What is Vienna known for?

romantic period

;!--red link per dab Le Diable boiteux-- en_text ''Le Diable boiteux'' lang fr lang_title Le Diable boiteux (ballet) . Paris, 1836 '''Fanny Elssler''' ( ; 23 June 1810, Gumpendorf (today a district of Vienna) - 27 November 1884, Vienna), born '''Franziska Elßler''', was an Austrian ballerina of the 'Romantic Period'. From her earliest years she was trained for the ballet, and made her appearance at the Kärntnertortheater in Vienna

battle military

, in the ''Bulletin de l'armée'' issued the following day, Napoleon sought to counterbalance Kellermann's charge with Jean-Baptiste Bessières's: "The ''chef de brigade'' Bessières, in front of the reckless grenadiers of the guard, executed a charge with as much activity as valour and penetrated the line of the enemy cavalry; this resulted in the entire rout of the army." Benoît, p. 124 The '''Battle of Wagram''' (July 5–6, 1809) was the decisive battle

military engagement of the War of the Fifth Coalition. It took place on the Marchfeld plain, on the north bank of the Danube. An important site of the battle was the village of Deutsch-Wagram, 10 kilometres northeast of Vienna, which would give its name to the battle. The two-day struggle saw an Imperial French (First French Empire), German (Rhine Confederation) and Italian (Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic)) army under the command of Emperor (Emperor of the French) Napoleon I defeat an army of the Austrian Empire under the command of Archduke Charles of Austria-Teschen (Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen). thumb 250px A bivouac of Uhlan Polish Uhlans (File:Suchodolski - Biwak ulanow polskich pod Wagram.jpg) at Wagram (July 1809), painted by January Suchodolski On 9 April 1809, armies under the overall command of Archduke Charles invaded Bavaria and northern Italy. There was no declaration of war. A simple message from Charles was conveyed to the outlying outposts of the French army—"I have orders to advance with my forces and to treat as enemies any who oppose me"—and hours later the Austrian army attacked. Although Napoleon was aware that an Austrian attack was likely, it came sooner than he expected, and he was still in Paris when the Archduke Charles advanced. Though slow-moving, the Austrian attack was initially successful, capturing Munich and almost splitting the French army in Bavaria in two. When Napoleon arrived with the Imperial Guard (Imperial Guard (Napoleon I)), however, he counter-attacked vigorously and defeated various Austrian columns at Abensberg (Battle of Abensberg), Landshut (Battle of Landshut (1809)), Eckmühl (Battle of Eckmühl) and Ratisbon (Battle of Ratisbon). Charles retreated along the north bank of the Danube with Napoleon in pursuit. On 12 May the French captured Vienna, on the Danube's south bank. The Austrians did not capitulate or ask for terms despite the loss of their capital, and Charles' main body, north-east of Vienna, was still undefeated. Napoleon's bridging trains had not caught up with the main body, but on 21 May, he crossed the Danube east of Vienna, aiming to find and attack the Archduke's army. Napoleon chose a crossing point where sandbars and islands broke the Danube up into several smaller, relatively manageable spans that could be bridged with the extemporised pontoons and trestles available. Archduke Charles, who had anticipated this move, waited until part of Napoleon's army had occupied the Mühlau salient and the villages of Aspern and Essling (Battle of Aspern-Essling), which flanked it, and then attacked the bridgehead. Napoleon's attempts to reinforce the outnumbered defenders were thwarted by the Austrians' successful ploy of sending heavy stone-laden barges—and even, at one point, an entire floating watermill—downstream to ram and break the flimsy French bridges. This prevented both reinforcements and ammunition from reaching the French defenders. After a fierce two-day battle in which Marshal Lannes (Jean Lannes), one of Napoleon's abler subordinates, was mortally wounded, the Austrians took Aspern and forced Napoleon to abandon the bridgehead. He withdrew to the island of Lobau, a large island in the middle of the Danube that the French army was using as a staging post across the river. right 150px (File:FranceImp1.png) As opposed to his Austrian counterpart, Napoleon managed to muster two secondary armies for the upcoming battle. The first, called the Army of Italy, had marched from northern Italy to the main theatre of operations north of Vienna and was led by Napoleon's stepson, the