2001 title Migrating songbirds tested in computer-controlled Emlen funnels use stellar cues for a time-independent compass journal Journal of Experimental Biology volume 204 issue 8 pages 3855–65 pmid 11807103 url http: jeb.biologists.org cgi content full 204 22 3855 issn 0022-0949 author2 L These are backed up in some species by their ability to sense the Earth's geomagnetism through specialised photoreceptor (Photoreceptor cell)s.
The modern Welsh (Welsh language) term for themselves, ''Cymry'', derives from this ancient relationship. It is not originally an ethnic or cultural term, and refers to the Welsh of Wales and the Brythonic (Brythonic languages)-speaking Men of the North, exclusive of all others. WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
, shows the heater shield and style popular in modern British heraldry. College of Arms In Scotland, the Lord Lyon King of Arms has criminal jurisdiction to enforce the laws of arms. In England, Northern Ireland and Wales the use of arms is a matter of civil law (Civil law (common law)) and regulated from the College of Arms and the Court of Chivalry. Early
of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty National Trust . Visitors who wish to see the castle and are driving there, may pay admission for the car park, if not National Trust members. A separate fee is payable if you wish to visit Newton House (Newton House (Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire)). Alternatively, access is free to walkers from Llandeilo town nearby, and there is a small free car park near the castle, but it can only be reached by a rough track through the deer park. In 2009 Pugh starred
, was the daughter of Owain ab Edwin. Owain was the second of three sons of Gruffydd and Angharad. Hughes was employed as a journalist and travelled widely before he married, in 1932, the painter Frances Bazley. They settled for a period in Norfolk and then in 1934 at Castle House, Laugharne in south Wales. Dylan Thomas stayed with Hughes and wrote his book Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog whilst living at Castle House (Castle House, Laugharne). '''Jack Jones''' (1884–1970) was a Welsh (Wales) novelist and playwright who began writing in the 1930s. '''Hereford''' WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
was recorded at Foel Studios in Llanfair Caerinon, Wales, and at No Man's Land Studios at Hemel Hempstead, England. Wilson stated that it was the first time that the band sat down and recorded a whole album in one extended period, rather than sporadically with past albums. ref name "
independent until disintegrating in the later Middle Ages. '''Eve Myles''' (born 8 July 1978, Ystradgynlais, Powys, South Wales) is an award winning Welsh (Welsh People) actress of stage and screen. She is best known to Welsh audiences for her portrayal of Ceri Owen in the BBC Wales drama ''Belonging (Belonging (TV series))'', and to audiences worldwide for her role as Gwen Cooper in the science fiction show ''Torchwood'', a spin-off from ''Doctor Who''. '''Ruabon railway station''' is a combined rail and bus interchange serving Ruabon in Wrexham (Wrexham (county borough)), Wales. It is the second busiest station in Wrexham in terms of passenger journeys, after the mainline station, Wrexham General. It is on the Shrewsbury to Chester Line, which is part of the former Great Western Railway mainline route from London Paddington to Birkenhead Woodside which lasted until 1967 when it was withdrawn upon the electrification of the West Coast Main Line. WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
have a glossy purple sheen on the upperside, females have two patches on the forewing only. The underside is light grey with a white streak, edged in black, running down the middle of both wings. The hindwings have a short tail with two orange spots at the base on the underside. It is common and widespread across southern and central England and Wales, becoming rarer and more isolated in the north as far as central Scotland. In Ireland it occurs in a few isolated colonies scattered across the country but is probably still under recorded due to its reclusive habits. Males tend to stay high up in trees, females come down to lower levels to lay eggs. Both sexes feed mainly on honeydew (honeydew (secretion)) although females are occasionally attracted to flowers whilst taking a break from egg laying. The Middle Ages saw a huge rise in popularity of games played annually at Shrovetide throughout Europe, particularly in England. The games played in England at this time may have arrived with the Roman occupation (Roman Britain) but there is little evidence to indicate this. Certainly the Romans (Ancient Rome) played ball games, in particular Harpastum. There is also one reference to ball games being played in southern Britain prior to the Norman Conquest. In the ninth century Nennius's ''Historia Britonum'' tells that a group of boys were playing at ball (''pilae ludus''). Magoun, Francis Peabody (1929). ''Football in Medieval England and Middle-English literature''. The American Historical Review'', vol 35, No. 1. The origin of this account is either Southern England or Wales. References to a ball game played in northern France known as ''La Soule'' or ''Choule'', in which the ball was propelled by hands, feet, and sticks, WikiPedia:Wales Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Wales commons:Wales - Cymru
