on the route you take. Major roads between cities tend to be narrow despite being major, and full of tour buses hell-bent on speed, passing slow trucks where maybe they shouldn't have tried, and leaving not much room at the edge for motorbikes. Two main categories of motorbike are available to rent: scooters (automatic transmission); and four-speed motorbikes, the gears of which you shift with your left foot. The ubiquitous Honda Super Cub is a common 4-speed bike that has a semi-automatic
;ref name pc37 Show 37 - The Rubberization of Soul: The great pop music renaissance. Part 3] : UNT Digital Library Kirkman co-wrote some material with fellow group member and friend Jules Alexander. His "Requiem For The Masses", a song written about the war in Vietnam, featured requiem-style vocals.
incursions into Thai territory, often seeking rebel guerrillas supposedly hidden in refugee camps (where many Laotian (Lao people)s and Vietnamese (Vietnamese people) refugees had also settled). Sporadic skirmishes continued along the border... From 1985 to 1988, Vietnamese troops in Kampuchea periodically made raids to wipe out Khmer Rouge border camps in Thailand, which remained, along with China, major supporters of Khmer Rouge resistance. History ''Monarch of the Glen'' was broadcast in the United Kingdom on Sunday evenings on BBC One, usually at 20.00 GMT (repeats of the series have been shown on UKTV Drama and are currently running on ITV3). Filming took between six and eight months per series in the Badenoch and Strathspey (Monarch Country) area of the Scottish Highlands. Seven series were filmed, totalling 64 episodes (including a Hogmanay Special). The show's mixture of comedy and drama, its location, and its cast appealed to countries all over the world, including the USA (BBC America and PBS), Australia (ABC (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)), Canada (BBC Canada), Norway, Sweden, Hong Kong, New Zealand, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Vietnam and Dubai. The series is shown to more than 100 countries on BBC Entertainment (formerly BBC Prime), the BBC's 24-hour global entertainment channel, broadcast to Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. Publicity in the United States included front-page coverage in the ''Chicago Tribune''. Monarch of the Glen returns for a sixth series on BBC ONE BBC, 21 November 2003. Retrieved 13 January 2007. ''Monarch of the Glen'' was Australia's most popular BBC drama in 2002 and 2003. right thumb 250px Participating countries (File:1951 Asiad participating countries.png) The 1951 Asiad featured athletes representing 11 National Olympic Committees. The Organising committee of the Games sent the formal invitations to almost all the Asian countries. China (People's Republic of China) was invited, but did not respond before the closing dates for entries. Pakistan denied to participate because of the Kashmir conflict with India. South Korea attended the meeting of Olympic representatives of Asian countries, held on 8 August 1948 during London Olympics and was agreed to send athletes for Games to participate but didn't send any because of the Korean War. Soviet Union and Vietnam were not invited because of their political systems. Commons:Category:Vietnam
in Africa first began in the 1950s. In 1951, Libya became the first African country to gain independence in the decade, and in 1954 the Algerian War began. 1956 saw Sudan, Morocco, and Tunisia become independent, and the next year Ghana became the first sub-saharan African nation to gain independence. * Within a year of its establishment, the People's Republic of China had invaded Tibet and intervened in the Korean War, causing years of hostility and estrangement from
Vietnamese coast for gunfire support duty. Steaming slowly up the Saigon River near Vũng Tàu on the morning of 7 December, she was given orders to bombard Viet Cong positions several miles east of the river. For two days, her 5 inch (127 mm) guns fired on supply points and entrenchments, getting credit from Army air spotters for "excellent target coverage", before moving to the Mekong Delta region. Closing the beach near the coastal town of Cho Phuoc Hai
the Pressler Amendment, However the arms exports ban remained. '''Terry Kirkman''', (born December 12, 1939) in Salina (Salina, Kansas), Kansas, U.S. (United States), is a musician and writer of the hit songs "Cherish (Cherish (The Association song))", "Everything That Touches You", and "Six Man Band". He left the band Men in 1962 to become a founding member and sometime leader of the musical group The Association.<
