the global campaign to ban landmines, called ''Campaign for A Landmine Free World'', which was awarded the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to persuade countries to sign a treaty eradicating the use of antipersonnel landmines. In 1992, VVAF opened a clinic on the outskirts of Phnom Penh to offer rehabilitative services to landmine victims. Other customs Other similar traditions also exist in other countries in Asia. In Vietnam, red envelopes are called ''lì xì'' (similar to the Cantonese pronunciation "li see") or, in some cases, ''phong bao mừng tuổi'' (happy new age envelope). In Thailand, they are known as ''ang pow'' (the pronunciation of the Chinese characters for "red envelope" in the Teochew dialect) or ''tae ea'' among the Chinese-Thai. In Myanmar (Burma), the Burmese Chinese refer to them as ''an-pao'' ( Commons:Category:Vietnam
, they will either buy their food using temple donations, or grow their own food. Monks who hang out in tourist areas requesting donations are bogus. Similar to China and neighbouring countries, Swastikas are commonly seen in Buddhist temples as a religious symbol; they are positive signs representing sacredness and blessing, and have no connection to Nazism or anti-Semitism. Much like the Chinese, Vietnamese people place strong emphasis on spirits and ancestor worship. You'll see at least one shrine in every Vietnamese home and place of business, where occupants burn incense to honor or placate certain spirits. These are often decorated with statuettes or pictures of sacred figures: for devout Buddhists, this might be Buddha or Bodhisattva; for Catholics, a crucifix or the Virgin Mary; for "non-religious" people, depictions of various traditional deities or spirits. If you see someone's photograph featured on a shrine, it's most often that of a family member who's passed away. Burning joss sticks (sticks of incense) for the spirits of departed family members is generally a token of respect. Vietnamese are generally quite superstitious when it comes to death and the spirit world, and there are certain taboos you'll want to avoid. Some of these include: *''Placing chopsticks upright in the middle of a bowl of rice'': Bowls of rice are arranged in this way next to the body of the deceased at funerals, so it reminds people of funerals. *''Taking photos of an odd-numbered group'': The superstition goes that the person in the middle of a group will be singled out by evil spirits. Photos of even-numbered groups (2, 4, 6, or 8 people, and so on) are fine. *''Sitting with your back facing a family shrine'': Considered disrespectful to the shrine, and to the spirits of the deceased. Connect Telephone Land-line numbers in Hanoi and HCMC have a sequence of eight numbers, others have seven. * Vietnam international code: +84 * Hanoi area code : (04) * Ho Chi Minh area code : (08) '''VoIP calls''' Telephone bills are 30% to 40% cheaper if dialed with 171 or 178 services. * Domestic call : 171 (178) + 0 + Area code + Number. * International call : 171 (178) + 00 + Country code + Area code + Number. Since hotels and guesthouses often charge higher for telephone calls, try to find a post office or any reliable public service. Mobile phones Mobile numbers in Vietnam must always be dialed with all 9 or 10 digits (including a "0" prefixing the "1nn" or "9nn" within Vietnam), no matter where they are being called from. The '''1nn''' or '''9nn''' is a mobile prefix, not an "area code", as such and the second and sometimes third digits (the ''nn'' part) denotes the original mobile network assigned. As is the case with most mobile numbers, they can also be called within or outside Vietnam using the international format. There are many mobile networks with different codes: * G Mobile: 199, 99 (GSM 900) * Mobifone: 90, 93, 122, 124, 126 (GSM 900 1800) * SFone: 95 (CDMA)(not available) * Vietnamobile: 92 (GSM 900) * Viettel: 98, 97, 96, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169 (GSM 900) * Vinaphone: 91, 94, 121, 123, 125 (GSM 900) * You can buy a SIM card in any shop selling mobile phones. The standard price is no higher than 75,000 dong, but foreigners are often charged 100,000 dong. SIM cards are also easily available at both Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City Airports from official carrier booths which makes it quick, easy, and scam-free to get a SIM on arrival. One month of 3G data, with a limited amount of credit for text and voice