. Both parents encouraged religiosity and Christian piety in the young Josaphat. In the school at Volodymyr Josaphat — ''Ioann'' (John) was his baptismal name — gave evidence of unusual talent; he applied himself to the study of the Church Slavonic language, and learned almost the entire horologion by heart, which from this period he began to read daily. From this source he drew his early religious education, because the clergy seldom preached or gave catechism catechetical
of funds as well as certain actions by the government of Vilnius city municipality. His literary debut came in 1923 and was a member of the Kwadryga group of poets, and he was linked to satirical (Satire) and political publications. In 1930 he married Natalia Avalov. From 1931-33, he held the post of cultural attaché in Berlin. From 1934-36 he was in Vilnius. He settled there at 2 Młynowa Street. There, in 1936, the couple's daughter Kira was born. Through his works Gałczyński
in the History of Science field. Until 2011, when he became emeritus, he was Professor and Chair of Philosophy at Tallinn University of Technology (TUT). As a scholar, Kaevats specialises in the Philosophy of Science and the Philosophy of Technology. Formation of a new Polish state From November 1918 Fieldorf served in the ranks of the Polish Army in the newly forming Second Republic (Polish Second Republic), initially as a platoon commander, and from March 1919
Northedge 1986 p 78 On 9 October 1920, General Lucjan Żeligowski, commanding a Polish military force in contravention of the Suwałki Agreement, took the city and established the Republic of Central Lithuania. WikiPedia:Vilnius Dmoz:Regional Europe Lithuania Localities Vilnius Commons:Category:Vilnius
Region Europe and North America (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe) Year 1994 Session 18th Link http: whc.unesco.org en list 541 thumb left Old town of Vilnius (File:Vilnius Old Town, Lithuania, 14 Sept. 2008.jpg) thumb 500px left Presidential Palace, Vilnius (File:Wilno - Pałac prezydencki.jpg) Vilnius is a cosmopolitan (Multiculturalism) city with diverse architecture. There are 65 churches in Vilnius. Like most medieval (Middle Ages) towns, Vilnius was developed around its Town Hall (Town Hall, Vilnius). The main artery, Pilies Street, links the Royal Palace with Town Hall. Other streets meander through the palaces of feudal (Feudalism) lords and landlords, churches, shops and craftsmen's workrooms. Narrow, curved streets and intimate courtyards developed in the radial layout of medieval Vilnius. Vilnius Old Town, the historical centre of Vilnius, is one of the largest in Europe, at WikiPedia:Vilnius Dmoz:Regional Europe Lithuania Localities Vilnius Commons:Category:Vilnius
— includes Kirtimai, Salininkai, Vilnius International Airport #Rasos (Rasos (Vilnius)) — includes Belmontas, Markučiai Significant depictions in popular culture *Vilnius is mentioned in the movie ''The Hunt For Red October (The Hunt for Red October (film))'' (1990) as being the boyhood home of the sub commander Marko Ramius, and as being where his grandfather taught him to fish; he is also referenced once in the movie as "The Vilnius Schoolmaster". Ramius is played by Sean
, where Wilno and Lwów (now ''Vilnius'' and ''Lviv'') were recognised as two major centres for the arts, played a special role in the development of Polish architecture, with Catholic church architecture deserving special note. In Vilnius (Lithuania) there are about 40 baroque and Renaissance churches. In Lviv (Ukraine) there are also a number of Gothic (gothic architecture), Renaissance, and baroque religious buildings which have borrowed from and been influenced by Orthodox (Eastern Orthodox) and Armenian (Armenian Orthodox) church architecture. # In the northern and western (formerly German) regions where Poles from the territories annexed by the Soviet Union resettled after World War II, the older generation speaks a dialect of Polish characteristic of the Eastern Borderlands which resembles Ukrainian or Rusyn (Rusyn language)— especially in the "longer" pronunciation of vowels. # Poles living in Lithuania (particularly in the Vilnius region), in Belarus (particularly the northwest), and in the northeast of Poland continue to speak the Eastern Borderlands dialect which sounds "slushed" (in Polish described as ''zaciąganie z ruska'', 'speaking with a Russian drawl'), and is easily distinguishable. # Some city dwellers, especially the less affluent population, had their own distinctive dialects — for example the Warsaw dialect, still spoken by some of the population of Praga on the eastern bank of the Vistula. (Praga remained the only part of Warsaw where the population survived World War II relatively intact.) However, these city dialects are WikiPedia:Vilnius Dmoz:Regional Europe Lithuania Localities Vilnius Commons:Category:Vilnius
and population by administrative territory, statistical indicator and year publisher Statistics Lithuania date 22 March 2013 accessdate 15 February 2014 area_total_km2 401 elevation_m 112 postal_code_type Postal code postal_code 01001-14191 area_code (+370) 5 timezone EET (Eastern European Time) utc_offset +2 timezone_DST EEST (Eastern European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +3 website