also includes Scotland, Wales, Cornwall, Isle of Mann and Brittany. This combination of cultural influences is visible in the intricate designs termed ''Irish interlace (Interlace (visual arts))'' or ''Celtic knotwork.'' These can be seen in the ornamentation of medieval religious and secular works. The style is still popular today in jewellery and graphic art,
and rubber tipped arrows (blunts) for archers, or steel heads when target shooting. The largest early medieval event in the UK is the Battle of Hastings reenactment, which in 2006 had over 3600 registered participants and combined living history and combat reenactment. Most UK battles have at some point been reenacted such as the Battle of Lewes and the Battle of Evesham, many historical battles are reenacted annually such as the Battle of Bannockburn, and battles from the Wars
leader_title3 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom) leader_name3 leader_title4 leader_name4 legislature National Assembly (National Assembly for Wales) UK Parliament (Parliament of the United Kingdom) sovereignty_type Formation (Wales in the High Middle Ages) established_event1 Unification by established_date1 1057 established_event2 established_date2 3 March 1284 established_event3 established_date3 1535 established_event4 Devolution (Government of Wales Act 1998) established_date4 31 July 1998 area_rank area_magnitude 1 E10 area_km2 20,779 area_sq_mi 8,022 percent_water population_estimate population_estimate_rank population_estimate_year population_census 3,063,456 population_census_year 2011 population_density_km2 148 population_density_sq_mi 381 population_density_rank GDP_PPP USD85.4 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2006 GDP_PPP_per_capita USD30,546 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year GDP_nominal_per_capita GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year Gini_change Gini Gini_ref Gini_rank HDI_year HDI_change HDI HDI_ref HDI_rank currency Pound sterling currency_code GBP time_zone GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) utc_offset ​ time_zone_DST BST (British Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +1 date_format dd mm yyyy drives_on left calling_code +44 patron_saint Saint David cctld .wales, .cymru Also .uk, as part of the United Kingdom; and .eu, as part of the European Union. ISO 3166-1 is GB (Great Britain), but .gb is unused. official_website !----
The status of Wales as a country and as a part of the UK has been subject to extensive debate and mediation and the current form of words in the lead came out of that process. Please raise any issues on the talk page first as direct edits on this subject may prompt an edit war. PLEASE DO NOT EDIT-WAR.
----- '''Wales''' ( ), its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone (Temperateness) and has a changeable, maritime climate.
Welsh national identity (Welsh people) emerged among the Celtic (Celts) Britons (Britons (historical)) after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of England's conquest (Conquest of Wales by Edward I) of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr briefly restored independence to what was to become modern Wales, in the early 15th century. The whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system (English law) under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542. Distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh Liberalism (Liberal Party (UK)), exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George (David Lloyd George), was displaced by the growth of socialism and the Labour Party (Labour Party (UK)). Welsh national feeling grew over the century; ''Plaid Cymru'' was formed in 1925 and the Welsh Language Society in 1962. Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters (Contemporary Welsh Law#Areas to legislate: The devolved areas).
At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, development of the mining (mining in Wales) and metallurgical (metallurgy) industries transformed the country from an agricultural society into an industrial nation; the South Wales Coalfield's exploitation caused a rapid expansion of Wales' population. Two-thirds of the population live in south Wales, mainly in and around Cardiff (the capital), Swansea and Newport (Newport, Wales), and in the nearby valleys (South Wales valleys). Now that the country's traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales' economy depends on the public sector, light and service industries and tourism (Tourism in Wales). Wales' 2010 gross value added (GVA) (Gross Value Added) was £45.5 billion (£15,145 per head, 74.0% of the average for the UK, and the lowest GVA per head in Britain).
Although Wales closely shares its political and social history with the rest of Great Britain, and the vast majority of the population speaks English (English language), the country has retained a distinct cultural identity (Welsh culture) and is officially bilingual. Over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, and the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west. From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the "land of song", in part due to the ''eisteddfod'' tradition. At many international sporting events, such as the FIFA World Cup, Rugby World Cup and the Commonwealth Games, Wales has its own national teams, though at the Olympic Games, Welsh athletes compete as part of a Great Britain team (Great Britain at the Olympics). Rugby Union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness.