genre: historical allegories. In 1603 he retired to the castle of Sevenbergen in Heemskerk to proofread his book that was published in 1604. He died soon after it was published in Amsterdam at the age of 58. '''Hermann Maria Hauser''', CBE Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna
was educated in Vienna at the Theresian Military Academy, where he received a versatile education, showing particular interest in history and foreign languages. He entrained in the Austrian army on 11 March 1819 with the rank of lieutenant Vinko Freiherr von Knežević Regiment, named for his uncle. He was fluent in all South-Slavic languages, as well as German (German language), Italian (Italian language), and French (French language). He traveled to Vienna to take oaths
in Brodski Drenovac (part of Pleternica), at the time part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (Austria-Hungary), in modern Požega-Slavonia county. From 1898 to 1906, he attended grammar school in Vinkovci. During his secondary schooling, Andrija was a brilliant pupil and, at that time, he wrote his first literary attempt, published in the periodical Pobratim in 1902. He enrolled at the Medical School in Vienna in 1906, which was at the time the most important medical center in the world. As a medical student, he initiated the editing of medical papers and wrote pamphlets and articles with the intention of educating people in health matters. In 1909 in Nova Gradiška he started publishing the series called ''Public Health Library'' discussing numerous topics regarding health and prevention. On December 23, 1911, he was awarded the title of Doctor of Universal Medicine (''doctor medicinae universae''). Born in Vienna, Antel worked mainly as a film producer in the interwar years. After World War II, he began writing and directing films on a large scale. In the late 1940s, 1950s and 1960s these were mainly comedies (comedy film) (romantic (romantic comedy film), slapstick, and or musical (musical comedy)) and ''K.u.k. films'' all of which, for Austrian and German TV stations alike, have been a staple of weekend afternoon programming ever since. In between there is quite a sober film about the Oberst (Colonel) Redl affair that shook the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy on the eve of World War I. thumb 300px Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov in his laboratory alt A bearded old man holding up a test tube. He is sitting at a table by a window. The table is covered with many small bottles and test tubes. (Image:Dr Metchnikoff in his Laboratory.jpg) The Russian zoologist Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (1845–1916) first recognized that specialized cells were involved in defense against microbial infections. In 1882, he studied motile (motility) (freely moving) cells in the larvae of starfishes (Sea star), believing they were important to the animals' immune defenses. To test his idea, he inserted small thorns from a tangerine tree into the larvae. After a few hours he noticed that the motile cells had surrounded the thorns. Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna
lasted till Prešeren's death in 1849. Prešeren also dedicated an ironic short poem to Auersperg, called ''Tri želje Anastazija Zelenca'' ("Three Wishes of the Green Anastasius"), in which he made fun of the friend's bohemian lifestyle (Bohemian style). After the Revolution of 1848 in Vienna he represented the district of Laibach in the German Frankfurt Parliament, to which he tried in vain to persuade his Slovene (Slovenes) compatriots to send representatives. After
Jennifer Sparks was born in England on January 1, 1900 (the date is a running theme in Ellis' Wildstorm titles, see above). Her family possessed quite a fortune, and she was sent to an all-girls school in Vienna. Her family had died on the ''Titanic (RMS Titanic)'' in 1912, and her father's arch-nemesis took over their fortune. Left penniless, young Jenny was invited by her godfather, Albert Einstein, to Zurich, where he offered to finish her education. Before leaving she recommended
as plays or dialectics of ideas, a fertile ground for important allegory, using themes from these subjects was considered the most serious form of painting. A hierarchy of genres, originally created in the 17th century, was valued, where history painting—classical, religious, mythological, literary, and allegorical subjects—was placed at the top, next genre painting (Genre works), then portraiture, still-life, and landscape (Landscape art). History painting was also
in North London in 1934, when her work was banned by Hitler (Adolf Hitler), putting a sudden end to her successful writing career. Eva Ibbotson joined her mother in Belsize Park and other family members from Vienna followed and escaped the worst of the Nazi regime, which had already affected the family. The experience of fleeing Vienna was a strong thread throughout Ibbotson's life and work. Hannah Davis
are trees and industrial buildings. It's a waste of money and time. *There are also a lot of other '''open-air-film festivals''' in summer, e.g. at Karlsplatz, the Vienna Turf Krieau, the Prater, the Arena, the rooftop of City Library on Urban-Loritz-Platz and Schloss Neugebäude. *In the summer, there is also '''the ImPulsTanz Festival''' for contemporary dance & performance. They are also good if you are interested in dance workshops. Classical Music Vienna is considered by many to be the spiritual home of classical music, with many great composers such as Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven and Strauss II spending a significant part of their careers in Vienna. From May to December you can attend concerts of the '''Vienna Hofburg Orchestra''' which take place in the Festival Hall and the Redoutensäle of Vienna's Hofburg Imperial Palace. The orchestra's program is composed of '''viennese waltz''' and '''operetta''' melodies by Johann Strauss, Franz Léhar and Emmerich Kalman along with opera arias and duets by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Each year on the evenings of December 31 and January 1 the Vienna Hofburg Orchestra performs traditional Viennese New Year's Eve and '''New Year's Concerts''' in the Hofburg's festival halls. These concerts however, along with those that are from similar ensembles, are quite expensive for what they offer, and are intended for the entertainment of tourists. For a more serious program, other concerts at the Musikverein and the Staatsoper can be attended for '''as low as 3 to 4 Euros''' (standing room). They feature some of the best musicians in the world, including of course, the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. With