to be almost 370 million euros in 2015. Vilnius is the seat of the Vilnius city municipality and of the Vilnius district municipality. It is also the capital of Vilnius County. The first known written record of Vilnius as the Lithuanian capital is known from Gediminas' letters in 1323. Vilnius is classified as a Gamma global city according to GaWC studies, and is known for its Old Town (Old Town of Vilnius) of beautiful architecture, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site
places. After the war, most of the urban Polish population was moved to Poland, while during 1950–1970 they were replaced by people from parts of Lithuania, neighbouring parts of Belarus, as well as Russia, Ukraine and other Soviet republics. Get in By plane thumb Entrance of the airport (File:Vilnius International Airport building.jpg) '''Vilnius International Airport''' ( ), Rodunios kelias 10a, +370 5 273 9305
for protection between 1503 and 1522, comprising nine city gates and three towers, and Sigismund August (Sigismund II Augustus) moved his court there in 1544. Its growth was due in part to the establishment of Alma Academia et Universitas Vilnensis Societatis Iesu (Vilnius University) by King Stefan Bathory (Stephen Báthory of Poland) in 1579. The university soon developed into one of the most important scientific and cultural centres of the region and the most notable scientific centre
- Diliff.jpg thumb 450px left A panoramic view of the Old Town of Vilnius looking south from Gediminas Tower The Vilnius Castle Complex, a group of defensive, cultural, and religious buildings that includes Gediminas Tower (Gediminas' Tower), Cathedral Square (Cathedral Square, Vilnius), the Royal Palace of Lithuania, and the remains of several medieval castles, is part of the National Museum of Lithuania. Lithuania's largest art collection is housed in the Lithuanian Art Museum. The House of the Signatories, where the 1918 Act of Independence of Lithuania was signed, is now a historic landmark. The Museum of Genocide Victims is dedicated to the victims of the Soviet era. On the other side of the Neris, the National Art Gallery holds a permanent exhibition on Lithuanian 20th-century art, as well as numerous exhibitions on modern art. The Martynas Mažvydas National Library of Lithuania, named for the author of the first book printed in the Lithuanian language, holds 6,912,266 physical items. The biggest book fair (Vilnius book fair) in Baltic States is annually held in Vilnius at LITEXPO, the Baltic's biggest exhibition centre. Vilnius Book Fair. Retried in 2009-02-14 On 10 November 2007, the Jonas Mekas Visual Arts Center was opened by avant-garde filmmaker Jonas Mekas. Its premiere exhibition was entitled ''The Avant-Garde: From Futurism to Fluxus''. There are plans to build the Guggenheim-Hermitage museum (Vilnius Guggenheim Hermitage Museum), designed by Zaha Hadid. The museum would host exhibitions featuring works from Saint Petersburg's Hermitage Museum and the Guggenheim Museum (Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum)s, along with non-commercial avant-garde cinema, a library, a museum of Lithuanian Jewish culture (Lithuanian Jews), and collections of works by Jonas Mekas and Jurgis Mačiūnas (George Maciunas). The Užupis district near the Old Town (Old Town of Vilnius), which used to be one of the most run down districts of Vilnius during the Soviet Union, is home to a movement of bohemian artists, who operate numerous art galleries and workshops. Užupis declared itself an independent republic on April Fool's Day 1997. In the main square, the statue of an angel blowing a trumpet stands as a symbol of artistic freedom. The district is also the home of Vilnius' mayor Artūras Zuokas. Economy thumb right 300px The modern skyline of Vilnius' Financial Centre at night (File:Vilnius Modern Skyline At Dusk, Lithuania - Diliff.jpg) Vilnius is the major economic centre of Lithuania and one of the largest financial centres of the Baltic states. Even though it is home to only 15% of Lithuania's population, it generates approximately 40% of Lithuania's GDP. WikiPedia:Vilnius Dmoz:Regional Europe Lithuania Localities Vilnius Commons:Category:Vilnius
'''Vilnius''' ( ; see also other names (Vilnius#Etymology and other names)) is the capital of Lithuania, and its largest city, with a population of 539,939 (806,308 together with Vilnius County) as of 2014. Vilnius is located in the southeast part of Lithuania and is the second biggest city of the Baltic states. Vilnius GDP was over 10 billion euros in 2014. Budget of Vilnius is planned to be almost 370 million euros in 2015.
Vilnius is the seat of the Vilnius city municipality and of the Vilnius district municipality. It is also the capital of Vilnius County. The first known written record of Vilnius as the Lithuanian capital is known from Gediminas' letters in 1323.
Vilnius is classified as a Gamma global city according to GaWC studies, and is known for its Old Town (Old Town of Vilnius) of beautiful architecture, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. Its Jewish influence until the 20th century has led to it being described as the "Jerusalem of Lithuania" and Napoleon named it "the Jerusalem of the North" as he was passing through in 1812. In the year 2009, Vilnius was the European Capital of Culture, together with the Austrian city of Linz.