calls, can cost as little as 140,000 dong. * Prepaid account charges vary from 890-1,600 dong per minute. Recharge cards are available in denominations of 10,000, 20,000, 50,000, 100,000, 200,000 and 500,000 dong. * Roaming on Vietnam's GSM networks is possible with foreign mobile phones, subject to agreements between operators. Useful numbers *Police 113 *Fire Brigade 114 *Hospital 115 *Time 117 *General Information 1080 Internet * Internet access is available in all but the most remote towns. Internet cafes are available in most tourist spots and rates are fairly cheap, ranging from 2,000-10,000 dong per hour. Connection speeds are high, especially in the big cities. * Many hotels and restaurants provide free Wi-Fi or terminals for their guests. If you bring your own phone and or laptop, several providers offer mobile Internet services (EDGE 3G) services as well. * Internet censorship is applied to a very small number of Internet services. **Facebook is no longer blocked (Apr 2014) **BBC websites are blocked (Jan 2013). **wordpress.com and its subdomains (free wordpress blogs) may be blocked in some areas. A quick Google search for the relevant programs should help you bypass the ban quite easily. There was also a report that telecom companies were blocking the use of Skype, although this ban has now apparently been lifted. Other sites such as Gmail, YouTube, and Wikipedia are all unaffected. If web censorship is a problem, try the Tor Browser WikiPedia:Vietnam Dmoz:Regional Asia Vietnam Commons:Category:Vietnam
Story''''' is Vietnam's first movie musical filmed entirely on location in Vietnam including Saigon and Phan Thiet. One of the first films independently produced outside of the Communist controlled film industry, overseas Vietnamese director Ringo Le decided to return to his birthplace to shoot his first feature film project. "Saigon Love Story" had a highly acclaimed sold out screening at VC FilmFest 2006. The film was an official selection
incursions into Thai territory, often seeking rebel guerrillas supposedly hidden in refugee camps (where many Laotian (Lao people)s and Vietnamese (Vietnamese people) refugees had also settled). Sporadic skirmishes continued along the border... From 1985 to 1988, Vietnamese troops in Kampuchea periodically made raids to wipe out Khmer Rouge border camps in Thailand, which remained, along with China, major supporters of Khmer Rouge resistance. History ''Monarch of the Glen'' was broadcast in the United Kingdom on Sunday evenings on BBC One, usually at 20.00 GMT (repeats of the series have been shown on UKTV Drama and are currently running on ITV3). Filming took between six and eight months per series in the Badenoch and Strathspey (Monarch Country) area of the Scottish Highlands. Seven series were filmed, totalling 64 episodes (including a Hogmanay Special). The show's mixture of comedy and drama, its location, and its cast appealed to countries all over the world, including the USA (BBC America and PBS), Australia (ABC (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)), Canada (BBC Canada), Norway, Sweden, Hong Kong, New Zealand, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Vietnam and Dubai. The series is shown to more than 100 countries on BBC Entertainment (formerly BBC Prime), the BBC's 24-hour global entertainment channel, broadcast to Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. Publicity in the United States included front-page coverage in the ''Chicago Tribune''. Monarch of the Glen returns for a sixth series on BBC ONE BBC, 21 November 2003. Retrieved 13 January 2007. ''Monarch of the Glen'' was Australia's most popular BBC drama in 2002 and 2003. right thumb 250px Participating countries (File:1951 Asiad participating countries.png) The 1951 Asiad featured athletes representing 11 National Olympic Committees. The Organising committee of the Games sent the formal invitations to almost all the Asian countries. China (People's Republic of China) was invited, but did not respond before the closing dates for entries. Pakistan denied to participate because of the Kashmir conflict with India. South Korea attended the meeting of Olympic representatives of Asian countries, held on 8 August 1948 during London Olympics and was agreed to send athletes for Games to participate but didn't send any because of the Korean War. Soviet Union and Vietnam were not invited because of their political systems. Commons:Category:Vietnam