, or Association of Universities of the Francophonie) in 1995 following a request from Vietnamese government of the training of high-level Vietnamese engineers and college professors in computer science. The countries and regions funding the project are Belgium-Wallonia, Canada-Québec, France, French-speaking Switzerland and Luxembourg. New Balance is notable in that it has continued to maintain a manufacturing presence in the United States (Made in USA) as well as in the United Kingdom for the European market—in contrast to its competitors in the same market space, such as Nike (Nike, Inc.) and Adidas, who design products in the US and Europe but outsource the majority of their footwear and apparel to manufacturers in China, Vietnam, and other developing nations. The result of this corporate decision is that the shoes tend to be more expensive than those of New Balance's competitors. To offset this pricing discrepancy, New Balance differentiates their products with technical innovations, such as a blend of gel inserts, heel counters, and a greater selection of sizes, particularly for very narrow and or very wide widths. The military history of Thailand encompasses a thousand years of armed struggle, from wars of independence from the powerful Khmer Empire, through to struggles with her regional rivals of Burma and Vietnam and periods of tense standoff and conflict with the colonial empires of Britain and France. Thailand's military history, dominated by her centrality in the south-eastern Asian region, the significance of her far flung and often hostile terrain, and the changing nature of military technology, has had a decisive impact on the evolution of both Thailand and her neighbours as modern nation states. In the post-war era, Thailand's military relationship with the United States has seen her play an important role in both the Cold War and the recent War on Terror, whilst her military's involvement in domestic politics has brought frequent international attention. By the end of the period, indigenous revolts amongst Khmer territories in Siam and Vietnam, and external attack from the independent kingdom of Champa, sapped Khmer strength. After the sack of the Khmer capital Angkor Wat by Champa forces in 1178-9, Khmer's ability to control its wider territories diminished rapidly. The first Siamese kingdom to gain independence, Sukhothai (Sukhothai kingdom), soon joined to the newly independent Ayutthaya kingdom in 1350. After 1352 Ayutthaya became the main rival to the failing Khmer empire, leading to Ayutthayan conquest of the Khmer in 1431. The British victories (First Anglo-Burmese War) over Burma in 1826 set the stage for a century in which the military history of Thailand was to be dominated by the threat of European colonialism. Initially, however, Siamese concern remained focused on its traditional rivals of Burma and Vietnam. Siam intervened in support of Britain against Burma in 1826, but her lackluster performance inspired Chao Anouvong's surprise attack on Korat (Nakhon Ratchasima#History). Lady Mo (Thao Suranaree)'s resistance established her as a cultural heroine, and General Bodindecha's victory two years later established him as a major figure in Thai military history. His successful campaign in the Siamese–Vietnamese War (1841–1845) reaffirmed Siamese power over Cambodia. In 1849, weakening Burmese power encouraged revolt amongst the Burmese controlled Shan states (Shan people) of Kengtung and Chiang Hung. Chiang Hung repeatedly sought Siamese support, and ultimately Siam responded with the initial despatch of forces in 1852. Both armies found difficulties campaigning in the northern mountainous highlands, and it took until 1855 before the Siamese finally reached Kengtung: though with great difficulty and the exhaustion of Siamese resources ultimately resulted in their retreat. Search-thais.com These wars continued to be fought in the traditional mode, with war elephants continued to be deployed in the field carrying light artillery during the period, De la Bissachere, cited Nossov, K. ''War Elephants'', 2003, p.40. often being a decisive factor in battle. Heath, I. ''Armies of the Nineteenth Century: Asia, Burma and Indo-China'', 2003, p.182. Meanwhile, the visible military weaknesses of China in the First (First Opium War) and Second Opium Wars with Britain and later France between the 1830s and 1860s encouraged Siam to reject Chinese suzerainty in the 1850s. Siam, however, was under military and trade pressure itself from the European powers, and as King Rama III reportedly said on his deathbed in 1851: ''"We will have no more wars with Burma and Vietnam. We will have them only with the West."'' Commons:Category:Vietnam
1975 and was abandoned for several decades. Today, the site has been redeveloped as Dong Tac Airport. Commons:Category:Vietnam