Viceroy of Italy, Prince Eugène (Eugène de Beauharnais). The second was the XI Corps, which formed the Army of Dalmatia, under general of division Auguste de Marmont. However, the Army of Dalmatia, as well as much of the Army of Italy only arrived on the battlefield towards midday on 6 July, at about the same time as an additional force, a Bavarian (Kingdom of Bavaria) division under general Karl Philipp von Wrede from VII Corps. Rothenberg, p. 246–254. Battlefield The battle took place approximately 10 km northeast of Vienna, on the Marchfeld. Situated on the left bank of the Danube, the city of Pressburg, where Archduke John of Austria’s secondary army was situated, was only 40 km away from this field of battle. The Marchfeld was a wide, almost entirely flat plain, which at the time of the battle, however, was partially covered with high corn crops that did obstruct observation of certain parts of the battlefield. In 1809, several small villages existed and were situated at a small distance one of the other. At the northern limit of the Marchfeld, there was a small river called the Russbach, flowing from northwest to southeast; while unimpressive in width and depth, the banks of the river were covered by underbrush and trees, and beyond the river there was an area of around 100 metres of boggy ground. Thus, the Russbach did represent a formidable obstacle for cavalry and it needed to be bridged in order for artillery to cross. North of the Russbach there was an escarpment called Wagram (between 10 and 20 metres high), situated in the sector of the villages of Deutsch-Wagram and Markgrafneusiedl. Along the Russbach, the villages of Deutsch-Wagram, Baumersdorf and Markgrafneusiedl would represent key positions for the Austrian defensive system. Behind the Russbach lay the Wagram escarpment, which constituted an excellent observation point. The 9-km long, 6-km wide battlefield would be delimited by the village of Kagran and the 350-m high Bisamberg plateau at the west, Glinzerdorf at the east, Aspen and Essling at the south and Deutsch-Wagram at the north. Naulet, p. 14–15. Chandler, p. 57. Life Born in Vienna of Jewish parentage, Concise Dictionary of National Biography Klein first sought psychoanalysis for herself with Sándor Ferenczi when she was living in Budapest during World War I. There she became a psychoanalyst and began analysing children in 1919. Allegedly two of the first children she analyzed were her son and daughter. In 1921 she moved to Berlin, where she studied with and was analysed by Karl Abraham. Although Abraham supported her pioneering work with children, neither Klein nor her ideas received much support in Berlin. However, impressed by her innovative work, British psychoanalyst Ernest Jones invited Klein to come to London in 1926, where she worked until her death in 1960. Qualifications Even in the oldest times the chief qualifications demanded of the ''hazzan'', in addition to knowledge of Biblical and liturgical literature as well as the prayer motifs (known as "steiger"), were a pleasant voice and an artistic delivery; for the sake of these, many faults were willingly overlooked. The ''hazzan'' was required to possess a pleasing appearance, to be married, and to have a flowing beard. Sometimes, according to Isaac of Vienna (13th century), a young ''hazzan'' having only a slight growth of beard was tolerated. Maimonides decided that the ''hazzan'' who recited the prayers on an ordinary Sabbath (Shabbat) and on week-days need not possess an appearance pleasing to everybody; he might even have a reputation not wholly spotless, provided he was living a life morally free from reproach at the time of his appointment. Sinn Féin's founder, Arthur Griffith, believed that nationalists should emulate the means by which Hungarian (Hungary) nationalists had achieved partial independence from Austria. In 1867, led by Ferenc Deák, Hungarian representatives had boycotted the Imperial parliament in Vienna and unilaterally established their own legislature in Budapest. The Austrian government had eventually become reconciled to this new state of affairs which became known as an ''Ausgleich'' or "compromise". Members of Sinn Féin also, however, supported achieving separation from Britain by means of an armed uprising if necessary. Life and influences Born 1891 in Vienna to Jewish parents, Bernays was a double nephew of psychoanalysis pioneer Sigmund Freud. His father was Ely Bernays, brother of Freud's wife Martha Bernays. His mother was Freud's sister, Anna. Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna


years into an actor of the first order, excelling both in tragedy and comedy; and in 1882, after twenty-five years of brilliant service at the Court Theatre, he was given a patent of nobility. In 1884 he became manager-in-chief of the theatre; and in 1887-1888 acted as artistic advisor. He visited the United States in 1885, and again in 1899 and 1902, achieving great success. History Hustopeče was first mentioned in 1303. By the end of the 19th century, it was on the byline from Šakvice north to the Vienna-Bruno-Prague line. Until the end of the Second World War, most of its inhabitants were ethnic Germans. Harald Krassnitzer Vienna and other places in Austria style "text-align:center" 23 Travels He received a two-year travel stipend from the Academy (1857-1858) for a student travel to Italy, which took him also to Dresden, Vienna, Switzerland and Paris, in addition to the Italian cities of Venice, Parma, Florence, Naples and Rome. He occasionally painted depictions of Italy, including his well-known "''En gondol''" ("A Gondola") from 1859, a view looking out from the dark interior of a covered gondola. A young woman at the left-hand side of the canvas peers out from the dark; a gondolier on the right-hand side of the central archway leans in towards the center of the painting, bathed in light. Beyond is a glimpse of the waterway and other boats. In 1784, while at the monastery of Mödling, near Vienna, he wrote to the emperor Joseph II (Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor), making suggestions for the better education of the clergy and drawing his attention to the irregularities of the monasteries. The searching investigation which followed raised up against him many implacable enemies. In 1784 he was appointed professor of Oriental languages and hermeneutics in the university of Lemberg (Lviv), when he took the degree of doctor of divinity; and shortly afterwards he was released from his monastic vows on the intervention of the emperor. In 1867 he became director of the court opera house in Vienna, and in 1872 of the Hofburgtheater, a position which he held until his death in Vienna on May 15, 1881. He was ennobled in 1867 by the king of Bavaria and in 1876 was created Freiherr by the emperor of Austria. His remains are buried beside his wife's at Wiener Zentralfriedhof. thumb Valved "ophicleide" built by Leopold Uhlmann, Vienna (File:Valved Ophicleide in D EDIT.jpg), 1838–40, now in MOMA. The '''ophicleide''' ( Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna


''. Digital music From conceptualization to composing, from sound calibration to mastering, Hsin Hsin has produced music on a PC without a sound card and midi instruments. She creates virtual instruments including a virtual didgeridoo, a berimbau used by the Brazilian (Brazilian people) aborigines. In 2006, Hsin Hsin has realized the sonification of nature, including a rainforest, waterfalls and wind by an interactive virtual sound board she

musical works

is most renowned for his overtures, chamber-musical works, and choir works. European Indoor Championships (2002 European Indoor Athletics Championships) Vienna, Austria bgcolor "cc9966" align "center" 3rd In 1963, Rastrelli's original plans for the building were found in Vienna, Austria. This made it possible to reconstruct the original images on the building. The plan of restoration was carried out in the 1970s

as the son of a teacher. He was raised in German (German people) spirit and language, since his mother was German. Klaić went to school in Varaždin and Zagreb. Literature and music were more to his liking in the seminary than history; some of his musical works were performed. He studied history and geography in Vienna. After completing his studies, he taught for more than fifty years, first as a high school teacher, and after 1893 as a professor

intense study

: dafyomi.htm What is Daf Yomi , Dafyomi Advancement Forum. Accessed October 11, 2007. Austin, Charles. "THOUSANDS MARK TALMUDIC MILESTONE", ''The New York Times'', November 15, 1982. Accessed October 11, 2007. "Thousands of Orthodox Jews (Orthodox Judaism), for whom the intense study of the Talmud is one of the most pious acts a man can perform, gathered in Madison Square Garden yesterday to celebrate the completion of a seven-and-a-half-year cycle of learning in which small study groups around the world met daily to pore over one of 2,711 pages of Jewish law.... Rabbi Schwab's father was present at the international congress of Agudath Israel in Vienna in 1923 when the Daf Yomi plan of study was proposed by Rabbi Meir Shapiro of Lublin, Poland." At Bayreuth, he assisted in making the first fair copy of ''Der Ring des Nibelungen''. Wagner treated him as one of the “chosen few,” and it was natural that he should take a part in the first Bayreuth Festival in 1876. Wagner also sent him to Vienna to place ''Siegfried'' (Siegfried (opera)) and ''Die Götterdämmerung'' on the stage. She then moved on to passing on the ballets of Balanchine to the next generation of ballet dancers, working with famed companies around the world, such as those in Berlin and Vienna, as well as the Paris Opera Ballet, Kirov Ballet and the Bolshoi Ballet. In 1993, the New York City Ballet dismissed her from her teaching position with the company. Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna

romantic landscape

Schnorr von Carolsfeld , Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow and a loose grouping of other German artists. They met up with Austrian romantic landscape artist Joseph Anton Koch (1768–1839) who became an unofficial tutor to the group. In 1827 they were joined by Joseph von Führich (1800–1876) (''illustration above right''). The young artist left Lübeck in March 1806, and entered as student the academy of Vienna, then under the direction of Heinrich Füger. Füger had trained

successful art

. Buczkowski, "Associates of James Planche" , Buczkowski Personal Website, University of Michigan, accessed 16 Nov 2010 Gaetano Bartolozzi was a successful art dealer, and the family moved to Europe in 1798 when he sold off his business. Stephen C. Fisher, "Jansen Janson, Jansson; Bartolozzi , Therese", in ''The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians'', online edition, Oxford University Press, 2010. They spent time in Paris and Vienna before reaching Venice, where they found found that their estate had been looted during the French invasion. They returned to London to start over, where Gaetano taught drawing. Oliver Strunk, "Notes on a Haydn autograph", ''Musical Quarterly'' 20, 1934: p. 197 They separated there and Therese gave piano lessons to support her daughters. Dorothy de Val, "Jansen, Therese," in David Wyn Jones, ''Oxford Composer Companions: Haydn,'' Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009 Gaetano had several children who also became dancers. His illegitimate son Auguste Vestris (1760–1842) was also considered the greatest male dancer of his time. Auguste made his debut at 12 with the Paris Opéra and was the company’s leading dancer for 36 years. Auguste Vestris's son, Auguste Armand Vestris (Armand Vestris) (1788–1825), husband of Lucia Elizabeth Vestris, who took to the same profession, made his debut at the opera in 1800, but left Paris for Italy and Vienna and never reappeared in France. Gaetano's brother, Angiolo Vestris (1730–1809), married Marie Rose Gourgaud (Marie Gourgaud), the sister of the actor Dugazon (Jean-Henry Gourgaud). Their sister Therese (Therese Vestris) was better known for her lovers than for her dancing. birth_date 3 February 1914 birth_place Vienna, Austria death_date 28 April 2003 Born '''Maria Anna Paula Ferdinandine Gräfin von Wurmbrand-Stuppach''' in Vienna, Austria, of Greco-Austrian heritage, "Etti," as she was known, was putatively the elder daughter of Count Ferdinand von Wurmbrand-Stuppach (Wurmbrand-Stuppach) (1879–1933) and his wife May Baltazzi (1885–1981), but more likely was the countess's biological child by Count Josef Gizycki. Her mother, who was a cousin of Baroness Mary Vetsera, a mistress of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, said that Count Gizycki's main interest in life was "the pleasuring of women in a physical way .... He was amoral and cynical, but he was a marvellous lover." (Gizycki was famed in the early 1900s because of his stormy marriage to American newspaper heiress Cissy Patterson.) DATE OF BIRTH 3 February 1914 PLACE OF BIRTH Vienna, Austria DATE OF DEATH 29 April 2003 He was educated at Eton College between 1742 and 1748, and at Trinity College, Oxford where in 1750 he was awarded an MA (Master of Arts (Oxbridge)). After leaving Oxford (University of Oxford), he travelled in Europe on the Grand Tour with Dartmouth, visiting Leipzig where he studied at the University of Leipzig. He visited Vienna, Milan, and Paris, returning to England in 1753. Louis de Rohan was a member of the palace cabal opposed to the Austrian alliance. This party was headed by the Duc d'Aiguillon who, in 1771, sent Rohan on a special embassy (Diplomatic mission) to find out what was being done in Vienna with regard to the partition of Poland (partitions of Poland). Rohan arrived at Vienna in January 1772, and made a great spectacle of himself with his lavish entertainments. Empress Maria Theresa (Maria Theresa of Austria) was hostile to his intrigues; not only did he attempt to thwart her alliance with France, but as a vicar of the Church, he made little secret of his venal lifestyle Madame Campan : Memoires sur la vie de Marie-Antoinette , Ed. Nelson . alias Bill Leeb, Wilhelm Schroeder Born Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna

powerful international

, Philippines, twelve-year-old American (United States) tourist Annie Gray (Sarah-Jeanne Labrosse) is abducted in front of her parents in a busy street by sex traffickers. She is forced into a child brothel which primarily services Sex tourists. In common, the girls become victims of a powerful international network of sex traffickers lead by the powerful Sergei Karpovich (Robert Carlyle). In Vienna In 1694 Andrea Pozzo had explained his illusory techniques in a letter to Anton Florian, Prince of Liechtenstein (Princely Family of Liechtenstein) and ambassador of Emperor Leopold I (Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor) to the Papal Court in Rome. Recommended by Prince Liechtenstein to the emperor, Andrea Pozzo, on the invitation of Leopold I, moved in 1702 (1703?) to Vienna.There he worked for the sovereign, the court, Prince Johann Adam von Liechtenstein, and various religious orders and churches, such as the frescoes and the trompe-l'oeil dome in the Jesuit Church (Jesuitenkirche, Vienna). Some of his tasks were of a decorative, occasional character (church and theatre scenery), and these were soon destroyed. Post-Athens season In October 2004 she avenged her failed individual Olympic campaign by winning the gold medal in the 50 m freestyle at the 2004 FINA Short Course World Championships in Indianapolis by beating Libby Lenton from Australia and Therese Alshammar from Sweden. In the 100 m freestyle she received a bronze medal behind Lenton and Sweden's (Sweden) Josefin Lillhage. In December she successfully defended her 50 m freestyle at the European Short Course Swimming Championships 2004. In Vienna she also won gold in both 4×50 m freestyle and 4×50 m medley, there was a silver medal for Veldhuis in the 100 m freestyle behind French Malia Metella. She achieved her best long-course result so far by winning the silver medal in the 50 m freestyle at the 2005 World Aquatics Championships in Montreal, which was the only medal for her country during these World Championships. The European Short Course Swimming Championships 2005 were very successful for Veldhuis. In Trieste she defended all her titles from the year before, but now she won also the gold medal in the 100 m freestyle. ''The Night Porter'' (1974) Liliana Cavani was not well known beyond Italy until she made the 1974 film ''The Night Porter'' (''Il portiere di notte''), which remains the film for which she is best-remembered. Armstrong, ''The Rough Guide to Film'', p. 85 The plot, set in Vienna in 1954, follows a former concentration camp victim, raped and tortured by an SS camp guard. Fifteen years later, she revives the pattern of abuse after encountering the man by chance in a hotel, where he is working under an assumed name as a night porter. A deeply controversial film, it starred Charlotte Rampling and Dirk Bogarde. American critic Roger Ebert called it "despicable", and both major New York critics, Pauline Kael (''The New Yorker'') and Vincent Canby (''The New York Times'') both dismissed it as "junk". Marrone, ''The Gaze and the Labyrith'', p. 221 However, in Europe, the film was uniformly hailed as a groundbreaking attempt to probe the unsettling sexual and psychological ambiguities generated by war and the exploitation of power following by it. Bondanella, ''Italian Cinema'', p. 351 Bohumín is one of the most important railway junctions in the Czech Republic. There are lines in the directions of Ostrava ( - Břeclav - Vienna - Olomouc - Prague), Petrovice u Karviné ( - Katowice), (both built by the Austrian Northern Railway (Northern Railway (Austria))) and Chałupki (Chałupki (Racibórz County)) ( - Racibórz and Wodzisław Śląski). Another important line in the direction of Český Těšín, Žilina, and Košice also originally started here, but was relocated in 1963 and now separates from the line to Petrovice u Karviné in Dětmarovice. There is also an important depot in Bohumín. thumb right Main building of the Jewish community, housing the temple in the Seitenstettengasse (Image:Stadttempel Vienna September 2006 012.jpg) 4 The '''Stadttempel''' (en (English language): City-Temple or City-Synagogue) (also called the Seitenstettengasse Temple) is the main synagogue of Vienna, Austria. It is located in the 1st District (Districts of Vienna) (Innere Stadt), at Seitenstettengasse 4. In 1927, Von der Heydte was released from military service to attend Innsbruck University, studying Law and Economics. During this time, he became a private tutor to pay his university fees, as despite their noble status, his family was in dire financial troubles. He received a degree in Economics at Innsbruck University. In 1927, Von der Heydte was awarded his degree in law at Graz University, and traveled to Berlin to continue his studies. Late in the year, he secured a posting to a diplomatic school in Vienna. During his college years, the young Von der Heydte developed decidedly liberal (liberalism) views, and on his return to Germany, found himself at odds with popular opinion. History It was established on 14 August 1921 and was ceased on 20 August 1921. The area of southern Hungary was occupied by the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes' army and was administrated by the people's administration (Banat, Bačka and Baranja) from Novi Sad. Since the defeat of Béla Kun's Hungarian Soviet Republic in summer 1919, many communist dissidents from Budapest, escaping from the "white terror" of Admiral Miklós Horthy, emigrated to Baranya, where Béla Linder, mayor of Pécs, gave them refuge. Linder, the military attaché of the Hungarian Soviet Republic based in Vienna in Austria, became the mayor of Pécs in September 1920. International exhibitions *''D'un autre continent: l'Australie le rêve er le réel'', curated by Suzanne Page Leon Paroissien, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. Shown internationally in Vienna, Texas and Venice. *''An international survey of recent painting and sculpture'', curated by Kynaston McShone, Museum of Modern Art, New York City In 1852 his collection was sold to the k.k.Hoffmuseum in Vienna. Kept separately until at least 1880 it was finally incorporated into the main Diptera collections of the Naturhistorisches Museum. Von Winthem's specimens are identified with a printed label "coll.Winthem", usually with the species name added and, appropriately, with Wiedemann's or Meigen's handwritten labels. He won the Young Contemporaries Prize in 1967 and travelled to Japan, Papua New Guinea, France, Vienna and Budapest. He returned to Australia in the 1980s. His paintings are in many galleries in Australia and overseas. birth_date Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna

talent early

this carried the mechanical penalty of requiring bogies to be fixed and unable to pivot (except for less than 5 degrees in some trams) and thus reducing curve negotiation (Minimum railway curve radius). This creates undue wear on the tracks and wheels. However, passengers appreciate the ease of boarding and alighting from low-floor trams and moving about inside 100% low-floor trams. Passenger satisfaction with low-floor trams is high. Yarratrams Newsletter No 8. Retrieved 12 February 2009. Low-floor trams are now running in many cities around the world, including Dublin, Hiroshima, Houston, Istanbul, Melbourne, Milan, Prague, Riga, Strasbourg, Vienna, Zagreb, and Zürich. Goods have been carried on rail vehicles through the streets, particularly near docks and steelworks, since the 19th century (most evident on the Weymouth Harbour Tramway in Weymouth, Dorset Weymouth Harbour Tramway<


WHS Historic Centre of Vienna Image State Party Austria Type Cultural Criteria ii, iv, vi ID 1033 Region Europe and North America (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe) Year 2001 Session Link http: en list 1033 '''Vienna ''' (

Apart from being regarded as the ''City of Music''

In a 2005 study of 127 world cities (Global city), the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked the city first (in a tie with Vancouver, Canada) for the world's most livable cities (World's most livable cities) (in the 2012 survey of 140 cities Vienna was ranked number two, behind Melbourne).

The city was ranked 1st globally for its culture of innovation in 2007 and 2008, and fifth globally (out of 256 cities) in the 2011 Innovation Cities Index, which analyzed 162 indicators in covering three areas: culture, infrastructure, and markets.

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