concerts starting at almost the price of a cup of coffee, Vienna boasts a frequent and outstanding roster that is financially accessible to all. Unfortunately, much of the musical scene in Vienna is absent during the summer months, with the exception of the ensembles that cater to tourists. The solution would be to travel to Salzburg, where the Vienna Philharmonic resides during the summer. For those who wish to watch opera, the Vienna State Opera is the most famous opera house in the city. Buy thumb right Mariahilferstraße looking toward the district Mariahilf (Image:Mariahilferstrasse1.jpg) Store hours are generally 8 or 9AM-6 or 7PM Monday-Friday, 9AM-6PM Saturday, Closed Sunday. There are slightly longer hours at some malls. Credit cards are normally accepted at large and at high-end stores. All chains that you can find in the malls also have stores on the city's shopping streets, which tend to be more accessible and tourist-friendly. Flea markets are usually can be found on Sundays, where one can buy items at very reasonable prices. thumb right Kraut on Naschmarkt (Image:ViennaKraut.jpg) Outdoor markets There are 21 '''markets''' with stands and small characteristically Viennese hut-like shops that are open daily (except Sunday). Additionally many of these have true farmers' markets, often on Saturday mornings. There is a large variety of sellers and markets, from the upscale to the dirt cheap. Each has several shops of different kinds (butcher, bakery, produce, coffee, etc.). There is another handful of weekly farmers markets around the city as well as seasonal markets like the Christmas Markets. Christmas markets Open from Nov 15s or 20s to Dec 23th or 24th, most Viennese Christmas Markets ("Christkindlmarkt", "Adventmarkt" or simply "Weihnachtsmarkt") are not so much for shopping as for eating and drinking. From midday until the late hours of the night, people gather at Christmas markets to drink mulled wine, punch, and chat to one another and the occasional stranger. Entry to all of these markets is free. * Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna
Ancestors of Herbert von Karajan and Hugo Wolf date 4 April 2008 accessdate 5 May 2008 author Branka Lapajne He spent most of his life in Vienna, becoming a representative of "New German" trend in lieder, a trend which followed from the expressive, chromatic (chromatic scale), and dramatic musical innovations of Richard Wagner. As a youth Masaryk worked as a blacksmith. He studied in Brno, Vienna (1872–1876 philosophy with Franz Brentano) and Leipzig (with Wilhelm Wundt). In 1882, he was appointed Professor of Philosophy in the Czech part of the University of Prague (Charles University of Prague). The following year he founded ''Athenaeum (Czech magazine)'', a magazine devoted to Czech culture and science. Using the migration of the Cumans as his ''casus belli'', the Mongols continued west, raiding Poland and Hungary and culminating in the battles of Legnica (Battle of Legnica) and Muhi (Battle of Mohi). In 1241, however, the Ögedei Khan died in Mongolia homeland. Batu turned back from his siege of Vienna to take part in disputing the succession. The Mongol armies would never again travel so far west. In 1242, after retreating through Hungary (destroying Pest (Pest, Hungary) in the process), and subjugating Bulgaria, Denis Sinor, "The Mongols in the West", Journal of Asian History v.33 n.1 (1999). Batu established his capital at Sarai (Sarai (city)), commanding the lower stretch of the Volga River, on the site of the Khazarian capital of Atil. Shortly before that, Batu and Orda's younger brother Shiban was given his own enormous ''ulus'' east of the Ural Mountains along the Ob (Ob River) and Irtysh Rivers. In 1901, Walter accepted Mahler's invitation to be his assistant at the Court Opera in Vienna. Walter led Verdi's ''Aida'' at his debut. In the following years Walter's conducting reputation soared as he was invited to conduct across Europe – in Prague, in London where in 1910 he conducted ''Tristan und Isolde'' and Ethel Smyth's ''The Wreckers'' at Covent Garden (Royal Opera House), and in Rome. A few months after Mahler's death in 1911, Walter led the first performance of ''Das Lied von der Erde'' in Munich, as well as Mahler's Symphony No. 9 (Symphony No. 9 (Mahler)) in Vienna the next year. Austria became his main center of activity for the next several years, although he was also a frequent guest conductor of the Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra from 1934 to 1939, and made guest appearances such as in annual concerts with the from 1932 to 1936. At the time of the Anschluss in 1938, Walter was at a recording session in Paris; France offered Walter citizenship, which he accepted. (His elder daughter Lotte was in Vienna at the time, and was arrested by the Nazis; Walter was able to use his influence to free her. He also used his influence to find safe quarters for his brother and sister in Scandinavia during the war.) His funeral (Death and funeral of Otto von Habsburg) took place at St. Stephen's Cathedral (St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna) in Vienna on 16 July 2011; after a solemn requiem mass at Saint John Cantius in Chicago; November 2012 Calender description of pictures "Solemn Requiem Mass for the repose of the soul of H.I.R,H Archduke Otto van Hapsburg on July 11, 2011" he was entombed in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna and his heart buried (Heart-burial) in Pannonhalma Archabbey in Hungary. Following the German annexation of Austria, Otto was sentenced to death by the Nazis. As ordered by Adolf Hitler, his personal property and that of the House of Habsburg were confiscated and not given back after the war. Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna
WHS Historic Centre of Vienna Image State Party Austria Type Cultural Criteria ii, iv, vi ID 1033 Region Europe and North America (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe) Year 2001 Session Link http: whc.unesco.org en list 1033 '''Vienna ''' (
Apart from being regarded as the ''City of Music''
In a 2005 study of 127 world cities (Global city), the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked the city first (in a tie with Vancouver, Canada) for the world's most livable cities (World's most livable cities) (in the 2012 survey of 140 cities Vienna was ranked number two, behind Melbourne).
The city was ranked 1st globally for its culture of innovation in 2007 and 2008, and fifth globally (out of 256 cities) in the 2011 Innovation Cities Index, which analyzed 162 indicators in covering three areas: culture, infrastructure, and markets.