suddenly becomes 100% more expensive and a restaurant may present you an English menu with inflated prices. A friendly local who spent 30 minutes talking with you may also feel like overcharging you on anything. Vietnamese hold a diverse view on this issue but in general it is more common in Vietnam than other neighbouring countries to see it socially acceptable to overcharge foreigners. They may argue inflated prices are still cheap and they may blame on the cheap cost of living which attracts a lot of backpackers with bare-bone budgets. According to this school of thought, if tourists complain about it, it's because they're stingy. Rich tourists should not have a problem being overcharged. The good news is that standard price is much more common than early 90s. You will absolutely spoil your travel if you assume that everyone is cheating you, just try to be smart. In a restaurant, learn some common dish names in Vietnamese, insist that you need to read Vietnamese menu, and compare it. If owners argue that the portion of dishes in the English menu is different, it's definitely a scam and move to other places. Learn some Vietnamese numbers and try to see how much a local pays a vendor. Also try basic bargaining tactics: Think how much it is back home, ask for big discount and walk away, pretending that the price isn't right. Many products tend to be standardized and compare more. Try to be as clear as possible on the agreed price. You may agree 20,000 dong with a "xe om" driver for a specific trip, but at the end he may claim you are due 40,000 dong. Then you pay 20,000 dong, smile and say goodbye, because you have a good memory. Costs Vietnam is cheap by most standards. A month's stay can be as cheap as USD250 using basic rooms, local food, and public transportation. Eat thumb ''Gỏi cuốn'' fresh spring rolls, ''cao lầu'' noodles (a specialty of Hoi An (Image:Food SpringRollCaoLau.JPG)), ''nước mắm'' dipping sauce and local beer thumb ''Bánh mì'': French ''baguette'' stuffed with ''pâté'', herbs and pickles (Image:Food PVO KhaoJiPate2.JPG) Food is at the very core of Vietnamese culture: every significant holiday on the Vietnamese cultural calendar, all the important milestones in a Vietnamese person's life, and indeed, most of the important day-to-day social events and interactions - food plays a central role in each. Special dishes are prepared and served with great care for every birth, marriage and death, and the anniversaries of ancestors' deaths. More business deals are struck over dinner tables than over boardroom tables, and when friends get together, they eat together. Preparing food and eating together remains the focus of family life. Vietnamese cuisine varies slightly from region to region, with many regions having their own specialties. Generally, northern Vietnamese cuisine is known for being bland, central Vietnamese cuisine is knowing for being spicy, while southern Vietnamese cuisine is known for being sweet. At the same time, the Vietnamese are surprisingly modest about their cuisine. (An old proverb joke says that, "a fortunate man has a French house, a Japanese wife, and a Chinese chef.) High-end restaurants tend to serve "Asian-fusion" cuisine, with elements of Thai, Japanese, and Chinese mixed in. The most authentic Vietnamese food is found at street side "restaurants" (A collection of plastic outdoor furniture placed on the footpath), with most walk-in restaurants being mainly for tourists. Definite regional styles exist -- northern, central, and southern, each with unique dishes. Central style is perhaps the most celebrated, with dishes such as mi quang (wheat noodles with herbs, pork, and shrimp), banh canh cua (crab soup with thick rice noodles) and bun bo Hue (beef soup with herbs and noodles). Many Vietnamese dishes are flavoured with '''fish sauce''' (''nước mắm''), which smells and tastes like anchovies (quite salty and fishy) straight from the bottle, but blends into food very well. (Try taking home a bottle of fish sauce, and using it instead of salt in almost any savoury dish -- you will be pleasantly surprised with the results.) Fish sauce is also mixed with lime juice, sugar, water, and spices to form a tasty dip condiment called ''nước chấm'', served on the table with most meals. Vegetables, herbs and spices, notably '''Vietnamese coriander''' or cilantro (''rau mùi'' or ''rau ngò''), mint (''rau răm'') and basil (''rau húng''), accompany almost every dish and help make Vietnamese food much lighter and more aromatic than the cuisine of its neighbouring countries, especially China. Vietnam's national dish is '''phở''' (pronounced like the ''fu-'' in ''funny'', but with tone), a broth soup with beef or chicken and rice noodles (a form of rice linguine or fettuccine). Phở is normally served with plates of fresh herbs (usually including Asian basil), cut limes, hot chilies and scalded bean sprouts which you can add according to your taste, along with chili paste, chili sauce, and sweet soybean sauce. ''Phở bò'', the classic form of phở, is made with beef broth that is often simmered for many hours and may include one or more kinds of beef (skirt, flank, tripe, etc.). ''Phở gà'' is the same idea, but with chicken broth and chicken meat. Phở is the original Vietnamese fast food, which locals grab for a quick meal. Most phở places specialize in phở and can serve you a bowls as fast as you could get a Big Mac. It's available at any time of the day, but locals eat it most often for breakfast. Famous phở restaurants can be found in Hanoi. The phở served at roadside stalls tends to be cheaper and taste better than those served in fancier restaurants. Street side eateries in Vietnam typically advertise ''phở'' and ''cơm''. Though ''cơm'' literally means rice, the sign means the restaurant serves a plate of rice accompanied with fish or meat and vegetables. Cơm is used to indicate eating in general, even when rice is not served (i.e., An cơm chua?