''Padparadscha'' is a pink-orange corundum, with a low to medium saturation and light tone, originally being mined in Sri Lanka, but also found in deposits in Vietnam and parts of Africa. Padparadscha sapphires are rare; the rarest of all is the totally natural variety, with no sign of treatment. Richard W. Hughes (1997), ''Ruby & Sapphire,'' Boulder, CO, RWH Publishing, ISBN 978-0964509764 thumb Chola Empire (File:rajendra map new.png) under Rajendra Chola c. 1030 C.E. By the 9th century, during the times of the second Chola monarch Aditya I, his son Parantaka I, Parantaka Chola II itself the Chola empire had expanded into what is now interior Andhra Pradesh and coastal Karnataka, while under the great Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola, the Cholas rose as a notable power in south Asia. The Chola Empire stretched as far as Bengal. At its peak, the empire spanned almost Commons:Category:Vietnam
, the Solomon Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam. International Legume Database & Information Service:amp;species~indicus ''Pterocarpus indicus'' Other names include ''Narra'' (Philippines), ''Sonokembang'' (Indonesia), ''Angsana'' or ''Sena'' (Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore), ''Tnug'' (Cambodia). In Vietnam, particularly the north, it is cooked
, Nhà xuất bản Khoa học - Xã hội, 2005 after the surname Nguyễn (38.4%). thumb right (Image:Matthew Ridgway.jpg) On August 17, 1953, Ridgway replaced General Collins as the Chief of Staff of the United States Army. After Eisenhower was elected President, he asked Ridgway for his assessment of US military involvement in Vietnam in conjunction with the French. Ridgway prepared a comprehensive outline of the massive commitment that would be necessary for success, which
, Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Iran, Indonesia, Vietnam, and other parts of Southeast Asia. The starch of mung beans is also extracted from them to make jellies and "transparent" or "cellophane" noodles. Mung batter is used to make crepes named ''pesarattu'' in Andhra Pradesh, India. The immediate post-1945 period may have been the historical high point for the popularity of communist ideology. In the late 1940s Communist parties won large shares of the vote in free elections Commons:Category:Vietnam
is the language of the Qur'an, and so universal for Muslims. The written Classical Chinese language (Classical Chinese) was and is still read widely but pronounced somewhat differently by readers in different areas of China, in Vietnam, Korea and Japan for centuries; it was a ''de facto'' universal ''literary'' language for a broad-based culture. In something of the same way Sanskrit in Nepal was a literary language for many for whom it was not a mother
'''Vietnam''' ( Its capital city has been Hanoi since the reunification of North (North Vietnam) and South Vietnam in 1976.
Vietnam was part of Imperial China for over a millennium, from 111 BC to 938 AD. The Vietnamese became independent from Imperial China (Imperial Chinese) in AD 938, following the Vietnamese victory in the Battle of Bạch Đằng River (Battle of Bạch Đằng River (938)). Successive Vietnamese royal dynasties (List of Vietnamese monarchs) flourished as the nation expanded geographically and politically into Southeast Asia, until the Indochina Peninsula was colonized by the French (French Indochina) in the mid-19th century. Following a Japanese occupation (Japanese invasion of French Indochina) in the 1940s, the Vietnamese fought French rule in the First Indochina War, eventually expelling the French in 1954. Thereafter, Vietnam was divided politically into two rival states, North and South Vietnam. Conflict between the two sides intensified, with heavy intervention from the United States, in what is known as the Vietnam War. The war ended with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.
Vietnam was then unified under a communist (Communism) government but remained impoverished and politically isolated. In 1986, the government initiated a series of economic and political reforms (Doi Moi) which began Vietnam's path towards integration into the world economy. Its successful economic reforms resulted in its joining the World Trade Organization in 2007.
However, regardless of the advancements that have been made in recent years, the country still experiences high levels of income inequality, disparities in access to healthcare, and a lack of gender equality.