for the rest of his academic career, to read archaeology and anthropology, and graduated with a first-class honours degree with distinction. Anon (19th March 1937). 'University News: Awards at Oxford and Cambridge'. The Times (UK) During the early 2000s, the British Youth Council and other groups successfully campaigned to lower age of candidacy requirements in the United Kingdom. WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru

title size

; The oft-quoted 'size of Wales (The size of Wales)' is about Wales

conservative leadership

WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru

giving lively

geological excursions, on horseback, to various parts of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. In 1813, he was appointed reader in mineralogy, in succession to John Kidd (John Kidd (chemist)), giving lively and popular lectures with increasing emphasis on geology and palaeontology. As (unofficial) curator of the Ashmolean Museum, he built up collections, touring Europe and coming into contact with scientists including Georges Cuvier. On 18th January 1823 Buckland climbed down

community energy

: business Business Local-Authorities Community-Leadership Working-in-partnership-with-your-community Energy Saving Trust website Each county in Wales has a County Voluntary Council rather than a CVS. *2002 **recitals and concertos in New York, Philadelphia, London, Edinburgh, Wales and a 5-concert tour of Mexico as part of the Cervantino Festival (Festival Internacional Cervantino).



wide including

includes fruit in the recipe. '''Offa's Dyke''' ( high. In the 8th century (Anglo-Saxon England) it formed some kind of delineation between the Anglian kingdom of Mercia and the Welsh


from Rio Tinto mines However, similar remains have been found in Britain, especially at Dolaucothi in west Wales, where excavations in the modern village have confirmed the presence of a fort and settlement, as well as a bathhouse nearby. Field work has also established the extensive use of hydraulic mining to prospect for gold by construction of several aqueducts and many water reservoirs and tanks at the minehead, just as Pliny describes. The water supply was used

great large

the Near East. They were famed for their martial spirit and Christian piety (Christian spirituality). They quickly adopted the Romance language (Gallo-Romance languages) of the land they settled off, their dialect becoming known as Norman (Norman language), an important literary language. The Duchy of Normandy, which they formed by treaty with the French crown, was one of the great large fiefs of medieval France. The Normans are famed both for their culture, such as their unique


, hard-working Welsh (Wales) family at the turn of the twentieth century in the South Wales coalfield at the heart of the South Wales Valleys. It chronicles a socio-economic way of life passing and the family unit disintegrating. Plot In the Rhondda Valley in Wales, Huw Morgan (Roddy McDowall) is the youngest child of Gwilym (Donald Crisp) and Beth Morgan (Sara Allgood). His older brothers, Ianto, Ivor (Patric Knowles), Davy, Gwilym Jr and Owen work in the coal mines with their father while sister Angharad (Maureen O'Hara) keeps house with their mother. His childhood is idyllic, the town is beautiful (the mountainside not yet overrun with coal slag), and the household is frugal but warm and loving. Huw is smitten when he meets Brownyn (Anna Lee), but she is engaged to be married to his oldest brother, Ivor. At the boisterous wedding party Angharad meets the new preacher, Mr Gruffydd (Walter Pidgeon), and there is obvious mutual attraction. Indendependently, George Crane and David Thomas (David Thomas (industrialist)), of the Yniscedwyn Works in Wales, conceived of the same idea, and Crane filed for a British patent in 1836. They began producing iron by the new process on February 5, 1837. Crane subsequently bought Gessenhainer's patent and patented additions to it, controlling the use of the process in both Britain and the U.S. While Crane remained in Wales, Thomas would move to the U.S. on behalf of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company and found the Lehigh Crane Iron Company to make use of the process. WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru


leader_title3 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom) leader_name3 leader_title4 leader_name4 legislature National Assembly (National Assembly for Wales) UK Parliament (Parliament of the United Kingdom) sovereignty_type Formation (Wales in the High Middle Ages) established_event1 Unification by established_date1 1057 established_event2 established_date2 3 March 1284 established_event3 established_date3 1535 established_event4 Devolution (Government of Wales Act 1998) established_date4 31 July 1998 area_rank area_magnitude 1 E10 area_km2 20,779 area_sq_mi 8,022 percent_water population_estimate population_estimate_rank population_estimate_year population_census 3,063,456 population_census_year 2011 population_density_km2 148 population_density_sq_mi 381 population_density_rank GDP_PPP USD85.4 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2006 GDP_PPP_per_capita USD30,546 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year GDP_nominal_per_capita GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year Gini_change Gini Gini_ref Gini_rank HDI_year HDI_change HDI HDI_ref HDI_rank currency Pound sterling currency_code GBP time_zone GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) utc_offset ​ time_zone_DST BST (British Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +1 date_format dd mm yyyy drives_on left calling_code +44 patron_saint Saint David cctld .wales, .cymru Also .uk, as part of the United Kingdom; and .eu, as part of the European Union. ISO 3166-1 is GB (Great Britain), but .gb is unused. official_website !----

The status of Wales as a country and as a part of the UK has been subject to extensive debate and mediation and the current form of words in the lead came out of that process. Please raise any issues on the talk page first as direct edits on this subject may prompt an edit war. PLEASE DO NOT EDIT-WAR.

----- '''Wales''' ( ), its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone (Temperateness) and has a changeable, maritime climate.

Welsh national identity (Welsh people) emerged among the Celtic (Celts) Britons (Britons (historical)) after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of England's conquest (Conquest of Wales by Edward I) of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr briefly restored independence to what was to become modern Wales, in the early 15th century. The whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system (English law) under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542. Distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh Liberalism (Liberal Party (UK)), exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George (David Lloyd George), was displaced by the growth of socialism and the Labour Party (Labour Party (UK)). Welsh national feeling grew over the century; ''Plaid Cymru'' was formed in 1925 and the Welsh Language Society in 1962. Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters (Contemporary Welsh Law#Areas to legislate: The devolved areas).

At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, development of the mining (mining in Wales) and metallurgical (metallurgy) industries transformed the country from an agricultural society into an industrial nation; the South Wales Coalfield's exploitation caused a rapid expansion of Wales' population. Two-thirds of the population live in south Wales, mainly in and around Cardiff (the capital), Swansea and Newport (Newport, Wales), and in the nearby valleys (South Wales valleys). Now that the country's traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales' economy depends on the public sector, light and service industries and tourism (Tourism in Wales). Wales' 2010 gross value added (GVA) (Gross Value Added) was £45.5 billion (£15,145 per head, 74.0% of the average for the UK, and the lowest GVA per head in Britain).

Although Wales closely shares its political and social history with the rest of Great Britain, and the vast majority of the population speaks English (English language), the country has retained a distinct cultural identity (Welsh culture) and is officially bilingual. Over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, and the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west. From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the "land of song", in part due to the ''eisteddfod'' tradition. At many international sporting events, such as the FIFA World Cup, Rugby World Cup and the Commonwealth Games, Wales has its own national teams, though at the Olympic Games, Welsh athletes compete as part of a Great Britain team (Great Britain at the Olympics). Rugby Union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness.

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