- Have you eaten yet) Though they may look filthy, street side eateries are generally safe so long as you avoid under cooked food. In rural and regional areas it is usually safest to eat the locally grown types of food as these are usually bought each day from the market. It is not uncommon that after you have ordered your meal a young child of the family will be seen running out the back towards the nearest market to purchase the items. Most restaurants cafes in Vietnam will have a bewildering variety of food available. It is very common for menus to be up to 10-15 pages. These will include all types of Vietnamese food, plus some token Western food, possibly some Chinese and maybe a pad Thai as well. It is generally best to stick with the specialty of the area as this food will be the freshest and also the best-prepared. In restaurants it is common practice for the wait staff to place a plastic packet (stamped with the restaurant's name) containing a moist towelette on your table. They are not free. They cost between 2,000-4,000 dong. If you open it, you will be charged for it. Also, peanuts or other nuts will be offered to you while you are browsing the menu. Those are not free, either. If you eat any, you will be charged. Vegetarian food is quite easy to find anywhere in Vietnam due in large part to the Buddhist influence. These restaurants will run from upscale to street stall. Any Vietnamese dish with meat can be made vegetarian with the addition of fake meats. Besides the Buddhist influence of two vegetarian days a month, Cao Dai people eat vegetarian for 16 days, and followers of Quan Yin sect eat vegan daily. Look for any sign that says Com Chay or simply remember the phrase An Chay. '''Coffee''', '''baguettes''', and '''pastries''' were originally introduced by the French colonisers, but all three have been localised and remain popular. More on ''cà phê'' below, but coffee shops that also serve light fare can be found in almost every village and on many street corners in the bigger cities. ''Bánh mì Hanoi'' are French bread '''sandwiches''', freshly baked white bread baguettes filled with grilled meats or liver or pork pâté, plus fresh herbs and vegetables. Most pastry shops serve a variety of sweets and quick foods. Vietnamese waters are in danger of collapse from over-fishing. Nevertheless, for the moment if you like '''seafood''', you may find bliss in Vietnam. The ultimate seafood experience may be travelling to a seaside village or beach resort area in the south to try the local seafood restaurants that serve shrimp, crab, and locally-caught fish. Follow the locals to a good restaurant. The food will still be swimming when you order it, it will be well-prepared, very affordable by Western standards, and served in friendly surroundings often with spectacular views. All Vietnamese restaurants are controlled by the government, and some are fully owned by the government. Most restaurants' hours are 10:00-22:00. Some open at 07:00 and some at 06:00 or 08:00. In 24-hour restaurants, there will be two prices. Prices are normal from 06:00 to 22:00, then doubled from 22:00 to 06:00. For example, rice usually costs 10,000 dong, but if you order after 22:00, the price will be 20,000 dong. This policy is government-mandated, to discourage people from eating late. Some dishes are not served after 22:00. Drink Drinking in a Vietnamese bar is a great experience. One of the interesting things is that during the day, it is almost impossible to see a bar anywhere. Once the sun goes down though, dozens appear on the streets out of nowhere. Watch out for ice in drinks. Factory-made ice is generally safe, but anything else can be suspect. Factory ice has a hollow, cylindrical shape. Avoid irregular chunks of ice as it may be unclean. Beer thumb 240px Wikivoyage founder User:(WT-en) Evan (WT-en) Evan (Image:EvanProdromou-Hoi-An.jpeg) quaffing ''bia hoi'' in Hoi An Don't miss out on ''bia hơi'', (literally "air beer"), or '''draught beer''' made daily. It's available throughout Vietnam, mostly from small bars on street corners. Bia hoi bars give you the opportunity to relax, drinking in a Vietnamese bar surrounded by the hustle and bustle of everyday life. Every traveller can easily find these bars to experience what the locals are enjoying. Only 3,000-4,000 dong each. The beer is brewed daily and each bar gets a fresh batch delivered every day in plastic jugs. It's a very light (3% alcohol) refreshing lager at a fraction of the cost of draught or bottled beer in the Western-style bars. Bia hoi is not always made in sanitary conditions and its making is not monitored by any health agency. Though fun for the novelty factor, it is not particularly good tasting and may produce awful hangovers. The most popular beer (draught, bottle or can) among the southern Vietnamese is '''Saigon Do (Red Saigon)'''. For the northern Vietnamese '''Bia Hanoi''' (Hanoi beer) is the most popular brand, whereas central Vietnamese prefer '''Festival beer''' or '''Bia Huda'''. '''333''', pronounced "ba-ba-ba" is a local brand, but it's somewhat bland; for a bit more flavour, look for '''Bia Saigon''' in the green bottle and a bigger bottle than Bia Saigon Special. Bia Saigon is also available as little stronger export version. Expect to pay about 20,000-30,000 dong per bottle of Saigon or Hanoi, slightly more for other brands. '''Bière Larue''' is also good, and you can find local brands in every larger city. It's common for beer in Vietnam to be drunk over ice. This means that the cans or bottles need not be chilled. If you are drinking with Vietnamese people it is considered polite to top up their beer ice before re-filling your own drink. It is also considered necessary to drink when a toast is proposed: "mot, hai, ba, do" ("one, two, three, cheers"). Saying "Mot tram" implies you will empty your glass. Coffee Another popular drink among locals and tourists alike is the '''coffee''' (''cà phê''). Do be careful when drinking locally-prepared coffee as the locals tend to drink it incredibly strong with about 4 teaspoons of sugar per cup. It is usually served black or with sweetened condensed milk. Vietnamese coffee beans are fried, not roasted. If you are picky, bring your own coffee. Soft drinks '''Coconut water''' is a favourite in the hot southern part of the country. ''Nước mía'', or '''sugar cane juice''', is served from distinctive metal carts with a crank-powered sugar cane stalk crushers that release the juice. Another thirst quencher is the fabulous '''sinh tố''', a selection of sliced fresh fruit in a big glass, combined with crushed ice, sweetened condensed milk and coconut milk. You can also have it blended in a mixer. You could place any fruit-type after the word '''sinh tố''', e.g., '''sinh tố bơ''' (avocado smoothie) or '''sinh tố dừa''' (pineapple smoothie). If you prefer to have orange juice, you won't use the word '''sinh tố''' but '''nước''' (literally: water) or '''nước cam''' if you would like to have an orange juice. Juices are usually without condensed milk or coconut milk. Wine and liquor Vietnamese "rượu đế" or rice alcohol (''ruou'' means alcohol) is served in tiny porcelain cups often with candied fruit or pickles. It's commonly served to male guests and visitors. Vietnamese women don't drink much alcohol, well at least in public. It's not recommended for tourists. Dating back to French colonial times, Vietnam adopted a tradition of viticulture. Dalat is its centre, and you can get extremely good '''red and white wine''' for about USD2-3, however this is very hard to find. Most restaurant wine is Australian and you will be charged Australian prices as well, making wine comparatively expensive compared to drinking beer or spirits. Rice spirits and local vodka is cheap in Vietnam by Western standards. Local vodkas cost about USD2-4 for a 750 ml bottle. Russian champagne is also common. When at Nha Trang, look for the all-you-can-drink boat trips for around USD10-15 for an all-day trip and party with on-board band. Sleep Lodging is not an issue in Vietnam, even if you're travelling on a tight budget. Accommodation in Vietnam ranges from scruffy USD6-a-night dorm accommodation in backpacking hostels to world-class resorts, both in large cities and in popular coastal and rural destinations. Even backpacking hostels and budget hotels are far cleaner and nicer than in neighbouring countries (Cambodia, Thailand, Laos), and cheap hotels that charge USD8-10 for a double room are often very clean and equipped with towels, clean white sheets, soap, disposable toothbrushes and so on. Service in many of the very inexpensive hotels is quite good (since the rate that a person pays per night could equal a Vietnamese national's weekly pay), although daily cleaning and modern amenities like television may not be provided. In hotels costing a few dollars more (USD12 per room upwards, more in Hanoi) you can expect an en suite bath, telephone, air conditioning and television. As with hotels elsewhere in the world, mini-refrigerators in Vietnamese hotels are often stocked with drinks and snacks, but these can be horribly overpriced and you would be much better off buying such items on the street. Adequate plumbing can be a problem in some hotels, but the standard is constantly improving. It is a legal requirement that all hotels register the details of foreign guests with the local police. For this reason they will always ask for your passport when you check in. The process usually only takes a few minutes, after which they will return your passport. However, because non-payment by guests is by no means unknown, some hotels retain passports until check-out. If a place looks dodgy, then ask that they register you while you wait and take your passport with you afterwards. Few people have had a problem with this as it is routine across the country. You might find it helpful to carry some photocopies of your passport (personal data page and visa) which you can hand over to the hotel. Learn If you want to meet local people, stop by a school. In Ho Chi Minh City, visit the American Language School, where you'll be welcomed enthusiastically and invited to go into a class and say hi. You'll feel like a rock star. The Vietnamese love to meet new people, and teachers welcome the opportunity for their students to meet foreigners. An excellent novel set in modern-day Vietnam is ''Dragon House'' by John Shors. It's the story of two Americans who travel to Vietnam to open a centre to house and educate Vietnamese street children. Former BBC reporter in Hanoi, Bill Hayton, has written a good introduction to most aspects of life in Vietnam, the economy, politics, social life, etc. It's called ''Vietnam, Rising Dragon'', published in 2010. Work You can volunteer as an English teacher through many volunteer organisations. However, if you have a TEFL TESOL qualification and a degree then it's very easy to find paid teaching work. Without qualifications it's also possible to find work, but it takes more patience to find a job, and often there are concessions to make with payment, school location and working hours (weekends). Most teaching jobs will pay USD15-20 an hour. There are also many you-pay-to-volunteer organisations which allow you to help local communities, such as Love Volunteers, i-to-i and Global Volunteers. Legally, a work permit is required to work in Vietnam, however, as a rule, most foreigners do not bother, especially if the intention is to work for only a short period of time. Visa extensions are generally easy to obtain (your school will have to do this for you) although the immigration department will eventually insist on you obtaining a work permit before any more visas are issued. If your aim is to remain for a longer term, then it is possible to obtain a work permit although your school will need to do this for you. To apply, your employer will be required to submit the following: A contract and application letter from your school; a full, medical health check (done locally); a criminal record check (the criteria for this varies from province to province, some requiring a check from your home country, others, a check done solely in Vietnam); a copy of your TESOL CELTA TEFL and degree certificates; your 'registration of stay' form; a copy of your passport visa. Sometimes, you may be asked to pay a small fee although the better schools will generally offer to do this for you. Work permits are valid for 3 years and are renewable for a period of up to 12 years. Once you have a work permit, it is then a relatively simple process to apply for a temporary residence permit, which will alleviate your visa worries. The validity and procedure for renewal is the same as a work permit. Stay safe Commons:Category:Vietnam
'''Vietnam''' ( Its capital city has been Hanoi since the reunification of North (North Vietnam) and South Vietnam in 1976.
Vietnam was part of Imperial China for over a millennium, from 111 BC to 938 AD. The Vietnamese became independent from Imperial China (Imperial Chinese) in AD 938, following the Vietnamese victory in the Battle of Bạch Đằng River (Battle of Bạch Đằng River (938)). Successive Vietnamese royal dynasties (List of Vietnamese monarchs) flourished as the nation expanded geographically and politically into Southeast Asia, until the Indochina Peninsula was colonized by the French (French Indochina) in the mid-19th century. Following a Japanese occupation (Japanese invasion of French Indochina) in the 1940s, the Vietnamese fought French rule in the First Indochina War, eventually expelling the French in 1954. Thereafter, Vietnam was divided politically into two rival states, North and South Vietnam. Conflict between the two sides intensified, with heavy intervention from the United States, in what is known as the Vietnam War. The war ended with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.
Vietnam was then unified under a communist (Communism) government but remained impoverished and politically isolated. In 1986, the government initiated a series of economic and political reforms (Doi Moi) which began Vietnam's path towards integration into the world economy. Its successful economic reforms resulted in its joining the World Trade Organization in 2007.
However, regardless of the advancements that have been made in recent years, the country still experiences high levels of income inequality, disparities in access to healthcare, and a lack of gender equality.